Overview

Title: James D. Yoakum Papers
Creator(s): Yoakum, James D.
Collection Number: 2013-27
Dates (inclusive): 1816-2012
Physical Extent: 44.0 cubic feet (47 boxes)
Preferred Citation: James D. Yoakum Papers, 2013-27. Special Collections, University Libraries, University of Nevada, Reno.
Repository: University of Nevada, Reno. Special Collections Department
Permanent Link: http://dewey.library.unr.edu/xtf/view?docId=ead/2013-27-ead.xml

Biographical Note

James “Jim” Donovan Yoakum was born on June 14, 1926 in Templeton, California. The son of a hunter father, Yoakum grew up spending time chasing wildlife in the woods and grasslands of the central coast region of California. As a teenager, he worked in the oyster beds at Morro Bay, California, planting and picking oyster crops. Yoakum enjoyed spending his days amid the relatively pristine marine ecosystem, watching flocks of waterfowl on their annual migration. This experience, he stated, helped him gain a greater understanding and appreciation of the rich and diverse flora and fauna within his own backyard. During this time, Yoakum established a lasting friendship with a trained naturalist who continually stressed the importance of a college education, an endeavor that no one else in Yoakum’s family had pursued.

In 1944, at the height of U.S. involvement in World War II, and prior to his 18th birthday, Yoakum left high school to enlist in the U.S. Navy. After basic training, he was shipped off to the Pacific theater where he experienced vicious fighting, including the battle of Iwo Jima. After seeing the devastation of war, and being aboard a ship for three years, Yoakum vowed to devote his life and work to the outdoors. Though his military service was only a brief portion of his life (1944-1947), it allowed him invaluable opportunities. With the GI Bill Yoakum was able to receive a college education, acquire property, and eventually pursue a career in wildlife biology.

Upon returning to civilian life after the war, Yoakum purchased a buckskin gelding horse and a used saddle and took a temporary job as a fire lookout in California’s backcountry around Big Sur. After the summer of 1949, Yoakum began school at Humboldt State University in Arcata, California. While in college, Yoakum gained experience working for the U.S. Forest Service, California Department of Fish and Game, and the U.S Fish and Wildlife Service in Alaska. As an undergraduate, he became interested in the Roosevelt elk of the area, but also devoted time in his studies to the black-tailed deer, the opossum, American bison, and feral burrows. Yoakum claimed that during his early college training he realized the importance of books as tools, which lead him to begin amassing a large library of books, scientific journals, periodicals, technical reports, and other literature. This trend continued throughout Yoakum’s life as he actively sought and gathered sources to aid in his research and publications.

Yoakum graduated from Humboldt State University with a B.S. in Wildlife Management and a minor in Range Management in the spring of 1953. In 1954, he continued his education at Oregon State University in Corvallis on a fellowship from the Oregon Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit. It was there that Yoakum began research on the pronghorn antelope ( Antilocapra Americana) in and around Lakeview, Oregon. In Lakeview, Yoakum met Oscar “Ock” Deming, the first wildlife biologist at the Hart Mountain/Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge Complex. Ock encouraged him to “stand by his convictions” and was instrumental in Yoakum’s recognition of the need to document pronghorn habitat requirements, assess food habit investigations, and report manipulation practices attributing to the enhancements of pronghorn habitats. Yoakum completed his thesis “Factors Affecting the Mortality of Pronghorn Antelope in Oregon” under Dr. Arthur Einarson and graduated with an M.S. in Wildlife Management in 1957.

Later in 1957, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) hired Yoakum as a range manager in Vale, Oregon. The position consisted of a field assignment in pronghorn habitat management where Yoakum could continue his ecological studies of the native ungulate. During this formative period Yoakum’s professional personality was being forged. Locally he began making a name for himself when he raised two orphaned bobcat kittens named “Rufus” and “Bobby,” who regularly appeared in the local newspapers, occasionally in elementary school classrooms, and even on “Walt Disney’s Wonderful World of Color” special, The Wahoo Bobcat.

In his spare time, Yoakum dedicated considerable time conducting comparative wildlife/habitat relationship studies, photographing wildlife, attending conferences and workshops, and publishing technical data on wildlife habitats. Yoakum spent five years as a practicing range manager in Oregon and Nevada. After two years in Oregon, he was transferred to Ely, Nevada in 1959. It was there that Yoakum began writing a weekly newspaper column on wildlife. In 1961, after eight years of higher education, and five years in the field, Yoakum was hired as the first wildlife biologist in BLM’s history.

From the start, there were many demands on Yoakum’s time. Due to BLM never having such a position prior, Yoakum’s duties were expansive and varied. It required much work on Yoakum’s part because there were no job descriptions, manuals, instruction memos, or mentors for him to turn to. Early on, Yoakum’s writing and photography captured the attention of Nevada BLM Director J. Russell Penny, who encouraged him to emphasize BLM’s role in maintaining important wildlife habitats. These efforts led to the publication of BLM’s first brochure featuring color photographs of wildlife on public lands and a variety of color slide presentations later on for training and educational purposes.

Yoakum’s predominant responsibilities as BLM’s wildlife representative included informing the public, conservation organizations, and scientific societies of BLM’s intentions to recognize the need for coordination and enhancement of wildlife, fisheries, and recreation on public lands. Yoakum immediately began by developing and establishing wildlife habitat management programs. He initiated various research and enhancement projects including meadowland restoration, wildlife economics, big game habitat investigations, fish projects, rangeland bitterbrush plantings, restoration of the bighorn sheep populations, and spring conservation for the Devil’s Hole pupfish. U.S. Secretary of the Interior, Howard Udall praised Yoakum’s efforts, especially regarding protection of pupfish habitat from groundwater pumping. In addition to his official duties, BLM also actively supported and encouraged Yoakum’s participation in The Wildlife Society’s activities at the local, regional, national, and international levels.

Beginning in the mid-1960s Yoakum made a valuable connection with Dr. Richard G. Miller, the director of the Foresta Institute for Ocean and Mountain studies based in Washoe Valley, Nevada. Like Yoakum, Miller was concerned with endangered species in Nevada and abroad. Yoakum contributed to Foresta’s Endangered Species Committee when it began compiling an endangered species listing for wildlife in Nevada. In 1967, using sources from the Foresta library, Yoakum completed and published the first edition of the pronghorn bibliography. Not long afterward, Miller recruited Yoakum to travel to Peru and Bolivia to study the vicuña, then imperiled due to overhunting for its wool. This assignment allowed Yoakum to draw parallels between the plight of the vicuña in South American and the pronghorn in the American West at the turn of the twentieth century.

Unlike many other BLM employees who relocated every few years, Yoakum spent the duration of his career as a wildlife biologist in Nevada, first in Ely and later Reno. In 1967, Yoakum purchased a piece of property in Verdi near the Nevada-California border and this became his home, which he shared with his dogs, garden, extensive library, and numerous friends who often dropped in for a visit.

During Yoakum’s lengthy career with BLM, the agency encouraged him to undertake several interagency teaching assignments including instructing range management courses at Humboldt State University (his alma mater) in the mid-1960s, big game management courses at Colorado State University in the early 1970s (which at the time boasted the largest enrollment of wildlife students of any other university in the world), and finally as an adjunct professor in the Biology Department at the University of Nevada, Reno beginning in the early 1980s. Besides teaching, Yoakum was encouraged to participate in foreign assignments outside the United States. He traveled on three assignments to Canada, four to Mexico, and the aforementioned six-month detail counseling the governments of Peru and Bolivia on the ecology and management of the endangered vicuña. Travelling and working with diverse wildlife around the world, introduced Yoakum to global management issues that resembled similar issues faced by himself and colleagues in Nevada and the West.

In addition to all his other professional development undertakings and assignments, Yoakum was a lifelong member of The Wildlife Society (TWS), an international non-profit scientific and educational association dedicated to wildlife stewardship. Yoakum joined TWS in 1955 and promoted the creation of a Western Section that would include both California and Nevada. This collaboration occurred in 1963, with the first California-Nevada Chapter conference being held in Reno two years later in 1965. The following year the Nevada Chapter petition and bylaws were approved by the parent society.

Yoakum valued his membership both on the local and national levels, and regarded it as one of the highlights of his career. TWS conferences in other regions presented opportunities for Yoakum to meet wildlife peers while sharing knowledge of accomplishments and issues faced. Yoakum assisted in developing the transactions publications for TWS Western Section, prompted the establishment of a Wildlife Communications Workshop, which first took place in Reno in 1970, and helped to develop the Wildlife Professional Development and Continuing Education Program. Other notable projects included the production of the conservation-educational audio/visual “Silver Wildlife” and “Golden Wildlife” programs for Nevada and California schools.

In the late 1970s, TWS inaugurated a certification program, which helped to delineate the profession, develop work standards, and apply a code of ethics that would be used by wildlife biologist throughout the world. Yoakum was involved in the discussions and implementation surrounding standards and the code of ethics; he even wrote several articles on the subject. Over the decades, Yoakum held most of the officer positions on the Executive Board including president of the TWS Western Section (1970-1971) and eventually historian. In honor of his position, the California-Nevada Section created the James D. Yoakum Award, which recognizes individuals who have provided outstanding, long-term service, support, and commitment to TWS Western Section.

After retiring from BLM in 1986, Yoakum continued working as a consultant in wildlife biology and management (his consulting firm aptly named “Western Wildlife”) with a great deal of his efforts focused specifically on the study and management of the pronghorn. He continued taking photographs of wildlife, wrote monographs and book chapters, reviewed books and journals for publication, provided lectures to universities and governmental agencies, and completed contracts for various governmental agencies.

Up to and after his retirement, Yoakum amassed tens of thousands of photographs and published more than 50 professional papers. Yoakum’s legacy, though, was cemented in two major projects that he completed in the decades following his retirement. Both represent a culmination of his life’s work and research. The first, Yoakum’s magnum opus co-authored by Bart O’Gara (longtime director of the Montana Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit at the University of Montana), and published in 2004, is the seminal work on the pronghorn (6.13 lbs. and 903 pages) entitled Pronghorn: Ecology and Management. This book reflects an amalgamation of hard work and contributions from many researchers. For their work, Yoakum and O’Gara received The Wildlife Society’s Outstanding Editorship Award for 2006. Yoakum’s other major undertaking, published after his death, was Pronghorn Bibliography: A Review of Literature and Contributions to a Bibliography from 1649-2011, which again represents a collaboration of an array of experts and scholars.

Jim Yoakum passed away on November 21, 2012, with him went a lifetime of dedication to the wildlife profession. Yoakum was once quoted as saying, “Wildlife has been my entire life, all of my life.” He is remembered by friends and colleagues alike as an iconic figure in the wildlife community. Those that knew him appreciated and respected him for his expertise, especially regarding the pronghorn, but also his friendliness and collegiality. Many can recall having social, well-informed, and even dogmatic conversations with Yoakum where he often played the role of devil’s advocate. One close friend and colleague, in remembering Yoakum, wrote the following: “Jim leaves a big void of scientific expertise and knowledge about a species few today seem to care about. But more importantly, Jim's deep commitment and caring for sound stewardship, even when it was unpopular with the agencies, is becoming a rarity in our profession. He leaves a legacy few can match.”

Top

Scope and Content

The James D. Yoakum Papers are contained within approximately 44 cubic feet and span the years 1816 to 2012, however the bulk of the materials date from 1949 to 2012. The earliest materials dated from the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries were acquired by Yoakum to be used as part of his book, Pronghorn: Ecology and Management (2004) and/or the pronghorn bibliography published after his 2012 death.

This collection was received in two parts in 2013 and 2014 from Yoakum’s property in Verdi, Nevada through the work of his executor Marshall White and many others who undertook the task of shifting through Yoakum’s packed house.

Materials consist of Yoakum’s personal papers including items from his college years, personal and professional correspondence, daily diaries from 1970-2012, scrapbooks, various types of articles, reports, theses and dissertations, book chapter drafts, bibliographies, and technical papers. Yoakum spent considerable time writing letters to other professionals requesting copies of articles, books, technical papers, and other publications and literature on pronghorn and pronghorn-related issues. As a result, he assembled a wealth of sources for his own research and publication, which he also loaned out to other interested professionals in the field.

The materials in this collection offer considerable insight into Yoakum’s life and career beginning with his discharge from the U.S. Navy in the late 1940s and his entrance into Humboldt State University in Arcata, California (1949-1953). Following this same trajectory, these materials document Yoakum’s activities as a graduate student at Oregon State University in Corvallis, Oregon (1954-1957). From there, materials chronicle Yoakum’s career with the Bureau of Land Management (1957-1986), including information regarding his initiatives as the agency’s first wildlife biologist, and documentation from his lengthy membership in The Wildlife Society. A large portion of the materials in this collection pertain specifically to the pronghorn and its habitat, which was Yoakum’s life work and passion.

Yoakum was a prolific wildlife photographer and a large number of slides and photographs accompanied this collection. The photos and slides have been separated from the manuscript collection and transferred to the Special Collections Photo Archive as collection number UNRS-P2016-04.

The James D. Yoakum Papers are divided into six groups: Group 1) Personal; Group 2) The Wildlife Society; Group 3) The Pronghorn Antelope; Group 4) Other Wildlife and Fish; Group 5) Range and Wildlife Management; and Group 6) Wildlife Photography. Each group is further divided into individual series.

Group 1: Personal, consists of a variety of materials accumulated by Jim Yoakum throughout his personal and professional life. This group contains materials mostly related to aspects of Yoakum’s personal life, but it is intermingled with other materials that pertain to his profession as a wildlife biologist too. It would have been nearly impossible to entirely separate the two because Yoakum’s profession attributed so greatly to his lifestyle and identity. While many of these materials were gathered and saved for personal reasons, most have significance that relate to his professional career. One example of this is the “general” correspondence, which appears in this group. Many of Yoakum’s letters begin with cordialities but eventually go on to discuss pertinent rangeland or wildlife management issues. His teaching materials are another example of the personal and professional sides mixing. Although teaching university courses were part of special assignments allowed by the BLM, Yoakum enjoyed the satisfaction that came with teaching college-age students.

Group 1 is divided into seven series: Series 1) College and Graduate School; Series 2) Daily Diaries; Series 3) Teaching; Series 4) CV, Memoir, and Miscellaneous; Series 5) Personal and Professional Correspondence; Series 6) Scrapbooks; and Series 7) Awards and Certificates.

Group 2: The Wildlife Society (TWS) is comprised of materials relating to Yoakum’s membership and close involvement in this organization on the local and national levels; materials date from 1953-2011. Yoakum joined TWS in 1955 and later became a life member. He was actively involved in the organization from the beginning including efforts to create TWS Western Section, serving as the president from 1970-1971.

Yoakum was also integral in producing the educational audio/visual programs “Silver Wildlife” and “Golden Wildlife” for use in Nevada and California schools, and aided in establishing professional standards and a code of ethics for the wildlife profession. Due to his dedication to the organization, the Western Section established the James D. Yoakum Award to recognize outstanding individuals who have provided long-term service, support, and commitment to furthering the section’s goals, programs, and operations. Materials in this group reflect Yoakum’s positions on the Executive Board including meeting minutes, position statements, business updates, a few articles, correspondence, and reports. Group 2 consists of two series: Series 1) Western Section and Nevada Chapter; Series 2) The National Branch.

Group 3: The Pronghorn Antelope, is the largest group in the collection. Although Yoakum was interested in all aspects of wildlife management, his passion in life was studying the pronghorn and its habitat. Yoakum was regarded as the leading expert in North America on this unique and native ungulate. The breadth and depth of his work made him an icon of sorts within the wildlife profession.

The pronghorn has unique significance in North America, which was first brought to scientific notice by the Lewis and Clark Expedition while traveling through what is today South Dakota. Early depictions of the pronghorn appeared in ancient petroglyphs and written accounts produced by seventeenth-century Spanish explorers, who often referred to the pronghorn as “goats.” The pronghorn is the only living species of its genus, and that genus is the only one within that family. It is also the fastest land mammal in the Western Hemisphere, second only to the cheetah, able to reach speeds of up to 55 mph.

By the late nineteenth century, pronghorn numbers were dwindling due to expansion onto the plains, grasslands, and basins of the American West. Therefore, protection and conservation of the pronghorn and its native, wide-open habitat became much more of an issue beginning in the early decades of the twentieth century. By the 1940s, the pronghorn made an unprecedented and unparalleled comeback due to science-based wildlife management that was supported largely by conservation organizations and the sportsman’s community in the United States.

In addition to studying and producing numerous publications on the pronghorn, including the seminal pronghorn bibliography and book, Yoakum was also a staunch supporter of the Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop, which took place every two years in locales throughout western North America. In 2002, Yoakum was presented with the Berrendo Award—the workshop’s most prestigious recognition, given to individuals for their significant contributions to the conservation and management of the pronghorn. The materials located in this group heavily reflect Yoakum’s contributions to the study and management of the pronghorn.

These materials are arranged in a manner that specifically highlights Yoakum’s contributions to the field in terms of articles, reports, bibliography, and his book. Group 3 has been separated into eleven series: Series 1) Journal Articles and Papers by Yoakum; Series 2) Journal Articles and Papers by Others; Series 3) Reports by Yoakum; Series 4) Reports by Others; Series 5) Theses and Dissertations; Series 6) Yoakum Book Materials and Chapter Drafts; Series 7) Other Books, Literature, and Publications; Series 8) Bibliographies; Series 9) Pronghorn Workshops; Series 10) Reintroduction of Pronghorn on Carrizo Plain National Monument; and Series 11) Population Distribution, Behavior, and Management.

Correspondence specific to any of these particular subjects, including Yoakum and O’Gara’s pronghorn book, or Carrizo Plain, has been maintained within each respective series. Other more general correspondence can be located in Group 1, Series 5: Personal and Professional Correspondence. Please see series scope and content notes for further explanation.

It should be noted that there may be some overlap of the literature and publications found in other Group 3 series, especially in Series 7: Other Books, Literature, and Publications, Series 2: Journal Articles and Papers by Others, and Series 4: Reports by Others. However, there is no overlap within Series 9: Pronghorn Workshops, and Series 10: Reintroduction of Pronghorn on Carrizo Plain National Monument, as they contain articles and reports that are specific to those subjects.

Group 4: Other Wildlife and Fish, consists of various materials relating to fish and other wildlife that are not the pronghorn. Although much of Yoakum’s work was focused on studying the pronghorn, his interest in all things wildlife is evident in the materials contained within this group. As a teenager working in the oyster beds at Morro Bay, California, Yoakum developed an interest in the local waterfowl as they made their annual migration. While in college at Humboldt State University, Yoakum began studying the Roosevelt elk and black-tailed deer of the area.

In graduate school at the University of Oregon, and into his early professional career as a range manager, Yoakum raised two bobcat kittens named “Rufus” and “Bobby,” who regularly appeared in the local newspapers and occasionally in elementary school classrooms. Although these wildcats were pets, Yoakum closely studied their behavioral traits and diets. He observed the cats, recorded his observations, and published several articles on specifics aspects of domesticated wildcats. He kept in contact with several other wildcat owners from around the country that often wrote and asked for advice or suggestions.

As a wildlife biologist employed by the BLM, Yoakum’s understanding of wildlife and fish on public lands was necessary for implementing procedures and projects, and for evaluating the overall health of rangelands. Some of these issues are visible within the series located in this group, especially in the materials regarding the pupfish, and to a lesser extent, Yoakum’s special assignment in Peru and Bolivia to study the vicuña.

Group 4 has been divided into six series: Series 1) Elk and Deer; Series 2) Sheep; Series 3) Wildcats; Series 4) The Vicuña of South America; Series 5) The Pupfish; and Series 6) Birds. It should be noted that correspondence specific to any of these series, particularly Series 3) Wildcats, has been maintained within each series.

Group 5: Range and Wildlife Management, serves as a catch-all group for materials that did not necessarily fit with any of the other groups. Much of the material in this group relates to issues surrounding range management and stewardship of public lands for cattle grazing and recreation. This group also includes information in the form of reports, articles, bulletins, and correspondence regarding plant varieties on rangelands, chaining and seeding projects, various surveys and inventories of big game, and habitat classification.

Yoakum accumulated the bulk of these materials during his tenure with the BLM. Most of the information from BLM deals with specific rangeland projects including prescribed burns and fire rehabilitation as well as training for range managers and wildlife biologist. This group, perhaps more so than the others, reflects portions of Yoakum’s career with BLM. Group 5 has been separated into four series: Series 1) Journal Articles and Papers; Series 2) Reports by Yoakum and Others; Series 3) Other Literature and Publications; and Series 4) BLM Activities, Projects, and Training.

There were not enough Yoakum-specific materials to warrant creating separate series, so any papers or reports written by Yoakum appear in the appropriate series in corresponding order. It should be noted that any articles, papers, or reports that did not fit in any of the individual series located in Group 3: The Pronghorn Antelope, or Group 4: Other Wildlife, more than likely ended up in Group 5, Series 1: Journal Articles and Papers by Yoakum and Others, or Group 5, Series 2: Reports by Yoakum and Others. Also any correspondence that is specific to any of these subjects, particularly related to BLM training programs, has been maintained within each series and not in Group 1, Series 5: Personal and Professional Correspondence. See individual scope and content notes for more information.

Group 6: Wildlife Photography, reflects Yoakum’s lifelong passion for photographing wildlife both for personal and professional purposes. Included along with the papers was an extensive photo collection of negatives, slides, and prints. However, all negatives, slides, and prints were separated and removed to the Special Collections Photo Archive as collection number UNRS-P2015-04.

Group 6 is comprised of two series: Series 1) Yoakum’s Photography; and Series 2) Slide Programs. All correspondence that appears in the first series has been separated from the materials that are located in Group 1, Series 5: Personal and Professional Correspondence.

Materials in this group are related to the usage of Yoakum’s images by educational institutions, periodicals and magazines, and wildlife organizations. Included are copies of the various publications that featured Yoakum’s work, and the correspondence between Yoakum and these various entities regarding his photography. However, due to the volume of material, it is possible that some correspondence regarding photographs and photography is still located in Group 1. Please see individual scope and content notes for more information.

This group also features scripts from the many different slide programs put together by Yoakum or used his photographs. Many of these programs were used for BLM educational or training purposes. Please note that the only scripts not appearing in Series 2) Slide Programs, are from the “Silver Wildlife” and “Golden Wildlife” educational programs produced by The Wildlife Society Western Section. These materials can be found in Group 2, Series 1: The Wildlife Society Western Section and Nevada Chapter. Additionally, a slide program on elk that Yoakum used in his teaching at Humboldt State University is located in Group 1, Series 3: Teaching, and one on the vicuña located in Group 4, Series 4: The Vicuña of South America.

Restrictions

Collection is open for research. Materials must be used on-site; advance notice suggested. Access to parts of this collection may be restricted under provisions of state or federal law.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated by the Yoakum Estate's executor Marshall White in 2013.

Separated Materials

All photographs have been transferred to Special Collections photo archive as collection number UNRS-P2016-04.

Related Materials

Other pronghorn antelope printed materials are found in Jim D. Yoakum and Bart O'Gara's book Pronghorn: Ecology and Management (Boulder, Colo.: University Press of Colorado, 2004). Record number b2299260. Located here: https://innopac.library.unr.edu/record=b2299260~S2.

Also see Bart O'Gara's Prairie Ghost: Pronghorn and Human Interaction in early America (Boulder, Colo.: University Press of Colorado, 2004). Record number b2300636. Located here: https://innopac.library.unr.edu/record=b2300636~S2.

