Overview

Title: Gloria Griffen Cline Papers
Creator(s): Cline, Gloria Griffen
Collection Number: NC1041
Dates (inclusive): 1929-1984
Physical Extent: 6.0 cubic feet (12 Boxes)
Preferred Citation: Gloria Griffen Cline papers, NC1041. Special Collections, University Libraries, University of Nevada, Reno.
Repository: University of Nevada, Reno. Special Collections Department
Permanent Link: http://dewey.library.unr.edu/xtf/view?docId=ead/NC1041-ead.xml

Biographical Note

The daughter of Robert A. and Grace Gillespie Griffen, Gloria Griffen Cline Harrison was born in San Francisco in 1929. The Griffens moved to Reno, Nevada in 1931 where Gloria attended local grammar schools and Reno High School, graduating in 1947. She enrolled at the University of Nevada, Reno, majored in history, and joined the Delta Delta Delta sorority. After graduating in 1950, she attended graduate school at UNR and received her M.A. in history in 1951. After a break of several years she applied and was accepted into the Ph.D. program in history at the University of California, Berkeley. She received her degree in 1958.

Gloria was married twice: first to Dean Forbes Cline in 1957 (divorced in 1963) and then to John Harrison in 1966. Harrison was a citizen of Ireland, and the Harrisons made their residence there. They were, however, in the process of moving permanently to the United States when Gloria died on April 2, 1973 as a result of a fall.

After receiving her Ph.D., Dr. Cline taught at several colleges and universities, including Nevada Southern University (which became the University of Nevada, Las Vegas), Indiana University, and the University of Nevada, Reno. In 1960, she took a permanent position in the history department at Sacramento State College (SSC), where she became the first woman to win the college's Annual Faculty Research Award in 1965. Gloria resigned her Associate Professor of History position at SSC in 1966 to move to Ireland with her new husband. In England she was a lecturer at St. Catharine's College, Cambridge University.

Dr. Cline first became interested in early European exploration of the Great Basin of the western United States when she accompanied her parents on summer trips to Montana as a child. Her M.A. thesis was titled "Early Exploration, Routes, and Trails in Nevada." She expanded that theme for her Ph.D. dissertation to include a wider geographic region. The title of her dissertation was "A History of Exploration in the Great Basin." During this period she utilized manuscript repositories extensively in both the U.S. and Canada. Eventually she gained access to the archives of the Hudson's Bay Company; that research formed the basis of a number of articles for scholarly journals and for two books. Her first book, published by the University of Oklahoma Press in 1963, was entitled Exploring the Great Basin, and was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize. Her second book was completed just before her death and published posthumously in 1973 by the University of Oklahoma Press as Peter Skene Ogden and the Hudson's Bay Company. Dr. Cline was a member of several honor societies including the Western Writers Association, and the Western History Society Silver Key, and was listed in a number of Who's Who books, the Directory of International Biography, Contemporary Authors, and Directory of American Scholars.

Gloria, an only child, had no children by either of her marriages. At the time of her death, her father was very ill with cancer. Having no other close heirs, Mr. and Mrs. Griffen decided to endow the reading room of the Special Collections Department in the Getchell Library Building at UNR. After Mr. Griffen's death in 1974, Mrs. Griffen donated the family's extensive collection of western Americana books and Native American artifacts to the Department, as well as this collection of Gloria Griffen Cline Papers. Mrs. Griffen died in 1983, at which time the Robert A. and Grace Griffen papers were also donated to the Special Collections Department. They form manuscript collection 84-08.

Top

Scope and Content

The Cline papers are divided into two series: Series 1, personal papers; and Series 2, academic studies and professional career papers. Series 1 is the smaller of the two and includes some diaries, 1940-1954; a small amount of personal correspondence; school and university records (including Reno High School Yearbooks); legal records; address, baby, wedding, and funeral books; travel documents; photographs; and scrapbooks.

Series 2 contains Dr. Cline's professional correspondence, M.A. thesis, Ph.D. dissertation, Faculty Research Lecture from Sacramento State College, manuscript and typescript drafts of her two books and numerous articles, reviews written about her works, her reviews of scholarly works of other historians, photos and maps for her books, research notes, bibliography cards, lecture notes, and course syllabuses used in her college class lectures.

