Overview

Title: Warren Lerude Papers
Creator(s): Lerude, Warren, 1937-
Collection Number: 2013-28
Dates (inclusive): 1975-2008
Physical Extent: 11.25 cubic feet (12 boxes)
Preferred Citation: Warren Lerude Papers, 2013-28. Special Collections, University Libraries, University of Nevada, Reno.
Repository: University of Nevada, Reno. Special Collections Department
Permanent Link: http://dewey.library.unr.edu/xtf/view?docId=ead/2013-28-ead.xml

Biographical Note

Warren Leslie Lerude was born October 29, 1937 in Reno, Nevada. In 1955, Lerude began his pursuit of journalism as a 17-year-old freshman in the University of Nevada’s Department of Journalism. Upon graduation in 1961, Lerude began work as a reporter, editor, and correspondent for the Associate Press (AP). In 1963, Lerude began his long career with Speidel Newspapers, Inc./Gannett Company, where he served as reporter, editor, publisher, and eventually president of Reno Newspapers Inc. and publisher of the Reno Evening Gazette and the Nevada State Journal. His second career as a university professor began in 1981 when he began teaching at his alma mater in the Donald W. Reynolds School of Journalism, a position he held until he retired in 2009 at which time he was named emeritus professor.

During his time with Gannett, Lerude, along with Norman F. Cardoza of the Reno Evening Gazette and Foster Church of the Nevada State Journal, wrote a series of editorials covering the career of Joe Conforte, notorious owner of the Mustang Ranch Brothel. This editorial series earned Lerude, Cardoza, and Church the distinct honor of the 1977 Pulitzer Prize in Editorial Writing. Lerude also had a long standing relationship with the Pulitzer Prize, serving as a juror on seven occasions: 1973, 1974, 1976, 1980, 1981, 1993, and 1994.

Outside of teaching and journalism, Lerude has also served as a consultant and is a published author. Lerude has worked with newspapers and organizations such as the USA Today, The Oakland Tribune, and NBC News, and has served as a board member of Innovation International Media Group. Lerude is also the author of three books. The first, American Commander in Spain, was coauthored by Marion Stone Merriman Wachtel and details the life of Robert Hale Merriman, an American who fought in the Spanish Civil War as commander of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade. The second book, Robert Laxalt: The Story of a Storyteller, was written in honor of Lerude’s close friend, Robert Laxalt, renowned Nevada author. Finally, Lerude authored the text portion of Robert W. Cameron’s celebrated book, Above Tahoe and Reno, a book of aerial landscape photography.

Lerude has been exceptionally active with the University of Nevada, Reno and its Donald W. Reynolds School of Journalism over the years. Lerude and Reno newspaper colleague Rollan Melton approached former University President Joe Crowley with a proposal to reestablish the existing College of Arts and Sciences journalism department with a full and independent school of journalism with its own dean. Crowley agreed, and he and Lerude proposed the concept to Donald W. Reynolds, owner of the DonRey media organization and its senior executive Fred Smith, which led to major Reynolds Foundation funding over several years for the development of the school that was supported by alumni and friends of the school. In addition to his work in establishing the Reynolds School of Journalism, Lerude also regularly taught courses and served as the coordinator of the professional internship program; acted as the founding chairman of the Professional Advisory Board for the Reynolds School of Journalism; is a major donor to the Reynolds School of Journalism; served as the Chairman of the Executive Committee for the University of Nevada, Reno Foundation; and is an emeritus member of the Dean’s Council of the Donald W. Reynolds School of Journalism.

Lerude has also received many awards and achievements both within the University of Nevada, Reno, in journalism, and in the community. He is a member of Kappa Tau Alpha journalism honor society, past president of the Nevada Professional Chapter for Sigma Delta Chi (a professional journalist’s society), and recipient of the Legion of Honor from the Delta Xi Chapter of the Sigma Nu Fraternity at UNR. He has been a director of the Reno Chamber of Commerce and former director of the United Way of Northern Nevada. Lerude was an Inaugural Editorial Board Member of USA Today, past president of the Nevada State Press Association and was named to the Nevada Newspaper Hall of Fame in 1998. He is a recipient of the Nevada Sagebrush Alumni Chapter’s Frank McCulloch Lifetime Achievement Award in 2015.

Lerude is married to Janet (Lagomarsino) and they have three children: Eric, Christopher, and Leslie.

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Scope and Content

The Warren Lerude Papers contain materials and information collected by Lerude over the course of his career as a journalist, professor, author, and media consultant. These papers offer insight into Lerude’s professional career, including his career as the author of two books (American Commander in Spain, 1986, and Robert Laxalt: The Story of a Storyteller, 2013), text of Robert Cameron’s book Above Tahoe and Reno, as well as other professional and journalistic achievements.

Materials in this collection are divided into three series and further divided into subseries: Series 1) Professional Career; Series 2) Robert Laxalt: The Story of a Storyteller; and Series 3) American Commander in Spain. Series 1 consists of materials accumulated by Lerude during his time as a journalist, professor, and media consultant. This includes his work as a Pulitzer Prize recipient and juror, articles written by Lerude, work with the University of Nevada, Reno’s Reynolds School of Journalism, presentations and speeches made during his career, as well as a copy of Robert Cameron’s book Above Tahoe and Reno (1995) for which he wrote the text. Series 1 is divided into two subseries: Subseries 1) Journalism and the Reynolds School of Journalism; and Subseries 2) Media Consulting.

Series 2: Robert Laxalt: The Story of a Storyteller, consists of materials collected by Lerude while in the process of writing and publishing his book Robert Laxalt: The Story of a Storyteller, which was released by the University of Nevada, Reno’s Center for Basque Studies in 2013. The bulk of Series 2 contains correspondence with individuals who knew Robert Laxalt and copies of materials held by the Special Collections Department in the Robert Laxalt Papers (manuscript collection 85-09). Series 2 is divided into two subseries: Subseries 1) Research; and Subseries 2) Publication.

Series 3: American Commander in Spain, contains materials gathered by Lerude during the research and publication of his book American Commander in Spain, published by the University of Nevada Press in 1986. Much of this series is comprised of cassette tapes of interviews conducted by Lerude and Marion Wachtel during the course of research. In addition, drafts of American Commander in Spain, which were originally donated to University Archives in 1991 and given collection number AC 0201, were transferred from the University Archives collection and integrated into this collection. Series 3 is divided into two subseries: Subseries 1) Research; and Subseries 2) Publication.

Restrictions

Collection is open for research. Materials must be used on-site; advance notice suggested. Access to parts of this collection may be restricted under provisions of state or federal law.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated by Warren L. Lerude, 2013-2015.

Separated Materials

Photographs, excluding those that were made as duplications for research, have been separated and placed in the Special Collections photo archive as collection number UNRS-P2016-14.

Related Archival Material

For information on Lerude’s classes as well as non-administrative information on the School of Journalism, please see University Archive collection number AC 0201.

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Arrangement

Series 1: Professional Career

  • Series 1, Subseries 1: Journalism and the Reynolds School of Journalism
  • Series 1, Subseries 2: Media Consulting

Series 2: Robert Laxalt: The Story of a Storyteller

  • Series 2, Subseries 1: Research
  • Series 2, Subseries 2: Publication

Series 3: American Commander in Spain

  • Series 3, Subseries 1: Research
  • Series 3, Subseries 2: Publication

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Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the online catalog of the University Libraries, University of Nevada, Reno. Researchers wishing to find related materials are encouraged to use the following index terms:

People:

Subjects:



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Administrative Information

Collection processed by Jessica Maddox and Jacquelyn Sundstrand, October 2016. Finding aid prepared by Jessica Maddox and Jacquelyn Sundstrand, October 2016. This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on December 2, 2016.