Top

Arrangement

Group 1: Personal

  • Series 1: College and Graduate School
  • Series 2: Daily Diaries
  • Series 3: Teaching
  • Series 4: CV, Memoir, and Miscellaneous
  • Series 5: Personal and Professional Correspondence
  • Series 6: Scrapbooks
  • Series 7: Awards and Certificates

Group 2: The Wildlife Society

  • Series 1: The Wildlife Society Western Section and Nevada Chapter
  • Series 2: The Wildlife Society National Branch

Group 3: The Pronghorn Antelope

  • Series 1: Journal Articles and Papers by Yoakum
  • Series 2: Journal Articles and Papers by Others
  • Series 3: Reports by Yoakum
  • Series 4: Reports by Others
  • Series 5: Theses and Dissertations
  • Series 6: Yoakum Book Materials and Chapter Drafts
  • Series 7: Other Books, Literature, and Publications
  • Series 8: Bibliographies
  • Series 9: Workshops and Conferences
  • Series 10: Reintroduction of Pronghorn on Carrizo Plain National Monument
  • Series 11: Population Distribution, Behavior, and Management

Group 4: Other Wildlife and Fish

  • Series 1: Elk and Sheep
  • Series 2: Sheep
  • Series 3: Wildcats
  • Series 4: The Vicuña of South America
  • Series 5: The Pupfish
  • Series 6: Birds

Group 6: Wildlife Photography

  • Series 1: Yoakum's Photography
  • Series 2: Slide Programs

Group 5: Range and Wildlife Management

  • Series 1: Journal Articles and Papers by Yoakum and Others
  • Series 2: Reports by Yoakum and Others
  • Series 3: Other Literature and Publications
  • Series 4: BLM Activities, Projects and Training

Top

Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the online catalog of the University Libraries, University of Nevada, Reno. Researchers wishing to find related materials are encouraged to use the following index terms:

Organizations:

People:

Subjects:

Geographic Locations:



Top

Administrative Information

Collection processed by Edan Strekal, June 2016. Finding aid prepared by Edan Strekal, June 2016. This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on September 2, 2016.

Top


Detailed Description of the Records

Group 1: Personal, 1931-2012

Group 1: Personal, consists of a variety of materials accumulated by Jim Yoakum throughout his personal and professional life. This group contains materials mostly related to aspects of Yoakum’s personal life, but it also is intermingled with other materials that pertain to his profession as a wildlife biologist. It would have been nearly impossible to entirely separate the two because Yoakum’s profession attributed so greatly to his lifestyle and identity. While many of these materials were gathered and saved for personal reasons, most have significance that relate to Yoakum’s professional career. One example of this mixture is the “general” correspondence which appears in this group. Many of Yoakum’s letters begin with cordialities but eventually go on to discuss pertinent rangeland or wildlife management issues. His teaching materials are another example, although teaching university courses were part of special assignments allowed by the BLM, Yoakum enjoyed the satisfaction that came with teaching college-age students.

Group 1 is divided into seven series: Series 1) College and Graduate School; Series 2) Daily Diaries; Series 3) Teaching; Series 4) CV, Memoir, and Miscellaneous; Series 5) Personal and Professional Correspondence; Series 6) Scrapbooks; and Series 7) Awards and Certificates.

Group 1, Series 1: College and Graduate School, 1931-2003 1.25 cubic feet (35 folders)

Group 1, Series 1 includes information and materials from Yoakum’s undergraduate program at Humboldt State University in Arcata, California, and later his graduate program at Oregon State University in Corvallis, Oregon. Yoakum was the first member of his family to attend college. After his service in the U.S. Navy during World War II, Yoakum received the GI Bill which allowed him the opportunity to receive a college education and subsequently a lifelong career afterward.

This series begins with materials from Yoakum’s undergraduate program at Humboldt State University beginning in 1949 and ending in 1953 when he graduated with a B.S. in Wildlife Management and a minor in Range Management. Materials include some of Yoakum’s term papers and assignments from his four years at Humboldt State University, and also Humboldt State mementos, his class schedules, brochures and flyers form the university, his grade cards, and some of the administrative paperwork regarding his GI Bill funding. Early on in his college career, Yoakum began collecting journals, newsletters, and other publications on outdoor and wildlife subjects that interested him. There is some of evidence of that in this series, and although it might not be specific to any one subject, these materials likely allowed Yoakum to begin familiarizing himself with the profession that he was intending to enter.

In 1954, Yoakum proceeded on to Oregon State University on a fellowship from the Oregon Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit. It was there that he began research on the pronghorn population in and around Lakeview, Oregon. Yoakum completed his thesis “Factors Affecting the Mortality of Pronghorn Antelope in Oregon” under Dr. Arthur Einarson and graduated with an M.S. in Wildlife Management in 1957. This series includes the materials from Yoakum’s fellowship including his field notebooks, quarterly reports, and some of his class notes. There is a copy of his thesis located in this series, but a second copy is also located in Group 3, Series 5: Theses and Dissertations. Materials in this series reflect the foundation from which Yoakum began to build his professional career after eight years of higher education. The last two folders contain a directory from Humboldt State University from the years that Yoakum attended, and a history of the university that mentions Yoakum and some of his colleagues. These two items date from the late 1990s and the early 2000s, but they are still relevant to this series. Correspondence specific to this subject has been maintained in this series. For non-series specific correspondence, see also Group 1, Series 5. Arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
1
1
Yellowstone National Park Nature Notes newsletters, 1931-1935
1
2
Assignments, notes, and course handouts from Yoakum's courses at Humboldt State College, 1948-1953
1
3
"The Biology of the American Buffalo," course paper by Jim Yoakum for English 1A at Humboldt State College, 1949
1
4
Early correspondence regarding Yoakum's post-military studies at Humboldt State College, 1949-1952
1
5
Copy of Yoakum's transcripts, enrollment cards, commencement program, and course map for degree in Game Management degree, 1949-1955
1
6
Various magazine clippings, brochures, newsletters, and publications on wildlife gathered by Yoakum during college, 1949-1955
1
7
Brochures from the Wildlife Management Institute, 1950
1
8
Applications during college for work with the U.S. Forest Service near Humboldt State, 1950-1951
1
9
Topographic maps for western states and regions, 1950-1951
1
10
Correspondence from the Veterans Administration Office regarding use of the GI Bill for schooling, June-September 1950
1
11
Richard Genelly's notebook full of notes from a Zoology 106 course at Humboldt State College, 1950-1952
1
12
Report: Fred A. Glover California Department of Education: Wildlife Management, Fisheries, and Conservation Curricula in California State Colleges, 1951
1
13
Yoakum's lecture notes from WM 150 Big Game Management course at Humboldt State College, 1951
1
14
The Lumberjack Humboldt State College newspaper, 1951-1953
1
15
Materials from Yoakum's WM 171 Management of Game Birds course, 1952
1
16
Yoakum's Black-Tailed Deer browse study from his WM 199 course at Humboldt State College, 1952
1
17
Correspondence with Humboldt State College faculty includes a brochure newsletters, 1952-1955
1
18
Humboldt State College materials and brochures, 1952-1955
1
19
Conservation Unlimited Club at Humboldt State College newsletters and bylaws, 1952-1955
1
20
Materials from the Jack Miner Migratory Bird Foundation, 1953
1
21
"Biology of the Opossum" undergraduate paper by Yoakum at Humboldt State College, 1953
1
22
"Classification and Notes on the Mammals of Sequoia Park, Eureka, California," undergraduate paper by Yoakum at Humboldt State College, 1953
1
23
"What is the Status of our Feral Burrow," term paper by Yoakum at Humboldt State College, 1953
1
24
Outdoor News Bulletin newsletters issued by the Wildlife Management Institute, 1954
1
25
Correspondence regarding the "Wildlife of Humboldt County" slide series program and instructor guide, 1954-1955
1
26
Oregon Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit Quarterly Reports volumes 2-4 from Yoakum's graduate school fellowship, 1954-1955
1
27
Oregon Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit Weekly Progress Reports from Yoakum's graduate school fellowship, 1954-1956
1
28
Article: "Notes on Chinchilla Liberations in California," by John Voris, Jim Yoakum, and Charles Yocom in the Journal of Mammalogy, volume 36, number 2, 1954-1957
1
29
Yoakum's graduate school Field Notebook of Biological Data volume 2, 1955
1
30
Report: Oregon State Game Commission: Biennial Report, 1955-1956
1
31
Oregon Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit Quarterly Reports volumes 5-6 from Yoakum's graduate school fellowship, 1956-1957
1
32
Record of FG 458 Management of Big Game course at Oregon State University's fieldtrip to Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge, April 1957
Box
Folder
Contents
2
1
Thesis: "Factors Affecting the Mortality of Pronghorn Antelope in Oregon," by Jim Yoakum, Oregon State College, Corvallis, June 1957
2
2
Humboldt State University Alumni Directory, 1997
2
3
Richard L. Ridenhour, Natural Resources at Humboldt State College: The First Thirty Years. Arcata, California: University Graphic Services Humboldt State University, 2003

Group 1, Series 2: Daily Diaries, 1970-2012 3.5 cubic feet (44 folders)

Group 1, Series 2 consists of daily diaries Yoakum kept beginning in 1970 and maintained until just weeks before his death in November 2012. While working for the BLM, Yoakum kept these daily diaries to keep track of his activities, interactions, mileage, and other expenses. Although he retired from his position with the BLM in 1986, he continued to keep daily dairies as part of a daily routine to track his various consulting activities. Because Yoakum was thorough in everything he did, these diaries are well organized and detailed. They contain contact information, receipts, travel information, mileage numbers, and descriptions of the types of projects he was engaged in, whether it was editing, writing, or field work. Some entries even contain more mundane information from Yoakum’s days, including what he ate for breakfast, or brief descriptions of a doctor’s appointment. These diaries offer insight into the day-to-day workings of Yoakum’s life and a glimpse into how his time was spent. Diaries are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
15
1
Daily Diaries, 1970-1971
15
2
Daily Diaries, 1972-1973
15
3
Daily Diaries, 1974-1975
15
4
Daily Diaries, 1976-1977
Box
Folder
Contents
16
1
Daily Diaries, 1978-1979
16
2
Daily Diaries, 1980-1981
16
3
Daily Diaries, 1982-1983
Box
Folder
Contents
17
1
Daily Diaries, 1984-1985
17
2
Daily Diaries, 1986-1987
17
3
Daily Diaries, 1988-1989
Box
Folder
Contents
18
1
Daily Diaries, 1990-1991
18
2
Daily Diaries, 1992-1993
18
3
Daily Diaries, 1994-1995
18
4
Yoakum's daily diary on the U.S. Department of Justice "Government Guzzler" case, 1994-1995
Box
Folder
Contents
19
1
Daily Diaries, 1996-1997
19
2
Daily Diaries, 1998-1999
19
3
Daily Diaries, 2000-2001
Box
Folder
Contents
20
1
Daily Diaries, 2002-2003
20
2
Daily Diaries, 2004-2005
20
3
Daily Diaries, 2006-2007
Box
Folder
Contents
47
1
Daily Diaries, 2008-2009
47
2
Daily Diaries, 2010-2011
47
3
Daily Diary, 2012

Group 1, Series 3: Teaching, 1950-1989 2.0 cubic feet (38 folders)

Group 1, Series 3 includes teaching materials from Yoakum’s stints as an instructor at Humboldt State University (1964-1965), Colorado State University in Fort Collins (1970), and finally as an adjunct professor in the Biology Department at the University of Nevada, Reno (1979-1986). Much of what appears in this series consists of materials used by Yoakum in developing and prepping his courses, correspondence with other faculty members at the various institutions, handouts, syllabi, gradebooks, and in a few cases, student evaluations. Materials are arranged chronologically.

While working for the BLM, Yoakum took leave to teach college courses. The federal government encouraged these types of assignments because it mutually benefitted both the government and the institution. These opportunities provided Yoakum experience in working alongside other professors, authoring technical publications, and mentoring future wildlife biologists. At Humboldt State University, Yoakum taught a series of lower division range management and ecology courses. At Colorado State University, Yoakum taught upper division courses on big game management and wildlife habitat.

As an adjunct at the University of Nevada, Reno, he followed a similar trajectory teaching upper division courses on big game management. Yoakum also delivered a series of guest lectures to other classes at the University of Nevada, Reno. Yoakum enjoyed teaching and believed that it helped him to better communicate his knowledge to others. He claimed that he received great satisfaction when students expressed their appreciation for the impact that his years of practical experience in the field afforded them.

Box
Folder
Contents
2
4
Publications used in Big Game Management course curriculum, 1950-1964
2
5
Correspondence with Humboldt State College faculty prior to teaching, 1964
2
6
Management of Big Game course at Humboldt State College lecture and lab notes, 1964
2
7
NR 102A Range Management course at Humboldt State College technical papers, 1964
2
8
Yoakum Humboldt State College teaching materials, 1964-1965
2
9
Slide Show: Humboldt State College: "Elk Studies: an Illustrated Slide Series", 1965
2
10
NR 102A Range Management course at Humboldt State College syllabus, literature, and lecture notes, 1965
2
11
NR 102A Range Management course at Humboldt State College lab notes, handouts, evaluation forms, exams, and technical papers, 1965
2
12
NR 102A Range Management course at Humboldt State College technical papers, part 1, 1965
2
13
NR 102A Range Management course at Humboldt State College technical papers, part 2, 1965
2
14
NR 102B Advanced Range Management course at Humboldt State College syllabus and literature, 1965
2
15
NR 102B Advanced Range Management course at Humboldt State College lab assignment, 1965
2
16
NR 102B Advanced Range Management at Humboldt State College course handouts, 1965
2
17
NR 102B Advanced Range Management course at Humboldt State College lecture notes, 1965
2
18
NR 102B Advanced Range Management course at Humboldt State College technical reports, 1965
Box
Folder
Contents
3
1
NR 102B Advanced Range Management course at Humboldt State College forms, exams, and technical papers, 1965
3
2
Teaching materials from Yoakum's NR 105 Range Ecology course taught at Humboldt State College, 1965
3
3
Press materials regarding Yoakum's teaching assignment at Colorado State University, 1969-1970
3
4
Yoakum's requests for materials to be used in lectures and as course materials at Colorado State University, 1969-1970
3
5
Correspondence with Colorado State University regarding Yoakum's special teaching appointment through BLM, June-December 1969
3
6
FW 469 Big Game Management course at Colorado State University course materials, 1970
3
7
Handouts from Yoakum's FW 469 Big Game Management course at Colorado State University, 1970
3
8
Test materials from Yoakum's FW 469 Big Game Management course at Colorado State University, 1970
3
9
Examination key for FW 469 Big Game Management course at Colorado State University, 1970
3
10
FW 497 Wildlife Habitat seminar at Colorado State University course materials, 1970
3
11
Term papers submitted for Yoakum's FW 497 seminar course at Colorado State University, 1970
3
12
Test materials from Yoakum's FW 497 Habitat Management course at Colorado State University, 1970
3
13
Correspondence from Yoakum's first semester teaching Wildlife Management courses at Colorado State University, January-April 1970
3
14
Correspondence and memoranda from Yoakum to the Department of Fishery and Wildlife Biology at Colorado State University, January-March 1970
3
15
Habitat characteristic papers submitted by students for FW 469 Big Game Management at Colorado State University, February-March 1970
3
16
Correspondence with professors at Colorado State University, November 1975
3
17
RNR 425/625 Big Game Management course at the University of Nevada, Reno course materials, part 1, 1980
3
18
RNR 425/625 Big Game Management course at the University of Nevada, Reno course materials, part 2, 1980
3
19
RNR 425/625 Big Game Management course at the University of Nevada, Reno course materials, part 3, 1980
3
20
Yoakum's grade book from his Big Game Management course taught at the University of Nevada, Reno, 1980
3
21
Guest lectures delivered by Yoakum at the University of Nevada, Reno (removed from binder), 1982
3
22
Handouts and lecture notes for Big Game Management course at the University of Nevada, Reno, 1983-1984
3
23
Portions of the University of Nevada, Reno general catalog that mention Yoakum, 1988-1989

Group 1, Series 4: CV, Memoir, and Miscellaneous, 1938-2006 0.25 cubic feet (9 folders)

Group 1, Series 4 contains a variety of materials including copies of Yoakum’s resume, curriculum vitae, a short memoir of his life and career, listings of his publications and presentations, news clips featuring Yoakum, applications for federal employment, and varying sizes of pronghorn illustrations. This series, though small, contains a wealth of information on Yoakum’s life and accomplishments. Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
4
1
Handwritten story about young antelope entitled "Raising Kids and Cats," by Yoakum, undated
4
2
Various pronghorn illustrations and postage stamps (includes items in oversized flat folder), 1938-2007
4
3
News clips and press releases about and by Jim Yoakum, 1958-1963
4
4
Yoakum's applications for both federal and higher education employment, 1965-1966
4
5
Yoakum's handwritten Curriculum Vitae, January 1988
4
6
Various editions of Yoakum's resume, 1989-2010
4
7
Yoakum's CV and a listing of his publications, 1990-2002
4
8
A listing of literature, publications, and audio-visual programs by Jim Yoakum, November 2001
4
9
"Reflections of a Wildlife Biologist (edited)" by Jim Yoakum, October 2006

Group 1, Series 5: Personal and Professional Correspondence, 1959-2011 1.25 cubic feet (28 folders)

Group 1, Series 5 contains general correspondence to and from Yoakum on a variety of personal and professional subjects. Much of what is contained in these folders deals with wildlife information and/or publications, but there is also personal correspondence regarding the wellbeing of friends, thank you notes, and jokes. Letters often begin with cordialities and small talk, but end up with discussions on pronghorn-related issues, other range management concerns, or suggested edits.

It is important to note that while a majority of Yoakum’s personal and professional correspondence is located in this series, not all of it is here. When possible, correspondence was separated according to subject and placed in its respective series. For example, correspondence regarding Yoakum and O’Gara’s book Pronghorn: Ecology and Management is located in Group 3, Series 6: Yoakum Book Materials and Chapter Drafts. However, given the volume of material in this collection it would have been difficult to separate all correspondence. If correspondence regarding a specific subject does not appear in that series, please consult this series. Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
4
10
General correspondence, 1959-1962
4
11
General correspondence, 1963-1964
4
12
General correspondence, 1965-1967
4
13
General correspondence, 1968-1969
4
14
General correspondence, 1970-1976
4
15
General correspondence, 1977-1979
4
16
General correspondence, 1980
4
17
General correspondence, 1981-1982
4
18
General correspondence, 1983-1986
4
19
General correspondence, 1987-1988
4
20
Carbon copies of general correspondence, 1987-1991
4
21
General correspondence, 1989
4
22
General correspondence, 1990-1991
4
23
General correspondence, 1992
4
24
General correspondence, part 1, 1993
4
25
General correspondence, part 2, 1993
4
26
General correspondence, 1994
Box
Folder
Contents
5
1
General correspondence, part 1, 1995
5
2
General correspondence, part 2, 1995
5
3
General correspondence, 1996
5
4
General correspondence, 1997-1998
5
5
General correspondence, 2000-2003
5
6
General correspondence, 2004-2005
5
7
General correspondence, 2006
5
8
General correspondence, 2007
5
9
General correspondence, part 1, 2008
5
10
General correspondence, part 2, 2008
5
11
General correspondence, 2009-2011

Group 1, Series 6: Scrapbooks, 1954-2012 0.25 cubic feet (7 folders)

Group 1, Series 6 contains a small number of scrapbooks that were removed from binders and placed into folders. In addition to Yoakum’s many slides, prints, and photo albums, there were a small number of scrapbooks comprised mostly of wildlife photographs. Some also include news clippings and magazine articles. Volume 3: Rufus: “Raising Bobcats” contains information and photographs of Yoakum’s two bobcats (more information on this subject can be found in Group 4, Series 3). The last two scrapbooks differ from the others. One is from Yoakum’s 75th birthday party organized by Tina Nappe and includes well wishes from friends, the invitation, and a few photographs. The second is a collection of the Christmas cards that Yoakum sent out to his friends and colleagues; each year had a different wildlife photograph and a general message. Materials are arranged by volume number, then chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
5
12
Volume 1: Pronghorn and Bighorn Studies on Drakes Flat and Hart Mountain also includes Raising Porkie, Chuckie, Marie, and bunnies, Drakes Flat, Oregon (includes 42 pages of content, which is comprised mostly of animal photographs and several magazine articles), 1954-1957
5
13
Volume 2: The Bear Tale Cabin, Kispiox River, British Columbia (includes 43 pages and is comprised of primarily photographs; one or two magazine articles regarding salmon fishing), 1971-2006
5
14
Volume 3: Rufus "Raising Bobcats," Vale, Oregon (includes 66 pages of content that include many photographs, news clippings, magazine stories, and articles written by Yoakum), part 1, 1952-1959
5
15
Volume 3: Rufus "Raising Bobcats," Vale, Oregon (includes 66 pages of content that include many photographs, news clippings, magazine stories, and articles written by Yoakum), part 2, 1952-1959
5
16
Volume 4: Wildlife Out West, Reno, Nevada (includes 56 pages of content that consist exclusively of wildlife photographs), 1965
5
17
A scrapbook dedicated to Jim Yoakum's 75th birthday celebration put on by Tina Nappe (includes 18 pages and some loose papers; contents are mostly well wishes written to Yoakum, but also includes several photos), June 2001
5
18
A scrapbook titled "Christmas Cards and Letters," which contains many of Yoakum's annual Christmas cards and letters, each card has a picture of wildlife on it from Yoakum's extensive collection (includes 42 pages of content, all letters and cards), 1954-2012

Group 1, Series 7: Awards and Certificates, 1960-1992 1.0 cubic feet (16 folders)

Group 1, Series 7 consists of plaques, awards, and certificates presented to Yoakum throughout his lifetime. All certificates were removed from frames and placed into folders. Many of the awards and certificates present in this series were given to Yoakum by wildlife, outdoor, or conservation groups.

Included is Yoakum’s 2002 Berrendo Award presented to him by the Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop for his work and dedication to the conservation and management of the pronghorn. Also included are ribbons that Yoakum was awarded for his photography and certificates from the U.S. Navy, high school, college, and graduate school. Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
6
1
Large vinyl banner with two pronghorn on it that says "Friends of Jim Yoakum Support His Legacy", undated
6
2
Plaque: "Along the Owyhee Breaks," by Jim Yoakum Grand Prize from the American Society of Range Management International Convention in Portland, Oregon, 1960
6
3
Plaque: A Symbol of Recognition by the California-Nevada Section of the Wildlife Society presented to James D. Yoakum for outstanding contributions to wildlife, 1969
6
4
Large Plaque: American Motors Conservation Award presented to James Yoakum for exceptional services in the cause of conservation, 1976
6
5
Plaque: Wildlifer of the Year presented to Jim Yoakum from the Nevada Chapter of the Wildlife Society, 1977
6
6
Plaque with a Silver Eagle: Jim Yoakum Wildlife Conservationist of the Year awarded by the Nevada Wildlife Federation, 1981
6
7
Plaque: The Raymond F. Dasmann Award from the Wildlife Society Western Section honors James D. Yoakum as Professional of the Year, 1986
6
8
Plaque: The James D. Yoakum Award from the The Wildlife Society Western Section honors James D. Yoakum for his outstanding service and commitment, 1998
6
9
Clear Plastic Award: Berrendo Award from the Pronghorn Antelope Workshop presented to James D. Yoakum for a lifetime contribution to pronghorn management, March 2002
6
10
Plaque: Distinguished Graduate Award presented to James D. Yoakum M.S. 1957 from Oregon State University Fisheries and Wildlife, 2003
6
11
Award with a Mountain Lion Figurine: Nevada Wildlife Federation Conservation Communicator of the Year awarded to Jim Yoakum, 2005
Box
Folder
Contents
7
1
Yoakum's cards from his time in the U.S. Navy, 1945-1946
7
2
Yoakum's education certificates from high school, college, and graduate school, 1941-1986
7
3
Awards of Merit from the Photographic Society of America, 1959-1962
7
4
Various other certificates of recognition presented to Yoakum from BLM and other wildlife organizations, 1963-1992
7
5
Certificates of recognition presented to Yoakum from the Wildlife Society, 1969-1990

Group 2: The Wildlife Society, 1949-2011

Group 2: The Wildlife Society (TWS) is comprised of materials relating to Yoakum’s membership and close involvement in this organization on the local and national levels; materials date from 1953-2011. Yoakum joined TWS in 1955 and later became a life member. He was actively involved in the organization from the beginning including efforts to create TWS Western Section, serving as president in 1970-1971.

