Overview

Title: Western Shoshone Defense Project Records
Creator(s): Western Shoshone Defense Project.Western Shoshone National Council.
Collection Number: 2013-10
Dates (inclusive): 1863-2011
Physical Extent: 61.0 cubic feet (67 boxes)
Preferred Citation: Western Shoshone Defense Project Records, 2013-10. Special Collections, University Libraries, University of Nevada, Reno.
Repository: University of Nevada, Reno. Special Collections Department
Permanent Link: http://dewey.library.unr.edu/xtf/view?docId=ead/2013-10-ead.xml

Administrative History

Carrie Dann, a traditional Western Shoshone, who together with her sister Mary (1923-2005), have been in the forefront of decades long court battles to reclaim Shoshone ancestral lands in Nevada and bordering states. For over forty years, the Dann sisters and the traditional people of the Western Shoshone Nation have fought to preserve their ancient homeland. Both Carrie and Mary upheld a fundamental principle of the Newe’s (Western Shoshone) worldview, with the belief that they were put on these lands by the Creator with a responsibility to protect and preserve Newe Sogobia (Western Shoshone homelands) for the future generations of all life. They lived their lives dedicated to preserving their traditional lands and fulfilling their responsibility to the Creator and Newe Sogobia. Both sisters were born adjacent to the Dann ranch in a traditional birthing hut to Dewey and Sophie Dann and were raised on the family ranch near Crescent Valley, Nevada. For much of their lives, the Danns lived in an extended family group of brothers, nieces, nephews, and Carrie’s children and grandchildren. Mary and Carrie, along with their siblings were raised by their grandmother, Mary Hall, and were taught the traditional ways of the Western Shoshone people. After the death of their parents, Mary would become the matriarch of the family and the primary manager of the ranching operation.

Carrie, primed in her young adult years in Indian politics, would become actively involved with traditional councils and organizations in the protection and preservation of Western Shoshone sovereignty. During the late 1950’s into the early 1960’s, Carrie served as secretary to the Western Shoshone and Affiliated Tribes, led by hereditary chief, Frank Temoke, Sr. It was also a time when Indian Termination was the policy of the United State and the Indian Claims Commission (ICC) was a mechanism used to advance the termination of Indian tribes.

The ICC was created in 1946 to hear claims of Indian tribes against the United States. This quasi-judicial panel was created to address the grievances and to provide financial relief to Indian tribes and nations whose lands and territories were taken by the United States. The United States offered a monetary compensation for territory loss, but a caveat of the ICC provision would be the relinquishment of all rights to raise future claims for any loss of lands. In 1951, the Bureau of Indian Affairs convinced some Western Shoshone to file a claim before the Indian Claims Commission, seeking compensation for the “taking” of all Western Shoshone lands. Throughout the proceedings (1951-1979) the traditional Newe asserted that the 1863 Ruby Valley Treaty was still in effect and that they still owned and occupy the land. By accepting the monetary compensation, Newe Sogobia would be ceded to the United States.

Continuing into the 1970’s, both Carrie and Mary were involved with the land rights organization, the Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association (formerly Sacred Land Association). The organization was eventually transformed into the Western Shoshone National Council, the traditional governing body of the Western Shoshone Nation. Carrie was the representative of the Dann Band.

In 1973, the United States Bureau of Land Management (BLM) demanded that Mary remove her cattle and horses from the land surrounding the Dann ranch. The BLM told Mary that if she refused, they would proceed to charge the Dann's with trespassing on United States lands. Mary told the agent the livestock were on Western Shoshone land, and unless the agent could prove the land was owned by the United States, the livestock would stay. In 1974, the BLM filed trespass charges against Mary and Carrie, both sisters having refused to acknowledge the BLM and the United States’ ownership of Newe Sogobia. To their knowledge, the land was considered Western Shoshone territory and the United States did not have jurisdiction.