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Detailed Description of the Records

Series 1: Professional Career

Warren Lerude began his career in journalism while still an undergraduate student at the University of Nevada, Reno, writing and acting as editor for the student newspaper the U. of N. Sagebrush and for the Fallon Eagle-Standard. During his time with these papers, he was fortunate to cover the 1960 Squaw Valley Winter Olympics. Upon graduation with a B.A. in Journalism in 1961, Lerude continued his pursuit of journalism. He worked as a correspondent, reporter, and editor for the Associated Press, assigned to cover Los Angeles, San Diego, Las Vegas, and Reno. Beginning in 1963, he began working with Speidel Newspapers Inc./Gannett Co., Inc., progressing from reporter to editor, to publisher, and finally as president of the company. In 1981, Lerude left the newspaper business and was hired to a faculty teaching position at the University of Nevada, Reno’s School of Journalism. He taught there until his retirement in 2009.

Lerude served as a Pulitzer Prize Juror for the years 1973, 1974, 1976, 1980, 1981, 1993, and 1994. In 1977, Lerude was the co-winner of the Pulitzer Prize in Journalism for Editorial Writing, sharing the prize with Foster Church and Norman F. Cardoza for their editorial series on Joe Conforte, owner of the Mustang Ranch brothel.

Outside of the classroom, Lerude also worked as a media consultant with a number of newspapers, including USA Today, The Oakland Tribune, Innovation International Media Consulting Group, Nevada Magazine, The New York Times, and Sunset Magazine. He also wrote the text for Robert Cameron’s 1995 book Above Tahoe and Reno.

Series 1 is divided into two subseries: 1) Journalism and the Reynolds School of Journalism; and 2) Media Consulting. Series 1, Subseries 1 is composed of materials either collected or created by during his time as a professional journalist, his time as a professor at the University of Nevada, Reno, and materials from his time as a Pulitzer Prize juror and recipient. Series 1, Subseries 2 contains materials dealing with Lerude’s media consulting and includes presentations and speeches he gave regarding newspapers and the media as well as information on the Newseum.

Series 1, Subseries 1: Journalism and the Reynold's School of Journalism, 1972-2015 (51 folders)

Series 1, Subseries 1 includes information about Lerude’s journalism career, working at the University of Nevada, Reno’s Donald W. Reynolds School of Journalism, and Lerude’s years serving as Pulitzer Prize Juror. Materials are arranged chronologically within each subject.

In 1977, Lerude, along with Foster Church and Norman F. Cardoza, was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in Editorial Writing for their 1976 editorial series on Joe Conforte, owner of the Mustang Ranch brothel. The series of 20 editorials denounced Conforte’s power in the local community and called for the community to “face up to what had become an intolerable social and political problem.” Materials reflecting the 1976 Prize include nomination materials, background on Conforte, and a large number of congratulatory letters written to Lerude directly following the announcement of the Pulitzer Prize winners. Lerude also served as juror on seven occasions for the Pulitzer Prize: 1973, 1974, 1976, 1980, 1981, 1993, and 1994. Juror correspondence as well as information on the Prizes for each year are included.

Always dedicated to the advancement of the journalistic profession, Lerude “retired” from the newspaper business in 1981 in order to teach at his alma mater, the University of Nevada, Reno Department of Journalism, later known as the Donald W. School of Journalism. Lerude worked closely with the School of Journalism, acting as the coordinator of the professional internship program as well as serving on a number of committees. Although this subseries does contain information on the School of Journalism, some professional evaluation, and general correspondence, it does not contain class information. For information on Lerude’s classes as well as non-administrative information on the School of Journalism, please see University Archive collection number AC 0201.

Lerude was actively involved in fundraising for the School of Journalism. Over the years, Lerude has assisted in fundraising activities, which has helped support visiting professor salaries, scholarships, and technology. In 1982, Lerude and his wife Janet donated $10,800 worth of Gannett stocks, matched by $10,000 from the Gannett Foundation, in order to fund the replacement of typewriters with word processors to help advance the department. In 1987, Lerude, along with Rollan Melton, began working toward a longtime dream of a free-standing Journalism School building. Through a state appropriation, donations from alumni, and a generous donation by the Donrey Media Group, that dream was achieved and, in January 1993, the Donald W. Reynolds School of Journalism was opened. Other contributions made by Lerude include the establishment of the Center for Advanced Media Studies, the Warren Lerude Writing Center, and the Lerude First Amendment Endowment, which was established to provide a scholarship to a student with either junior or senior standing who the faculty felt most represents the spirit and intellect of the Frist Amendment.

Also included in this subseries are examples of Lerude’s writing from sources other than local Reno newspapers. Included is an article from the Lahontan Valley News; a copy of Robert Cameron book Above Tahoe and Reno: A New Collection of Historical and Original Aerial Photographs, for which Lerude wrote the text; and the inaugural issue of USA Today, for which Lerude served on the editorial board. There is also a short book by Judith L. Brown about Sigmund (Sig) Rogich entitled A Hero Named Sig (2011). Rogich was the editor of the student newspaper the U. of N. Sagebrush during the 1965-1966 academic year, founded R&R Advertising in 1973, which eventually became the largest advertising agency in Nevada.

Box
Folder
Contents
1
1
1973 Pulitzer Prize Jury, 1972-1973
1
2
1974 Pulitzer Prize Jury, 1973-1974
1
3
1976 Pulitzer Prize Jury, 1975-1976
1
4
1977 Pulitzer Prize: Recipient for Editorial Writing, 1976-1977
1
5
1977 Pulitzer Prize: Joe Conforte articles and editorials, 1976-1980
1
6
1977 Pulitzer Prize: Articles regarding winning the Prize, April-May 1977
1
7
1977 Pulitzer Prize: Congratulatory letters, April 18-28, 1977
1
8
1977 Pulitzer Prize: Congratulatory letters, May-October 1977; 1979; undated
1
9
1977 Pulitzer Prize: Photographs, 1977
1
10
1977 Pulitzer Prize: Joe Conforte book opportunity, 1977
1
11
1977 Pulitzer Prize: Commemorative booklet and correspondence, 1977
1
12
1977 Pulitzer Prize: Associate Press articles, April 1977
1
13
1978 Pulitzer Prize nomination of Reverend Leo E. McFadden for Distinguished Commentary and change in rules, 1977-1978
1
14
1979 Pulitzer Prize nominations, 1979
1
15
1980 Pulitzer Prize Jury, 1979-1980
1
16
1980 Pulitzer Prize nominations, 1979-1980
1
17
1980 Pulitzer Prize journalism entries, 1980
1
18
1981 Pulitzer Prize Jury, 1980-1981
1
19
1981 Pulitzer Prize journalism entries, 1981
1
20
1991 Pulitzer Prize: Award ceremony programs, September 22, 1991
1
21
1993 Pulitzer Prize Jury, 1992-1993
1
22
1994 Pulitzer Prize Jury, 1993-1994
1
23
Book: Pulitzer Prize Editorials: America's Best Editorial Writing, 1917-1979 by W. David Sloan, 1980
1
24
Who's Who in America, Marquis Who's Who, Inc., June 30, 1979
1
25
Information on Gannett lawsuits, 1979-1984
1
26
Articles on FCC Fairness Doctrine abolition, 1987
1
27
School of Journalism: Visiting professorship appointment (includes some teaching materials, correspondence, and articles regarding career), 1978-1982
1
28
School of Journalism correspondence and speaking engagements, 1983-1986
Box
Folder
Contents
2
1
School of Journalism correspondence and articles, 1987-1990
2
2
School of Journalism correspondence, 1991-1996
2
3
School of Journalism correspondence and articles, 1997-2009
2
4
School of Journalism fundraising and donations by the Lerudes, 1984-2000
2
5
Reynolds School of Journalism and Center for Advanced Media Studies dedication (includes general department materials), 1983-1993
2
6
Reynolds School of Journalism building dedication, April 1993
2
7
Reynolds School of Journalism internships, 1990-2012
2
8
Warren Lerude Writing Center plaque, 1983
2
9
Warren Lerude Writing Center correspondence and articles, 1982-1994
2
10
Scripps Lecture Series: Al Neuharth correspondence, 1982; 1984
2
11
Scripps Lecture Series: Charles Kuralt correspondence and background, 1984
2
12
Scripps Lecture Series: Krishna Bharat, 2011
2
13
Robert Laxalt Distinguished Writer Program, 2001-2006
2
14
Robert Laxalt Distinguished Writer Program: Clay Jenkinson, honoree, 2007
2
15
Potential program with Spanish journalism school, 1988-1989
2
16
Charles L. Overby correspondence regarding visits to School of Journalism, 1994-2002
2
17
UNR gifts and donations by Warren Lerude (including Lerude First Amendment Endowment), 1987-2015
2
18
The Nevada Journalist, UNR Reynolds School of Journalism magazine, 1984-1999
2
19
Book: A Hero Named Sig by Judith L. Brown, 2011
2
20
USA Today inaugural issue information, September and October 1982
2
21
Articles by and about Lerude, 1975-2011
2
22
Book: Above Tahoe and Reno by Robert Cameron with introduction by Lerude, 1995
2
23
Warren Lerude resume and biographical information, undated

