Overview

Title: Carson and Colorado Railroad Records
Creator(s): Carson and Colorado Railroad.
Collection Number: NC71
Dates (inclusive): 1880-1915
Physical Extent: 16.0 cubic feet (28 boxes and 3 volumes)
Preferred Citation: Carson and Colorado Railroad Records, NC71. Special Collections, University Libraries, University of Nevada, Reno.
Repository: University of Nevada, Reno. Special Collections Department
Permanent Link: http://dewey.library.unr.edu/xtf/view?docId=ead/NC71-ead.xml

Administrative History

The Carson and Colorado Railroad was incorporated in May 1880 to service the growing Mining Companies of the west Central Nevada and nearby California.

Work began on the narrow gauge railroad in 1880 and by April 1881, trains were carrying freight and passengers from Mound House, Nevada to Hawthorne, Nevada, 100 miles south. By 1882, the Carson and Colorado had reached Candelaria, Nevada, the terminus of the initial railroad. To accommodate further building and financing Nevada, the Carson and Colorado, Second Division was incorporated and also, the Carson and Colorado, Third Division, to enable the railroad to extend into California. Officers and stockholders remained the same, D. O. Mills being the major stockholder and H. M. Yerington acting as president and general superintendent of all three divisions. Although the projected plan called for extending the line to Fort Mohave on the Colorado River, the track actually ended at Keeler, formerly Hawley, California, near Owens Lake.

A decline in mining activity along its route caused financial difficulties for the railroad around 1890 and the company was forced to re-incorporate as the Carson and Colorado Railway Company in 1892. Some changes in directorship occurred but D. O. Mills and H. M. Yerington remained as key figures. The railroad was absorbed by the Southern Pacific Company in 1900.

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Scope and Content

Records of the original company, the Second Division, the Third Division, and the Carson and Colorado Railway Company are all included in the collection. Material from the three divisions of the Carson and Colorado Railroad Company are integrated, covering the years 1800 to 1892. Records after 1892 are those of the Carson and Colorado Railway Company.

Loose material is composed of company records including organizational papers, correspondence, documents dealing with right of way through the Walker River Indian Reservation, land deeds and leases, financial statements, and account and time books. Bound volumes include waybills, account books, freight and tonnage record books, train registers, and a station record book. Material is original and is handwritten and also, typed, and copied. Some records are in poor condition and have been wrapped for preservation.

Restrictions

Collection is open for research. Materials must be used on-site; advance notice suggested. Access to parts of this collection may be restricted under provisions of state or federal law.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Records donated by Gordon A. Sampson in 1952.

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Arrangement

  • The Carson and Colorado Railroad Records are divided into the following series:
  • Series 1: Company Papers
  • Series 2: Correspondence
  • Series 3: Real Estate
  • Series 4: Statements and Accounts
  • Series 5: Time Books
  • Series 6: Waybills
  • Series 7: Account volumes
  • Series 8: Freight and Tonnage Record Books
  • Series 9: Operations

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Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the online catalog of the University Libraries, University of Nevada, Reno. Researchers wishing to find related materials are encouraged to use the following index terms:

Organizations:

People:

Subjects:

Geographic Locations:



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Administrative Information

Collection processed by Lenore Kosso, circa 1982. Finding aid prepared by Lenore Kosso, circa 1982. Finding aid revised by Jacquelyn Sundstrand and Jessica Maddox, March 2010 . This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on July 26, 2016.

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Detailed Description of the Records

Series 1: Company Papers, 1880-1891 (28 folders)

Series 1 includes a variety of company papers generated by and pertaining to the Carson and Colorado Railroad Company, the Carson and Colorado Railroad, Second and Third Divisions, and the Carson and Colorado Railway Company.