As litigation ensued in Mary and Carrie Dann vs. USA, and with the support of traditional leaders from the Western Shoshone National Council led by Chief Raymond Yowell, the Dann's maintained that the United States did not have legal title to Western Shoshone lands. In a series of complex arguments and decisions heard before the U. S. District Court of Nevada four times, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals three times, and the U. S. Supreme Court once, the Federal Courts disagreed with each other about whether title had been extinguished through the process of the Indian Claims Commission Act. Court authorities finally arrived at a District Court decision that the Western Shoshone retained title until the ICC award in 1979. Throughout the entire process of litigations, title to the land was never argued. At a final hearing in 1991, Mary and Carrie continued to exert their sovereign rights to support themselves on their ancestral lands and continued to graze cattle on “public lands.”

As a result of their decision to graze their livestock without a legitimate grazing permit, the BLM confiscated the livestock in November 1992. During the roundup, their brother Clifford, in defense of his family’s property and livelihood, dowsed himself with gasoline and threatened to ignite himself. Rushed by federal agents before ignition, Clifford was arrested and charged with assault on a federal officer and would spend nine months in prison for endangering a federal officer and paid a hefty fine.

The Western Shoshone Defense Project (WSDP) was created in 1991 by the Western Shoshone National Council (WSNC), to assist and provide support services to the Dann family, in response to BLM’s claim that the Dann's were trespassing on public lands and issued a notice to impound their livestock. At the organization’s inception, Native and non-Native volunteers from activist groups representing Native sovereignty, anti-nuclear, and social and environmental justice movements organized to defend Mary and Carrie Dann against the BLM’s threats and to attest to the federal government’s abuses and violations of Western Shoshone land rights within their homelands. Carrie was the director of the WSDP organization. Some of the volunteers transitioned into paid staff. Stephane Trustorff-Luchini was the project coordinator from 1991-1992, followed by Rip Lonewolf, 1993-1995. Bernice Lalo worked as the coordinator shortly after Mr. Lonewolf, around the period of 1995 and into 1996. Some of the staff and/or volunteers that worked throughout the years included Jennifer Allen, Marianna Aue, Larson Bill, Heidi Blackeye, Urusla Chanse, Helen Dave, M. Lee Dazey, Julie Fishel (Cavanaugh-Bill), Matthew Haun, Matthew Frye, Christopher Sewall, Anine Smith, James Stroud, and Lois Whitney.

Activities of the WSDP focused on the prevention of BLM threats towards the traditional Western Shoshone cattle ranchers/grazers who continued to maintain their livelihood on Western Shoshone lands. With the assistance of support alliances and networks, the WSDP were tasked to expose and counter the gold mining industry’s destruction of cultural sites and to protect the integrity of lands and waters through public education, documentation and action. The WSDP staff worked with Western Shoshone communities and the general public to share information about cultural, spiritual, environmental, and human rights concerns in Newe Sogobia. The WSDP’s active support of Western Shoshone based organizing centered on nuclear and military development in Newe Sogobia, with the Nevada Test Site and Yucca Mountain situated within ancestral land boundaries.

The WSDP assisted the Western Shoshone Nation and tribal groups in petitioning human rights abuses to the international forums of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. The Indian Law Resource Center represented the Dann's and Western Shoshone at the international level. Attorney Julie Fishel worked pro bono on their case and eventually joined the WSDP staff to work with land reclamation, the ongoing trespass and grazing issues of Western Shoshone ranchers, and the Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Act legislation.

The Western Shoshone National Council, established in 1984 as the traditional governing body of the Western Shoshone Nation, organized to counter the effects of the ICC and the court decision in the Dann case, to seek an equitable resolution to the disputed lands and arbitrate negotiations with the United States. Based on their unwavering position that they never relinquished title or their fundamental relationship to their land, the Western Shoshone National Council entered into lawsuits, the land and the treaty served as the subject of the litigations. Both the Western Shoshone Defense Project and the Western Shoshone National Council worked in concert to stop the Western Shoshone Claims Distribution legislation, and rather than just accepting the inevitable and controversial payment of the ICC judgment, sought to include land provisions written into the legislative bills.