Series 1, Subseries 2: Media Consulting, 1983-2012 (30 folders)

Series 1, Subseries 2 contains materials from Lerude’s career as a media consultant. Lerude worked on many projects outside of Gannett Co., Inc. and his teaching career at the University of Nevada, Reno. Lerude worked as an independent consultant, travelling internationally to conferences and giving presentations to international media groups, as well as acting as a consultant for national media groups, such as Innovation International, the Freedom Forum, and USA Today. Information on his consulting work is arranged by group and chronologically.

Two major groups with which Lerude worked were Innovation International Media Consulting Group and the Freedom Forum. Innovation International is a well-known media management and consulting group that seeks to reinvent traditional news sources to succeed in the digital age. Lerude was asked to join their Board in May 1999 and served until April 2001. After leaving the Board, he continued as a member and served as the Director for 2005. He also assisted in research and writing for the annual magazine called Innovations in Newspapers World Report.

While involved with Innovation International, Lerude also participated in the World Association of Newspapers (WAN) annual conferences. These conferences took place at different locations across the globe, including Zurich, Santiago, Chile, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Bilbao, Spain, and Mexico City, Mexico. Lerude traveled to these conferences and often presented at them as well.

The second group with which Lerude worked was the Freedom Forum. Based in Washington, D.C., the Freedom Forum, established July 4, 1991 under the direction of founder Al Neuharth, who also founded USA Today, is a nonpartisan foundation that champions the First Amendment as a cornerstone of democracy, and is the principal funder of the Newseum and Newseum Institute. Lerude’s long-standing friendship with Neuharth led to his recruitment to the Advisory Committee in 1982. In April 1999, the Newseum’s traveling bus museum dedicated to both print and television news made its inaugural trip with its first stop in Reno. Information on Lerude’s role in the Newseum is included in this subseries.

Box
Folder
Contents
3
1
Innovation International Media Consulting Group Board of Directors invitation correspondence, April-May 1999
3
2
World Association of Newspapers (WAN) 1999: Correspondence and research regarding presentation on Asian newspaper leaders, 1997-1999
3
3
Innovation: Presentation to O Estado de Sao Paulo regarding the Los Angeles Times, 1999
3
4
American Society of Newspaper Editors (ASNE) 1999 Conference correspondence, February-April 1999
3
5
WAN 1999 Zurich: Conference materials, June 13-16, 1999
3
6
Innovations in Newspapers world report, 1999
3
7
WAN 2000 Hong Kong: Questionnaire correspondence and material, 2000-2001
3
8
Innovations in Newspapers world report, 2000
3
9
WAN 2001 Mexico City: Innovation's panel correspondence and discussion points, 2001
3
10
WAN 2002 correspondence and information regarding Asian newspaper practices, January-February 2002
3
11
Innovations in Newspapers world report, 2003
3
12
Innovation: Lerude article on new Associated Press international headquarters, November-December 2004
3
13
Innovation: Lerude article on young readers, 2002-2003
3
14
Innovation: WAN report on young readers, 2005
3
15
Innovation Young Readers report, 2005
3
16
Innovations in Newspapers world report, 2005
3
17
Innovations in Newspapers world report, 2006
3
18
Innovations in Newspapers research and correspondence for 2007 report, January-June 2007
3
19
Innovations in Newspapers world report, 2007
3
20
Research and correspondence for 2008 Innovations in Newspapers, January-February 2008
3
21
Innovations in Newspapers world report, 2008
3
22
Research and correspondence for Innovation report, 2010
3
23
Newseum: Advisory committee correspondence and minutes, 1995-2000
Box
Folder
Contents
4
1
Newseum: Newseum News, press releases, and articles, 1994-1998; 2008
4
2
Newseum: General information, 1995; undated
4
3
Newseum: Al Neuharth correspondence, 1995-2001
4
4
Newseum and Freedom Forum: Journalists Memorial, 1996
4
5
Newseum Newscapade: Reno visit, 1999
4
6
Talks and articles by Lerude, 1987-2015
4
7
Buenos Aires La Nacion consulting trip, March-May 1996

Series 2: Robert Laxalt: The Story of a Storyteller

Series 2 consists of materials gathered by Warren Lerude for his book Robert Laxalt: The Story of a Storyteller. Lerude and Robert Laxalt were fellow UNR journalism professors and exceptionally close friends. A Nevada Humanities board member, Bruce Bledsoe, asked Lerude to write a comprehensive biography of this talented professional reporter, professor, and writer.

Robert Laxalt was born September 25, 1923 in Alturas, California, and died March 23, 2001 in Reno, Nevada. His parents, Dominique and Therese Alpetche Laxalt, were immigrants from the French Basque country. Robert was the second of six children: Paul, Robert, Suzanne, John, Marie and Peter (Mick). Robert grew up in Carson City, Nevada, where his father was a sheepherder and his mother managed a boarding house named the Ormsby House. He graduated from the University of Nevada in 1947 with a B.A. in English. In 1949, he married Joyce (Nielsen); they had three children: Bruce, Monique, and Kristin.

Laxalt worked in many journalism and literary positions over the years. He founded the Capital News Service shortly after graduation in 1947; worked as a United Press (UP) reporter from 1948-1952; a public information officer at UNR beginning in 1954; University of Nevada Press founder and first director in 1961; and professor of journalism in the Reynolds School of Journalism from 1983-2000, after his retirement from the Press.

Ever an advocate for the Basque culture, Laxalt was essential in founding two well-known celebrations of Basque culture. The first was the Western Basque Festival, which publically celebrates Basque people and culture. The first festival took place in Reno/Sparks on June 6-7, 1959 and drew over 5,000 attendees. The second was the founding of the UNR Basque Studies Program and Library. The program began operation in 1967 with director William A. Douglass, who initially intended to stay with the program for a few years. Douglass remained the director for over 30 year (1967-1999), and became known as “Mr. Basque.”