Restrictions

Collection is open for research. Materials must be used on-site; advance notice suggested. Access to parts of this collection may be restricted under provisions of state or federal law.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated by Grace and Robert A. Griffen in 1974.

Separated Materials

Photographs have been transferred to the Special Collections Department photo archive as collection number UNRS-P1991-51

Top

Arrangement

  • The papers of Gloria Griffen Cline are organized into the following series: Series 1: Personal papers Series 2: Academic studies and professional career papers

Top

Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the online catalog of the University Libraries, University of Nevada, Reno. Researchers wishing to find related materials are encouraged to use the following index terms:

Organizations:

People:

Subjects:

Geographic Locations:



Top

Administrative Information

Collection processed by Susan Searcy, February 1992. Finding aid prepared by Susan Searcy, February 1992. Finding aid revised by Jacquelyn Sundstrand and Jessica Maddox, December 2010. This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on July 26, 2016.

Top


Detailed Description of the Records

Series 1: Personal Papers, 1929-1974 (32 Folders)

Series 1 includes: diaries, 1940-1954; a small amount of personal correspondence; school and university records (including Reno High School yearbooks); legal records; address, baby, wedding, and funeral books; travel documents; photographs, and scrapbooks. It is conjectured by the manuscript arranger that these papers had been stored by the Griffens in Reno after Dr. Cline's marriage to John Harrison, as there is very little material which relates to the period after 1966 when she moved to Ireland. It is also speculated that Mrs. Griffen sorted through the collection and removed some materials (probably correspondence, financial records, and/or diaries) before donating these papers to the Special Collections Department. The overall arrangement of this series is chronological.

box
folder
Contents
1/S1
1-2
Diaries, 1940-1954
1/S1
3
Personal correspondence, 1953-1972
1/S1
4
Invitations, Undated
1/S1
5
Estate documents, Undated
1/S1
6
Legal papers, Undated
1/S1
7
Cline’s will, Undated
1/S1
8
Sale of Harrison home in Ireland, 1973
1/S1
9
Acknowledgements of donations to the UNR Library in memory of Cline, Undated
1/S1
10
Baby book, 1929-1931
1/S1
11-12
Address books, Undated
1/S1
13
Report cards: Grammar school and college, Undated
1/S1
14
University of Nevada, Reno and University of California, Berkeley graduation programs, 1950; 1951; 1958
1/S1
15
University of California, Berkeley transcripts, Undated
1/S1
16
Diplomas: Grammar school and university, Undated
1/S1
17
Reno High School newspaper, Red and Blue, 1945; 1972
1/S1
18
Reno High School yearbooks, Re-Wa-Ne, 1946
1/S1
19
Reno High School yearbooks, Re-Wa-Ne, 1947
1/S1
20
College senior year tour and graduation University of Nevada Reno, Undated
box
folder
Contents
2/S1
21
Wedding book (marriage to Dean Forbes Cline), 1957
2/S1
22
Wedding material (marriage to Dean Forbes Cline), 1957
2/S1
23
Memorial (funeral) book, 1973
2/S1
24
Miscellaneous, Undated
2/S1
25
Certificates and awards, Undated
2/S1
26
Passports and travel documents, Undated
2/S1
27
Dean Cline certificate of discharge as merchant seaman, 1959
2/S1
28
Vacation postcards, Undated
2/S1
29
Girl Scouts/Brownie Scouts scrapbook, 1940-1944
2/S1
30-31
Clippings, Undated
2/S1
32
Pencil holder set, with case, Undated
box
Volume
Contents
11/S1
33a
Scrapbook 1: Griffen family genealogy, Undated
11/S1
33b
Scrapbook 2: University of Nevada, Reno student work, 1950. Includes football game programs from 1947 (4), 1948 (1), 1949 (2); the “Trident” pamphlet, Delta Delta Delta, January 1948 issue; and momentos from trip to Alaska (1941) and San Francisco (“The Playgoer” San Francisco Stage Door Theater, 1946)
box
Volume
Contents
12/S1
34
Scrapbook 3: Miscellaneous clippings of University of Nevada, Reno events, friends, weddings, etc, circa 1948-1956
12/S1
35
File of grammar school reports, silhouette drawings, 1939

Series 2: Academic Studies and Professional Career Papers, 1951-1973 (92 folders)

Series 2 includes materials related to Dr. Cline's academic studies, beginning from her graduate work forward, and includes her professional correspondence; M.A. thesis; Ph.D. dissertation; faculty research lecture from Sacramento State College; manuscript and typescript drafts of her two books and numerous articles; reviews of her works; her reviews of scholarly works by other historians; photos and maps for her books; research notes; bibliography cards; lecture notes; and course syllabuses used in her college class lectures. Several drafts of Cline's books, Exploring the Great Basin and Peter Skene Ogden and the Hudson's Bay Company form a portion of this series, but it was not possible during a casual perusal to discern which drafts were initial manuscripts and which were final products as submitted to the publisher.