Mary and Carrie were nationally and internationally recognized as land and environmental defenders, Indigenous human rights activists. They have been recipients of numerous awards, including, in 1993, the Right Livelihood Award, the equivalent to the Nobel Peace Prize. Carrie and Mary and the Western Shoshone have been subjects of books, academic papers, essays, law and human rights journals, and award-winning documentaries.

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Scope and Content

Much of the material is derived from the Western Shoshone Defense Project's (WSDP) nineteen years as a non-profit, grassroots Western Shoshone organization advocating land and treaty rights. The material also represents Carrie Dann’s involvement in Indian politics with associated traditional Western Shoshone councils and organizations. This collection offers insight into Native American sovereignty issues, specifically in the decades long struggle of Mary, Carrie, and the Western Shoshone Nation as they argued, protested, and petitioned the U. S. federal courts, human rights forums, mining industry, nuclear industry, and federal agencies in proposed plans and projects that would greatly impact the cultural resources, land use, and spiritual and sacred sites of Western Shoshone. Other Indigenous tribes and nations facing similar issues on a global scale.

The collection consists of administrative records, correspondence and memorandums, legal cases, archival documents, film scripts, newsletters, pamphlets, brochures, news clippings, essays and research materials found in magazines and journal publications, audio and video recordings, posters, ephemera, maps, and photographs. Prior to the receipt of this collection, the materials were located in the attic of Carrie’s home in Crescent Valley, Nevada. The materials were contained in boxes or loosely stacked on the tops of boxes or desk with little to no organization. As a result, it was necessary to discover and reconstruct any organization which had been lost and to create a new arrangement for users.

As part of this new arrangement, duplicates were discarded. Photocopies were made of the news clips and the materials printed on thermal copy paper, since both degrade with time, so originals have been discarded. Materials showing the work of rodents infesting the papers have also been copied, when possible. In some instances, two copies of the same document were kept if annotations were made to one. When examining the papers, researchers need to be cognizant about the common practice of recycling paper by the Western Shoshone Defense Project staff. Paper that had been printed on previously would be re-used, causing the reverse side to have irrelevant content and context from the other side. The WSDP relocated their office and files several times throughout its lifetime. Due to a smoldering fire at one of the office locations, about one-fourth of the papers have been affected with smoke damage. For the badly affected materials, photocopies were made and the marred original discarded.

Use of the Western Shoshone Defense Project Records is not necessarily straight forward due to its complexity, with identical and concurrent issues and concerns happening with the Western Shoshone National Council or other individuals. Distinction between the groups and their issues are blurred, so in order to get a complete picture of any one topic, it is essential that the researcher look in additional groupings in this collection.

The WSDP Records are divided into nine groups: Group 1: Dann Family; Group 2: Western Shoshone Defense Project; Group 3: Western Shoshone National Council; Group 4: Seventh Generation Fund; Group 5: Indian Law Resource Center; Group 6: Nevada Test Site; Group 7: League of North American Indians; Group 8: Bureau of Land Management; and Group 9: Audio and Visual Materials.

Group 1: Dann Family, consists of the personal papers of the family, which documents the acquirement of property, the establishment and operation of the Dewey Dann Ranch, and the legal cases of various family members. These materials date from 1926-2004. Many of the files correspond with legal court cases that involved the Dann family’s assertion of the right to land use and occupancy within their ancestral land boundaries. Group 1 is divided into two series: Series 1: Dann Family Papers; and Series 2: Legal Cases. Series 2 has been further divided into subseries: Subseries 1: Mary Dann and Carrie Dann Trespassing Case; Subseries 2: Mary Dann and Carrie Dann Livestock Foreclosure; Subseries 3: Tim Dann Hunting and Firefighting case, and Subseries 4: Clifford Dann Assault Case. Materials are arranged by family member and in chronological order.