Included are articles of incorporation and organizational papers; contracts and agreements, 1880-1882; stockholder meeting records, 1881-1891; dividend records, 1882-1883; contractors' receipts for capital stock, 1882-1889; acceptances of railroad by chief engineer, 1881-1883; releases, 1883; law suit documents, 1885, 1892; Certificates of Indebtedness, 1888; route agent's register, 1883; and reprint of an 1882 timetable. Materials are arranged chronologically within subject categories.

box
folder
Contents
1
1
Petition for railroad: Aurora, Bellville and Candelaria, April 1880
1
2
Organization papers, 1880
1
3
Articles of Incorporation and Organization papers, Second Division (1881), Third Division (1881), Resolutions
1
4
Contracts and agreements, 1880-1888
1
5
Meeting, June 1881
1
6
Annual meeting of stockholders, Second Division, May 8, 1882
1
7
Stockholder’s meeting, Second Division, November 1881
1
8
Special meeting of stockholders, Second Division, March 31, 1883
1
9
Annual meeting of stockholders, Second Division, May 14, 1883
1
10
Annual meeting of stockholders, Second Division, June 9, 1884
1
11
Annual meeting of stockholders, Second Division, May 14, 1885
1
12
Annual meeting of stockholders, Third Division, November 17, 1885
1
13
Annual meeting of stockholders, Second Division, May 13, 1886
1
14
Annual meeting of stockholders, Second Division, May 12, 1887
1
15
Annual meeting of stockholders, Second Division, May 10, 1888
1
16
Special meeting of stockholders, Third Division, May 22, 1888
1
17
Annual meeting of stockholders, Second Division, May 9, 1889
1
18
Annual meeting of stockholders, Second Division, May 8, 1890
1
19
Annual meeting of stockholders, Second Division, May 14, 1891
1
20
Copy of mortgage, July 1, 1881
1
21
Dividend records, 1882-1883
1
22
Contractor’s receipts for capitol stock, 1882-1889
1
23
Acceptances of railroad by Chief Engineer, 1881-1883
1
24
Releases, 1883
1
25
Lawsuits: 1) Carson and Colorado Railroad vs. Owens R. Mining and Smelting Company, 1885; 2) The Little Emily Mining and Milling Company vs. The Carson and Colorado Railroad Company, 1892
1
26
Certificates of indebtedness, Third Division, 1888
1
27
Time Table No.7, 1882; and route agent’s Register of Arrival, 1883
1
28
Incorporation and administrative documents, 1892-1901

Series 2: Correspondence, 1880-1915 (14 folders)

Series 2 contains Correspondence from 1880-1915. Material after 1893 refers to the Carson and Colorado Railway Company. Much of the early correspondence concerns supplies and railroad equipment ordered for the company. Other subjects covered are land description, sales and acquisition, rights of way, and some explanation of the various Carson and Colorado re-incorporations. Arranged chronologically.

box
folder
Contents
2
1
Correspondence, January-July 1880
2
2
Correspondence, August-December 1880
2
3
Correspondence, January-May 1881
2
4
Correspondence, June-December 1881
2
5
Correspondence, 1882
2
6
Correspondence, 1883
2
7
Correspondence, 1884-1886
2
8
Letterpress book, 1886-1889
2
9
Correspondence, 1887-1888
2
10
Correspondence, 1889-1890
2
11
Correspondence, 1891-1892
2
12
Correspondence, 1893; 1895-1899
2
13
Correspondence, 1900
2
14
Correspondence, 1901-1915

Series 3: Real Estate, 1880-1895 (6 folders)

Series 3 contains documents dealing with land and property transactions of the Carson and Colorado Railroad and Railway Companies. Included are right-of-way documents through the Walker River Indian Reservation, Nevada, 1880-1882; deeds to lots in Hawthorne, Nevada, 1881 and other properties, 1883, 1895; leases from the Carson and Colorado Railroad, Second Division and Third Division to the Carson and Colorado Railway Company, leases from the Railway Company; leases to property at Soda Springs, Nevada, a township plat and land patent application, 1887. Material is arranged chronologically in subject categories.

box
folder
Contents
3
1
Right of Way, Walker River Reservation, Document, 1880-1882
3
2
Deeds, Hawthorne lots, 1881
3
3
Deeds, 1883; 1895
3
4
Leases, 1884; 1899
3
5
Leases, Sodaville, 1892-1895
3
6
Soda Springs, Patent Application and Township Plot, April 30, 1887

Series 4: Statements and Accounts, 1880-1902 (5 folders)