Yoakum was also integral in producing the educational audio/visual programs “Silver Wildlife” and “Golden Wildlife” for use in Nevada and California schools, and aided in establishing professional standards and a code of ethics for the wildlife profession. Due to his dedication to the organization, the Western Section established the James D. Yoakum Award to recognize outstanding individuals who have provided long-term service, support, and commitment to furthering the section’s goals, programs, and operations.

Materials in this group reflect Yoakum’s positions on the Executive Board including meeting minutes, position statements, business updates, a few articles, correspondence, and some reports. Group 2 consists of two series: Series 1) Western Section and Nevada Chapter; Series 2) The National Branch.

Group 2, Series 1: The Wildlife Society Western Section and Nevada Chapter, 1953-2011 2.5 cubic feet (59 folders)

Group 2, Series 1 contains materials related to Yoakum’s involvement in TWS Western Section and the Nevada Chapter. The Western Section is currently comprised of over 1000 wildlife managers, biologists, ecologists, and students from Nevada, California, Hawaii, and Guam. The Western Section is comprised of twelve area chapters. Yoakum joined TWS in 1955 and later became a life member. Prior to the 1960s, there were no TWS chapters or activities in Nevada. Yoakum was instrumental in promoting Nevada’s marriage to the California Chapter; this collaboration would eventually form the Western Section beginning in 1963.

Two years later, the first California-Nevada Chapter conference was held in Reno. In 1966, the Nevada Chapter petition and bylaws were approved by the parent society. Yoakum always regarded his membership in TWS as a major highlight of his professional career. It afforded him the opportunity to attend conferences in other regions, meet peers in the wildlife profession, and share knowledge and information.

Yoakum was involved in a many activities within the TWS Western Section including assisting in the publication of transactions for conferences, prompted the creation of the Wildlife Communications Workshop, producing the “Silver Wildlife” and “Golden Wildlife” educational slide programs, and developing the Wildlife Professional Development and Continuing Education Program, which was first approved by the Nevada Chapter, then the Western Section, and eventually TWS adopted it for application on an international basis. In addition to these activities, Yoakum held many of the officer positions on the Executive Board including president of the TWS Western Section and eventually historian. In honor of his position, TWS Western Section created the James D. Yoakum Award which recognizes individuals who have provided outstanding, long-term service, support, and commitment to TWS Western Section. All of these activities and positions are reflected within this series.

This series consists of a variety of correspondence, meeting schedules and agendas from the Executive Board, bylaws, positions statements, membership surveys, educational program development, and transactions from conferences. Much of what appears was generated as a result of Yoakum’s officer positions within the organization.

Also present are materials indicating the founding of the Western Section and the establishment of the Nevada Chapter. Correspondence specific to this subject has been maintained in this series. For non-series specific correspondence, see also Group 1, Series 5. Additionally, slide programs associated with the educational programs created by TWS Western Section, particularly “Silver Wildlife” and “Golden Wildlife,” are located in this series and not with the others in Group 6, Series 2: Slide Programs. Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
7
6
The Wildlife Society California Section correspondence and minutes, 1953-1967
7
7
The Wildlife Society California Section newsletter, 1955-1963
7
8
Newsletter of the Northwest Section of the Wildlife Society, 1956-1960
7
9
The Wildlife Society California Section correspondence, memoranda, and agenda for annual meeting, 1959
7
10
Minutes and summary of the Annual Meeting of the Northwest Section of the Wildlife Society, April 1963
7
11
The Wildlife Society: A Quarterly Newsletter Serving the California-Nevada Section, 1965-1970
7
12
Papers on wildlife issues submitted to the California-Nevada Section of the Wildlife Society for publication and presentation, February-July 1968
7
13
The Wildlife Society Western Section Newsletter, 1971-1985
7
14
The Wildlife Society Western Section correspondence, memoranda, and council meeting minutes, 1972-1973
7
15
The Wildlife Society Western Section bylaws and lists of executive board members, 1972-1979
7
16
The Wildlife Society Western Section Executive Council business meeting proceedings and attachments, January-May 1974
7
17
The Wildlife Society Western Section Executive Council business meeting proceedings and attachments, June-July 1974
7
18
The Wildlife Society Western Section Executive Council business meeting proceedings and attachments, September-December 1974
7
19
The Wildlife Society Western Section Executive Board correspondence, memoranda, and minutes, part 1, 1975
7
20
The Wildlife Society Western Section Executive Board correspondence, memoranda, and minutes, part 2, 1975
7
21
The Wildlife Society Western Section Executive Board correspondence, memoranda, minutes, and bylaws revisions, 1976
7
22
The Wildlife Society Western Section correspondence, 1977
7
23
The Wildlife Society Nevada Chapter Newsletter, 1977-1984
7
24
The Wildlife Society Nevada Chapter position statements, 1977-1985
7
25
The Wildlife Society Western Section Joint Conference programs, 1978-1986
7
26
The Wildlife Society Nevada Chapter correspondence, 1980
7
27
The Wildlife Society Nevada Chapter Position Statement Committee's position statement on the Sagebrush Rebellion, 1980-1981
Box
Folder
Contents
8
1
The Wildlife Society Nevada chapter Symposium on Wildlife Habitats in Managed Rangelands in Winnemucca Nevada, April 14-16, 1981
8
2
Slide Show: The Wildlife Society Nevada Chapter: "Silver Mammals" includes cassette tape, 1982
8
3
The Wildlife Society Nevada Chapter correspondence and memoranda, 1983
8
4
The Wildlife Society Western Section Executive Board meeting, April 1983
8
5
The Wildlife Society Nevada Chapter "Operations Manual" and correspondence, November 1983
8
6
The Wildlife Society Western Section Executive Board correspondence, budget items, and minutes, 1984
8
7
The Wildlife Society Nevada Chapter correspondence, membership reports, and meeting minutes, 1984
8
8
Slide Show: The Wildlife Society Nevada Chapter: "Silver Amphibians and Reptiles: In Search of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Nevada" includes cassette tape, 1984
8
9
Slide Show: The Wildlife Society Western Section: "Golden Wildlife: The Beauty and Variety of Wild Animals in California" includes cassette tape, 1984
8
10
Slide Show: The Wildlife Society Nevada Chapter: "Silver Birds: The Lives and Habitats of Wild Birds in Nevada" includes cassette tape, 1984
8
11
The Wildlife Society Western Section Executive Board meeting in Monterey California includes correspondence, minutes, and budget items, 1984-1985
8
12
The Wildlife Society Western Section Executive Board meeting materials, 1984-1985
8
13
The Wildlife Society Nevada Chapter membership survey materials, 1984-1985
8
14
The Wildlife Society Western Section Executive Board "Golden Wildlife" educational publication materials, 1984-1985
8
15
The Wildlife Society Western Section Nevada Chapter Annual Meeting in Ely, Nevada materials, January 1984
8
16
The Wildlife Society Western Section Executive Board correspondence, agendas, minutes, and further directives, part 1, 1985
8
17
The Wildlife Society Western Section Executive Board correspondence, agendas, minutes, and further directives, part 2, 1985
8
18
The Wildlife Society Nevada Chapter correspondence, and memoranda, 1985
8
19
The Wildlife Society Western Section Executive Board meeting materials, January-July 1985
8
20
The Wildlife Society Western Section nomination process for "conservationist of the year", August 1985
8
21
The Wildlife Society Western Section correspondence and memoranda, February 1986
Box
Folder
Contents
9
1
The Wildlife Society Nevada Chapter correspondence regarding the production and distribution of "Silver Wildlife", 1987-1988
9
2
The Wildlife Society Western Section correspondence, memoranda, and newsletters, 1987-1989
9
3
Carbon copies of correspondence regarding the issues and initiatives of the Wildlife Society Western Section, 1987-1991
9
4
Yoakum's presentation script for the annual meeting of the Western Section of the Wildlife Society and correspondence regarding meeting, 1988-1989
9
5
Slide Show: The Wildlife Society Nevada Chapter: "Silver Wildlife" cassette tape only, 1989
9
6
Article: "Thirty-five Years of Dedication to the Wildlife Profession: The Activities of the Wildlife Society Western Section," by Jim Yoakum includes drafts and correspondence, August-September 1989
9
7
The Wildlife Society Nevada Chapter "Silver Wildlife" teacher's guide and handbook, 1990
9
8
Sagehen Station Research Review on behalf of the Wildlife Society Western Section, 1990-1993
9
9
The Wildlife Society Nevada Chapter correspondence includes mention of Yoakum's honorary membership and meeting minutes, 1990-1995
9
10
Transactions of the Western Section of The Wildlife Society volumes 28 and 29, 1992-1993
9
11
The Wildlife Society Oregon Chapter meeting schedule, January-February 1994
9
12
Correspondence regarding the Wildlife Society Nevada Chapter's draft fire position statement, 1997-1998
9
13
The Wildlife Society Western Section correspondence regarding the "Golden Wildlife" video, 1997-1998
9
14
Article: "Influence of Fire on Wildlife Habitat in the Great Basin," by Jim Yoakum and Phillip B. Davis in 1998 Transactions of the Western Section of the Wildlife Society, 1998
9
15
Report: Montana Chapter of the Wildlife Society: Ungulates: Effects of Recreation on Rocky Mountain Wildlife: A Review for Montana, September 1999
9
16
The Wildlife Society Nevada Chapter position statements and minutes, 2011

Group 2, Series 2: The Wildlife Society National Branch, 1949-2005 2.75 cubic feet (45 folders)

Group 2, Series 2 is comprised of materials from the national branch of TWS. Because Yoakum held positions on TWS Western Section’s Executive Board, he received quite a bit of information from the parent society in the form of directives, correspondence, memoranda, and reports. Much of what appears in this series consists of materials that help to reinforce or clarify the mission and practices of TWS. The mission of TWS is as follows: to enhance the ability of wildlife professionals and wildlife students to conserve diversity, sustain productivity, and ensure responsible use of wildlife resources and their habitats.

Also present in this series are several articles written by Yoakum regarding professional development, standards, and certification within the wildlife profession. The contents of these articles applied not only to the Western Section, but also to the national and international levels.

There is a fair amount of information within this series that pertains to accreditation and professionalism within the wildlife profession. In addition to the articles, discussion of these issues also appear in memoranda, newsletters, and meeting minutes. Correspondence specific to this subject has been maintained in this series. For non-series specific correspondence, see also Group 1, Series 5. The reports that appear in this series were produced by TWS and deal mostly with general wildlife management and conservation principles. Similar reports, not produced by TWS, are located in Group 5, Series 2: Reports by Yoakum and Others. Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
9
17
The Wildlife Society membership brochures and pamphlets, undated
9
18
T he Journal of Wildlife Management: Ten-Year Index Volumes 21-30, 1957-1966, 1967
9
19
The Wildlife Society correspondence, 1967
9
20
Bylaws of the Wildlife Society, 1967-1974
9
21
The Wildlife Society correspondence, January-March 1970
9
22
Article: "Habitat Improvement," by Jim Yoakum in Richard Teague ed. A Manual of Wildlife Conservation, Washington D.C.: The Wildlife Society, 1971
9
23
The Wildlife Society correspondence, January-June 1972
9
24
The Wildlife Society Executive Board Meeting in Des Moines, Iowa, December 1972
9
25
The Wildlife Society Council Meeting in Washington, D.C., March 1973
9
26
The Wildlife Society correspondence, memoranda, and council meeting minutes, January-February 1973
9
27
The Wildlife Society correspondence and memoranda, March-August 1973
9
28
The Wildlife Society correspondence, memoranda, and council meeting minutes, September-December 1973
9
29
The Wildlife Society committees correspondence, memoranda, and initiatives, 1974-1975
Box
Folder
Contents
10
1
Wildlife Society Bulletin published by the Wildlife Society, 1974-1979
10
2
The Wildlife Society correspondence, memoranda, and council meeting minutes, January-March 1974
10
3
The Wildlife Society correspondence, memoranda, and council meeting minutes, April-June 1974
10
4
The Wildlife Society correspondence, memoranda, and council meeting minutes, July-August 1974
10
5
The Wildlife Society correspondence, memoranda, and council meeting minutes, September-October 1974
10
6
The Wildlife Society correspondence, memoranda, and council meeting minutes, November-December 1974
10
7
The Wildlife Society Elementary Education Committee book draft and comments, 1975-1976
10
8
The Wildlife Society Certification Committee materials, 1975-1976
10
9
The Wildlife Society Council correspondence, memoranda, and minutes, January-February 1975
10
10
The Wildlife Society annual council meeting in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, March 1975
10
11
The Wildlife Society Council correspondence, memoranda, and minutes, March-April 1975
10
12
The Wildlife Society Council correspondence, memoranda, and minutes, May-July 1975
10
13
The Wildlife Society Council correspondence, memoranda, and minutes, August-September 1975
10
14
The Wildlife Society Council correspondence, memoranda, and meeting minutes, October 1975
Box
Folder
Contents
11
1
The Wildlife Society Council correspondence, memoranda, and meeting minutes, November-December 1975
11
2
The Wildlife Society Council correspondence and memoranda, January-February 1976
11
3
The Wildlife Society committees and council correspondence, press releases, meeting minutes, and budget materials, March 1976
11
4
The Wildlife Society correspondence, memoranda, and officer election results, 1976-1980
11
5
Materials regarding education, accreditation and professionalism as they pertains to professional wildlife jobs (The Wildlife Society), 1977-1979
11
6
The Wildlife Society's The Wildlifer newsletter, 1977-1985
11
7
Report: The Wildlife Society: Wildlife Conservation Principles and Practices, edited by Richard D. Teague and Eugene Decker, 1979
11
8
Report: The Wildlife Society: Wildlife Habitat Improvement Techniques, 1980
11
9
Supplemental materials for "Defining Today's Professional Biologist," by Jim Yoakum and Mike Zagata including manuscript drafts and references, 1980-1982
11
10
Article: "Defining Today's Professional Wildlife Biologist," by Jim Yoakum and Mike Zagata in The Wildlife Society Bulletin, volume 10, number 1, 1982
11
11
The International Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies Professional Improvement Committee regarding certification of professional biologists, 1982-1983
11
12
The Wildlife Society Certification Review Board correspondence and applications, May-December 1984
11
13
Article: "When Your Professional Commitment and Employers Conflict," by Jim Yoakum, 1985
11
14
The Wildlife Society materials regarding certification, objectives, and code of ethics, 1985-1986
11
15
Article: "Characteristics of Applicants Seeking Certification from the Wildlife Society, 1977-1985," drafts by Morley Barrett, Jim Yoakum, and Joanne M. Barbeau, January-August 1987
11
16
Statement of Jim Yoakum on behalf of the Wildlife Society to the Subcommittee on Public Lands of the Senate Energy and Natural Resource Committee regarding S. 722 Nevada Wilderness Legislation, February 1986
11
17
Articles on wildlife management in the Wildlife Society Bulletin, volume 29, number 2, 2001
11
18
The Wildlife Society's The Wildlifer newsletter, 2004-2005

Group 3: The Pronghorn Antelope, 1816-2011

Group 3: The Pronghorn Antelope, is the largest group in the Yoakum Papers. Although Yoakum was interested in all aspects of wildlife management, his passion in life was studying the pronghorn and its habitat. Yoakum was regarded as the leading expert in North America on this unique and native ungulate. The breadth and depth of his work made him an icon of sorts within the wildlife profession.

The pronghorn has unique significance in North America, which was first brought to scientific notice by the Lewis and Clark Expedition while traveling through what is today South Dakota. Early depictions of the pronghorn appeared in ancient petroglyphs and written accounts produced by seventeenth-century Spanish explorers, who often referred to the pronghorn as “goats.” The pronghorn is the only living species of its genus, and that genus is the only one within that family. It is also the fastest land mammal in the Western Hemisphere, second only to the cheetah, able to reach speeds of up to 55 mph.

By the late nineteenth century, pronghorn numbers were dwindling due to expansion onto the plains, grasslands, and basins of the American West. Therefore, protection and conservation of the pronghorn and its native, wide-open habitat became much more of an issue beginning in the early decades of the twentieth century. By the 1940s, the pronghorn made an unprecedented and unparalleled comeback due to science-based wildlife management that was supported largely by conservation organizations and the sportsman’s community in the United States.

In addition to studying and producing numerous publications on the pronghorn, including the seminal pronghorn bibliography and book, Yoakum was also a staunch supporter of the Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop, which took place every two years in cities and towns throughout western North America. In 2002, Yoakum was presented with the Berrendo Award—the workshop’s most prestigious recognition, given to individuals for their significant contributions to the conservation and management of the pronghorn. The materials located in this group heavily reflect Yoakum’s contributions to the study and management of the pronghorn.

These materials are arranged in a manner that specifically highlights Yoakum’s contributions to the field in terms of articles, reports, bibliography, and his book. Group 3 has been separated into eleven series: Series 1) Journal Articles and Papers by Yoakum; Series 2) Journal Articles and Papers by Others; Series 3) Reports by Yoakum; Series 4) Reports by Others; Series 5) Theses and Dissertations; Series 6) Yoakum Book Materials and Chapter Drafts; Series 7) Other Books, Literature, and Publications; Series 8) Bibliographies; Series 9) Pronghorn Workshops; Series 10) Reintroduction of Pronghorn on Carrizo Plain National Monument; and Series 11) Population Distribution, Behavior, and Management.

It should be noted in Group 3 series that there may be some overlap of the literature and publications found within Series 7: Other Books, Literature, and Publications, in Series 2: Journal Articles and Papers by Others, and in Series 4: Reports by Others. Series 9: Pronghorn Workshops, and Series 10: Reintroduction of Pronghorn on Carrizo Plain National Monument both contain articles and reports that are specific only to those subjects, and therefore will not be found in the report or article-specific series within this group. Also, any correspondence specific to these particular subjects, including Yoakum and O’Gara’s pronghorn book, or Carrizo Plain, has been maintained within each respective series. Other more general correspondence can be located in Group 1, Series 5: Personal and Professional Correspondence. Please see individual series scope and contents for further explanation.

Group 3, Series 1: Journal Articles and Papers by Yoakum, 1959-2010 1.5 cubic feet (40 folders)

Group 3, Series 1 is comprised of articles written or co-authored by Yoakum on various scientific, behavioral, and habitat aspects relating to the pronghorn. In his lifetime, Yoakum published more than fifty articles, papers, and reports. At least forty articles appear in this series, though not all of them were published.

Many of these articles and/or papers were presented at conferences or workshops; others appeared in volumes of the Proceedings of the Biennial Pronghorn Workshop or scientific journals. It is worth noting that some folders within this series contain just a copy of the article, while others may contain drafts and correspondence regarding revisions. If this is the case, folder headings indicate what other materials are included. Articles are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
11
19
"The Pronghorn as a Range Animal" by Henry A. Hjersman and Jim Yoakum in Interstate Antelope Conference Transactions, 1959
11
20
Review of Hunting Pronghorn Antelope in The Journal of Mammology, 1962
11
21
"Trends in Pronghorn Populations: 1800-1983", 1968
11
22
"Pronghorn Antelope-Vegetation Relationships", 1968
11
23
"A Review of the Distribution and Abundance of American Pronghorn Antelope" in Proceedings of the 3rd Biennial Antelope States Workshop, February 1968
11
24
"Antelope-Vegetative Relationships" in Proceedings of the 5th Antelope States Workshop, June 1972
11
25
"Pronghorn Habitat Requirements for Sagebrush-Grasslands" in Proceedings of the 6th Biennial Antelope States Workshop, 1974
11
26
"Antelope and Livestock on Rangelands" in Journal of Animal Science, volume 40, 1975
11
27
"The American Antelope's Rangeland-From Mexico to Canada" given at the annual meeting of the Society of Range Management in Mexico City, February-March 1975
11
28
"Lands for Pronghorn" in J. L. Schmidt and D. L. Gilbert eds., Big Game of North American, Harrisburg: Stackpole Books, 1978
11
29
"Managing Rangelands for the American Pronghorn Antelope" in Proceedings of the 1st International Rangeland Congress, 1978
11
30
"Managing Vegetation and Water for Pronghorns" drafts, given at the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies in Las Vegas, July 1982
11
31
"Pronghorn Habitat Requirements and Reclamation", 1983
11
32
"Managing Vegetation for Pronghorns in the Great Basin", 1983
11
33
"Trends in Pronghorn Populations, 1800-1983" in B and C Associates Newsletter, volume 4, number 2, 1986
11
34
"Use of Artemisia and Chrysothamnus by Pronghorns", 1986
11
35
"Food Habits of the Pronghorn" in Proceedings of the 4th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop, 1990
11
36
"Pronghorn/Livestock Relationships" by Jim Yoakum and Bart O'Gara in Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference, 1990
11
37
"Additional Capture Methods and Habitat Suitability Criteria for Pronghorn Translocation" in Proceedings of the 14th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop, 1990
11
38
Requests for reprints of Yoakum and O'Gara's "Pronghorn/Livestock Relationships" article, 1991
11
39
"Water Requirements for Pronghorn" in Proceedings of the 16th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop, 1994
11
40
"Status of Pronghorn Management at Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge" by William H. Pyle and Jim Yoakum in Proceedings of the 16th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop, January-July 1994
11
41
"Using Livestock as a Tool to Enhance Vegetation for Pronghorn" given at Sustaining Rangeland Symposium, February-September 1994
11
42
"Relationships of Pronghorn and Livestock in the Great Basin: A Review" draft includes annotations, September 1994
11
43
"An Assessment of Wildfires and Pioneering Pronghorn in Long Valley, California/Nevada" in Proceedings of the 17th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop, 1996
11
44
"1996-1997 Survey of Pronghorn," by Jim Yoakum, Bart O'Gara, and Richard McCabe in Proceedings of the 18th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop, 1999
Box
Folder
Contents
12
1
"Fifty Years of the Interstate Antelope Conference: A Review of Goals and Accomplishments", 1999
12
2
"New Strategies for Pronghorn Food Habit Studies" by Michael C. Hansen, Jim Yoakum, William H. Pyle, and Robert G. Anthony in Proceedings of the 19th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop, 2001
12
3
"A Brief Assessment of Principles and Practices to Manage Habitat for Pronghorn", 2003
12
4
"Pronghorn Neonates Predators, and Predator Control" by Jim Yoakum, Harley G. Shaw, and Thomas M. Pojar in Proceedings of the 21st Biennial Pronghorn Workshop, 2004
12
5
"Influences of Vegetation on Pronghorn in the Intermountain West" includes drafts and correspondence, part 1, May-October 2006
12
6
"Influences of Vegetation on Pronghorn in the Intermountain West" includes drafts and correspondence, part 2, May-October 2006
12
7
"Influences of Vegetation on Pronghorn in the Intermountain West" includes drafts and correspondence, part 3, May-October 2006
12
8
"Influences of Vegetation on Pronghorn in the Intermountain West" in Proceedings of the 22nd Biennial Pronghorn Workshop, September 30, 2006
12
9
"Pronghorn Illustrated on Postal Stamps", October 2006
12
10
"Pronghorn and Predators: Management Strategies 2006" by Jim Yoakum et al., November 2006
12
11
"Where Rolls the Oregon Where the Pronghorn Runs Free", 2008
12
12
"The Use of Science-Based Literature for Predator Control to Enhance Bighorn Sheep, Mule Deer, and Pronghorn in Nevada" in Transactions of the Western Section of the Wildlife Society, volume 44, 2008
12
13
"Where are all the Pronghorn Fawns: Is Low Fawn Recruitment an Issue Revisited," by Paul F. Jones and Jim Yoakum in Proceedings of the 24th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop, 2010
12
14
"Pronghorn Populations in Relation to Predator Control Practices: An Assessment of a Case History in Oregon" in Proceedings of the 24th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop (includes drafts and correspondence), May-June 2010
12
15
"The Pronghorn and I", November 2010

Group 3, Series 2: Journal Articles and Papers by Others, 1818-2010 2.25 cubic feet (45 folders)

Group 3, Series 2 includes articles and papers on various scientific, behavioral, and habitat aspects relating to the pronghorn written by experts other than Yoakum. Nearly all of the materials found in this series can be located on an article-by-article basis in Yoakum’s pronghorn bibliography, even the very early material dating to the nineteenth century. A few of the articles and/or papers that appear in this series may be duplicates of materials that are located in Group 3, Series 7: Other Books, Literature, and Publications. In some instances, correspondence pertaining to a specific article or paper also may be attached. It should also be noted that some of the materials are written in Spanish, French, or German. Articles and papers are arranged alphabetically by the author’s last name, then chronologically. If there was more than one author, arrangement was based off of the first name appearing on the paper.