Group 2: Western Shoshone Defense Project, is comprised predominately of materials that center on the issues and concerns of Western Shoshone sovereignty, endorsed by the 1863 Treaty of Ruby Valley. These materials date from 1938-2011 and represent the organization’s administrative, technical, legal, research support services, education and outreach, cultural promotion and preservation to constituents, affiliates, and supporters in efforts to support Western Shoshone land rights, sovereignty and environmental justice. Group 2 is divided into fifteen series: Series 1: Administrative Records; 2: Research and Resource Materials; 3: Conferences, Events, Trainings, and Projects; Series 4: Grazing, Trespass and Roundup Issues; Series 5: Land Rights, Legislation and Distribution Issues; Series 6: Cultural Issues; Series 7: Human Rights Issues; Series 8: Public Land Issues; Series 9: Nuclear Issues; Series 10: Mining Issues; Series 11: Environmental Issues; Series 12: Water and Water Rights Issues; Series 13: Legal Issues; Series 14: Alliances, Support Groups and Other Organizations, and Series 15: Miscellaneous. Due to its complexity, Series 10: Mining, has been divided into the following subseries: Subseries 1: General Issues; Subseries 2: Mining Companies; 3: Cortez/Pipeline; and Subseries 4: Great Basin Mine Watch. Materials in this group are arranged both by subject and chronologically.

Group 3: Western Shoshone National Council, contains materials of the traditional Council of the Western Shoshone Nation that was either collected by Carrie during the twenty-six year period as a representative for the Dann Band, or by the Western Shoshone Defense Project in order to support, expand, or impart knowledge and information sharing. Materials include administrative records (incorporation papers, agendas and meeting minutes, correspondence, policies, financial records, general tribal government information, newsletters, press releases, news clips, and research materials) as well as records documenting issues of sovereign territorial title of the Western Shoshone Nation. This is reflected by the materials documenting the numerous legal cases involving the Western Shoshone National Council, the Indian Claims Commission, and the Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association, followed by the numerous attempts of legislative remedy to extinguish Western Shoshone title.

Group 4: Seventh Generation Fund, contains the administrative records of the Seventh Generation Fund, and the financial and grant records of the Western Shoshone Defense Project. The Seventh Generation Fund is a non-profit Indigenous organization that administrated all financial matters of the Western Shoshone Defense Project, in addition to providing training and technical assistance. This group spans the years 1990-2010, and is divided into three series: Series 1: Administrative Records; Series 2: Western Shoshone Defense Project Financial Records; and Series 3: Western Shoshone Defense Project Grant Records. With the exception of the Grants Records, which are arranged alphabetically by foundation or charity name, the series are arranged chronologically.

Group 5: Indian Law Resource Center (ILRC), contains the records of a law and advocacy organization that represented Mary and Carrie Dann and the Western Shoshone while in pursuit of justice at international forums in order to reclaim and control their sovereign, aboriginal territory. The materials were accumulated by the Western Shoshone Defense Project and consists of Indian Law Resource Center’s administrative records (annual reports, correspondence, publications, conference materials, newsletters, press releases and news articles), materials that reflect the case work, conventions, and international proceedings of the Organization of American States, Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, and the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. Accompanying these materials is information pertaining to working groups and forums on Indigenous Peoples’ human rights. The materials date from 1984-2010, and are separated into two series: Series 1: Indian Law Resource Center; and Series 2: International Human Rights Cases. Materials are arranged chronologically. Group 6: Nevada Test Site and Yucca Mountain, is comprised of federal and state agencies’ materials, advisory board committees, and Native and non-Native anti-nuclear organizational materials. It consists of correspondence, meeting minutes, promotional materials, research and reports, newsletters, news articles, press releases, environmental impact approvals, nuclear legislation, fact sheets and educational materials, and subject oriented materials about radiation and radioactivity, health effects, transportation issues, and nuclear energy information. The materials date from 1964-2006, and are broken down into four series: Series 1: Federal and State Agency Files, followed by Subseries 1: Federal Agencies; and Subseries 2: Nevada Agencies, Administrations and Related Organizations; Series 2: Anti-Nuclear Organizations and Perspectives, are followed by Subseries 1: Shoshone and Paiute Anti-Nuclear Organizations and Perspectives; Subseries 2: Other Indigenous Anti-nuclear Perspectives and Organizations; Subseries 3: Non-Indigenous Anti-Nuclear Perspectives and Organizations; Series 3: Subject and Miscellaneous Files, and finally, Series 4: Publications, News Clippings, News Stories and Other Media Information. Materials arranged chronologically unless otherwise noted.