Over the years, Laxalt was honored with a number of awards. Among his first honors was a Fulbright scholarship in 1965. In 1984, UNR’s Board of Regents conferred Laxalt with the Distinguished Nevadan award, which is given to individuals who have made substantial achievements in the cultural or social advancement of Nevada. In 1988, Laxalt was the first individual named to the University’s Distinguished Nevada Author Chair. That same year Laxalt and Walter Van Tilburg Clark were the first writers inducted into the Nevada Writers Hall of Fame. Outside of UNR, Laxalt was nominated for three Pulitzer Prize awards: Cup of Tea in Pamplona (1985), The Basque Hotel (1989), and Travels with My Royal: A Memoir of the Writing Life (2001). In 1986, Laxalt received the prestigious Tambor de Oro/Golden Drum Award from the city of San Sebastian.

Laxalt was a prolific writer, and twice traveled to France to learn firsthand about the Basque country and way of life. He used this knowledge and his experiences there in his “Basque Trilogy” novels, The Basque Hotel, Child of the Holy Ghost, and The Governor’s Mansion. His first book was The Violent Land in 1953. His second book Sweet Promised Land, published in 1957, was very successful critically and financially. Many of his books were based on the Basque country, his Basque heritage, or Nevada.

For more information on Robert Laxalt, please consult his manuscript collection, Robert Laxalt Papers (89-05), held by the Special Collections Department.

Series 3 is divided into two subseries: 1) Research; and 2) Publication. Series 2, Subseries 1 is composed of materials giving background information on Robert Laxalt’s careers as an author, educator, and journalist and includes ten interview cassette tapes on “dictating” cassette. Series 2, Subseries 2 has materials on the editing and publication of Lerude’s book Robert Laxalt: The Story of a Storyteller.

Series 2, Subseries 1: Research, 1935-2013 (40 folders, 10 cassettes)

Series 2, Subseries 1 contains background information on Robert Laxalt, both personal and professional. Included is Laxalt family information, interviews on dictating cassette tapes, correspondence, articles, photos, book reviews, and clippings. Much of the material found in this series is comprised of copies of original material held by the Special Collections Department in the Robert Laxalt Papers (85-09). The major subject areas of this subseries are information on Robert Laxalt (bibliographic as well as his writing), the Laxalt family (including his brother, former Nevada governor and U.S. Senator Paul Laxalt), awards and distinctions presented to Laxalt, and interviews and correspondence with those who knew Laxalt. Arranged by subject and chronologically.

This subseries includes extensive information on the various awards and distinctions presented to Laxalt. Of interest are materials on Laxalt’s Basque Trilogy: The Basque Hotel, Child of the Holy Ghost, and The Governor’s Mansion. Although he never won the award, he was nominated three times for the Pulitzer Prize for the Basque trilogy: A Cup of Tea in Pamplona (1985), The Basque Hotel (1989), and Travels with My Royal: A Memoir of the Writing Life (2001). Information on Laxalt’s Basque Trilogy and associated Pulitzer Prize nominations is included here. Also included is information on the Distinguished Nevadan award; the Distinguished Nevadan Author-in-Residence Chair (Laxalt was the inaugural chair); the 24th Scripps Dinner and Lecture (Laxalt was the keynote speaker and friend to Edward “Ted” Willis Scripps II); and the Nevada Writers Hall of Fame. Laxalt received posthumous recognition for his achievements: the Literary Landmark Award and the Robert Laxalt Distinguished Writer’s Endowed Chair. The Literary Landmark program, which highlights the achievements of deceased authors, honored Laxalt on October 31, 2003 (Nevada Day); Lerude served as the Master of Ceremonies for the ceremony. The Endowed Chair was created to keep Robert Laxalt’s memory alive. Fundraising began in January 2002 in anticipation of searching for the first holder of the Chair in spring 2003.

Lerude conducted a series of interviews from March 2010 to March 2012 to supplement his research on Laxalt. All of the interviewees knew Robert Laxalt either personally or professionally. A special type of dictating cassette was used for these interviews which are 45 minutes long with recordings on Side A and are not played at a standard speed; a special player is necessary for listening to them. Notes of some of the interviews are also included. Cassettes are arranged alphabetically by surname.

Box
Folder
Contents
4
8
Robert Laxalt: Biographical materials, 1935-2011; undated
4
9
Robert Laxalt: Growing up in Carson City, undated
4
10
Robert Laxalt: Articles by, 1949-2010
4
11
Robert Laxalt: Sweet Promised Land book and film, 1953-2000
4
12
Robert Laxalt: Reviews of his books, 1957-2012
4
13
Robert Laxalt: Trip to France, 1965-1966
4
14
Robert Laxalt: "The Other Nevada" in National Geographic, June 1974
4
15
Robert Laxalt and Lerude correspondence, 1977-2001
4
16
Robert Laxalt: Time of the Rabies, 1984-2011
4
17
Robert Laxalt: Teaching, 1985-2011
4
18
Robert Laxalt: Basque trilogy (The Basque Hotel, Child of the Holy Ghost, and The Governor's Mansion), 1988-2012
4
19
Robert Laxalt: Death, 2001
4
20
Warren Lerude article "A Remembrance of Robert Laxalt" for Nevada Magazine, 2001
4
21
Robert Laxalt: Timeline, undated
4
22
Laxalt family: Ormsby House boarding house, 1961-2011; undated
4
23
Laxalt family: General, 1968-2013; undated
Box
Folder
Contents
5
1
Laxalt brothers: Boxing, 1974-2011
5
2
Paul Laxalt: Campaigns, 1963-2012
5
3
Paul Laxalt: Exploratory press kit for possible presidential campaign, 1986-1987
5
4
University of Nevada Press, 1979-1988; 2001
5
5
University of Nevada Press Mello controversy, 1979
5
6
Pulitzer Prize nomination: A Cup of Tea in Pamplona, 1985-2011
5
7
Pulitzer Prize nomination: The Basque Hotel, 1989
5
8
Pulitzer Prize nomination: Travels with My Royal, 2001
5
9
50th Anniversary of Sweet Promised Land, 2011
5
10
Distinguished Nevadan, 1983-1990
5
11
Other honors awarded to Laxalt, 1986-1999
5
12
Distinguished Nevadan Author-in-Residence Chair, 1987-2000
5
13
24th Scripps Dinner and Lecture, 1988
5
14
Nevada Writers Hall of Fame, 1988-2000
5
15
Literary Landmark Dedication, 2003-2012
5
16
Walter Van Tilburg Clark and Grace Bordewich, 1999-2011
5
17
Interview notes: Joyce Laxalt, 2007-2011
5
18
Interview notes: Bliss, Cady, Empey, and Hulse, 2010-2012
5
19
Interview notes: Bill Douglass, 2011-2012
5
20
Robert Laxalt Papers finding aid and notes, 2009
5
21
Research and writing correspondence, 2009-2012
5
22
Research correspondence and notes: David Rio Raigadas, 2009-2013
5
23
Research correspondence and notes: Ray Callahan, 2010
5
24
Research correspondence and notes: Guy Rocha, February 2011
Box
Item
Contents
12e
1
Cassette: Allison, Ed, August 1, 2011
12e
2
Cassette: Bliss, Bill and Empey, Gene, February 6, 2012
12e
3
Cassette: Cady, Nick, March 26, 2012
12e
4
Cassette: Crowley, Joseph, August 31, 2011
12e
5
Cassette: Douglass, William A., August 1, 2011
12e
6
Cassette: Hulse, Jim and Callahan, Ray, May 13, 2010
12e
7
Cassette: Laxalt, Joyce, April 24, 2010; November 7, 2010; January 30, 2011
12e
8
Cassette: Laxalt, Joyce, June 30, 2011
12e
9
Cassette: Metzger, March 23, 2010
12e
10
Cassette: Rocha, Guy, February 7, 2011

Series 2, Subseries 2: Publication, 2000-2015 (25 folders)

Series 2, Subseries 2 concerns the editing and publication process for Lerude’s book Robert Laxalt: The Story of a Storyteller. It contains publication correspondence, reviewers’ and readers’ comments, photos, manuscript drafts, and promotional information. Arranged chronologically.