Box
Folder
Contents
12
16
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn A, 1978-1986
12
17
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn A, 1991-2002
12
18
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn B, 1816-1953
12
19
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn B, 1966-1969
12
20
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn B, 1971-1979
12
21
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn B, 1980-1989
12
22
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn B, 1992-1997
12
23
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn B, 2005-2008
12
24
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn C, 1885-1939
12
25
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn C, 1962-1977
12
26
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn C, 1980-1985
12
27
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn C, 1992-2006
12
28
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn D-E, 1917-1963
12
29
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn D-E, 1974-1977
12
30
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn D-E, 1980-1988
Box
Folder
Contents
13
1
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn D-E, 1990-1999
13
2
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn D-E, 2000-2005
13
3
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn F, 1905-1955
13
4
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn F, 1968-1983
13
5
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn F, 1991-2002
13
6
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn G, 1855-1945
13
7
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn G, 1960-2009
13
8
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn H, 1825-1945
13
9
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn H, 1960-1978
13
10
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn H, 1985-2002
13
11
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn I-J, 1956-1998
13
12
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn K, 1932-1976
13
13
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn K, 1981-2005
13
14
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn L, 1869-1964
13
15
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn L, 1973-2004
13
16
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn M, 1877-1934
13
17
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn M, 1944-1979
13
18
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn M, 1980-2010
13
19
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn N, 1912-1969
13
20
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn O, 1818-2005
13
21
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn P, 1905-1964
13
22
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn P, 1969-2003
13
23
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn R, 1934-1990
13
24
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn S, 1921-1954
Box
Folder
Contents
14
1
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn S, 1966-1979
14
2
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn S, 1980-2006
14
3
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn T, 1911-2004
14
4
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn V-Z, 1955-1979
14
5
Journal articles and papers on pronghorn V-Z, 1983-2003

Group 3, Series 3: Reports by Yoakum, 1979-1995 0.75 cubic feet (12 folders)

Group 3, Series 3 consists of reports written or co-authored by Yoakum on the pronghorn. These materials contribute to the more than fifty articles, papers, and reports produced by Yoakum throughout his career. Whereas the journal articles and papers tend to focus on very specific aspects of pronghorn diets, behavior, and habitat, many of these reports are broader in scope. This difference is visible in Yoakum’s various drafts of the “Synopsis of Pronghorn Biology and Ecology,” as well as the chapter written for the National Audubon Society’s “1988 Wildlife Report.” Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
14
6
The Wildlife Society: American Pronghorn Antelope-articles published in The Journal of Wildlife Management 1937-1977, compiled by Jim Yoakum and Donald E. Spalinger, 1979
14
7
Jim Yoakum/BLM: Technical Note 347: Habitat Management Guides for the Pronghorn Antelope (original draft), December 1980
14
8
Jim Yoakum/BLM: Technical Note 347: Habitat Management Guides for the American Pronghorn Antelope, December 1980
14
9
Robert R. Kindschy, Charles Sundstrom, and Jim Yoakum Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station: General Technical Report PNW-145: Wildlife Habitats in Managed Rangelands-The Great Basin of Southeastern Oregon-Pronghorns, 1982
14
10
"The American Pronghorn" chapter draft for The National Audubon Society's 1988 Wildlife Report, part 1, 1986-1988
14
11
"The American Pronghorn" chapter draft for The National Audubon Society's 1988 Wildlife Report, part 2, 1986-1988
14
12
Review and Evaluation Regarding Compatibility of Wildlife with Livestock on Hart Mountain Antelope Refuge, Oregon, October 1992
14
13
Impact of Water Withdrawals-Pronghorn, Elk, and Mule Deer progress reports, 1993-1994
14
14
Synopsis of Pronghorn Biology and Ecology drafts, 1993-2005
14
15
Food Habit Study of Wild and Domestic Ungulates on the Hart Mountain Antelope Refuge, Oregon, February 1993
14
16
Recommendation for Management of the Sheldon Wildlife Refuge, 1994-1995
14
17
Don C. Delong, Jr. and Jim Yoakum: Review of Prescription Grazing to Benefit Watershed-Wildlife-Livestock, May 1994
14
18
An Assessment of Pronghorn Population and Habitat Status for Anderson Mesa, Arizona: 2001-2002, November 2002

Group 3, Series 4: Report by Others, 1875-2008 4.25 cubic feet (154 folders)

Group 3, Series 4 is comprised of reports from local, state, and federal level wildlife agencies and individuals. This series begins with portions of the 1875 report produced by George M. Wheeler as part of his exploration of the 100th meridian. Much of the material in this series consists of technical bulletins and progress reports from state-level programs regarding pronghorn management projects. In some cases, correspondence or memoranda, if relevant, is included in the folder with the respective report. Several of the reports in this series are in Spanish. Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
14
19
George M. Wheeler Engineer Department United States Army: Explorations and Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (antilocapridae section), 1875
14
20
B.H. Ranson U.S. Department of Agriculture: The Nematodes Parasitic in the Alimentary Tract of Cattle, Sheep, and other Ruminants: Bureau of Animal Industry Bulletin 127, 1911
14
21
Edward W. Nelson Bureau of Biological Survey: Status of the Pronghorn Antelope, 1922-1924: Department Bulletin Number 1346, August 1925
14
22
American Bison Society: Report of the American Bison Society, 1927
14
23
Stanley G. Jewett Bureau of Biological Survey: Hart Mountain Antelope Refuge: Miscellaneous Publication Number 355, June 1939
Box
Folder
Contents
21
1
Adolph Murie National Parks Service: Ecology of the Coyote in the Yellowstone: Conservation Bulletin Number 4, 1940
21
2
A. L. Rand Canada Department of Mines and Resources: Bulletin Number 106: The 1945 Status of the Pronghorn Antelope, Antilocapra Americana (ORD), in Canada, 1947
21
3
Paul V. Jones Jr. Texas Game, Fish, and Oyster Commission: Experimental Management of Antelope: FA Report Series Number 3, August 1949
21
4
Helmet K. Buechner State College of Washington: Life History, Ecology, and Range Use of the Pronghorn Antelope in Trans-Pecos Texas, in The American Midland Naturalist, volume 43, number 2, March 1950
21
5
Bernardo Villa Departmento de Caza Mexico: Jabalies y Berrendos, 1951
21
6
1951 Antelope Survey for California, Idaho, Nevada, and Oregon, February-March 1951
21
7
Seth Gordon California Fish and Game Program: Some Observations and Recommendations on Big Game Management and Hunting in California, July 1951
21
8
William T. McKean North Dakota State Game and Fish Department: Fall Foods of North Dakota Antelope-1951: Project W-37-R-1, 1953
21
9
Jay R. Udy Utah State Department of Fish and Game: Effects of Predator Control on Antelope Populations: Publication Number 5 F.A. 28-R and F.A. 35-D, 1953
21
10
Robert U. Mace Oregon Game Commission: Oregon's Pronghorn Antelope: Wildlife Bulletin Number 1, 1954
21
11
Charles H. Rouse Biologist U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Antelope and Sheep Fences, January 1954
21
12
Robert L. Hoover Colorado Department of Fish and Game: Parasites and Diseases: Antelope Restoration Control Project Number W-35-D-8, July 1955
21
13
Lester M. Berner South Dakota Department of Game, Fish, and Parks: The Incidence and Parasitical Load of Gastro-Intestinal Parasites in South Dakota Antelope in the Fall of 1955: Project Number 12-R-13, September 1955
21
14
Robert U. Mace Oregon State Game Commission: Oregon's Big Game Resources, 1956
21
15
Glen F. Cole Montana Fish and Game Department: Technical Bulletin 516: The Pronghorn Antelope: Its Range Use and Food Habits with Special Reference to Alfalfa, February 1956
21
16
William F. Acklerly and Vernon Regier California Department of Fish and Game: Northwestern California Antelope Studies: A Progress Report, August 1956
21
17
Edson Fichter Idaho Department of Fish and Game: Study of Upper Pahsimeroi Valley Antelope Herd: Project Number W 85-R-9, Job Number 4, 1957
21
18
William Edwards Wyoming Game and Fish Commission: Reproductive Potential of Big Game Animals: Project Number FW-3-R-4, 1958
21
19
Edson Fichter State of Idaho Department of Fish and Game: Study of Antelope Population on Upper Pahsimeroi, Project W85-R-10, Job Number 7, 1958
21
20
Glen F. Cole and Bruce T. Wilkins Montana Fish and Game Commission: Technical Bulletin number 2: The Pronghorn Antelope: Its Range Use and Food Habits in Central Montana with Special Reference to Wheat, July 1958
21
21
Robert L. Hoover and Stanley Ogilvie State of Colorado Department of Fish and Game: The Antelope of Colorado: Technical Bulletin Number 4, June 1959
21
22
Bill Bailey Jr. Nebraska Game Commission: Serological Surveys of Brucellosis and Leptospirosis in Nebraska Deer and Antelope, 1964
21
23
T. Paul Russell New Mexico Department of Game and Fish: Antelope of New Mexico: Bulletin Number 12, 1964
21
24
Donald M. Beale and Arthur D. Smith Utah State Department of Fish and Game: The Relationship of Range to Pronghorn Antelope Productivity and Survival: Project Numbers W-65-R-10 and 11, Job Number 4J, 1964
21
25
National Park Service: 1964-65 Pronghorn and Habitat Management Plan for Yellowstone Park, November 1964
21
26
Duane L. Howe Wyoming Game and Fish Commission: Diagnosis of Disease in Mammals and Birds: Project Number FW-3-R-12, 1965
21
27
Wyoming Game and Fish Commission: The Pronghorn Antelope in Wyoming: A Comprehensive Look at Wyoming's Most Widely Known Animal, 1966
21
28
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Conservation Note 11: Pronghorn Antelope, February 1966
21
29
Darwin E. Creek Wyoming Game and Fish Commission: A Summary of Pronghorn Antelope Investigations, 1967
21
30
Colorado Game, Fish, and Parks Department: Game Research Report: Part I, January 1967
21
31
Steve Bayless Montana Fish and Game Commission: Winter Range Use of Pronghorn Antelope in Central Montana: Project Number W-98-R-7, June 1967
21
32
J. Juan Spillett, Jessop B. Low, and David Sill Agricultural Experiment Station Utah State University: Livestock Fences-How They Influence Pronghorn Movements: Bulletin 470, December 1967
21
33
Calvin L. King Wyoming Game and Fish Department: Determining Wildlife Allowances on Federal Lands in the Bighorn Basin of Wyoming, December 1967
21
34
Cam Scheelhaase Saskatchewan Department of Natural Resources: Antelope Population Trend Survey in Saskatchewan, 1968
21
35
Harold J. Wentland Montana State Department of Fish and Game: Summer Range Habits of the Pronghorn Antelope in Central Montana with Special Reference to Proposed Sagebrush Control Study Plots: Job Number B-4, Project Number W-105-R-2, 1968
21
36
Tommy Hailey Texas Parks and Wildlife Department: Dynamics of Trans-Pecos Antelope: Job Number 10, Project Number W-57-R-15, January 1968
21
37
E. J. Prenzlow, D.L. Gilbert, and F.A. Glover Colorado Department of Game, Fish, and Parks: Special Report Number 17: Some Behavior Patterns of the Pronghorn, June 1968
21
38
Kieth Severson et al. University of Wyoming Agricultural Experiment Station: Science Monograph 10: Food Preferences, Carry Capacities, and Forage Competition Between Antelope and Domestic Sheep in Wyoming's Red Desert, June 1968
21
39
Tom Thorne Wyoming Game and Fish Commission: Effects of Leptospirosis in Antelope: Project Number FW-3-R-15, 1969
21
40
John N. Carr Arizona Game and Fish Department: Endangered Species Investigation Sonoran Pronghorn: Project Number W-53-R-19, 1969
21
41
John N. Carr Arizona Game and Fish Department: Endangered Species Investigation Sonoran Pronghorn: Project Number W-53-R-23, Work Plans 7-8, 1969-1973
21
42
United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service: Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge, Nevada Master Plan, July 1969
21
43
United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service: Sheldon National Antelope Refuge, Nevada Master Plan, July 1969
21
44
William J. Barmore National Parks Service: Pronghorn-Mule Deer-Range Relationships on the Northern Yellowstone Range: Yell-N-17, July 1969
21
45
Charles Sundstrom Wyoming Game and Fish Commission: Ecology of the Pronghorn Antelope in the Red Desert of Wyoming, part 1, 1970
21
46
Charles Sundstrom Wyoming Game and Fish Commission: Ecology of the Pronghorn Antelope in the Red Desert of Wyoming, part 2, 1970
21
47
Charles Sundstrom BLM: Vegetation and the Pronghorn Antelope, 1970
Box
Folder
Contents
22
1
David A. Roberts Montana State Department of Fish and Game: Post-Treatment Studies of Antelope Range Use, Food Habits, and Behavior During Summer Season: Project Number W-102-R-3,4, and 5, June 1970
22
2
Bruce Campbell Montana Fish and Game Commission: Pronghorn, Sheep, and Cattle Range Relationships in Carter County, Montana: Project Number W-98-R-9,10, and 11, August 1970
22
3
BLM: Technical Supplement 6601-1 Species Life History and Habitat Requirements: Pronghorn Antelope, October 1970
22
4
James S. Freeman Montana Fish and Game Commission: Pronghorn Range use and Relationship to Livestock in Southeastern Montana: Project Number W-120-R-1 and 2, June 1971
22
5
Elroy Taylor Wyoming Game and Fish Commission: Methods of Forage Sampling to Determine Food Habits, Forage Requirements and Carrying Capacity for Pronghorn Antelope: Project Number FW-3-R-18, December 1971
22
6
South Dakota Department of Fish, Game, and Parks: Antelope Management in South Dakota, 1972
22
7
Gene G. Stout Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation: An Evaluation of the 1972 Winter Oklahoma Antelope Census, February-July 1972
22
8
Bruce Becker Montana Fish and Game Commission: Pronghorn-Cattle Range Use and Food Habits Relationships in an Enclosed Sagebrush Control Area: Project Number W-105-R-7, June 1972
22
9
Raymond D. Mapston and Rex S. ZoBell BLM: BLM Technical Note 6732: Antelope Passes Their Value and Use, June 1972
22
10
C. Oakley Wyoming Game and Fish Commission: Effects of Livestock Fencing in Antelope: Project Number FW-3-R-19, 1973
22
11
George D. Bear Wildlife Researcher: Antelope Investigations Food Habits of Antelope in Colorado: Job Number 2, Project Number W-40-R-13, 1973
22
12
Charles Sundstrom Wyoming Game and Fish Commission: Abundance, Distribution and Food Habits of the Pronghorn: Bulletin Number 12, 1973
22
13
Volney W. Howard Jr. et al. New Mexico State University: Factors Restricting Pronghorn Increase on Jornada Experimental Range: Agricultural Experiment Station Research Report 245, January 1973
22
14
Robert U. Mace Oregon Wildlife Commission: Oregon's Pronghorn Antelope: Wildlife Bulletin Number 1, 1974
22
15
David W. Kitchen University of Michigan School of Natural Resources: Wildlife Monograph Number 28: Social Behavior and Ecology of the Pronghorn, 1974
22
16
John Phelps Arizona Game and Fish Department: Sonoran Pronghorn Investigation: Project Number W-53-R-25, 1975
22
17
Elroy Taylor Wyoming Game and Fish Department: Pronghorn Carrying Capacity of Wyoming's Red Desert: Wildlife Technical Report Number 3, 1975
22
18
J. E. Ellis Colorado State University: Social Variation in the Pronghorn, 1976
22
19
Thomas Segerstom Western Interstate Commission of Higher Education: Antelope Food Habits: Northern Great Plains Region, 1977
22
20
Leo Pyshora California Department of Fish and Game: The Pronghorn Antelope in Northeastern California: Report Number 77-2, August 1977
22
21
James R. Good and John A. Crawford U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Factors Influencing Pronghorn Use of Playas in South Central Oregon, 1978
22
22
Tommy L. Hailey Texas Parks and Wildlife Department: A Handbook for Pronghorn Antelope Management in Texas: FA Report Series Number 20, 1979
22
23
Don J. Neff and Norman Woolsey Arizona Game and Fish Department: Effect of Predation by Coyotes on Antelope Fawn Survival on Anderson Mesa: Special Report 8, November 1979
22
24
Sam L. Beasom Great Plains Wildlife Research Laboratory: Dietary Overlap of Cattle, Domestic Sheep, and Pronghorn as Related to Size of Foraging Area: Study RM 1713-28, November 1979
22
25
Gary L. Copeland Idaho Department of Fish and Game: Antelope Buck Breeding Behavior, Habitat Selection and Hunting Impact: Wildlife Bulletin Number 8, 1980
22
26
Arthur D. Smith and Donald M. Beal Utah State Division of Wildlife Resources: Antelope in Utah; Publication Number 80-13, 1980
22
27
George J. Mitchell Alberta Department of Lands and Forests: The Pronghorn Antelope in Alberta, 1980
22
28
Hal Salwasser U.S. Forest Service: Pronghorn Antelope Population and Habitat Management in the Northwestern Great Basin Environments, March 1980
22
29
Kieth Severson et al. Agricultural Experiment Station University of Wyoming: Food Preferences, Carrying Capacities, and Forage Competition Between Antelope and Domestic Sheep in Wyoming's Red Desert, November 1980
22
30
Clinton McCarthy BLM: Environmental Assessment for the Introduction of Pronghorn Antelope into or Adjacent to Mono County, California, 1981
22
31
Arizona Game and Fish Department: The Sonoran Pronghorn: Special Report Number 10, 1981
22
32
Mark Zarn BLM: Wild Ungulate Forage Requirements-A Review, November 1981
22
33
Bruce L. Smith U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: The History, Status and Management of Pronghorn Antelope on Wild River Indian Reservation, November 1981
22
34
Arthur W. Allen U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Preliminary Evaluation of Habitat Suitability Model for the Pronghorn, 1982
22
35
Allen Y. Cooperrider and James A. Bailey: Variation in Food Habits of Wild Ungulates from South-Central Colorado, 1982
22
36
Lloyd E. Oldenburg and Marcia Medford Idaho Department of Fish and Game: Idaho Antelope Surveys and Inventory: Project Number W-170-R-5, May 1982
22
37
BLM: Pelona and Horse Mountain Wildlife Habit Management Plan: NM-02-WHA-T05-T06, August 1982
22
38
Michael C. Hansen: Diets of Mule Deer, Pronghorn Antelope, California Bighorn Sheep, Domestic Cattle, and Feral Horses in Northwestern Nevada, eptember 1982
22
39
Joseph A. Capodice BLM: Adobe Valley Pronghorn Habitat Management Plan, March-September 1982
22
40
Lloyd E. Oldenburg Idaho Department of Fish and Game: Idaho Antelope Surveys and Inventory: Project Number W-170-R-6, November 1982
22
41
Bill Lance University of Montana: Bacterial Diseases draft, 1983
22
42
James V. McKenzie Texas Parks and Wildlife Department: Supplement to Guidelines for the Management of Pronghorn Antelope Trapping and Translocation, 1983
Box
Folder
Contents
23
1
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department: Guidelines for the Management of Pronghorn Antelope, edited by Robert Autenrieth, 1983
23
2
Volney W. Howard, Jerry L. Holechek, and Rex Pieper New Mexico State University: Roswell Pronghorn Study: Final Report to the Bureau of Land Management, 1983
23
3
Charles E. Trainer et al. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife: Fawn Mortality and Habitat Use Among Pronghorn During Spring and Summer in Southeastern Oregon, 1981-1982: Wildlife Research Report Number 12, 1983
23
4
Jerry L. Holechek New Mexico State University: Drought Effects on Pronghorn and Livestock Diet Botanical Composition in Northcentral New Mexico, February 1983
23
5
Robert J. Gates and Robert L. Eng U.S. Department of Energy: Sage Grouse, Pronghorn, and Lagomorph use of a Sagebrush-Grassland Burn Site on the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, 1984
23
6
Mike McInnis and Martin Vavra Eastern Oregon Agricultural Research Center: Ecological Relationships Among Feral Horses, Cattle, and Pronghorn in Southeastern Oregon: Final Report Contract Number YA-512-CT8-137, 1984
23
7
Arthur W. Allen, John G. Cook, and Michael J. Armbruster U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Habitat Suitability Index Models: Pronghorn, June 1984
23
8
William R. Lance and Thomas M. Pojar Colorado Division of Wildlife: Diseases and Parasites of Pronghorn: A Review: Special Report Number 57, June 1984
23
9
George P. Keister Jr. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife: Analysis of Historical Data and Modeling of Pronghorn Populations in Harney Wildlife District: Wildlife Information Report 85-1, 1985
23
10
George P. Keister Jr. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife: Calculation of Harvest Rates for Pronghorn Using a Population Model: Wildlife Information Report 85-2, 1985
23
11
Don J. Neff, Ronald H. Smith, and Norman G. Woolsey Arizona Game and Fish Department: Pronghorn Antelope Mortality Study: Project Number W-78-R, June 1985
23
12
Larry LaPlant BLM Roswell District Office: The Pronghorn Transplant Model, February 1986
23
13
Douglas Murray Project Wildlife Technician: Pronghorn Feeding Trial Project Summary Report, Southern Alberta, April 1986
23
14
Arizona Game and Fish Department: Final Report on the Sonoran Pronghorn Status in Arizona, October 1986
23
15
Duane B. Pyrah Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife, and Parks: American Pronghorn Antelope in the Yellow Water Triangle, Montana, 1987
23
16
Albert Niccolucci Montana Department of Health and Environmental Sciences: Yersinia Pestis Associated with a Pronghorn Antelope and a Bowhunter, Two Dot, Montana, October 1987
23
17
Ted L. Clark Texas Parks and Wildlife Department: Pronghorn Antelope Landowner Attitude Survey: Job Number 75, Project Number W-109-R-12, 1990
23
18
Volney W. Howard, Jr. et al. New Mexico State University: Habitat Requirements for Pronghorn on Rangeland Impacted by Livestock and Net Wire in East Central New Mexico, 1990
23
19
Bruce Johnson and Fred Lindzey Wyoming Game and Fish Department: Guidelines for Estimating Pronghorn Numbers Using Line Transects, 1990
23
20
Keith Hughes and Norman Smith Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit: Sonoran Pronghorn Use of Habitat in Southwest Arizona, January 1990
23
21
Danny A. Swepston and Tommy L. Hailey Texas Parks and Wildlife Department: Texas Pronghorns: Federal Aid Report Series Number 29, 1991
23
22
Fernando Clemente and Raul Valdez New Mexico State University: Influences of Range Condition on Cattle and Pronghorn Diets and Pronghorn Population Densities in South Central New Mexico, 1992
23
23
Allan E. Thomas and Roger Rosentreter Idaho BLM: Utilization of Lichens by Pronghorn Antelope in Three Valleys in East-Central Idaho: Technical Bulletin Number 92-3, December 1992
23
24
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge Comprehensive Plan, 1993
23
25
Don DeLong U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge Draft Environmental Impact Statement Alternatives, 1993-1994
23
26
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge Comprehensive Management Plan: Draft EIS (volume 1 of 2), July 1993
23
27
Don C. DeLong Jr. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Upland Vegetation Cover on Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge, 1989-1992, September 1993
23
28
William H. Pyle and Barry Reiswig U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Sheldon-Hart Mountain Refuge Complex: 1990-1993 Antelope Status Report, 1994
23
29
Richard A. Ockenfels, et al. Arizona Game and Fish Department: Home Ranges, Movement Patterns, and Habitat Selection of Pronghorn in Central Arizona: A Final Report, March 1994
23
30
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Record of Decision Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge Comprehensive Management Plan: Final Environmental Statement, May-August 1994
23
31
Robert Anthony and Michael Hansen Oregon Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit: Foraging Ecology of Sympatric Ungulates on Sheldon-Hart Mountain National Wildlife refuges, January 1995
23
32
Marine Corps Air Station Yuma: Draft Biological Assessment for Military Use of the Barry M. Goldwater Air Force Range, Arizona, February 1995
Box
Folder
Contents
24
1
California Department of Fish and Game: Final Environmental Document regarding Pronghorn Antelope Hunting, March 1995
24
2
George E. Gruell: Historical Role of Fire on Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge, Oregon, and Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge, Nevada, May 1995
24
3
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge Pronghorn Updates, 1996-1999
24
4
Richard A. Ockenfels et al. Arizona Game and Fish Department: A Landscape Level Pronghorn Habitat Evaluation Model for Arizona: A Final Report: Project Number W-78-R (third draft), February 1996
24
5
Richard A. Ockenfels et al. Arizona Game and Fish Department: A Landscape Level Pronghorn Habitat Evaluation Model for Arizona: A Final Report: Project Number W-78-R, June 1996
24
6
Dr. J. Wayne Burkhardt Idaho Forest, Wildlife, and Range Experiment Station: Herbivory in the Intermountain West: Station Bulletin 58, October 1996
24
7
Richard J. Guenzel Wyoming Game and Fish Department: Estimating Pronghorn Abundance Using Aerial Line Transect Sampling, 1997
24
8
California Department of Fish and Game: Final Environmental Document regarding Pronghorn Antelope Hunting, March 1997
24
9
Mike Dunbar and Roser Velarde United States Geological Survey: Health Evaluation of Pronghorns on Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge in Southeastern Oregon: NWHC Technical Report #98-01, February 1998
24
10
Mike Dunbar U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Health Evaluation of Pronghorn Fawns on Hart Mountain: Technical Report 99-01, January 1999
24
11
Michael R. Dunbar and Mark R. Giordano U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Ecology, Health, and Seasonal Movements of Coyotes on Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge, January 2000
24
12
State of California Department of Fish and Game: Pronghorn Antelope Hunting: Draft Environmental Document, February 2000
24
13
John J. Hervert et al. Arizona Game and Fish Department: Sonoran Pronghorn Population Monitoring: 1994-1998: Technical Report 162, March 2000
24
14
Jennifer Ballard U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Riparian Area Monitoring Report, 2000, Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge, March 2000
24
15
State of California Department of Fish and Game: Final Environmental Document regarding Pronghorn Antelope Hunting, April 2000
24
16
Jill L. Bright and Charles van Riper III USGS Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center: Pronghorn Home Ranges, Habitat Selection and Distribution Around Water Sources in North Arizona, July 2000
24
17
Hall Sawyer and Fred Lindzey Wyoming Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit: Jackson Hole Pronghorn Study, September 2000
24
18
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Recovery Criteria and Estimates of Time for Recovery Action for the Sonoran Pronghorn, 2001
24
19
Mike R. Dunbar U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Distribution and Nutrition of Key Forage Plants and Pronghorn Use of Three Playa Lake-Beds on Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge, Oregon, September 2001
24
20
Arizona Game and Fish Department: Anderson Mesa Pronghorn Herd Operational Plan, 2002
24
21
Rory Karhu and Stanley Anderson Wyoming Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit: Evaluation of High Tensile Electric Fence Designs on Big Game Movements and Livestock Containment (includes CD), May 2002
24
22
Paul R. Krausman, Lisa K. Harris, Cathy L. Blasch, Kiana Koenen, and Jon Francine The Wildlife Society: Effects of Military Operations on Behavior and Hearing of Endangered Sonoran Pronghorn, July 2004
24
23
Predator Defense Institute: Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge: A Six-Year Chronicle of Attempts to Implement Lethal Predator Control on Coyotes 1995-2000, October 2004
24
24
Arizona Game and Fish Department: Arizona Statewide Pronghorn Operational Plan, March 2006
24
25
Jerry Holechek, Raul Valdez, and Fernando Clemente: New Mexico State University: Grazing Management for Pronghorn in the Chihuahuan Desert, February 2007
24
26
David E. Brown Arizona State University: An Historical Assessment of Pronghorn Management on Anderson Mesa: Miscalculations and Remedies, 2008
24
27
Federal Government of the United Mexican States: Programa de Accion para la Conservacion de la Especie: Berrendo, August 2009