Group 7: League of North American Indians and Western Shoshone and Affiliated Tribes, consists of the League of North American Indians (LONAI) and its chapter organization. The records in this group are divided into two series: Series 1: League of North American Indians; and Series 2: Western Shoshone and Affiliated Tribes. Series 1 contains minutes, reports, correspondence, legislative bills, and conference materials that pertain to the national organization. Series 2 contain the materials of the Western Shoshone and Affiliated Tribes, which were recognized as the early traditional council, and includes correspondence, copies of Shoshone treaties, petitions, legislation, and topical issues such as income taxes on federal land, inadequate police protection, illegal hunting, Indian custom marriages, the Ruby Valley Indian Reservation, newsletters and news clips. The date ranges from 1863-1979 and arrangement is chronological.

Group 8: Bureau of Land Management, primarily contains Bureau of Land Management’s general correspondence, regulations and guidelines, plans, publications, and environmental reports in relation to proposed public land projects. Information on livestock and grazing, fire management, and geothermal energy reflects many of the projects. Additional materials include general information about the federal agency, news articles, advisory boards and related public land use committees, which includes meeting minutes. The group is divided into six series: Series 1: Correspondence; Series 2: Bureau of Land Management Advisory Boards and Related Public Land Use Committees; Series 3: Bureau of Land Management Publications, Manuals, and Reports; Series 4: General Animal, Livestock, and Grazing Issues; Series 5: Fire Management; and Series 6: Geothermal. Materials span the years 1971-2010, and are arranged chronologically.

Group 9: Audio and Visual Materials, is comprised of the Western Shoshone Defense Project’s audio and video collection. Much of the material was produced by the staff and volunteers of the organization during the course of their work documenting the activities in which they were involved. Video footage of the Dann livestock roundups, protest actions, meetings with federal agents and mine representatives, conference and gatherings hosted or attended by the employees, is all included. The Western Shoshone Defense Project did not make the only films and documentaries but also included are other national and international works, as well as nationally acclaimed documentaries made about Carrie, Mary, and the Western Shoshone land claim issues. Audio materials was created by John O’Connell, Mary and Carrie’s attorney, during his work with the Western Shoshone in an attempt to ward off the Indian Claims Commission proceedings during the 1970-1980’s. This group is made up of two series: Series 1: Video; and Series 2: Audio. Material is dated from 1965-2008 and is arranged using the numbering system developed by the Western Shoshone Defense Project for internal use.

This project was supported by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Restrictions

Collection is open for research. Materials must be used on-site; advance notice suggested. Access to parts of this collection may be restricted under provisions of state or federal law.

Technical Requirements

Some of the audio and video recordings may not be available due to format.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Carrie Dann, Western Shoshone land activist, co-founder, and executive director of the WSDP from 1992-2010, donated her personal papers and the records that the WSDP generated, received, and collected to the Special Collections Department in 2013.

Separated Materials

Photographs have been removed and placed into the Special Collections Photo Archives as collection UNRS-P2015-11.