Included in this Series 4 are a variety of statements and accounts of the Carson and Colorado Railroad Company and the Carson and Colorado Railway Company general accounts and receipts, 1880-1894; shipping receipts, 1894-1898; construction accounts and freight statements, 1800-1902. Additional financial records can be found in bound account volume in Series 7. Material is arranged chronologically within subject categories.

box
folder
Contents
3
7
General accounts and receipts, 1880-1894; 1911
3
8
Construction accounts, 1880-1883
3
9
Freight statements and accounts, 1880-1902
3
10
Supply requests, 1890-1896
3
11
Shipping receipts, 1894-1898

Series 5: Time Books and Time Rolls, 1880-1898 (24 folders)

Series 5 contains 106 small time books and three large time books recording days worked by various crews on the Carson and Colorado Railroad from 1880-1895. Many books contain only one or two pages of records. The small books are arranged chronologically. Time rolls include one for each Carson and Colorado station, 1897-1898. Of interest in this series are time books recording the the "China Gang" crews.

box
folder
Contents
3
12
Time rolls for each station (in station order), 1897-1898
box
Volume
Contents
14
1
Time Book, August 1880
box
Volume
Contents
15
1
Time Book, Monthly Account of Construction Gangs, June and August 1880
15
2
Time Book and Payroll Journal, Monthly Account of Construction Gangs, including Scraper Gang, June-August 1880
box
folder
Contents
3
13
Time Books, May-June 1880
3
14
Time Books, June 1880
box
folder
Contents
4
1
Time Books, July 1880
4
2
Time Books, August 1880
4
3
Time Books, China Gang, part 1, August 1880
4
4
Time Books, China Gang, part 2, August 1880
4
5
Time Books, part 1, September 1880
4
6
Time Books, part 2, September 1880
box
folder
Contents
27
1
Time Books, part 1, October 1880
27
2
Time Books, part 2, October 1880
27
3
Time Books, Reed and Hymer, October 1880
27
4
Time Books, November 1880
27
5
Time Books, December 1880
box
folder
Contents
28
1
Time Books, January 1881
28
2
Time Books, February 1881
28
3
Time Books and Inventories, September 1882; August 1889; January 1895
28
4
Time Books, part 1, undated
28
5
Time Books, part 2, undated
28
6
Time Books, part 3, undated
28
8
Time Books, part 4, undated
28
9
Time Books, Receipts for Labor, 1880

Series 6: Waybills, 1884-1902 (15 volumes)

Series 6 includes are two very large waybill registers, three books of waybills in fragile condition (wrapped) and 12 waybills press copybooks. Railroad waybills usually indicated date, point of departure, destination, and charges. Arranged by company and chronologically within each company.

Volume
Contents
2
Carson and Colorado Railroad Company: Register of Waybills, No. 2, May 1884-September 1887
Volume
Contents
3
Carson and Colorado Railroad Company: Register of Waybills No. 3, October 1887-August 1891
box
folder
Contents
20
1
Carson and Colorado Railway Company: Three books of waybills wrapped in one package (fragile condition), waybills posted in chronologically from back to front, September 28, 1899-June 29, 1899; December 27, 1899-September 28, 1899; February 28, 1900-January 9, 1900
box
Volume
Contents
5
1
Carson and Colorado Railway Company: Waybill letterpress book, November 23, 1898-January 16, 1899
5
2
Carson and Colorado Railway CompanyL Waybill letterpress book, January 17-March 15, 1899
box
Volume
Contents
6
1
Carson and Colorado Railway Company: Waybill letterpress book, March 16-April 29, 1899
6
2
Carson and Colorado Railway Company: Waybill letterpress book, April 30-June 13, 1899
box
Volume
Contents
7
1
Carson and Colorado Railway Company: Waybill letterpress book, June 14-July 29, 1899
7
2
Carson and Colorado Railway Company: Waybill letterpress book, July 30-September 15, 1899
box
Volume
Contents
8
1
Carson and Colorado Railway Company: Waybill letterpress book, September 16-October 30, 1899
8
2
Carson and Colorado Railway Company: Waybill letterpress book, October 31-December 2, 1899
box
Volume
Contents
9
1
Carson and Colorado Railway Company: Waybill letterpress book, January 22-February 28, 1900
9
2
Carson and Colorado Railway Company: Waybill letterpress book, March 2-April 14, 1902
box
Volume
Contents
10
1
Carson and Colorado Railway Company Waybill letterpress books, December 25, 1901-April 14, 1902
box
Volume
Contents
11
1
Carson and Colorado Railway Company: Waybill letterpress book, April 14-July 14, 1902