Group 3, Series 5: Theses and Dissertations, 1950-1997 2.5 cubic feet (55 folders)

Group 3, Series 5 consists of a compilation of academic theses and dissertations on the pronghorn. Most were produced by students studying at universities and colleges located in the western portion of North America, including Oregon, Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, Colorado, Arizona, Nevada, and New Mexico. In some cases, the authors slightly altered their theses or dissertations and turned it into a report or article. As a result, some of the titles in the aforementioned series may be very similar to the ones found here. A copy of Yoakum’s 1957 thesis entitled “Factors Affecting the Mortality of Pronghorn Antelope in Oregon” is present; a copy can also located in Group 1, Series 1. Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
24
29
"Digestion Studies with Sheep and Wild Antelope on a Sagebrush Ration," by Paul Harold Kohler, South Dakota State College, Brookings, June 1950
24
30
"Survival of the Pronghorn Antelope in South Central Oregon During 1953 and 1954," by Edward Lee Hansen, Oregon State College, Corvallis, May 19595
24
31
"The Anatomy of Pronghorn Antelope, with Special Reference to the Digestive System," by Louie E. Wenzel, University of Wyoming, Laramie, June 1955
Box
Folder
Contents
25
1
"A Preliminary Study of an Antelope Herd in Owyhee County, Idaho," by Robert Folker, University of Idaho, Moscow, December 1956
25
2
"Factors Affecting the Mortality of Pronghorn Antelope in Oregon" (hardcover) by Jim Yoakum, Oregon State College, Corvallis, June 1957
25
3
"The Effects of Predation on Pronghorn Antelope Numbers in South Central Oregon," by Horace Orville Compton, Oregon State College, Corvallis, June 1958
25
4
"Techniques in Marking Pronghorn Antelope for Field Identification," by Willie Ray Dinges, Oregon State College, Corvallis, June 1958
25
5
"A Study of the Reproductive Potential and Ovarian Structures of the Pronghorn Antelope in Wyoming," by William C. Edwards, University of Wyoming, Laramie, June 1958
25
6
"Antelope in Southwestern Utah with Special Reference to Golden Eagle Predation," by Robert Hinman, Utah State University, Logan, 1960
25
7
"Some Aspects of History and Growth of the Horns of Antilocapra Americana," by Bobby Morrison, University of Wyoming, Laramie, August 1961
25
8
"The Effects of Livestock Fences on Pronghorn Antelope Movements," James Juan Spillett, Utah State University, Logan, 1965
25
9
"Social Groups and Activity Patterns of Pronghorns in Northcentral Colorado, 1963-1964," by Edgar J. Prenzlow, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, June 1965
25
10
"Grazing Capacities and Competition of Pronghorn Antelope and Domestic Sheep in Wyoming's Red Desert," by Kieth E. Severson, University of Wyoming, Laramie, June 1966
25
11
"Pregnancy, Birth, Behavioral Development of the Fawn, and Territoriality in the Pronghorn on the National Bison Range, Moises, Montana," by Peter T. Bromley, University of Montana, Missoula, 1967
25
12
"A Study of the Reproductive Cycle of the Female Pronghorn," by Bartholomew W. O'Gara, Montana State College, Bozeman, May 1968
25
13
"Suitable Habitat as a Factor Limiting Pronghorn Numbers on the Jornada Experimental Range," by Elmo Dwain Glidwell, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, May 1970
25
14
"Pronghorn, Sheep, and Cattle Range Relationships in Carter Country, Montana" by Roy Bruce Campbell, Montana State University, Bozeman, August 1970
25
15
"Food Habits of Pronghorn Antelope on Pawnee National Grasslands, 1970," by John P. Hoover, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, August 1971
25
16
"The Social Behavior and Ecology of the Pronghorn," by David Kitchen, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1972
25
17
"Food Habits of the Pronghorn Antelope in the Red Desert of Wyoming," by Elroy Taylor, University of Wyoming, Laramie, January 1972
25
18
"Rodent Ecology and Pronghorn Energy Relations in the Great Divide Basin of Wyoming," by Marvin H. Maxwell, University of Wyoming, Laramie, May 1973
Box
Folder
Contents
26
1
"Trophic Relationships of Nine Herbivores," by James E. Sazana, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, October 1975
26
2
"Observations on Pronghorn Antelope Winter Range," by William C. Bernt, Idaho State University, Pocatello, June 1976
26
3
"Pronghorn Grazing Strategies on the Shortgrass Prairie, Colorado," by Charles C. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, March 1977
26
4
"Factors Affecting Pronghorn Fawn Mortality in Central Idaho," by Walter L. Bodie, University of Montana, Missoula, June 1977
26
5
"Man's Past and Present Impact on the Status and Distribution of the Texas Pronghorn," by Timothy James Leftwich, Texas Tech, Lubbock, December 1977
26
6
"Aspects of Doe Pronghorn Social Structure on the National Bison Range," by Jean L. Swanger, University of Montana, Missoula, December 1977
26
7
"Number and Distribution of Pronghorn Antelope in Chihuahua, Mexico," by Jose C. Trevino Fernandez, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, November 1978
26
8
"Habitat Factors Related to Pronghorn Productivity on the Southern High Plains," by Ruvon Barrington, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, May 1979
26
9
"Niche Separation of Seven North American Ungulates on the National Bison Range, Montana," by Yvette Blazzard McCullough, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1980
26
10
"Summer Behavior and Activity Patterns of Pronghorn Antelope in Southeastern New Mexico, by Jeffrey Scott Bradybaugh, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, 1981
26
11
"Polonium Assimilation and Retention in Mule Deer and Pronghorn Antelope," by Kenneth J. Sejkora, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, 1982
26
12
"Effects of an Operational Coal Mine on Pronghorn," by Thomas Bruce Segerstrom, Montana State University, Bozeman, March 1982
26
13
"Ear/Horn Relationships of the Pronghorn," by Paul L. Milks, Emporia State University, Kansas, May 1982
26
14
"Sage Grouse, Lagomorph, and Pronghorn Use of a Sagebrush Grassland Burn Site on the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory," by Robert John Gates, Montana State University, Missoula, December 1983
26
15
"Seasonal Adaptations of Pronghorn Antelope to Water Deprivation," by Stella L.S. Whisler, University of Wyoming, Laramie, May 1984
26
16
"Environmental Influences on Male Pronghorn Home Range and Pronghorn Behavior," by Archie F. Reeve, University of Wyoming, Laramie, December 1984
26
17
"Captura, Cria y Reintroduccion a la Naturaleza de Recentales de Berrendo en San Luis Potosi, Mexico," by Felipe Homero Ramirez Ruiz de Velasco, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City, 1985
26
18
"Responses of Territorial Pronghorn to Snort Wheeze Vocalization," by Jeanne Chao, University of Idaho, Moscow, May 1985
26
19
"Pronghorn Ecology in South Central Wyoming," by Richard J. Guenzel, University of Wyoming, Laramie, August 1986
26
20
"The Ontogeny of Behavior in Pronghorn Fawns," by Rema B. Sadak, Humboldt State University, Arcata, December 1987
26
21
"Ecology and Behavior of the Pronghorn in the Red Desert, Wyoming with Reference to Energy Development," by Robert D. Deblinger, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, 1988
26
22
"Habitos de Alimentacion del Berrendo Peninsular," by Jorge de Jesus Cancino Hernandez, Universidad Autonoma Chapingo, Texcoco, 1988
26
23
"Pronghorn Grazing Impact on Winter Wheat," by James A. Liewer, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, January 1988
26
24
"Environmental Factors Influencing Pronghorn Habitat Preference on Spring-Fall Range in East-Central Wyoming," by Jeffery J. Yeo, University of Wyoming, Laramie, May 1988
26
25
"Behavior and Ecology of Pronghorn after Reintroduction to Adobe Valley, California," by Audrey Ellen Goldsmith, University of California, Berkeley, May 1988
Box
Folder
Contents
27
1
"Sonoran Pronghorn Use of Habitat in Southwest Arizona," by Keith Scott Hughes, University of Arizona, Tucson, December 1991
27
2
"Variable Behavior of Pronghorn: Flexibility in Male Social Organization and Female Group Stability," by Christina Regina Maher, University of California, Davis, 1992
27
3
"Dominance, Aggression, and Reproductive Success in Female Pronghorn," by W. Sue Fairbanks, University of Kansas, Lawrence, May 1992
27
4
"Home Ranges of Coyotes in the Flint Hills of Kansas and Predation of Pronghorn Fawns," by Elizabeth Jorgensen, Emporia State University, Kansas, August 1992
27
5
"Mitochondrial DNA and Allozyme Analysis of Pronghorn Populations in North America," by Thomas Emmett, Jr., Texas A and M University, College Station, August 1992
27
6
"Variation in Sexually Dimorphic Traits of Male Pronghorn Relative to Sexual Selection," by Sherwich E. Min, University of Kansas, Lawrence, January 1995
27
7
"Characteristics of Lactation and Neonatal Growth in Pronghorn Antelope," by Stacia K. Martin, University of Wyoming, Laramie, August 1995
27
8
"Nutritional Content of Forage in Sonoran Pronghorn Habitat, Arizona," by Lisa Marie Fox, University of Arizona, Tucson, March 1997
27
9
"Analisis de la Distribucion del Berrendo en Mexico," by Fernando Carlos Colchero Aragones, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 2001

Group 3, Series 6: Yoakum Book Materials and Chapter Drafts, 1977-2008 2.5 cubic feet (63 folders)

Group 3, Series 6 includes materials and chapter drafts of what would eventually become Yoakum’s magnum opus, Pronghorn: Ecology and Management, co-authored by Bart O’Gara and published in 2004. This comprehensive book, which consists of 903 pages and weighs 6.13 lbs., took decades to construct. In writing the book, Yoakum’s role was to focus primarily on the habitat portions, while O’Gara focused on the animal itself. Combined, this book brings together more than 90 years of field and lab experience.

Yoakum and O’Gara claimed that the major goal of the project was to synthesize all the accumulated biological and management data on the pronghorn and put it into one place. Originally, this book was intended to be a much shorter, semi-technical text. Yoakum and O’Gara began working with Richard McCabe, then-director of publications at the Wildlife Management Institute (WMI). He suggested they expand the manuscript so it could be included in the WMI’s ecology and management series.

As indicated by the materials in this series, work began on the manuscript in the late 1970s with a first draft being completed in 1978. From there, chapter drafts were worked and reworked throughout the 1980s and 1990s by way of a constant stream of correspondence exchange between Yoakum, O’Gara, and McCabe. Throughout this process, other experts in the field were consulted for their opinions on specific chapters. On at least two occasions (1991 and 2000), surveys and questionnaires regarding pronghorn management were sent out to state wildlife agencies to gain a better understanding of what was being done on a state-by-state basis. In addition to drafts, comments, and bibliographical suggestions, this series also includes book reviews, statistics on the book, and formatting suggestions. Materials specifically relating to Pronghorn: Ecology and Management appear in the first portion on this series and are arranged chronologically.

Beginning midway through the series, the contents change to include materials from the chapter of a book produced by the Society for Range Management co-authored by Yoakum. Initially, Volney W. Howard Jr. began writing a chapter on pronghorn for the Society for Range Management’s book entitled Rangeland Wildlife, but he quickly suggested that Yoakum be the primary author due to his extensive knowledge and familiarity with the subject.

Included in the second half of this series are drafts and correspondence regarding the publication of this chapter for the book. As the drafts progress through the early 1990s, the title of the chapter changes from “Pronghorn” to “Pronghorns on Western Rangelands.” These changes are reflected in the correspondence exchanged between Yoakum and Howard. As in the case with Yoakum and O’Gara’s book, the chapter draft was sent to other experts for their thoughts and suggestions. All correspondence appearing in this series is specific to the books and has been separated from other correspondence that appears in Group 1, Series 5. Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
27
10
Pronghorn: Ecology and Management draft by Jim Yoakum and Bart O'Gara, 1977
27
10
Correspondence regarding Yoakum and O'Gara's pronghorn book, 1977-1978
27
10
Pronghorn: Ecology and Management first draft by Jim Yoakum and Bart O'Gara, part 1, 1978
27
10
Pronghorn: Ecology and Management first draft by Jim Yoakum and Bart O'Gara, part 2, 1978
27
10
Pronghorn: Ecology and Management first draft by Jim Yoakum and Bart O'Gara, part 3, 1978
27
10
Pronghorn: Ecology and Management first draft by Jim Yoakum and Bart O'Gara, part 4, 1978
27
10
Pronghorn: Ecology and Management first draft by Jim Yoakum and Bart O'Gara, part 5, 1978
27
10
Pronghorn: Ecology and Management first draft by Jim Yoakum and Bart O'Gara, part 6, 1978
27
10
Pronghorn: Ecology and Management second draft by Jim Yoakum and Bart O'Gara, part 1, 1978
27
10
Pronghorn: Ecology and Management second draft by Jim Yoakum and Bart O'Gara, part 2, 1978
Box
Folder
Contents
28
1
Correspondence with Richard McCabe regarding pronghorn illustrations and images for use in Pronghorn book, May-June 1980
28
2
Correspondence regarding Yoakum and O'Gara's pronghorn book, 1983-1989
28
3
Drafts of Chapter 7 "Mortality Rates" from Pronghorn: Ecology and Management , April 1983
28
4
Carbon copies of correspondence regarding Yoakum and O'Gara's pronghorn book, 1987-1991
28
5
Draft of Chapter 9 "Habitat Requirements" from Pronghorn: Ecology and Management, November 1988
28
6
Draft of Chapter 9 "Habitat Requirements" from Pronghorn: Ecology and Management with revisions and annotations, September 1989
28
7
Correspondence regarding Yoakum and O'Gara's pronghorn book, 1990-1993
28
8
Draft of Chapter 1 "Historical Review" from Pronghorn: Ecology and Management, May 1990
28
9
Draft of Chapter 2 "Distribution and Abundance" from Pronghorn: Ecology and Management includes some annotations, May 1990
28
10
Draft of Chapter 16 "The Arts and Artifacts of Pronghorns" from Pronghorn: Ecology and Management, September 1990
28
11
Questionnaire sent to state wildlife agencies to be used for a chapter on the future of the pronghorn in Pronghorn: Ecology and Management, 1991-1992
28
12
Draft of Chapter 1 "Historical Review" from Pronghorn: Ecology and Management, March 1991
28
13
Draft of Chapter 2 "Distribution and Abundance" from Pronghorn: Ecology and Management, March 1991
28
14
Draft of Chapter 8 "Habitat Characteristics" from Pronghorn: Ecology and Management, March 1991
28
15
Draft of Chapter 9 "Habitat Requirements" from Pronghorn: Ecology and Management, March 1991
28
16
Draft of Chapter 12 "Relations with Other Animals" from Pronghorn: Ecology and Management, March 1991
28
17
Draft of Chapter 14 "Management Plans and Guidelines" from Pronghorn: Ecology and Management also includes supplemental materials, March 1991
28
18
Draft of final chapter "Species Management" from Pronghorn: Ecology and Management, July 1992
28
19
Correspondence regarding Yoakum and O'Gara's pronghorn book, 1994
28
20
Correspondence with Richard McCabe and Bart O'Gara regarding Pronghorn: Ecology and Management book, 1994-1997
28
21
Draft of Chapter 9 "Habitat Requirements" from Pronghorn: Ecology and Management, January 1994
28
22
Correspondence regarding Yoakum and O'Gara's pronghorn book, 1996-1997
28
23
Correspondence regarding Yoakum and O'Gara's pronghorn book, 1998-1999
28
24
Correspondence regarding Yoakum and O'Gara's pronghorn book, 2000
Box
Folder
Contents
29
1
Pronghorn survey and questionnaires by state to be used for pronghorn book chapter, 2000
29
2
Correspondence regarding Yoakum and O'Gara's pronghorn book, 2000
29
3
Correspondence with David E. Brown regarding the pronghorn book, 2001-2002
29
4
Correspondence regarding Yoakum and O'Gara's pronghorn book, 2001-2002
29
5
Draft of Chapter 18 "Habitat Conservation" from Pronghorn: Ecology and Management, 2002
29
6
Correspondence between Jim Yoakum and Richard McCabe of the Wildlife Management Institute regarding Pronghorn: Ecology and Management chapters, 2003-2005
29
7
Correspondence regarding Yoakum and O'Gara's pronghorn book, 2004-2005
29
8
Correspondence and thank you notes regarding release of the book, 2004-2005
29
9
Specifics, statistics, reviews, and book covers for Pronghorn: Ecology and Management, 2004-2008
29
10
Portions of the Wildlife Management Institute Board of Directors Officer's Annual Report regarding publication of Pronghorn: Ecology and Management, 2005
29
11
Correspondence with Richard McCabe publisher of Pronghorn: Ecology and Management regarding specifics of book, January-April 2005
29
12
Yoakum's comments to the publisher regarding Pronghorn: Ecology and Management chapters 1-5, June 2005
29
13
Yoakum's comments to the publisher regarding Pronghorn: Ecology and Management chapters 9-17, June 2005
29
14
Yoakum's comments to the publisher regarding Pronghorn: Ecology and Management chapters 20-23, June 2005
29
15
Handwritten notes and comments on portions of the 2006 edition of Pronghorn: Ecology and Management, May 2007
29
16
"Pronghorn" chapter draft by Volney W. Howard Jr. for the Society for Range Management's Rangeland Wildlife book, November 1991
29
17
"Pronghorn" chapter draft by Volney W. Howard Jr. for the Society for Range Management's Rangeland Wildlife book, April 1992
29
18
"Pronghorn" chapter drafts by Volney W. Howard Jr. for the Society for Range Management's book Rangeland Wildlife with comments by Yoakum, August 1992
29
19
"Pronghorns on Western Rangelands" chapter draft by Jim Yoakum for the Society for Range Management's book Rangeland Wildlife includes comments and revisions, January 1993
29
20
"Pronghorns on Western Rangelands" chapter draft for the Society for Range Management's book Rangeland Wildlife includes comments and revisions by Jack Richardson, January 1993
29
21
"Pronghorns on Western Rangelands" chapter draft for the Society for Range Management's book Rangeland Wildlife includes comments and revisions, February 1993
29
22
"Pronghorns on Western Rangelands" chapter draft for the Society for Range Management's book Rangeland Wildlife includes comments and revisions by Bart O'Gara, February 1993
29
23
"Pronghorns on Western Rangelands" chapter draft for the Society for Range Management's book Rangeland Wildlife includes comments and revisions by Paul Krausman, February-March 1993
29
24
"Pronghorns on Western Rangelands" chapter draft for the Society for Range Management's book Rangeland Wildlife includes comments and revisions by Harold Heady, February-March 1993
Box
Folder
Contents
30
1
"Pronghorns on Western Rangelands" chapter draft for the Society for Range Management's book Rangeland Wildlife includes comments and revisions by Jack Richardson, March 1993
30
2
"Pronghorns on Western Rangelands" chapter draft for the Society for Range Management's book Rangeland Wildlife includes comments and revisions by Volney W. Howard, Jr., March 1993
30
3
"Pronghorns on Western Rangelands" chapter final draft for the Society for Range Management's book Rangeland Wildlife, December 1994
30
4
Correspondence regarding "Pronghorns on Western Rangelands" chapter for the Society for Range Management's book Rangeland Wildlife, March-May 1995
30
5
"Pronghorns on Western Rangelands" by Jim Yoakum, Bart O'Gara, and Volney W. Howard, Jr. chapter reprints from the Society for Range Management's book Rangeland Wildlife, 1995-1996