Lerude had initially hoped to have the book published by the University of Nevada Press, as he believed it would be fitting for a book about Robert Laxalt to be published by the press he helped establish. The book proposal was accepted for publication, but was eventually withdrawn by Lerude due to perceived conflicting information received from the Press director, Joanne O’Hare, over the course of two years. Upon withdrawal, Lerude approached the University of Nevada, Reno Center for Basque Studies. The Center agreed to publish the book, which was released in 2013.

Much of the correspondence in this subseries is in regards to edits and comments made by a few trusted individuals, namely Monique Laxalt, Joe Crowley, and Bruce Bledsoe. There are also a number of letters, suggestions, and edits from Joanne O’Hare from prior to the 2012 withdrawal from the Press. These materials offer an insight into Lerude’s writing process. Of interest is one folder of correspondence on an entry for the Online Nevada Encyclopedia Bledsoe asked Lerude to write. This correspondence is one of the first places a mention of a biography about Laxalt is made. Also included are four drafts of the manuscript. The first three drafts were edited by Bruce Bledsoe, Joanne O’Hare, and William Douglas, respectively. The last draft is the final draft from November 2012.

Box
Folder
Contents
5
25
Online Nevada Encyclopedia entry correspondence, August 2009
5
26
Early short chapter drafts, 2009
5
27
Suggestions and edits correspondence, 2009-2012
5
28
Joanne O'Hare suggestions and edits correspondence, 2011-2012
5
29
Joanne O'Hare footnotes correspondence, 2011-2012
5
30
Joanne O'Hare publishing correspondence, 2011-2012
5
31
Withdrawal from University of Nevada Press, 2012
5
32
William A. Douglass/Center for Basque Studies publication notes and forward, 2012
5
33
Manuscript draft 1 edited by Bruce Bledsoe, pages 1-199, 2011
5
34
Manuscript draft 1 edited by Bruce Bledsoe, pages 200-end, 2011
Box
Folder
Contents
7
1
Manuscript draft 2 edited by Joanne O'Hare, pages 1-199 (includes CD), January 2012
7
2
Manuscript draft 2 edited by Joanne O'Hare, pages 200-end, January 2012
7
3
Manuscript draft 3 edited by William Douglass, Preface-Chapter 13, 2012
7
4
Manuscript draft 3 edited by William Douglass, Chapters 14-Bibliography, 2012
7
5
Manuscript final draft, pages 1-199 (includes CD), November 2012
7
6
Manuscript final draft, pages 200-385, November 2012
7
7
Photograph research and correspondence, 2012-2013
7
8
Acknowledgements, 2012-2013
7
9
Epilogue, 2013
7
10
Reviews and reader correspondence, 2013-2014
7
11
Promotional information and presentations, 2013-2014
7
12
Presentation: Nevada Historical Society Docent Council, November-December 2014
7
13
Presentation: Western Literature Association Conference, Robert Laxalt Distinguished Writer Award, October 15, 2015
7
14
Presentation: Historic Reno Preservation Society, November 18, 2015
7
15
Book: Robert Laxalt: The Story of a Storyteller Center for Basque Studies, 2013

Series 3: American Commander in Spain

Series 3 consists of materials collected by Warren Lerude for his book American Commander in Spain. Lerude became interested in the story of Robert Merriman after hearing about him from Robert Laxalt, then director of the University of Nevada Press. Merriman, a UNR graduate, became the commander of the Abraham Lincoln Battalion of the 25th International Brigade during the Spanish Civil War. The war pitted the government forces (Loyalists or Republicans) against the rebels (Fascists or Nationalists); Merriman fought with the government forces. The book’s title is derived from Merriman’s Spanish Civil War experiences.

Lerude’s research began in January 1982 and culminated with the book’s publication by the University of Nevada Press in April 1986. Lerude began his research by contacting Marion (Stone) Wachtel, Merriman’s widow. Marion met Merriman in 1928 while they were both students at UNR. They married shortly after graduation in 1932 and went to Berkeley, California so Robert could attend graduate school at the University of California, Berkeley. He studied economics and, as part of his coursework, travelled to the then Soviet Union to study collective farming. While there, he and Marion toured other parts of Europe, including Austria and Germany, and experienced Fascism as it really was. This experience inspired Merriman to fight with the Spanish government against it. Merriman was killed on the battlefield around April 1-4, 1938; his body was never found.

Through Marion, Lerude obtained the names of others who knew her or Merriman, both before and during their participation in the Spanish Civil War. The bulk of the research interviews were conducted with Marion Wachtel; her interviews with Lerude made the book possible. These recollections give insights into the life of Merriman and Marion, especially Merriman as a civilian and soldier who fought and died in Spain. All of the interviews are included and some of the transcripts are present. Other materials are at the University of California, Berkeley’s Bancroft Library, which holds a fairly extensive Lincoln Battalion materials.

Series 3 is divided into two subseries: 1) Research; and 2) Publication. Series 3, Subseries 1 is primarily cassette tape interviews conducted by Warren Lerude with Marion Wachtel and other acquaintances of Robert Merriman. Series 3, Subseries 2 includes materials that encompass the editing and promotion of the book.

Series 3, Subseries 1: Research, Bulk, 1981-1983, 1925-1989 (45 folders, 81 cassettes, 2 microfilm reels)

Series 3, Subseries 1 includes materials relating to Lerude’s research on his book American Commander in Spain. It contains extensive notes and copies of original materials held by other institutions and individuals, cassette tapes of interviews and some accompanying transcripts, correspondence, clippings, and two microfilm reels of news broadcast scripts. Arranged chronologically.

As part of his research, Lerude conducted a series of interviews from December 1981-March 1983. These tapes help to create a fuller picture of not only Merriman, but also the Spanish Civil War and the historical time period. In total, Lerude created 79 cassette tapes of interviews: tapes 1-47 are interviews with Marion Merriman Wachtel (arranged chronologically); tapes 48-73 are interviews with individuals who knew Merriman (arranged alphabetically by surname and date of interview); and tapes 74-79 about book-related topics (arranged by subject and date of interview). With the exception of 11 cassettes, each cassette is 90 minute long with recordings on both Sides A and B. Also included are three notebooks of handwritten notes Lerude took during the interviews, partial transcripts, and interview note cards, a majority of which list interviewee and subject, used to organize his research. While there are no complete interview transcripts, partial transcripts are occasionally included with the note cards.

Much of the material in this series is reproductions of original documents held by institutions and private individuals. This includes correspondence between the Merriman’s before and during the Spanish Civil War. The Merriman’s regularly corresponded with each other, especially after Marion returned to the United States. Correspondence included here is primarily Robert writing to Marion and is split into two distinct groups: the first includes correspondence directly related to Berkeley, California; and the second from locations in Spain. Also of interest are copies of both Merriman’s and Marion’s diaries. Although incomplete, the diaries and correspondence help illustrate the Merriman’s relationship and what was happening in Spain.