Series 7: Account Ledgers, 1881-1916 (9 volumes)

Series 7 contains account ledgers of the Carson and Colorado Railroad Company and the Carson and Colorado Railway Company. Ledgers are arranged chronologically.

box
Volume
Contents
11
2
Cash Book, May 1881-October 1894
box
Volume
Contents
16
1
Cash Book, December 1897-July 1900
16
2
Account Book, January 1890-December 1899
box
Volume
Contents
17
1
Account Book, January 31-April 30, 1896
17
2
Account of Stock, July 18, 1896-Jauary 30, 1905
box
Volume
Contents
18
1
Daily Statement and Recapitulation Account Book, November 11, 1898December 8, 1899
18
2
Daily Statement and Recapitulation Account Book, December 9, 1899-August 8, 1900
box
Volume
Contents
19
1
Check Book, September 9, 1899-August 22, 1900
19
2
Account Book, September 27, 1910-1916

Series 8: Freight and Tonnage Record Books, 1881-1906 (11 volumes)

Series 8 contains freight and tonnage record books of the Carson and Colorado Railroad Company and the Carson and Colorado Railway Company. Freight ledgers are ordered first and tonnage books second. Both are arranged chronologically.

Volume
Contents
1
Record of Freight, 1881-1889
box
Volume
Contents
10
2
Record of Local Freight, 1902-1905
10
3
Tonnage book (returned to the Nevada State Museum), 1881-June 30, 1890
box
Volume
Contents
12
1
Tonnage book, April 1894-September 1896
box
Volume
Contents
26
1
Tonnage book, 1896-1897
26
2
Tonnage book, 1897-1898
26
3
Tonnage book, 1898-1899
26
4
Tonnage book, 1899-1900
box
Volume
Contents
12
2
Tonnage book, November 1896-April 1, 1898
12
3
Tonnage book, May 24, 1897-June 27, 1898
box
Volume
Contents
13
1
Tonnage book, July 1899-March 1900
13
2
Tonnage book, December 1901-February 1903
13
3
Tonnage book, November 16, 1899-December 22, 1906
box
Volume
Contents
14
1
Tonnage book, November 1900-November 1901
14
2
Tonnage book, November 21, 1901-July 14, 1902

Series 9: Operations, 1881-1906 (8 volumes)

Series 9 contians Carson and Colorado train registers, which recorded train number, conductor, engine name, and engineer, as well as times of departure and arrival at the various stations. Some also indicated the freight carried. The train registers are mainly unbound, loose pages and have been wrapped and tied for storage. Some bound volumes are in poor condition and have also been wrapped. Arranged chronologically.

box
Volume
Contents
21
1
Carson and Colorado Railroad Train Register, June 17-December 31, 1881; July 2, 1882-December 31, 1882
box
Volume
Contents
23
1
Train Register, June 17, 1881-December 14, 1884; January 1, 1885-January 5, 1888
box
Volume
Contents
24
1
Train Register, January 6, 1888-February 3, 1891; October 27, 1891-August 17, 1893; March 9-December 31, 1895
box
Volume
Contents
25
1
Train Register, October 16, 1896-August 26, 1898
25
2
Southern Pacific Company: Conductor’s Train Register, January 1903-April 13, 1904
box
Volume
Contents
22
1
Southern Pacific Company: Conductor’s Train Register, July 18, 1904-January 26, 1905
22
2
Southern Pacific Company: Conductor’s Train Register, February 1-May 26, 1905
box
Volume
Contents
14
3
Pacific Car Service Bureau, Station Record, Mound House, Nevada and California Railroad, 1905-1906