Group 3, Series 7: Other Books, Literature, and Publications, 1825-2011 1.75 cubic feet (27 folders)

Group 3, Series 7 includes other pronghorn-related publications and literature that did not necessarily fit into the other series in this group. This series begins with various antelope literature that was collected by Yoakum. Some of these materials include magazine articles, selections from books, pamphlets, and any other written material that are specifically on the pronghorn. Yoakum’s original arrangement by author’s last name has been maintained. As noted elsewhere, earlier, there may be some overlap in these materials and those located in Group 3, Series 2: Journal Articles and Papers by Others, and Group 3, Series 4: Reports by Others. Other materials consist of pamphlets, copies of books complete with Yoakum’s annotations, manuscript drafts, newsletters, and news clips. Of note is a copy of the 1948 classic by Arthur Einarsen, The Pronghorn Antelope and Its Management. This book, which came out nearly 60 years earlier, was the predecessor to Yoakum and O’Gara’s book. All of the complete books that are present in this series have been heavily annotated by Yoakum for content and bibliographical references. These materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
30
6
Antelope literature A-B, 1854-1972
30
7
Antelope literature C-D, 1877-1964
30
8
Antelope literature E-F, 1911-1966
30
9
Antelope literature G-H, 1825-1988
30
10
Antelope literature I-L, 1835-1989
30
11
Antelope literature M, 1901-1989
30
12
Antelope literature N-Q, 1911-1987
30
13
Antelope literature S-T, 1929-1988
30
14
Antelope literature U-Z, 1875-1969
Box
Folder
Contents
31
1
Copy of Arthur S. Eninarsen's book The Pronghorn Antelope and Its Management with annotations, 1948
31
2
Various newsletters and news bulletins with content regarding the pronghorn, 1953-1970
31
3
Pronghorn library, 1959-2008
31
4
Order of the Antelope newsletter, 1960
31
5
Pronghorn wildlife leaflets, 1976
31
6
Newsletters from outdoor and wildlife groups regarding pronghorn, 1984-2004
31
7
News clips regarding the pronghorn, 1985-1999
31
8
Born to Run: The Life and Times of the American Pronghorn book manuscript by Gary Turbak with annotations and correspondence, 1994
31
9
Copy of John H. Byers' book American Pronghorn: Social Adaptations and the Ghosts of Predators Past with annotations, 1997
31
10
Draft of the first section of book on Arizona pronghorn by David E. Brown and Richard A. Ockenfels, June 2001
31
11
Copy of John H. Byers' book Built for Speed: A Year in the Life of Pronghorn with annotations, 2003
31
12
Brochure: The High Desert Museum: Pronghorn! Antelope of the High Desert: Celebrating the Wildlife and Heritage of the Hart Mountain and Sheldon National Wildlife Refuges (special exhibit), 2003
31
13
Arizona Antelope Foundation Pronghorn newsletters, 2006
31
14
David E. Brown and Richard A. Ockenfels's book manuscript Arizona's Pronghorn Antelope: A Conservation Legacy draft with comments from Yoakum, May 2007
31
15
David E. Brown and Richard A. Ockenfels's book manuscript for Arizona's Pronghorn Antelope: A Conservation Legacy first draft and review, May 2007
31
16
Copy of David E. Brown and Richard A. Ockenfel's book Arizona's Pronghorn Antelope: A Conservation Legacy with annotations, October 2007
31
17
Booklet: Pronghorn Fawn Project: All About Pronghorn-A fun children's activity and learning booklet (photocopy), 2008
31
18
Arizona Antelope Foundation's Pronghorn newsletter, volume 17, number 3, 2011

Group 3, Series 8: Bibliographies, 1954-2011 1.25 cubic feet (27 folders)

Group 3, Series 8 includes earlier versions of Yoakum’s pronghorn bibliography that preceded the 2012 version entitled Pronghorn Bibliography: A Review of Literature and Contributions to a Bibliography from 1649 to 2011 co-compiled by Jorge Cancino and Paul Jones and published in 2014, two years after Yoakum’s death. Using sources from the Foresta Institute’s library, the first version of the pronghorn bibliography was compiled and published by Yoakum in 1967. The initial bibliography contained 354 citations with abstracts and focused mainly on food habits and rangeland relationships. That version was updated in 1991 to include 2,736 citations, more than seven times the original version. In 2001, Foresta Institute offered Yoakum a grant to complete work on the pronghorn bibliography. Correspondence referring to the agreement between Yoakum and Foresta is located within this series.

Series 8 begins with Yoakum’s bibliography cards, both with abstracts and without. Following the bibliography cards are a variety of bibliographies produced by Yoakum and others, including the 1967 version and drafts of the revised 1991 version. In addition to the larger, more holistic bibliographies are smaller, more specific bibliographies that pertain to certain habitat or dietary citations, or ones that focus specifically on journal articles. All of the bibliographies that appear in this series were either offshoots of the larger bibliography, or ended up feeding into the final pronghorn bibliography published in 2014. The 1967 and 1991 versions of the bibliography are included; the 2014 version is not but can be found online in its complete format as a pdf file. It is important to note that much the correspondence located in Group 1, Series 5 is related to Yoakum’s quest to obtain copies of sources to be included in the final pronghorn bibliography and should be consulted in conjunction with this series. Materials, apart from the bibliography cards that are located in the first three folders, are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
31
19
Jim Yoakum's pronghorn antelope bibliography cards with abstracts, 1954-1967
31
20
Jim Yoakum's pronghorn antelope bibliography cards with abstracts, circa 1975
31
21
Jim Yoakum's pronghorn antelope bibliography cards without abstracts, circa 1975
31
22
Pronghorn bibliography, compiled by George D. Bear, 1965
31
23
"Literature of the American Pronghorn Antelope," compiled by Jim Yoakum, 1967
31
24
"Literature of the Pronghorn Antelope" compiled by Jim Yoakum addendums numbers 1-3, 1968-1974
31
25
"An Annotated Bibliography of the Evolutionary History of the Pronghorn," compiled by Robert L. Hothem, June 1975
31
26
Pronghorn antelope bibliography complied by Jim Yoakum, January 1983
31
27
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Wildlife Review-Database search for Pronghorn, 1985
Box
Folder
Contents
32
1
Pronghorn bibliography working draft compiled by Jim Yoakum, part 1, 1990
32
2
Pronghorn bibliography complied by Jim Yoakum, part 2, 1990
32
3
"Literature of the Pronghorn: A Bibliography with List of Keywords and Citations" compiled by Jim Yoakum, 1991
32
4
Bibliography additions suggested by Richard Ockenfels, March 1992
32
5
"Consumption of Water by Pronghorn: An Annotated Bibliography" compiled by Jim Yoakum includes additions, March 1994
32
6
"Consumption of Water by Pronghorn: an annotated bibliography (revised)" compiled by Jim Yoakum, March 18, 1984
32
7
Pronghorn bibliography compiled by Jim Yoakum, December 1994
32
8
"A Selected Bibliography of Pronghorn Biology and Management in California, Nevada, and Oregon" compiled by Jim Yoakum, August 1995
32
9
Complete pronghorn bibliography compiled by Jim Yoakum, January-February 1997
32
10
Pronghorn bibliography draft compiled by Jorge Cancino, 1997
32
11
Pronghorn bibliography of journal articles compiled by Jim Yoakum, November 1997
32
12
Pronghorn bibliography draft compiled by Jim Yoakum, November 1997
32
13
Pronghorn literature review and bibliography compiled by Jim Yoakum, 2001
32
14
Correspondence with Tina Nappe and Richard Miller of Foresta Institute regarding money to complete the pronghorn bibliography, October-November 2001
32
15
Pronghorn references, handwritten notes, and additions for pronghorn bibliography, 2005-2012
32
16
"An Annotated Bibliography of References to Historical Distributions of Pronghorn in Southern and Baja California," complied by David Brown, Jorge Cancino, Kevin B. Clark, Myrna Smith, and Jim Yoakum in the Bulletin of Southern California Academy of Sciences, volume 105, number 1, 2006
32
17
"A Review of Literature Pertaining to Pronghorn in California from 1769 to 2009" compiled by Jim Yoakum and Alice Koch, 2009
32
18
A listing of materials pertaining to the ecology and management of pronghorn compiled by Jim Yoakum, January 2011

Group 3, Series 9: Workshops and Conferences, 1952-2011 1.5 cubic feet (34 folders)

Group 3, Series 9 is comprised of pronghorn conference and workshop materials. The bulk of the materials are from the Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop, which meets every two years in select locations around the American West, Canada, and Mexico. These workshops allow experts in the field to come together to discuss pronghorn management, present papers and research, and receive awards. These workshops also produce pronghorn management guides, which are a result of comprehensive discussion and collaboration.

The Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop was preceded by the Annual Interstate Antelope Conference (1950s and early 1960s), which then became the Biennial Antelope States Workshop in 1965. It was not until 1976 that the event became The Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop. All three renditions appear in this series. Yoakum was a dedicated supporter of the Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop. In 2002, he received the Berrendo Award, which is given to an individual or group for outstanding contributions in management or research of the pronghorn. In addition to the Berrendo Award, the workshop also offers an award in Yoakum’s name.

This series includes correspondence regarding the workshops, guides, transactions, proceedings, guidelines, planning materials, briefing books, and two articles written by Yoakum on the history of the workshops. Although these articles are technically about the pronghorn, they relate more specifically to the history and mission of the workshop. For those reasons, the decision was made to place them in this series rather than with the materials in Group 3, Series 1: Journal Articles and Papers by Yoakum. Information from nearly every workshop from the 1st through the 22nd, with the exception of the 2nd, 6th, 16th and 17th, is present. Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
32
19
Resume of the Pronghorn Antelope Workshops from 1965-1978, undated
32
20
Oregon and California Fish and Game Meeting on Antelope Problems attendees and summary, August 1952
32
21
Proceedings of the 1958 Annual Interstate Antelope Conference at the Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge in Nevada, September 1958
32
22
Correspondence and notes regarding the history of the Interstate Antelope Conference, August-September 1959
32
23
Report: Glen K. Griffith Nevada Fish and Game Commission: Transactions Interstate Antelope Conference Guidelines for Antelope Management, 1962
32
24
Interstate Antelope Conference 1962 Transactions, December 1962
32
25
Proceedings of the 1st Annual Antelope States Workshop in Santa Fe, New Mexico, April 1965
Box
Folder
Contents
33
1
Proceedings of the 3rd Biennial Antelope States Workshop in Casper, Wyoming, February 1968
33
2
Proceedings of the 4th Biennial Antelope States Workshop in Scottsbluff, Nebraska, January 1970
33
3
Proceedings of the 5th Biennial Antelope States Workshop in Billings, Montana, June 1972
33
4
Proceedings of the 7th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop in Twin Falls, Idaho, February 1976
33
5
Guidelines of the 8th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop in Alberta, Canada, 1978
33
6
Proceedings of the 9th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop in Rio Rico, Arizona, April 1980
33
7
10th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop in Dickinson, North Dakota planning and proceedings, 1981-1982
33
8
11th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop in Corpus Christi, Texas planning materials, proceedings, and guidelines, 1983-1985
33
9
12th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop in Reno, Nevada planning materials and proceedings, 1985-1986
33
10
Proceedings of the 13th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop in Hart Mountain, Oregon, May-June 1988
33
11
Carbon copies of correspondence regarding Interstate Antelope Conferences and Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshops, 1990-1991
33
12
Proceedings of the 14th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop in Silver Creek, Colorado, May 1990
33
13
Pronghorn Management Guide of the 15th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop in Rock Springs, Wyoming, 1992
33
14
Guide: Pronghorn Antelope Workshop Rock Springs, Wyoming: Pronghorn Management Guides, edited by Bart O'Gara and Jim Yoakum, 1992-1994
33
15
Briefing Book: Population and Habitat Viability Assessment of the Peninsular Pronghorn, by the Biological Research Center of the Northwest, La Paz, Baja California, Sur, Mexico, November 1994
33
16
Pronghorn Management Guide and proceedings of the 18th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop in Prescott, Arizona, 1998
33
17
Guide: Pronghorn Antelope Workshop Prescott, Arizona: Pronghorn Management Guides, edited by Raymond M. Lee, Jim Yoakum, Bart O'Gara, Thomas M. Pojar, and Richard A. Ockenfels, 1998
33
18
Article: "Fifty Years of the Interstate Antelope Conference: A Review of Goals and Accomplishments" by Jim Yoakum, 1999
33
19
19th Biennial Pronghorn Antelope Workshop in La Paz, Mexico, March 2000
33
20
Yellowstone Pronghorn Conservation Assessment Workshop in Mammoth Hot Springs, Yellowstone National Park, August 2002
Box
Folder
Contents
34
1
Briefing Book: Peninsular Pronghorn Recovery Plan's Assessment Workshop in La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico, April 2004
34
2
Notes and materials from the 21st Biennial Pronghorn Workshop in Bismarck, North Dakota, May 2004
34
3
Guide: Pronghorn Antelope Workshop and North Dakota Game and Fish Department: Pronghorn Management Guide, compiled by R.E. Autenrieth et al., 2006
34
4
Guide: Pronghorn Antelope Workshop and North Dakota Game and Fish Department: Pronghorn Management Guide Spanish edition translated and adapted by Jorge Cancino (includes a cd), 2006
34
5
Article "Thirty Years of Pronghorn Management Guides: an Institutional Memory" by Jim Yoakum also includes notes, 2006-2011
34
6
22nd Biennial Pronghorn Workshop in Idaho Falls guide and proceedings, May 2006
34
7
Article: "Thirty Years of Pronghorn Management Guides: An Institutional Memory" by Jim Yoakum includes drafts and correspondence, May-September 2006

Group 3, Series 10: Reintroduction of Pronghorn on Carrizo Plain National Monument, 1994-2011 1.0 cubic feet (19 folders)

Group 3, Series 10 includes materials relating to the reintroduction of the pronghorn to the Carrizo Plain National Monument in eastern San Luis Obispo County, California. The Plain is the largest single native grassland remaining in California, a remnant of similar habitat that once existed in the San Joaquin Valley before it was transformed and fragmented by the introduction of modern agricultural practices.

By the 1940s, the pronghorn was locally extinct in the area, but in the 1990s, in an attempt to reestablish a historic population and restore the native ecosystem, the pronghorn was reintroduced to Carrizo Plain. The pronghorn play an important role on grassland plains as grazers, seed dispensers, and even as prey for predators in a natural community. In 2001, President Bill Clinton signed a presidential proclamation establishing Carrizo Plain as a protected National Monument.

In 1990, Yoakum was excited when the California Department of Fish and Game began to pursue the translocation of pronghorn from Likely Tables in Modoc County, to Carrizo Plain, near his birthplace in the central coastal region of California. This series reflects the creation of Carrizo Plain as a National Monument, the health and population of the translocated pronghorn population, and the controversial issues surrounding cattle grazing on the Plain in the midst of other native ungulates.

Between 2001 and 2003, Yoakum, along with Alice Koch of the California Department of Fish and Game, made two field trips to the plain to check on the pronghorn population. Several articles and presentations were produced as a result of those trips. This series includes drafts of the co-authored article entitled “Reintroduction and Status of Pronghorn on Carrizo Plain National Monument and Surrounding Areas in South California.” Although this article was written by Yoakum and pertains to the pronghorn, it was included in this series with other similar materials rather than Group 3, Series 1: Journal Articles and Papers by Yoakum. Materials in this series include correspondence, maps, reports, and planning materials. Correspondence and reports specific to this subject are maintained in this series. Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
34
8
Memorandum from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service regarding the initiation of a conference to discuss livestock grazing on the Carrizo Plain, July 1994
34
9
Report: BLM: Carrizo Plain Natural Area Management Plan, November 1996
34
10
Field trip to Carrizo Plain Natural Area correspondence and field notes, 2000-2001
34
11
Proclamation by President Clinton designating Carrizo Plain National Monument, January 2001
34
12
Vegetation transects for Pronghorn habitat on Carrizo Plain National Monument, May 2001
34
13
Article: "California Monument Welcomes Cattle" by Sam Kennedy in High Country News, volume 33, number 11, June 2001
34
14
Article: "Status of Pronghorn on Carrizo Plain, California" abstract drafts by Alice Koch, December 2001
34
15
Drafts and supplemental materials to accompany Yoakum's report from field trip to Carrizo Plain National Monument to assess pronghorn populations and range condition, 2002-2005
34
16
Report: Dr. Francis Villablanca Cal Poly State University Biological Science Department: Highway 46 Expansion Project: Mitigating a Barrier to Pronghorn Antelope Movement (Carrizo Plain), August 2002
34
17
Abstract for "Restoring and Monitoring Habitat for the Pronghorn on the Carrizo Plain, California," paper and presentation at the 2004 Annual Meeting of the Western Section of the Wildlife Society, 2003-2004
34
18
Plans for March 2003 research trip to Carrizo Plain, January-February 2003
34
19
Correspondence with Alice Koch of the California Department Fish and Game regarding Carrizo Plain, January-February 2003
34
20
Article: "Reintroduction and Status of Pronghorn on Carrizo Plain National Monuments and Surrounding Areas in Southern California" by Alice Koch and Jim Yoakum manuscript drafts and correspondence, February-April 2003
34
21
Article: "Reintroduction and Status of Pronghorn on Carrizo Plain National Monument and Surrounding Areas in Southern California" by Alice Koch and Jim Yoakum manuscript drafts and correspondence, May-August 2003
34
22
Kathleen Longshore pronghorn analysis project on the Carrizo Plain National Monument, April-May 2003
34
23
Maps and brochures of the Carrizo Plain National Monument, May 2003
Box
Folder
Contents
35
1
Article: "Reintroduction and Status of Pronghorn on Carrizo Plain National Monuments and Surrounding Areas in Southern California" by Alice Koch and Jim Yoakum manuscript final drafts and correspondence, October-December 2003
35
2
Correspondence and newsletters regarding the reintroduction of pronghorn at Carrizo Plain National Monument in California, 2007-2011
35
3
Report: Kathleen Longshore and Chris Lowery U.S. Geological Survey: Habitat Suitability and Food Habits of Pronghorn Antelope in the Carrizo Plains Nationals Monument, California, February-April 2008

Group 3, Series 11: Population Distribution, Behavior, and Management, 1956-2006 1.0 cubic feet (27 folders)

Group 3, Series 11 consists of a variety of materials regarding pronghorn populations in the United States, Mexico, and Canada. Additionally there are materials that include information on behavioral traits, observations, and correspondence pertaining to various pronghorn studies and relocation projects. This series begins with Yoakum’s collection of pronghorn observation cards. These typed notecards include observational remarks on pronghorn behavior, location, and dates. Arranged alphabetically by subject following Yoakum’s original organization.

Other materials in this series include antelope observation forms, population and distribution studies from all over North America, including Mexico and Canada, and a variety of range transect surveys. All of these materials were used by wildlife biologists to estimate and measure pronghorn populations, especially important after the near extinction of the pronghorn at the beginning of the twentieth century.

In the case of the endangered Sonoran Pronghorn subspecies, of which only 160 remain in the wild, it is important for biologists to continue to closely monitor their numbers. Similar to materials located in the previous series on the transplanted pronghorn population on Carrizo Plain, there is information here relating to other translocation projects in California. Correspondence specific to this subject has been maintained in this series. The population studies and transect surveys are arranged by state; all other materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
35
4
Pronghorn behavior observation cards Elimination to Recumbency, part 1, 1956-1969
35
5
Pronghorn behavior observation cards Elimination to Recumbency, part 2, 1956-1969
35
6
Pronghorn behavior observation cards Elimination to Recumbency, part 3, 1956-1969
35
7
Pronghorn behavior observation cards Elimination to Recumbency, part 4, 1956-1969
35
8
Antelope observation forms organized by state, 1958-1981
35
9
Canada antelope population and distribution materials, 1962-1966
35
10
Pronghorn habitat overview and intensive study areas research and data, 1962-1976
35
11
Mexico antelope population and distribution, 1965-1967
35
12
Materials regarding states' antelope populations and distribution, part 1, 1965-1966
35
13
Materials regarding states' antelope populations and distribution, part 2, 1965-1966
35
14
Correspondence that accompanies states' antelope population and distribution materials, 1965-1966
Box
Folder
Contents
36
1
Antelope Range Transects arranged by state, part 1, 1965-1980
36
2
Antelope Range Transects arranged by state, part 2, 1965-1980
36
3
Antelope Range Transects arranged by state, part 3, 1965-1980
36
4
Materials regarding antelope population numbers and distribution between 1924-64, 1968
36
5
Correspondence and accompanying maps from state agencies regarding distribution of antelope in western states, February-March 1970
36
6
Correspondence regarding pronghorn studies in Mexico, 1975-1977
36
7
Various materials relating to pronghorn habitat classification and analysis in western states, 1971-1981
36
8
Assessments, memoranda, and monitoring information regarding the transplant and release of pronghorn in Mono County, California, 1978-1984
36
9
California Department of Fish and Game pronghorn relocation materials, 1982-1988
36
10
Pronghorn population densities and distribution in North America includes maps, 1985
36
11
Correspondence with Raul Valdez of New Mexico State University regarding pronghorn projects in New Mexico, 1990-1993
36
12
Correspondence with Mike Hansen of Oregon State University regarding pronghorn food studies, 1991-1994
36
13
Correspondence from the State of Nevada Division of Wildlife regarding the Nevada pronghorn population, September 1995
36
14
Correspondence with Jorge Cancino regarding Sonoran Pronghorn restoration programs, 1998-2001
36
15
Correspondence with Mary Robinson of the Department of Biological Sciences at the University of Idaho regarding her pronghorn reproductive project, April-September 1998
36
16
Correspondence with David E. Brown regarding the Arizona Statewide Pronghorn Operational Plan, May-November 2006

Group 4: Other Wildlife and Fish, 1927-2006

Group 4: Other Wildlife and Fish consists of various materials relating to fish and other wildlife that are not the pronghorn. Although much of Yoakum’s work was focused on studying the pronghorn, his interest in all things wildlife are evident in the materials contained within this group. As a teenager working in the oyster beds at Morro Bay, California, Yoakum developed an interest in the local waterfowl as they made their annual migration. While in college at Humboldt State University, Yoakum began studying the Roosevelt elk and black-tailed deer of the area.