This series also includes Dr. Cline's resumes and research grant proposals which add details about the course of her professional career. The resumes are in letter form, composed when Dr. Cline was writing colleges and universities in California and Nevada to inquire about possible teaching positions. These letters mention her future plans to move permanently from Ireland to the United States in the summer of 1973.

The first part of this series includes correspondence, resumes, grant proposals, and conference programs and papers. The second portion of the series is arranged in more or less chronological order and consists of Dr. Cline's writings and accompanying research notes, bibliography cards, and book reviews. A series of articles for professional journals and anthologies appears at the end of this section. The last part of the series contains course syllabuses and exams used by Dr. Cline to teach her western history courses at Sacramento State College.

box
folder
Contents
2/S2
1-4
Professional correspondence, including letters from Cline's editors at the University of Oklahoma Press and Knopf; and the Hudson's Bay Company librarian, 1961-1963
2/S2
5-6
Resumes, applications for teaching positions, 1964; 1972
2/S2
7
Research grant proposals, Undated
2/S2
8-9
Conference programs and papers, Undated
2/S2
10
M.A. thesis, “Early Exploration, Routes, and Trails in Nevada”, 1951
2/S2
11
Ph.D. dissertation, A History of Exploration in the Great Basin, 1958
2/S2
12
Sacramento State College Faculty Research Lecture, "The Hudson's Bay Company as a Source for North American Research," Includes plaque, 1965
2/S2
13-14
Exploring the Great Basin typescript, Undated
box
folder
Contents
3/S2
15-16
Exploring the Great Basin typescript, continued, Undated
3/S2
17-18
Book reviews: Exploring the Great Basin, Undated
3/S2
19-20
Research notes: Exploring the Great Basin, Undated
3/S2
21-24
Notebook of research notes on the fur trade, Undated
3/S2
25-27
Peter Skene Ogden and the Hudson's Bay Company typescript (complete), Undated
3/S2
28-43
Ogden typescripts, handwritten drafts (some not complete), Undated
box
folder
Contents
4/S2
35-43
Odgen typescripts, Undated
4/S2
44
Photos and pictures used to illustrate Ogden biography, Undated
4/S2
45
Maps used to illustrate Ogden biography. Oversize maps placed in a manuscript mapcase drawer, Undated
4/S2
46
Book reviews: Peter Skene Ogden and the Hudson's Bay Company, Undated
4/S2
47-49
Research notes, Ogden biography, Undated
box
folder
Contents
5/S2
50a
Research notes, Ogden biography, Undated
5/S2
50b
Research notes, Ogden biography, Undated
5/S2
51
Research notes about Anson Call, Undated
5/S2
52
Published articles by others about Ogden, Undated
5/S2
52
1
?Miller, David E. "Peter Skene Ogden's Explorations in the Great Salt Lake Region", Undated
5/S2
52
2
Obituary of Jacques Rousseau, Undated
5/S2
52
3
?"The Honorable Hudson [sic] Bay Company," in Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. LIX, no. 349, Undated
5/S2
52
4
Gough, Barry M. "H.M.S. America on the North Pacific Coast," in Oregon Historical Quarterly, December 1969
5/S2
52
5
Cooke, Alan and Holland, Clive" Chronological List of Expeditions and Historical Events in Northern Canada," in The Polar Record, vol. 15, no. 95, 1970
5/S2
52
6
?Cooke, Alan and Ross, W. Gilles, "The Drift of the Whaler Viewforth in Davis Strait, 1835-1836, from William Elder's Journal," in The Polar Record, vol. 14, no. 92, 1969
5/S2
52
7
Grinnell, George Bird, "A Cheyenne Obstacle Myth," in Journal of American Folk-Lore, Undated
5/S2
53
Research notes, Hudson's Bay Company in California and on the Pacific Coast, Undated