Many Americans participated in the Spanish Civil War. Research on three important individuals is included here. The first is Milly Bennett, a San Francisco newspaper reporter, who went to Spain to inform her readers about the Civil War. Bennett materials include photocopies of articles concerning Bennett and her connection with the Spanish Civil War. One short article by Bennett concerns Robert and Marion and another from Among Friends deals with bomb shelters being built in place of schools. Milly Bennett met and married Hans Amelie, another commander in the Lincoln Battalion for two battles. Second is Ernest Hemmingway who took a personal and professional interest with the civil war in Spain. Hemingway spent time there as a war correspondent and gave both radio and written reports on the war’s progress. He wrote For Whom the Bell Tolls based on his Spanish Civil War experiences, and is believed to have based the main character, Robert Jordan, on Robert Merriman. Ernest Hemingway materials include his Spanish Civil War articles as well as articles about Hemingway and the Spanish Civil War. Finally is David McKelvy White. White, a teacher in New York City before the Spanish Civil War, volunteered to fight in Spain, and, after several battles, returned to the United States. From January 1937-May 1938, he narrated nightly Radio Madrid news broadcasts. These broadcasts are included here on microfilm. It should be noted that some of the scripts are difficult to read.

Box
Folder
Contents
7
16
Notebook 1: General background notes including Marion's remembrances about Robert, herself, and the Spanish Civil War, January 2-3, 1982
7
17
Notebook 2: Leaving Robert in Spain; University of Nevada, Reno; Russia; Berkeley, California, January 20, 1982
Box
Folder
Contents
8
1
Notebook 3: Includes information about the dates and events of May 9, 1932, the Merriman's wedding day, and January 31-November 1, 1937, March 11, 1982
8
2
Marion Wachtel correspondence, 1969-1985
8
3
Rosemary McCarthy interview (partial), 1982
8
4
University of Reno, Nevada research, 1982
8
5
Merriman and Marion: 1928-1932 Sagebrush newspaper copies, undated
8
6
Merriman: 1938-1940 Volunteer for Liberty copies, undated
8
7
Merriman: Miscellaneous correspondence, articles, and notes, undated
8
8
Research correspondence and notes, 1981-1983
8
9
Merriman and the Spanish Civil War, 1982-1983
8
10
1932 Merriman correspondence to Marion from Berkeley, undated
8
11
1937-1938 Merriman correspondence to Marion from Spain, undated
8
12
1938-1941 Milly Bennett correspondence, articles, and information, 1985-1995
8
13
Hemingway in Spain: Ernest Hemingway's "The Spanish War": Dispatches from Spain, 1937-1938, thesis by Margaret C. Lewis, 1969
8
14
Hemingway in Spain: "The Spanish War" in Fact by Ernest Hemingway, undated
8
15
Hemingway in Spain: Copies of articles by Hemingway, 1982
8
16
Hemingway in Spain: Copies of articles about Hemingway and Spain, 1982-1983
8
17
Hemingway in Spain: Correspondence, notes, and other research, 1981-1989
8
18
Transcripts of Merriman's 1937-1938 diary and incomplete transcripts, 1982-1984
8
19
Transcripts of Marion's 1937 diary (incomplete), 1982
Box
Folder
Contents
9
1
American Battalion/Lincoln Brigade background (includes Marion's oral history interview with Stanford University), 1982-1983
9
2
Spanish Civil War participants profiles (includes "La Pasionaria" aka Dolores Ibarruri), 1982
9
3
Spanish Civil War: Articles and book excerpts for background, part 1, undated
9
4
Spanish Civil War: Articles and book excerpts for background, part 2, undated
9
5
Spanish Civil War: Articles and book excerpts for background, part 3, undated
9
6
Research materials used for Chapter 1 "Madrid" and 2 "Broadcast" (includes rough draft of chapter 1), 1982; undated
9
7
Research materials used for Chapter 4 "Berkeley 1932-1934", 1982
9
8
Research materials used for Chapter 6 "Europe and Moscow", part 1, 1982-1983; undated
9
9
Research materials used for Chapter 6 "Europe and Moscow", part 2, 1982; undated
9
10
Research materials used for Chapter 7 "Jarama", 1982; undated
9
11
Research materials used for Chapter 8 "Wounded", 1982
9
12
Research materials used for Chapter 10 "Belchite August-October 1937 Spain", 1982; undated
9
13
Research materials used for Chapter 11 "Marion's Departure November 1937 Spain", 1982
9
14
Research materials used for Chapter 13 "Speaking Tour and Fundraising December 1937-March 1938", 1982; undated
9
15
Research materials used for Chapter 14 "Gandesa March-April 1938", 1982; undated
9
16
Research materials used for Chapter 15 "San Francisco April-June 1938", 1982; undated
9
17
Research grants, 1982-1983
9
18
Spain research trip correspondence and notes, 1982-1985
9
19
Merriman in Moscow research, 1982-1984
9
20
Research photographs: Dave Doran and Spanish Civil War participants, undated
9
21
Lincoln Battalion notes from the Bancroft Library, undated
9
22
1937-1938 International Brigades and Loyalists materials, undated
9
23
Spanish Civil War: Songs, 1976-1984; undated
9
24
Spanish Civil War: General articles, clippings, and correspondence, 1970-1986; undated
Box
Item
Contents
12a
1
Cassette: (Side 1) Marion on Bob Merriman, U of N Press session, December 20, 1981; (Side 2) U of N Press, Bob Laxalt, Lerude, Kaiser, Ken Rubins, one staffer, December 22, 1981
12a
2
Cassette: (Side 1) Neil Humphrey, December 31, 1981 and Marion, Palo Alto, part 1, January 2, 1982; (Side 2) Marion, Palo Alto, part 2, January 2, 1982
12a
3
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Marion, Palo Alto, parts 3-4, January 2, 1982
12a
4
Cassette: (Side 1) Marion, Palo Alto home of Marion with Lerude, part 5, January 3, 1982; (Side 2), Coffee shop, undated
12a
5
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Lerude home with Marion, Kaiser, Laxalt, Lerude on story organization and line, parts 1-2, January 20, 1982
12a
6
Cassette: (Side 1) Marion, Kaiser, Laxalt, Lerude at Lerude home, part 3, January 20, 1982; (Side 2) Communist and Rapscallion, part 4, undated
12a
7
Cassette: (Side 1) [illegible], Kaiser, Marion, Warren, Berkeley and Reno, Communism, Russia, part 5, January 20, 1981; (Side 2) Lunch, Communism, Soviet, part 6, January 21, 1981
12a
8
Cassette: (Side 1) Lucy Humphrey in Reno, College, Gamma phi coed continued from other tape then second half Dori Thompson De Salvo, college, church, Reno, February 9, 1982; (Side 2) Kaiser/Marion/Warren on contract, March 29, 1982
12a
9
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Marion at home (Palo Alto) with Kaiser Lerude, part 1-2, March 11, 1982
12a
10
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Home at Marion’s and restaurant, Kaiser, Lerude, 1st half of A is recorded over old stuff, 2nd half B old stuff, first half prime enemies, part 3-4, March 11-12, 1982
12a
11
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Home of Marion, Kaiser, Lerude, part 5-6, March 12, 1982
12a
12
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Home of Marion with Lerude, Kaiser, part 7-8, March 12, 1982
12a
13
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Restaurant, Palo Alto, Marion, Lerude, Kaiser, part 9-10, March 12, 1982
12a
14
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Marion, Lerude, and Kaiser, contracts, sources, last part on [illegible], Lerude home, part 1-2, April 13, 1982
12a
15
Cassette: (Side 1) Kaiser, Lerude, Wachtel, Rosemary at Lerude home, Random, part 3, April 13, 1982; (Side 2) Rundown, April 12, 1982
12a
16
Cassette: (Side 1) LaPinta, Kaiser, Wachtel, Lerude, part 5, April 13, 1982; (Side 2) Communist Russia, LaPinta stuff, part 6, April 13, 1982
12a
17
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Kaiser, Lerude, Wachtel at Lerude home, part 7-8, April 14, 1982
12a
18
Cassette: (Side 1) Kaiser, Lerude, Rosemary, Wachtel at Lerude home, tail out is good Marion diary stuff, part 9, April 14, 1982; (Side 2) Diary Marion, April 14, 1982
Box
Item
Contents
12b
1
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Marion, Lerude, Bob, Lerude home, diaries Spain good stuff, part 11-12, April 14, 1982
12b
2
Cassette: (Side 1) Marion, Lerude, Kaiser at Lerude home on diaries, part 13, April 14, 1982; (Side 2) Important book contract stuff, part 14, undated
12b
3
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Lerude, Kaiser, Marion at Lerude home, diaries, part 15-16, April 15, 1982
12b
4
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Lerude, Kaiser, Marion, diaries, part 17-18, April 15, 1982
12b
5
Cassette: (Side 1 only) Marion, part 19, April 15, 1982
12b
6
Cassette: (Side 1) Lerude and Marion, Palo Alto, part 1, May 5, 1982; (Side 2) Marion home with Lerude on Bob’s diaries, part 2, May 6, 1982
12b
7