In graduate school at the University of Oregon, and into his early professional career as a range manager, Yoakum raised two bobcat kittens named “Rufus” and “Bobby,” who regularly appeared in the local newspapers and occasionally in elementary school classrooms. Although these wildcats were pets, Yoakum studied their behavioral traits and diets. He observed the cats, recorded his observations, and published several articles on specifics aspects of domesticated wildcats. He even kept in contact with several other wildcat owners from around that country that often wrote and asked for advice or suggestions.

As a wildlife biologist employed by the BLM, Yoakum’s understanding of wildlife and fish on public lands was necessary for implementing procedures and projects, and for evaluating the overall health of rangelands. Some of these issues are visible within the series located in this group, especially in the materials regarding the pupfish, and to a lesser extent, Yoakum’s special assignment in Peru and Bolivia to study the vicuña. Group 4 has been divided into six series: Series 1) Elk and Deer; Series 2) Sheep; Series 3) Wildcats; Series 4) The Vicuña of South America; Series 5) The Pupfish; and Series 6) Birds.

Group 4, Series 1: Elk and Deer, 1932-2006 1.25 cubic feet (24 folders)

Group 4, Series 1 includes various theses, journal articles, and reports on elk and deer. This series reflects Yoakum’s interest in other ungulates outside of the pronghorn. Yoakum became interested in the Roosevelt elk and black-tail deer early in his college career at Humboldt State University. His college papers on the black-tailed deer can be found in Group 1, Series 1: College and Graduate School. The bulk of the materials in this series include theses from students at Humboldt State University on the Roosevelt elk and theses from students at the University of Nevada, Reno on subjects regarding the mule deer. Also included is a 1994 annotated bibliography on mule deer water consumption co-authored by Yoakum. Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
36
17
Journal articles on deer and elk, 1932-2006
36
18
Thesis: "The Roosevelt Elk at Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, Humboldt County, California," by Joseph Harry Harn, Humboldt State College, Arcata, May 1958
36
19
Thesis: "The Range Relationships of Roosevelt Elk at Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, Humboldt County, California, in 1958," by Wallace William Bentley, Humboldt State College, Arcata, May 1959
36
20
Thesis: "Food Habits and Life History Observations of the Roosevelt Elk at Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, Humboldt County, California," by James Albert Harper, Humboldt State College, Arcata, January 1961
36
21
Thesis: "The Immobilization and Movements of the Roosevelt Elk," by Stevan Logsdon, Humboldt State College, Arcata, 1965
Box
Folder
Contents
37
1
Correspondence regarding populations of the Roosevelt Elk, 1965-1968
37
2
Thesis: "A Preliminary Study of the Movement, Distribution, Abundance, and Sex and Age Composition of the Roosevelt Elk in and Adjacent to the Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park," by Marschall Calvin Stevens, Humboldt State College, Arcata, January 1965
37
3
Thesis: "An Evaluation of Selected Nevada Deer Ranges: Condition, Forage Potential, and Deer-Livestock Competition," by Robert Henry Berg, University of Nevada, Reno, June 1966
37
4
Thesis: "Food Habits and Nutrition of Mule Deer on Four Nevada Ranges," by Larry Doughty, University of Nevada, Reno, June 1966
37
5
Thesis: "Mule Deer Condition and Food Habits on Two Nevada Ranges," by William Jerry Deibert, University of Nevada, Reno, June 1968
37
6
Thesis: "Mule Deer Utilization of Rehabilitated Nevada Rangelands," by Norman J. Cole, University of Nevada, Reno, June 1968
37
7
Thesis: "Vegetation Stagnation in Three-Phase Big Game Enclosures and its Effects in Determining Forage Utilization," by Jerald D. Tower, University of Nevada, Reno, June 1970
37
8
Thesis: "An Economic Analysis of Nevada Rangeland for Big Game Production and Utilization," by Gerritt J. Pon, University of Nevada, Reno, June 1970
37
9
Report: Robin Tausch Nevada Department of Fish and Game: Evaluation of Range Manipulation Practices on Mule Deer Ranges 1970-1971, June 1971
37
10
Thesis: "Mule Deer Habits and Condition on the Ruby-Butte Study Area,' by Richard Emmett Delmas, University of Nevada, Reno, June 1971
37
11
Thesis: "Food Preferences of Mule Deer on the Ruby-Butte Study Area," by Richard Alvah Pudney, University of Nevada, Reno, July 1972
37
12
Thesis: "Plant Succession and Mule Deer Utilization on Pinyon-Juniper Chainings in Nevada," by Robin Tausch, University of Nevada, Reno, June 1973
37
13
Report: Paul T. Tueller and Leslie A. Monroe University of Nevada Agricultural Station: Management Guidelines for Selected Deer Habitats in Nevada: Publication Number R 104, 1975
37
14
Thesis: "Condition and Trend of Selected Deer in Winter Ranges in Nevada," by Leslie Monroe, University of Nevada, Reno, January 1975
37
15
Thesis: "Mule Deer Habitat Evaluation Based Upon Nutritional Modeling," by Donald E. Spalinger, University of Nevada, Reno, March 1980
37
16
"Elk and Indians" chapter draft by Richard McCabe for Elk of North America: Ecology and Management book, September 1981
37
17
Thesis: "Big Game Browse Study Evaluation," by Jerry David Volesky, North Dakota State University, Fargo, December 1982
Box
Folder
Contents
38
1
"Mule Deer Consumption of Water: An Annotated Bibliography," by David F. Bennett Stuber and Jim Yoakum, March 1994
38
2
Thesis: "Big Game Habitat Use and Distributions on Reclaimed Mining Lands," by R. Scott Gamo, University of Wyoming, Laramie, May 1997

Group 4, Series 2: Sheep, 1927-1998 0.5 cubic feet (15 folders)

Group 4, Series 2 consists of a variety of materials on bighorn and domesticated sheep including reports, articles, theses, and newsletters. The bulk of the materials are on the bighorn sheep rather than domesticated sheep. Included are Yoakum’s 1977 article on California bighorn sheep, a 1980 article entitled “Barbary Sheep in the United States: Past, Present, and Future,” and a 1983 technical report on bighorn sheep co-authored by Yoakum. Yoakum was an active member of the Desert Bighorn Council for nearly five decades. Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
38
3
Journal articles on bighorn sheep, 1927-1998
38
4
Report: BLM: Highland Range Wildlife Habitat Management Plan, December 1969
38
5
Thesis: "Importancia Cinegetica, Turistica y Descripcion del Borrego del Desierto (Bighorn Sheep) en el Estado de Baja California," by Eliseo Araujo Montano, The Autonomous University of Cuidad Juarez, 1972
38
6
Thesis: "Predation on Domestic Sheep in Northeastern Nevada," by Kent McAdoo, University of Nevada, Reno, May 1975
38
7
Report: Robert P. McQuivey Nevada Department of Fish and Game: The Status and Trend of Desert Bighorn Sheep in Nevada: Special Report 75-1, July 1975
38
8
Newsletters from bighorn sheep groups, 1976-1988
38
9
Article: "California Bighorn Sheep," by Jim Yoakum, 1977
38
10
Thesis: "Status and Habitat Use of California Bighorn Sheep on Hart Mountain, Oregon," by Christine Anne Kornet, Oregon State University, Corvallis, February 1978
38
11
Report: Robert P. McQuivey Nevada Department of Wildlife: The Desert Bighorn Sheep of Nevada: Biological Bulletin Number 6, February 1978
38
12
Thesis: "Population Characteristics and Habitat Utilization of Bighorn Sheep, Steens Mountain, Oregon," by Walter A. Van Dyke, Oregon State University, Corvallis, May 1978
38
13
Article: "Barbary Sheep in the United States: Past, Present, and Future," by Jim Yoakum, 1980
38
14
Thesis: "Status and Habitat Preference of California Bighorn Sheep on Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge, Nevada," by Michael Charles Hansen, Oregon State University, Corvallis, April 1982
38
15
Report: Walter A. Van Dyke, Alan Sands, Jim Yoakum, Allan Polenz, and James Blaisdell BLM: Wildlife Habitats in Managed Rangelands-The Great Basin of Southeastern Oregon: Bighorn Sheep General Technical Report PNW-159, 1983
38
16
Report: George K. Tsukamoto Nevada Department of Wildlife: Hunting the Desert Ram, June 1983
38
17
Report: Craig W. McCarty and James A. Bailey Colorado Division of Wildlife: Habitat Requirements of Desert Bighorn Sheep: Special Report 69, May 1994

Group 4, Series 3: Wildcats, 1957-1988 0.5 cubic feet (13 folders)

Group 4, Series 3 consists of materials regarding domesticated wildcats, specifically Yoakum’s two pet bobcats “Rufus” and “Bobby.” While living in Lakeview, Oregon near the end of graduate school and into the beginning of his professional career, Yoakum raised two orphaned bobcat kittens (on separate occasions).

Yoakum’s wildcats were quite popular in and around Lakeview. Photos of them climbing trees or catching fish often appeared in the local newspapers accompanied by short articles. Yoakum also took his wildcats to the local elementary school classrooms for the kids to see. Some letters to Yoakum from those schoolchildren appear in this series. In addition to being notable on the local level, Yoakum’s second bobcat, Bobby, appeared in “Walt Disney’s Wonderful World of Color” special, The Wahoo Bobcat.

As a member of the Long Island Ocelot Club, Yoakum was in contact with the owners of other wildcats from around the United States. Other owners often wrote Yoakum with questions about their own pet wildcats. At home, Yoakum observed and recorded the behavior and food habits of his own bobcats. Those observation cards and the articles that followed are located within this series. Yoakum also compiled an entire scrapbook devoted to Rufus and Bobby, complete with news clips, photos, and all other related materials. This scrapbook is located with the materials in Group 1, Series 6: Scrapbooks. Correspondence specific to this subject has been maintained in this series. Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
38
18
Observations and notes on Rufus and Bobby's food habits and behavior, 1957-1960
38
19
Thank you letters from elementary school kids to Yoakum for showing Rufus to the class, 1958-1959
38
20
Correspondence regarding Rufus, Bobby, and other domesticated wildcats, 1958-1964
38
21
News clips on Rufus and Bobby, 1958-1969
38
22
Article: "Wildcats Love Water," by Jim Yoakum, 1962
38
23
Article: "Observations on Bobcat-Water Relationships" drafts by Jim Yoakum, 1962
38
24
Correspondence to Yoakum regarding domesticated bobcat Snoopy in Kansas, 1962-1964
38
25
Correspondence with Hank Schloss regarding use of domesticated wildcats in film productions, 1962-1965
38
26
Correspondence with The Long Island Ocelot Club, 1962-1966
38
27
Article: "Observations on Bobcat-Water Relationships," by Jim Yoakum for the The Journal of Mammology, 1963-1964
38
28
Article: "Observations on Feeding Habits of Captive of Bobcats," by Jim Yoakum for The Murrelet, 1964-1965
38
29
Long Island Ocelot Club newsletters, 1964-1968
38
30
Article: "Sixteen Years of Observations on Bobcats," by Robert R. Kindschy, 1988

Group 4, Series 4: The Vicuña of South America, 1937-1981 0.25 cubic feet (18 folders)

Group 4, Series 4 includes materials regarding Yoakum’s special assignment trip to Peru and Bolivia to study the then endangered vicuña and council the governments of each country on conservation strategies for the vicuña. In 1968, Dr. Richard Miller of the Foresta Institute recruited Yoakum for this project. Yoakum, like Miller, was concerned with the status of endangered species not only on the local level, but also on the international level. In his research of the vicuña, which was hunted for its valuable wool, Yoakum was able to draw parallels between the then current state of the vicuña and that of the pronghorn in the latter portion of the nineteenth century in the American West.

The materials in this series reflect Yoakum’s research on the vicuña prior to departure for South America, his correspondence with officials in the Peruvian government, articles written about his time in South America, and press releases detailing the assignment. Correspondence specific to this subject has been maintained in this series. Additionally, a slide program script on the vicuña has been maintained in this series and not separated to Group 6, Series 2: Slide Programs. Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
39
1
Slide Show: Script for slideshow on the vicuña, undated
39
2
Sylvan I. Stroock, Llamas and Llamaland, New York: S. Stroock and Company (photocopy), 1937
39
3
Report: Carl B. Korford Museum of Vertebrate Zoology at the University of California, Berkeley: The Vicuña and the Puna, April 1957
39
4
Report: Paul V. Pierret and Marc J. Dourojeanni Forest Research Institute of Peru: The Reservation for Vicunas of Pampas Galeras: Its Present and Future Status, May 1967
39
5
Research materials on the vicuña, 1968-1969
39
6
Correspondence with Stan Taft of the Texas Department of Fish and Game regarding articles and photos on the vicuña, 1968-1969
39
7
Correspondence with I. R. Grimwood regarding conservation of wildlife and establishment of national parks and reserves in Peru, 1968-1969
39
8
Correspondence with Richard Miller of the Foresta Institute regarding research and study of the vicuna in South America, 1968-1970
39
9
Correspondence with Bill Franklin of the Peruvian Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Hunting regarding vicuña research and populations in Peru, 1968-1970
39
10
News clips and press releases about the vicuña, 1968-1975
39
11
Magazine articles about the vicuña, 1968-1981
39
12
Nevada State Journal article on Yoakum's study of the South American vicuña, December 1968
39
13
Article: "Viva la Vicuña," by Jim Yoakum in Our Public Lands, volume 19, number 3 also includes correspondence, 1969
39
14
Correspondence regarding the vicuña, 1969-1970
39
15
Article: "Life as a Gringo," by Jim Yoakum in BLM Newsletter, April 1969
39
16
Publications on the vicuña by Dr. Armando Cardozo sent to Yoakum by the Peruvian Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Hunting Service, June 1969
39
17
Governmental forms and paperwork for conducting research in a foreign country, 1970
39
18
Bibliography: "Bibliografia de los Camelidos Sudamericanos," compiled by Dr. Armando Cardozo of the Bolivia Investigation Division, March 1970

Group 4, Series 5: The Pupfish, 1958-1980 0.25 cubic feet (6 folders)

Group 4, Series 5 consists of a small assemblage of materials that reflect one of Yoakum’s earliest initiatives as BLM’s first wildlife biologist. Early in his career, Yoakum realized that groundwater pumping for ranching was threatening the existence of Southern Nevada’s Devil’s Hole pupfish, one of the world’s rarest fish, which lives exclusively in small, warm desert springs and pools. Yoakum began attending the fledgling Desert Fish Council meetings, and, before too long, had funds transferred from Elko to Las Vegas to have wild horse exclusion fences built to protect the pupfish. U.S. Secretary of the Interior, Stewart Udall, praised Yoakum for his efforts in protecting the endangered pupfish.

This series is comprised of a variety of materials on the pupfish and pupfish conservation in Nevada, specifically Ash Meadows and Warm Springs. Materials include reports, news clips, and correspondence arranged chronologically. Correspondence specific to this subject has been maintained in this series. It should be noted that the slide program entitled “School Spring: A Lesson in Desert Fish Habitat Management” is located in Group 6, Series 2: Slide Programs.

Box
Folder
Contents
39
19
Report: Theodore C. Frantz and Donald J. King Nevada Fish and Game Commission: Stream and Lake Survey Completion Report, 1958
39
20
Nevada Pupfish Project-Ash Meadows correspondence, reports, and news clips, 1969-1980
39
21
Report: U.S. Department of the Interior: Status of the Desert Pupfish: Task Force Report, June 1971
39
22
Report: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Threatened Wildlife of the United States: Resource Publication 114, March 1973
39
23
Copy of David L. Soltz and Robert J. Naiman, The Natural History of Native Fishes in the Death Valley System, Los Angeles, California: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 1978
39
24
Warm Springs Pupfish Recovery Team, 1979

Group 4, Series 6: Birds, 1955-2001 0.5 cubic feet (17 folders)

Group 4, Series 6 includes materials on a variety of different species of birds. Although there are materials regarding California’s quail population and the birds of Anaho Island on Pyramid Lake, much of information in this series pertains to the formerly endangered sage grouse. As is evidenced in other series in this group, Yoakum was interested in the status of endangered fish and wildlife of the West, including habitat requirements and management of the sage grouse as much of their habitat is shared with the pronghorn and other native ungulates.

Also included in this series is a 1977 article by Yoakum entitled “When the Sea Gulls Come Back to the Desert,” and a 1985 report by Yoakum, regarding the creation of nest structures for improving wildlife habitats. Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
39
25
Dissertation: "Annual Cycle and Dynamics of a Population of California Quail," by Richard Genelly, University of California, Berkeley, 1955
39
26
Publications by Richard Genelly on birds, 1955-1965
39
27
Journal articles on birds, 1955-1993
39
28
Report: Jack M. Inglis Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas: Aspects of Rodent-Quail Competition in a Sand-Sagebrush Community of the Texas Panhandle, 1962
Box
Folder
Contents
40
1
Report: Glen C. Christensen Nevada Fish and Game Commission: Exotic Game Bird Introduction into Nevada: Biological Bulletin Number 3, 1963
40
2
Report: Davide E. Savage Nevada Fish and Game Commission: The Relationship of Sage Grouse to Upland Meadows in Nevada, June 1969
40
3
Report: Glen C. Christensen Nevada Department of Fish and Game: The Chukar Partridge: Its Introduction, Life History, and Management: Biological Bulletin Number 4, April 1970
40
4
Thesis: "Food Habits and Weight Relationships of Mourning Doves in Northern Nevada," by Gary Drewien, University of Nevada, Reno, June 1971
40
5
Report: Robert J. Oakleaf Nevada Fish and Game Commission: The Relationship of Sage Grouse to Upland Meadows in Nevada, May 1971
40
6
Article: "The Habitat Requirements of Sage Grouse and the Role of Fire in Management," by Donald A. Klebenow in The Proceedings of the Annual Tall Timber Fire Ecology Conference, June 1972
40
7
Correspondence and hearing materials regarding designation of Anaho Island in Pyramid Lake as a wilderness area, February-March 1973
40
8
Report: Mayo W. Call BLM Avian Biologist: Technical Note: Habitat Requirements and Management Recommendations for Sage Grouse, January 1974
40
9
Report: Richard Wallestad Montana Department of Fish and Game: Life History and Habitat Requirements of Sage Grouse in Central Montana, 1975
40
10
Article: "When the Sea Gulls Come Back to the Desert" by Jim Yoakum, 1977
40
11
Report: Jim Yoakum BLM: Nest Structures to Improve Wildlife Habitat, August 1985
40
12
Materials on sage grouse habitat, 2000-2001
40
13
Bibliography: An Annotated Bibliography of Sage Grouse compiled by Dave Pulliam, March 2000

Group 5: Range and Wildlife Management, 1902-2008

Group 5: Range and Wildlife Management, serves as a catch-all group for materials that did not necessarily fit with any of the other groups. Much of the material in this group relates to issues surrounding range management and stewardship of public lands for cattle grazing and recreation. This group also includes information in the form of reports, articles, bulletins, and correspondence regarding plant varieties on rangelands, chaining and seeding projects, various surveys and inventories of big game, and habitat classification.

Yoakum accumulated the bulk of these materials during his tenure with the BLM. Most of the information from the BLM deals with specific rangeland projects including prescribed burns and fire rehabilitation as well as training for range managers and wildlife biologist. This group, perhaps more so than the others, reflects portions of Yoakum’s career with the BLM. Group 5 has been separated into four series: Series 1) Journal Articles and Papers; Series 2) Reports by Yoakum and Others; Series 3) Other Literature and Publications; and Series 4) BLM Activities, Projects, and Training.

There were not enough Yoakum-specific materials to warrant creating separate series, so any papers or reports written by Yoakum appear in the appropriate series in corresponding order. It should be noted that any articles, papers, or reports that did not fit in any of the series in Group 3: The Pronghorn Antelope, or Group 4: Other Wildlife, more than likely ended up in Group 5, Series 1: Journal Articles and Papers by Yoakum and Others, or Group 5, Series 2: Reports by Yoakum and Others. Also any correspondence that is specific to any of these subjects, particularly related to BLM training programs, has been maintained within each series and not Group 1, Series 5: Personal and Professional Correspondence. Please see individual scope and contents for more information.

Group 5, Series 1: Journal Articles and Papers by Yoakum and Others, 1902-2005 0.25 cubic feet (11 folders)

Group 5, Series 1 consists of journal articles and papers on range management and vegetation issues. The series begins with four articles written by Yoakum on rangeland management and improvement, which are arranged chronologically. The remaining articles are arranged alphabetically based on the first appearing author’s last name then chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
40
14
"Game Range Improvements on the National Land Reserve" by Jim Yoakum, 1962
40
15
"Management and Research of Meadowlands in Nevada" by Jim Yoakum, 1969
40
16
"Managing Vegetation for Wildlife" by Jim Yoakum, 1983
40
17
"Equitable Allocation of Forage for Wildlife and Livestock on Public Lands," by Jim Yoakum includes supplemental materials, May-June 1993
40
18
Journal articles and papers on rangeland and wildlife management, A-M, 1939-1979
40
19
Journal articles and papers on rangeland and wildlife management, A-M, 1980-1998
40
20
Journal articles and papers on rangeland and wildlife management, A-M, 2000-2005
40
21
Journal articles and papers on rangeland and wildlife management, N-Z, 1902-1969
40
22
Journal articles and papers on rangeland and wildlife management, N-Z, 1971-1978
40
23
Journal articles and papers on rangeland and wildlife management, N-Z, 1981-1988
40
24
Journal articles and papers on rangeland and wildlife management, N-Z, 1992-2005

Group 5, Series 2: Reports by Yoakum and Others, 1945-2001 3.0 cubic feet (56 folders)

Group 5, Series 2 is comprised of reports on subjects related to range management and other rangeland issues and vegetation. Many of these reports relate to the health and management of public lands in Nevada and other western states. There are quite a few reports that highlight issues surrounding cattle grazing on public lands and the relationship between domesticated animals and native wildlife.