5/S2
54-56
Research notes, Ogden biography, Undated
5/S2
57-58
Notes on Pugent Sound Agricultural Company, Undated
5/S2
59
Crampton, C. Gregory and Griffen, Gloria G., "The San Buenaventura, Mythical River of the West" in Pacific Historical Review, vol. XXV, no. 2, May 1956
5/S2
60-62
"Buenaventura River, Waterway to Cathay." Typescript, Undated
5/S2
63
Cline, Gloria Griffen, "David Meriwether," in Mountain Men, Undated
5/S2
64
Cline, Gloria Griffen, "Geographic Misconceptions of the Great Basin", 1776-1844
5/S2
65
Cline, Gloria Griffen, "Hudson's Bay Company Archives", Undated
5/S2
66
Cline, Gloria Griffen, "Hudson's Bay Company as a Source for North American Research", Undated
5/S2
67
Cline, Gloria Griffen "Hudson's Bay Company's Explorers View of the Indian and the Mexican", Undated
5/S2
68
Cline, Gloria Griffen, "Indian-Caucasian Relations in the Great Basin", 1825-1844
5/S2
69
Cline, Gloria Griffen. Article on Jacob Primer Leese, Undated
5/S2
70
Cline, Gloria Griffen. "Jedediah Smith: Leading Contender in the Anglo-American Fur Rivalry", Undated
5/S2
71
Cline, Gloria Griffen. "Job Francis Dye", Undated
5/S2
72
Cline, Gloria Griffen. “Life in Ireland", Undated
5/S2
73
Cline, Gloria Griffen. "Peter Skene Ogden, Northern Nevada's First Explorer", Undated
5/S2
74
Cline, Gloria Griffen. "Peter Skene Ogden's Discovery of the Humboldt River", Undated
5/S2
75a
Cline, Gloria Griffen. "Peter Skene Ogden's Nevada Exploration," in the Nevada Historical Society Quarterly, vol. III, no. 3, July to September 1968
5/S2
75b
Cline, Gloria Griffen. "Peter Skene Ogden” in Nevada Highway and Parks Special Centennial Issue, 1964
5/S2
76
Speech for the historical marker dedication at the Virginia and Truckee Railroad depot, Virginia City, Undated
5/S2
77
Cline, Gloria Griffen. "William Kittson" in Mountain Men, Undated
5/S2
78
Book reviews written by Cline, Undated
5/S2
79
Copies of articles by others, Undated
5/S2
79
1
Drury, Clifford Merrill. "Marcus Whitman, M.D., Pioneer and Martyr", Undated
5/S2
79
2
"McLoughlin's Fort Vancouver Letters" in History of Oregon, no date
5/S2
79
3
"Hudson's Bay Company and the Whitman Massacre," in History of Oregon, Undated
5/S2
80
Leader, Herman Alexander. “The Hudson’s Bay Company in California, 1830-1846”. Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Berkeley. Microfilm reel, circa 1927
5/S2
81
Lockhardt, Caroline. “The Stall Walkers” in The Popular Magazine, no date; “The Wildest Boat Ride in America” in The Outing Magazine, February 1912
5/S2
82
Maloney, Alice Bay. "Fur Brigade to the Bonaventura: John Works' California Expedition, 1832-1833 for the Hudson's Bay Company" in the California Historical Society, 1945
5/S2
83
Nevada History lecture notes, Undated
5/S2
84
California History lecture notes, Undated
5/S2
85
American West course syllabi of L. H. Creer and Oscar Osburn Winthur, Undated
box
folder
Contents
6/S2
86
History 101 lecture notes, Undated
6/S2
87
Frontier History lecture notes, Undated
6/S2
88
History 161, Latin American History lecture notes, Undated
6/S2
89
History 171, American Colonial History lecture notes, Undated
6/S2
90
Old examinations, Undated
6/S2
91
American Civilization lecture notes, Undated
6/S2
92
History 181 lecture outline and exams, Undated
box
Contents
7/S2
Index cards for index to Exploring the Great Basin, Undated
box
Contents
8/S2
Bibliography cards and research note cards for Exploring the Great Basin, Undated
box
Contents
9/S2
Bibliography cards (It is unclear for which of Cline's books these were compiled.), Undated
box
Contents
10/S2
Bibliography cards (It is unclear for which of Cline's books these were compiled.), Undated