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Marion and Lerude, Palo Alto, diaries of Bob Merriman, part 3-4, May 6, 1982
12b
8
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Lerude and Marion, Palo Alto, diaries, part 5-6, May 6, 1982
12b
9
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Lerude and Marion, Palo Alto, diaries, part 7-8, May 6, 1982
12b
10
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Lerude and Marion, Palo Alto, Bob’s diaries, part 9-10, May 6, 1982
12b
11
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Lerude and Marion, Palo Alto, Bob’s diaries, part 11-12, May 7, 1982
12b
12
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Lerude and Marion, Palo Alto, Bob’s diaries, part 13-14, May 7, 1982
12b
13
Cassette: (Side 1) Lerude home, Reno, Marion and Warren, preliminary stuff, part 1, May 21, 1982; (Side 2) Bob’s 2nd diaries, part 2, May 21, 1982
12b
14
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Lerude and Marion at Lerude home, diary of Bob (2nd diary), part 3-4, May 21, 1982
12b
15
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Lerude and Marion at Marion’s home, Palo Alto on 2nd part of Robert Merriman’s first diary, part 1-2 prelim, July 21, 1982
12b
16
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Lerude and Marion, Palo Alto on diaries, part 3-4 prelim, July 21, 1982
12b
17
Cassette: (Side 1) Lerude and Marion, Palo Alto, #1, 2, 3, 4, are on cables, letters, etc. dealing with diaries, dinner chat, part 5 prelim, July 21, 1982; (Side 2) Restaurant communication, Lerude and Marion preliminary stuff (3 nurses) and Lerude home tape of nurse from Vienna, Irene Goldman, Mildred Rackley, Simon, Ester Blank, part 6 prelim, July 22, 1982
12b
18
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Continuation of nurses Mildred R. Simon, Irene Gordon, Ester, halfway through Irene tells of Bob saving her life, part 7-8 prelim, July 22, 1982
Box
Item
Contents
12c
1
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Diaries of Bob Merriman (diaries June 8, 1937), Lerude and Marion, Palo Alto, part 1-2, July 22, 1982
12c
2
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Lerude and Marion on diaries Quinto and Belchite, Palo Alto, part 3-4, July 22, 1982
12c
3
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Lerude and Marion, Belchite, part 5-6, July 22, 1982
12c
4
Cassette: (Side 1) Marion at Archie Brown home, vets gathering on her time to Spain and Russia, part 1, October 10, 1982; (Side 2) Love story on Mel Anderson, Walt Schueter and the binoculars, Walt story, important, Marion at dinner, part 2, October 10, 1982
12c
5
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Marion finishes story from part 2 and Marion interview, part 3-4, October 10-11, 1982
12c
6
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Marion, part 5-6, October 11, 1982
12c
7
Cassette: (Side 1) Marion’s home, ready for October 20, 1982 at Lerude home, part 7, October 11, 1982; (Side 2) Lerude home, Rosemary, Marion, Lerude, undated
12c
8
Cassette: (Side 1) Darwin Alonso, Bob in Berkeley, part 1, October 14, 1982; (Side 2) Bob in Berkeley, Darwin then McLeod [illegible] to Ebro (at 9:50 McLeod that night at Berkeley), part 2, October 14, 1982
12c
9
Cassette: (Side 1) Dreams and nightmares, Berkeley, part 3, October 14, 1982; (Side 2) Marion and onlooker, Ed Bender interview, part 4, October 14-15, 1982
12c
10
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Marion, Rosemary McCarthy, Lerude at Lerude home, Reno, part 3-4, October 20, 1982
12c
11
Cassette: (Side 1) Lerude and Marion, Reno, part 5, October 21, 1982; (Side 2) Lerude home, Hemmingway, part 6, October 21, 1982
12c
12
Cassette: (Side 1, may be one side only) 1-240 background on David Duran, killed with Bob Merriman, part 1, April 21, 1982
12c
13
Cassette: (Side 1) John Hazard, Moscow, January 18, 1983 and George Watt, Spain, January 19, 1983; (Side 2) George Watt, Dr. John Simon, John Gates, Spain, January 19, 1983
12c
14
Cassette: (Side 1) Joe Jackson, Sagebrush editor 1932, friend of Bob Merriman, interview in Reno by Lerude (document: Jackson), part 1, February 22, 1982; (Side 2) Emily Ross Baxter, girlhood, college friend of Marion, part 2, February 23, 1982
12c
15
Cassette: (Side 1) Emily Ross Baxter, February 23, 1982, Tank Smith classmate, February 24, 1982, J. E. Doc Martie teacher, February 24, 1982, and Emily Ross Baxter again, February 25, 1982 (document Jackson A), part 3; (Side 2) Lucy Humphrey, collet roommate, Lucy’s home in Reno, part 4, March 1, 1982
12c
16
Cassette: (Side 1) Celeste Kaplan, widow of Dave Duran, December 27, 1982 and LA airport fly, January 3, 1983; (Side 2) Dr. Jacques Guinblatt on Merriman, Guadalajara, January 6, 1982, John Gerlach in LA, January 1, 1982, and Gerlach, January 11, 1983
12c
17
Cassette: (Side 1) Fred Keller, December 29, 1982; (Side 2) Fred Keller/John Gerlach both with Bob, undated
12c
18
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) John Gerlach and Fred Keller at Gerlach house, part 1-2, January 11, 1983
Box
Item
Contents
12d
1
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Gerlach and Keller, part 3-4, January 11, 1983
12d
2
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) John Marsalka, knew Bob in Moscow, undated
12d
3
Cassette: (Side 1 only) Herbert L. Matthews dispatches, excerpts on Merriman, etc., undated
12d
4
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Steve Nelson, part 1-2, June 7, 1982
12d
5
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Steve Nelson, part 3-4, June 7, 1982
12d
6
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Lerude, Nick Pappas, Reno phone to LA, first half of tape, part 1-2, May 17, 1982
12d
7
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Nick Pappas, LA, part 3-4, May 17, 1982
12d
8
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) John Robinson and Lomb, part 1, October 15, 1982
12d
9
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) John Robinson and Lomb, part 2, October 15, 1982
12d
10
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) John Robinson and Lomb, part 3, October 15, 1982
12d
11
Cassette: (Side 1) 13-40 Lerude and John Beltch (Beach) Columbia, Victor Brautid, Ralph Stone, Dale Smith, June 21, 1982; (Side 2) Dale Smith, Kaiser, Lerude in Reno, part 5-6, October 26, 1982
12d
12
Cassette: (Side 1) Ed Bender, October 15, 1982; (Side 2) Ed Bender, Ralph Stone at lunch Oakland, part 5-6, October 15, 1982
12d
13
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Ralph Stone, part 7-8, October 15, 1982
12d
14
Cassette: (Side 1) Lerude and Dr. William Pike on Overdras and Merriman, and John Tisa, October 26, 1982; (Side 2) John Tisa, Lou Goldblatt, Aubrey Grossman, undated
12d
15
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Enrique Lister, CP Spain, Madrid, Tom Entwistle interrupt, Lerude and Kaiser, part 1-2, May 25, 1982
12d
16
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Madrid, Tom Entwistle with General Enrique Lister, then to Jarama with Lerude and Kaiser, part 3-4, May 25, 1982
12d
17
Cassette: (Side 1) Tom Wilson on Merriman, 0-179, Carlos Baker to 331, undated; (Side 2) to 400 DeSalvo, to 447 Baxter, to 623 Thompson, to 726 Joe Jackson, undated
12d
18
Cassette: (Side 1 only) Milt Wolff, El Cerrito with Lerude, part 3, July 23, 1982
Box
Item
Contents
12e
11
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Milt Wolff, El Cerrito, Lerude, part 3-4, July 23, 1982
12e
12
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) [illegible] Belchite approach Tom, Lerude, Kaiser, part 5-6, May 26, 1982
12e
13
Cassette: (Side 1 and 2) Qunito, Gandesa Ebro retreat Merriman [illegible], Lerude, Kaiser, Tom, part 7-8, May 26-27, 1982
12e
14
Cassette: (Side 1 only) 45th Reunion Abraham Lincoln Brigade, Oakland, lining up sources, February 6, 1982
12e
15
Cassette: (Side 1) Randall Smith, Lincoln Battalion expert source [illegible], April 8, 1982; (Side 2) J. K. Gulorath and Marion on procedures on the book in Reno, April 8, 1982
12e
16
Cassette: (Side 1) John Robinson, Glen Cove, New York, first [illegible] know Bob, Leonard Lamb, Astoria, New York, October 1, 1982; (Side 2) Lerude and Russian Embassy, October 22, 1982
12e
17
Cassette: (Side 1 only) Bob and Jenny Miller, undated
12e
18
Cassette: Robert Laxalt and Warren Lerude on literature and American Commander in Spain, KUNR Reno, July 23, 1986
Box
Folder
Contents
12
1
VHS Cassette: Lerude/Wachtel interviews on Face the State, KTVN, May 25, 1986; UNR Today, KOLO TV, May 25, 1986; KCRL News; and Today Show, NBC, July 10, 1986, varies
12
1
Micorfilm reel: Radio Madrid broadcast scripts, January 1, 1937-April 30, 1938
12
2
Microfilm reel: Radio Madrid broadcast scripts, May 1, 1938-May 30, 1938