Yoakum accumulated many of these reports during this tenure with the BLM, but he also continued to gather them even after his retirement in 1986 because of his enduring interest in conserving rangeland ecosystems. Two reports written by Yoakum that appear in this series. The first report from 1980 entitled “Terrestrial Wildlife Habitat Management” and the second is “The First 50 years for Wildlife Management in BLM (1934-1984)” from 1984. Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
40
25
Hugh A. Shamberger Assistant Nevada State Engineer: The Evolution of Nevada Boundaries with Name Places, 1945
40
26
California Department of Fish and Game: Inspection Report to establish standard procedures for California, Nevada, and Oregon, March 1957
40
27
Gordon W. Gullion Nevada Fish and Game Commission: Toiyabe District Wildlife Survey Habitat Evaluation and Improvement: Job Number 7, 1959
40
28
A. A. Beetle University of Wyoming Agricultural Experiment Station: A Study of Sagebrush: The Section Tridentatae of Artemisia: Bulletin 368, June 1960
40
29
State of Oregon in conjunction with the USDA and United States Department of the Interior: The Oregon Interagency Guide for Conservation and Forage Plantings-Seeding Guide, 1964
40
30
The United States Department of the Interior: Conservation Yearbook: Quest for Quality, 1965
40
31
Caterpillar Tractor Company: From Brush to Grass, 1965
40
32
W. Gordon Kearl Agricultural Experiment Station University of Wyoming, Laramie: A Survey of Big Sagebrush Control in Wyoming 1952-1964, November 1965
40
33
Larry Doughty Nevada Fish and Game: Preliminary Results of Various Chaining Treatments on Selected Plant Species, 1966
40
34
Marshall Humphreys Nevada Fish and Game Commission: Nevada Statewide Wildlife Surveys: Phase I Big Game Range Inventory 1965-1966: Project Number W-43-R-1, March 1966
40
35
USDA Forest Service: FSH 2609.11, Wildlife Improvement Handbook, January 1969
40
36
James R. Garrett University of Nevada, Reno College of Agriculture Experiment Station: Characteristics of Nevada Hunters, June 1970
40
37
August L. Hormay Range Management Specialist BLM: Principles of Rest-Rotation Grazing and Multi-Use Land Management, September 1970
Box
Folder
Contents
41
1
Duane B. Pyrah, Henry E. Jorgensen, and Richard Wallestad Montana Fish, Wildlife, and Parks Department: Ecological Effects of Chemical and Mechanical Sagebrush Control: Project W-105-R-5, June 1971
41
2
BLM: Pinyon-Juniper Chaining Environmental Impact Statement, March 1973
41
3
Ed Fisk BLM: Wildlife Extensive Habitat in Battle Mountain District 6611, April 1973
41
4
Nevada State Engineers Office: Water for Nevada: Forecasts for the Future, Fish and Wildlife, September 1973
41
5
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Wildlife Review, Number 150, September 1973
41
6
Richard E. Eckert, Jr. United States Department of Agriculture: Research Report 4400: Improvement of Mountain Meadows in Nevada, June 1975
41
7
BLM: Habitat Management Plan: N3 WHA T3 Lassen-Washoe Wildlife Habitat Area, October 1975
41
8
John F. Thilenius Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: Alpine Range Management in the Western United States-Principles, Practices, and Problems: The Status of Our Knowledge: Research Paper RM-157, November 1975
41
9
United States Department of Agriculture: Station Bulletin 625 Stockwater's Effect on Cattle Performance on High Desert, January 1977
41
10
Fish and Wildlife Biological Services Program: Classification, Inventory, and Analysis of Fish and Wildlife Habitat: Proceedings of a National Symposium, January 1977
41
11
John Menke University of California Division of Agricultural Sciences: Proceedings of the Workshop on Livestock and Wildlife-Fisheries Relationships in the Great Basin, May 1977
41
12
William Molini Nevada Department of Fish and Game: Nevada Statewide Program: Habitat Evaluation and Management: Project Number W-48-8, September 1977
41
13
Scott R. Robinson and Wayne D. Logan BLM: Techniques for Conducting Terrestrial Habitat Survey in the Great Basin, 1978
41
14
United States Department of the Interior: Conservation Yearbook Number 12: Living With Our Environment, 1978-1979
41
15
Richard Nawa BLM: Foods of Wild Horses, Deer, and Cattle in the Granite Range, Nevada, March 1978
41
16
James States et al. U.S Fish and Wildlife Service: A Systems Approach to Ecological Baseline Studies FWS/OBS-78/21, March 1978
41
17
Stephen R. Bernard and Kenneth Brown BLM: Technical Note 301: Distribution of Mammals, Reptiles, and Amphibians in BLM Physiographic Regions and A.W. Kuchler's Associations for the Eleven Western States, July 1978
41
18
James L. Reveal University of Maryland: Biogeography of the Intermountain Region: A Speculative Appraisal, 1979
41
19
BLM and USDA: Wildlife Habitats in Managed Rangelands: The Great Basin of Southeastern Oregon (older versions), part 1, 1979-1985
41
20
BLM and USDA: Wildlife Habitats in Managed Rangelands: The Great Basin of Southeastern Oregon (older versions), part 2, 1979-1985
41
21
George E. Gruell Northern Forest Fire Laboratory: Improvement of Wildlife Habitat and Populations by Use of Prescribed Fire in the Interior West, 1980
Box
Folder
Contents
42
1
Hugh N. Mozingo and Margaret Williams U.S Fish and Wildlife Service: Threatened and Endangered Plants of Nevada, May 1980
42
2
Jim Yoakum BLM: Terrestrial Wildlife Habitat Management, October 1980
42
3
Carol K. Hamilton, Richard M. Kerr, and Larry A. Peterson BLM: IHICS Integrated Habitat Inventory and Classification System, 1982
42
4
Henry L. Short BLM: Technical Note 362: Wildlife Guilds in Arizona Desert Habitats, February 1983
42
5
John L. Oldemeyer et al. Denver Wildlife Research Center: Effects of Deferred-Rotation Grazing System on Wildlife at Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge, March 1983
42
6
Nancy Shaw and Stephen B. Morsen USDA Forestry Science Lab: Nonleguminous Forbs for Rangeland Sites, June 1983
42
7
Jim Yoakum BLM: The First 50 years for Wildlife Management in BLM (1934-1984), January 1984
42
8
University of Nevada, Reno College of Agriculture: 1985 Research Report: SP-86-2, 1985
42
9
Peter C. Lent BLM: Progress Report for 1984: Saval Ranch Research and Evaluation Project, May 1985
42
10
BLM and USDA: Wildlife Habitats in Managed Rangelands-The Great Basin of Southern Oregon edited by Jack Ward Thomas and Chris Maser, part 1, March 1986
42
11
BLM and USDA: Wildlife Habitats in Managed Rangelands-The Great Basin of Southern Oregon edited by Jack Ward Thomas and Chris Maser, part 2, March 1986
42
12
Terry L. Yates et al. American Society of Mammalogists: Survey of North American Collections of Recent Mammals, May 1987
42
13
Gay Mackintosh Defenders of Wildlife: In Defense of Wildlife: Preserving Communities and Corridors, 1989
42
14
Linda Joyce U.S. Forest Service: An Analysis of the Range Forage Situation in the United States: 1989-2040: General Technical Report RM-180, October 1989
42
15
BLM: Fish and Wildlife 2000: A Plan for the Future, 1990
42
16
Don C. DeLong Jr. U.S Fish and Wildlife Service: Managing for Nature Wildlife Communities: Some Basic Principles and Planning Procedures, March 1994
42
17
BLM and USDA: Rangeland Reform '94 Draft Environmental Impact Statement, 1995
42
18
BLM and USDA: Rangeland Reform '94 Final Environmental Impact Statement, 1995
42
19
Phil Davis Sheldon Scientific Working Group: Management Recommendation for the Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge offered by the Sheldon Scientific Working Group, January 1995
42
20
BLM Carson City District: Small and Big Game Guzzler/Catchment Construction, February 1995
42
21
Oregon State University Extension Service: Special Report 953: Proceedings of a Symposium on Sustaining Rangeland Ecosystems, January 1996
42
22
Don DeLong: A Critique of the NEPA Process for Use as a Framework for Wildlife Management Planning, August 2001

Group 5, Series 3: Other Literature and Publications, 1948-2008 0.25 cubic feet (14 folders)

Group 5, Series 3 contains materials on rangeland, range management, and wildlife on public lands that did not necessarily fit with articles, papers, or reports. The materials that appear in this series are comprised of maps, pamphlets, newsletters from federal and state agencies, and selections from books. Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
43
1
Topographical maps of Western states, part 1, 1948-1964
43
2
Topographical maps of Western states, part 2, 1948-1964
43
3
Nevada Wildlife: Nevada Fish and Game Commission newsletters, 1961-1962
43
4
Bureau of Land Management pamphlets "Wildlife on the Public Lands", 1964
43
5
A. W. Kuchler, "Potential Natural Vegetation of the Conterminous United States, New York: American Geographical Society, 1964
43
6
Department of the Interior and BLM newsletters, 1961-1975
43
7
BLM wildlife identification pamphlets for Nevada districts, 1969-1972
43
8
National Public Lands Task Force: Nevada Outdoor Recreation Association, Inc. newsletters, 1975-1977
43
9
Nevada hunting and fishing regulations, 1976
43
10
Newsletters from outdoors groups regarding issues of range management, public domain, and wilderness, 1988-2007
43
11
Rough draft chapter "The Rangeland Resources" by Harold Heady from the Society for Range Management also includes correspondence, June-August 1992
43
12
Policy of the Audubon Society of Portland on livestock grazing on U.S. public lands, 1993
43
13
Issues of The Wildside: NDOW employee internet newsletters, 2007
43
14
Issues of Desert Ramblings: Newsletter of the Oregon Natural Desert Association, 2008

Group 5, Series 4: BLM Activities, Projects, and Training, 1961-1989 2.0 cubic feet (41 folders)

Group 5, Series 4 consists of materials accumulated by Yoakum during his tenure with the BLM. The series begins with official memoranda and correspondence discussing the possibility of BLM creating a wildlife biologist position. In 1961, after Yoakum was hired as the agency’s first wildlife biologist, he immediately began working to develop a wildlife management program. This was not an easy task as there were no job descriptions, manuals, instructional memoranda, or mentors in the agency for him to turn to at the time. He began by initiating a research and development program stressing wildlife habitat. These materials appear early in this series in the memoranda and correspondence regarding BLM projects and training. The initial projects developed as a result of the wildlife habitat program included meadowlands and vegetation restoration, big game habitat investigations, and other habitat enhancement projects relating to both fish and big game.

In addition to implementing these projects, Yoakum also stressed the importance of training programs for other wildlife biologists, range conservationists, and area managers in the employ of BLM. Yoakum spent much of the latter portion of his career with BLM producing technical manuals that stressed the important of wildlife habitat management. These materials are represented throughout series. Many slide programs that were produced for BLM training or educational purposes are located in Group 6, Series 2: Slide Programs.

There is a fair amount of correspondence and memoranda that appear in this series that is specific to BLM projects and training. Every attempt was made to separate these materials and place them in this series, but it is likely that other relevant material is located in Group 1, Series 5: Personal and Professional Correspondence; much of the correspondence in the aforementioned series is written on BLM letterheads and/or includes the return address of the federal building in Reno where Yoakum’s office was located. Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
43
15
BLM correspondence and memoranda regarding wildlife management and wildlife specialist positions in Nevada includes announcement of Yoakum's position, 1961-1964
Box
Folder
Contents
44
16
Correspondence and memoranda regarding game range restoration and improvement projects, 1961-1967
Box
Folder
Contents
45
17
Correspondence and memoranda to and from Perry Plummer project manager at the Forest Service Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station regarding vegetation restoration and management projects and issues, 1965-1966
Box
Folder
Contents
46
18
BLM Nevada State Office roster, August 1967
Box
Folder
Contents
47
19
Correspondence and memoranda regarding BLM projects and training, February-April 1968
Box
Folder
Contents
48
20
Correspondence regarding BLM wildlife projects, 1969
Box
Folder
Contents
49
21
Pinyon-juniper chaining projects, 1969-1973
Box
Folder
Contents
50
22
BLM Manual 7413 "Seeding", January 1969
Box
Folder
Contents
51
23
BLM Manual 7410 "Land Treatment Appendix 1: Range Seeding Equipment", January 1969
Box
Folder
Contents
52
24
Wildlife Habitat Handbook BLM Nevada State Office (NSO) memos, part 1, January-April 1969
Box
Folder
Contents
53
25
Wildlife Habitat Handbook BLM Nevada State Office (NSO) memos, part 2, May-December 1969
Box
Folder
Contents
54
26
"Ely Chain" Wildlife Habitat Management Field Trip manual, August 1969
Box
Folder
Contents
44
1
Correspondence and memoranda to and from Perry Plummer project manager at the Forest Service Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station regarding vegetation restoration and management projects and issues, 1970-1974
44
2
1285 Wildlife Habitat Training in Ely, Nevada, 1971
44
3
Correspondence and memoranda regarding BLM wildlife projects, 1971
44
4
Correspondence, and memoranda regarding Pinyon-Juniper control and chaining projects, 1971-1972
44
5
Correspondence and memoranda regarding BLM wildlife projects, reports, and range management issues, 1972
44
6
Correspondence and technical materials regarding mixture seeding of range lands, 1972-1973
44
7
United States/Australia Seminar Workshop on Range Science in Adelaide, Australia proceedings, April 1972
44
8
Materials relating the Horse Thief Chaining project in Lincoln, County Nevada, May-December 1972
44
9
Planning and instruction for BLM Wildlife Communication Workshop, 1973
44
10
Correspondence and memoranda regarding Pinyon-Juniper control and chaining projects, 1973
44
11
Correspondence and memoranda regarding BLM wildlife projects, reports, and range management issues, 1973
44
12
BLM procedures and policies regarding habitat management, game range restoration, and endangered species on public lands, 1973-1977
44
13
BLM Workshop on Inventories, Unit Resource Analysis, Management Framework Plan, and Habitat Management Plan, part 1, February-March 1973
44
14
BLM Workshop on Inventories, Unit Resource Analysis, Management Framework Plan, and Habitat Management Plan, part 2, February-March 1973
44
15
Correspondence and memoranda regarding BLM wildlife projects, allotments, and range management, 1974
44
16
BLM Nevada State Office Condition and Trend Studies for Wildlife Habitat and supplemental materials, 1974-1979
44
17
BLM Regional Fencing Workshop in Cheyenne, Wyoming, March 1974
44
18
Memoranda from BLM regarding policy and management practices, 1976-1985
44
19
Agenda for BLM Wildlife Habitat Workshop in Boise, Idaho, November-December 1978
44
20
Notes from the Wildlife Management Workshop in Fort Collins, Colorado, 1979
44
21
Prescribed burn reviews from Nevada, 1979-1980
Box
Folder
Contents
45
1
Fire rehabilitation plans and assessments for areas of Nevada and California, 1980-1982
45
2
Materials from BLM "Vegetation Management Through Land Treatment" training course, October 1980
45
3
Biologist training course materials on Vegetation Management, July-September 1981
45
4
Improvement of Plant Communities for Range and Wildlife Habitats in the Intermountain Region workshop in Elko, Nevada, part 1, June 1982
45
5
Improvement of Plant Communities for Range and Wildlife Habitats in the Intermountain Region workshop in Elko, Nevada, part 2, June 1982
45
6
Joint Annual Conference of the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies and Western Division American Fisheries Society in Las Vegas, July 1982
45
7
BLM Wildlife Management training program, 1983-1984
45
8
Correspondence with BLM Range Specialist Bob Kindschy regarding range forage, seeding, and big game, 1988-1989

Group 6: Wildlife Photography, 1955-2003

Group 6: Wildlife Photography is the final group of this collection and reflects Yoakum’s lifelong passion for photographing wildlife both for personal and professional purposes. Included along with the papers was an extensive photo collection of negatives, slides, and prints. All negatives, slides, and prints were separated and removed to the Special Collections Photo Archive as collection number UNRS-P2015-04.

Materials in this group are related to the usage of Yoakum’s images by educational institutions, periodicals and magazines, and wildlife organizations. Included are copies of the various publications that featured Yoakum’s work, and the correspondence between Yoakum and these various entities regarding his photography. This group also features scripts from the many different slide programs put together by Yoakum or if his photographs were used. Many of these programs were used for educational or training purposes by the BLM.

Group 6 is comprised of two series: Series 1) Yoakum’s Photography; and Series 2) Slide Programs. All correspondence that appears in the first series has been separated out from the materials that are located in Group 1, Series 5: Personal and Professional Correspondence. However, due to the volume of material, it is possible that some correspondence regarding photographs and photography is still located in Group 1, Series 5: Personal and Professional Correspondence. Please see individual scope and contents for more information.

The only scripts not appearing in Series 2) Slide Programs are from the “Silver Wildlife” and “Golden Wildlife” educational programs produced by The Wildlife Society Western Section. These materials can be found in Group 2, Series 1: The Wildlife Society Western Section and Nevada Chapter. Additionally, a slide program on elk that Yoakum used in his teaching at Humboldt State University is located in Group 1, Series 3: Teaching, and one on the vicuña located in Group 4, Series 4: The Vicuña of South America.

Group 6, Series 1: Yoakum's Photography, 1955-2003 1.5 cubic feet (29 folders)

Group 6, Series 1 includes material and information on Yoakum’s penchant for photography, which began while he was in college. He read articles and guides on wildlife photography, and began collecting catalogs showcasing wildlife photograph and slide sets. Some of these catalogs, along with Yoakum’s early photography notes, appear in this series. After college, Yoakum continued taking photographs of wildlife and began to amass a substantial library of photographs, slides, and negatives that he organized into categories with a numbering system.

Yoakum began soliciting magazines, wildlife agencies, and educational companies regarding the use of his photographs for publications and programs. He was quite successful at selling his images, and many of them showed up in various publications over the years. Much of the correspondence between Yoakum and these publishing entities appears in this series. There are also many examples within this series of the publications that used Yoakum’s photographs. In 1967, Yoakum even participated in an art exhibit with Western landscape painter, Cal Bromund at the Holiday Inn in Reno using some of his work.

This series consists mostly of correspondence regarding Yoakum’s photographs, but there are also newsletters and magazines that featured Yoakum’s photographs beginning in the 1950s through to the early 2000s. Materials are arranged chronologically.

Box
Folder
Contents
45
9
Report: Kent Olson and John L. Schmidt Colorado State University: Discovering Wildlife Photography, undated
45
10
Photo catalogs, data, and notes about photos and slide collections, 1953-1957
45
11
Correspondence with the American Calendar Agency regarding usage of Yoakum's photography, 1955
45
12
Correspondence regarding photography and Yoakum's photographs and slides, 1955-1956
45
13
Publications featuring Yoakum's photographs, 1958-1961
45
14
Correspondence with the Photographic Society of America and nature slides circuit group listings, 1959-1965
45
15
Correspondence regarding usage of Yoakum's photography for publications and presentations, 1960-1965
45
16
Correspondence with National Geographic regarding the usage of Yoakum's photography, 1961-1962
45
17
Publications featuring Yoakum's photographs, 1962-1963
45
18
Correspondence with the California Department of Fish and Game regarding the usage of photography, 1962-1963
45
19
Correspondence with the British Columbia Department of Fish and Game regarding usage of Yoakum's photography, 1962-1964
45
20
Correspondence with Audubon Magazine regarding usage of Yoakum's photography, 1962-1965
45
21
Correspondence with wildlife biologist and nature photographer Bob Kindschy of Oregon, 1962-1966
45
22
Correspondence with the Desert Protective Council regarding usage of Yoakum's photography in the El Paisano newsletter, 1963
45
23
Correspondence with Star Weekly regarding usage of Yoakum's photograph, 1963-1964
45
24
Correspondence with MacMillan, Blodel, and Powell River publishers regarding usage of Yoakum's photography, 1963-1965
45
25
Correspondence with the California Academy of Science regarding the usage of Yoakum's photography for the Pacific Discovery publication, 1963-1965
45
26
Publications featuring Yoakum's photographs, 1964-1965
Box
Folder
Contents
46
1
Correspondence with "Visulearn" nature slide company regarding usage of Yoakum's photography for educational programs, 1964-1965
46
2
Correspondence with National Wildlife regarding usage of Yoakum's photography, 1964-1966
46
3
Correspondence regarding usage of Yoakum’s photography for publications and presentations, 1966
46
4
Correspondence regarding usage of Yoakum’s photography for publications and presentations, 1967-1968
46
5
Records of some of Yoakum's published photos and their sources, 1967-1988
46
6
Yoakum's art exhibit and show with painter Cal Bromund at the Holiday Inn in Reno, December 1967
46
7
Publications featuring Yoakum's photographs, 1968-2003
46
8
Correspondence regarding usage of Yoakum's photography for publications and presentations, 1969
46
9
Correspondence regarding usage of Yoakum's photography for publications and presentations, 1970-1974
46
10
Correspondence regarding the usage of Yoakum's photography for publications and presentations, 1974-1979
46
11
Correspondence regarding usage of Yoakum's photography for publications and presentations, 1980-1988

Group 6, Series 2: Slide Programs, 1964-1986 0.5 cubic feet (25 folders)

Group 6, Series 2 consists of scripts from a variety of slide programs. In many cases, Yoakum provided the photographs for these programs, and in other cases, he provided both the images and the narrative. In some instances, these programs were used for educational purposes in classrooms or for BLM training programs.

Included in this series is one of Yoakum’s early BLM projects entitled “Western Wildlife: A Slide Program Showing the Wildlife on Our Public Lands.” This program was used specifically to illustrate (with color photographs) the biodiversity on public lands in the American West. Some programs, in addition to narratives, also include audio cassette tapes, which are included in the folders with other materials. All but four slide programs are included in this series. The exceptions are the “Silver Wildlife” and “Gold Wildlife” educational programs produced by The Wildlife Society Western Section, located in Group 2, Series 1; also a slide program on elk that Yoakum used in his teaching at Humboldt State University, located in Group 1, Series 3, and finally one on the vicuña located in Group 4, Series 4: The Vicuña of South America. Materials are arranged chronologically.

It should be noted that all photographs have been separated and removed to the Special Collections photo archive as collection number UNRS-P2015-04.

Box
Folder
Contents
46
12
Slide Show: BLM: "The Spring Burn," by Jerry Page, undated
46
13
Slide Show: BLM: "BLM Activities in Nevada, undated
46
14
Slide Show: BLM: "Western Wildlife: A Slide Program Showing the Wildlife on our Public Lands: Young Adult Edition" by Jim Yoakum includes cassette tape, undated
46
15
Slide Show: BLM: "Western Wildlife: A Slide Program Showing the Wildlife on our Public Lands" by Jim Yoakum, undated
46
16
Slide Show: BLM: "Western Wildlife: A Slide Program Showing the Wildlife on our Public Lands" by Jim Yoakum, 1964
46
17
Slide Show: Soil Conservation Service: "Sharing Our Land with Wildlife", September 1970
46
18
Slide Show: BLM: "Rest-Rotation Grazing Systems", 1972
46
19
Slide Show: BLM: "Western Wildflowers," by Jim Yoakum, 1973
46
20
Slide Show: BLM: "School Spring: A Lesson in Desert Fish Habitat Management" by Jim Yoakum and Lewis Myers includes cassette tape, 1973
46
21
Slide Show: BLM: "Inventory of Golden Eagle Nests in Elko County, Nevada" by Donald Seibert and Jerry Page, 1973
46
22
Listings of BLM slide shows and visual presentations, 1973-1974
46
23
Slide Show: BLM: "Pinyon Juniper Management: an Illustrated Program of 70 Slides with Narration" by Donald R. Cain, 1974
46
24
Slide Show: BLM: "Salmon Falls Fish Facility" by Donald Seiber, 1974
46
25
Slide Show: "Life and Times of a Big Game Biologist" by Jim Yoakum, 1974
46
26
Slide Show: BLM: " Managing the Range for Antelope" by Jim Yoakum, 1975
46
27
Slide Show: BLM: "Western Wildlife: A Slide Program Showing the Wildlife on our Public Lands" by Jim Yoakum includes cassette tape, 1976
46
28
Slide Show: BLM: "Western Wildlife: A Slide Program Showing the Wildlife of Our Public Lands" by Jim Yoakum, 1982
46
29
Slide Show: "Water Birds," and "Mammals of the Plains" photos by Jim Yoakum, 1983
46
30
Slide Show: BLM: "Water Developments for Wildlife" slide script by Jim Yoakum, 1984
46
31
Slide Show: BLM: "Fences and Wildlife" slide show script by Jim Yoakum, 1984
46
32
Slide Show: BLM: "Habitat Improvements" by Jim Yoakum, 1985
46
33
Slide Show: BLM: "Managing Rangelands for Pronghorn" by Jim Yoakum planning materials, 1985
46
34
Slide Show: BLM: "Managing Rangelands for Pronghorn Narrative, 1985
46
35
Nevada Parks Wildlife Photography Seminar planning materials, 1985-1986
46
36
Program for Science Education Day presented by Washoe County Science Teachers Association, November 1986