Series 3, Subseries 2: Publication, 1981-1993 (37 folders)

Series 3, Subseries 2 contains materials documenting the publication process of American Commander in Spain. It contains correspondence, peer and book reviews, editing ideas, presentation and promotional materials, photos, and information on possible film and television options. The bulk of the material dates from 1982-1986 and is arranged by the book’s progression from editing to publication and promotion.

Promotional materials include correspondence, television coverage on the Today Show, talks given on the University of California Berkeley campus and to specific groups in Reno as well as a book launch reception sponsored by the student newspaper the Sagebrush. Of interest in the promotional material is information on a possible film adaptation of the book by Tri Star Pictures. Although Lerude worked on a treatment for the film, it was never made.

One important issue represented in this subseries is a possible copyright conflict by author Donald Lawson for his children’s book Abraham Lincoln Brigade: Americans Fighting Fascism in the Spanish Civil War. Lerude was approached by the publisher to act as an expert reader for the book. As he read the proof, he became concerned over the use of certain passages by the author. Upon publication, American Commander in Spain was credited as a source in the book.

Although much of the correspondence in this subseries concerns specific aspects of publishing, reviewing, and promotion, there is one folder of correspondence between Marion and Fausto Villar Esteban, a fellow Spanish Civil War veteran, who was interested in writing a book on his Spanish Civil War experiences. Although some of this correspondence is in Spanish, it contains information regarding his experiences and memories of the war.

Box
Folder
Contents
10
1
Bancroft Library and University of Nevada, Reno Special Collections donations, 1976-1989
10
2
Book proposal and biographical information for Lerude and Robert Blair Kaiser, 1981
10
3
Lerude presentations to Reno University Club and Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, October 20, 1982 and February 26, 1984
10
4
Photographs used in American Commander in Spain (includes correspondence and captions), 1982-1985
10
5
Photographs of Lerude and Wachtel, 1982-1984
10
6
Robert Laxalt editing suggestions, 1983; undated
10
7
Original manuscript with edits by Lerude, Prologue-Chapter 18, March 8, 1984
10
8
Original manuscript with edits by Lerude, Chapter 19-End, March 8, 1984
10
9
Rewrite of Myrick Land's edited manuscript, "About the Authors"-Chapter 18, April 25, 1985
10
10
Rewrite of Myrick Land's edited manuscript, Chapter 19-Chapter 33, April 25, 1985
10
11
Rewrite of Myrick Land's edited manuscript, Chapter 34-End, April 25, 1985
10
12
Final rewrite, Chapter 1-11, July 30, 1985
10
13
Final rewrite, Chapter 12-Epilogue, July 30, 1985
10
14
Final rewrite, Endnotes and About the Authors, July 30, 1985
10
15
Peer Reviews and critiques, 1984-1985; undated
10
16
Publisher and film maker rejections, 1984-1988
Box
Folder
Contents
11
1
Book outline, drafts, and notes, 1986; undated
11
2
50th Anniversary of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, 1986
11
3
1987 Outstanding Researcher Award, 1986-1987
11
4
Book: American Commander in Spain, University of Nevada Press, 1986
11
5
Congratulatory letters, 1984-1988; undated
11
6
Book reviews, 1985-1989; undated
11
7
Book talks with notes, 1982-1986
11
8
Promotion: University of Nevada Press correspondence, 1985-1986
11
9
Promotion: General correspondence and speaking engagements, 1985-1987
11
10
William Watson correspondence regarding possible reviews and Watson's research, April-August 1986
11
11
Nevada Sagebrush book signing photos (taken by Brett Pauly), September 1986
11
12
UC Berkeley presentation, November 20, 1986
11
13
Publishing negotiations: Spain, 1985-1989
11
14
Publishing negotiations: Russia, 1985-1993; undated
11
15
Fausto Villar Esteban correspondence regarding Lincoln Batallion; includes Un Espanolito en la Brigada Lincoln Y in Spanish, 1986-1989; undated
11
16
H. J. (Jim) Fyrth correspondence regarding us of excerpt in Women's Voices From the Spanish Civil War, 1987-1991
11
17
Donald Lawson copyright infringement for Abraham Lincoln Brigade: Americans Fighting Fascism in the Spanish Civil War, 1987-1989
11
18
Articles regarding possible film, 1986; 1988
11
19
Correspondence regarding possible film, 1986-1987
11
20
Tri Star Pictures treatment by Lerude for American Commander in Spain screenplay, October 15, 1992
11
21
Tri Star Pictures treatment by Lerude for American Commander in Spain screenplay, January 10, 1993