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Arrangement of the Collection

Group 1: Dann Family

  • Group 1, Series 1: Dann Family
  • Group 1, Series 2: Legal Cases

Group 2: Western Shoshone Defense Project

  • Group 2, Series 1: Administrative Records
  • Group 2, Series 2: Research and Resource Materials
  • Group 2, Series 3: Conferences, Meetings, Events, and Projects
  • Group 2, Series 4: Grazing, Trespass, and Roundup Issues
  • Group 2, Series 5: Land Rights, Legislation, and Distribution Issues
  • Group 2, Series 6: Cultural Issues
  • Group 2, Series 7: Human Rights Issues
  • Group 2, Series 8: Public Land and Military Land/Air Use Issues
  • Group 2, Series 9: Nuclear Issues
  • Group 2, Series 10: Mining Issues
  • Group 2, Series 11: Environmental Issues
  • Group 2, Series 12: Water and Water Rights Issues
  • Group 2, Series 13: Legal Issues
  • Group 2, Series 14: Alliances, Support Groups, and Other Organizations
  • Group 2, Series 15: Miscellaneous

Group 3: Western Shoshone National Council

  • Group 3, Series 1: Administrative Records
  • Group 3, Series 2: Financial Records
  • Group 3, Series 3: Research and Resource Materials
  • Group 3, Series 4: Conferences, Meetings, and Events
  • Group 3, Series 5: Projects and Issues
  • Group 3, Series 6: Public Land Issues
  • Group 3, Series 7: Nuclear Issues
  • Group 3, Series 8: Grazing and Trespass Issues
  • Group 3, Series 9: Cultural Issues
  • Group 3, Series 10: Human Rights and Indigenous Human Rights Issues
  • Group 3, Series 11: Indian Claims Commission
  • Group 3, Series 12: Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Legislation Issues
  • Group 3, Series 13: Legislation Plans, Proposals, and Negotiation Strategies
  • Group 3, Series 14: Additional Western Shoshone Tribes, Committees, and Organizations involved with the ICC Claims and Distribution
  • Group 3, Series 15: Alliances, Partnerships, and Supporting Organizations
  • Group 3, Series 16: Legal Cases
  • Group 3, Series 17: Miscellaneous Files Related to Western Shoshone Land Claims, Grazing, Livestock Roundups, and U. S. Laws

Group 4: Seventh Generation Fund

  • Group 4, Series 1: Administrative Records
  • Group 4, Series 2: Western Shoshone Defense Project Financial Records
  • Group 4, Series 3: Western Shoshone Defense Projects Grants Records

Group 5: Indian Law Resource Center

  • Group 5, Series 1: Indian Law Resource Center
  • Group 5, Series 2: International Human Rights Cases

Group 6: Nevada Test Site and Yucca Mountain

  • Group 6, Series 1: Federal and State Agencies’ Records
  • Group 6, Series 2: Anti-Nuclear Organizations and Perspectives
  • Group 6, Series 3: Subject and Miscellaneous Files
  • Group 6, Series 4: Publications, Articles, and Media

Group 7: League of North American Indians and Western Shoshone Affiliated Tribes

  • Group 7, Series 1: League of North American Indians
  • Group 7, Series 2: Western Shoshone and Affiliated Tribes

Group 8: Bureau of Land Management

  • Group 8, Series 1: Correspondence
  • Group 8, Series 2: BLM Advisory Boards and Related Public Land Use Committees
  • Group 8, Series 3: BLM Publications, Manuals, and Reports
  • Group 8, Series 4: General Animal, Livestock, and Grazing Issues
  • Group 8, Series 5: Fire Management
  • Group 8, Series 6: Geothermal

Group 9: Audio/Visual Materials

  • Group 9, Series 1: Videos
  • Group 9, Series 2: Audio

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Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the online catalog of the University Libraries, University of Nevada, Reno. Researchers wishing to find related materials are encouraged to use the following index terms:

Organizations:

People:

Subjects:

Geographic Locations:



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Administrative Information

Collection processed by Mary Gibson and Jacquelyn Sundstrand, September 2015. Finding aid prepared by Mary Gibson and Jacquelyn Sundstrand, September 2015. This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on July 15, 2016.

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Detailed Description of the Records

Group 1: Dann Family

Group 1: Dann Family, consists of early documents that establish the ownership and operation of the Dewey Dann Ranch (1926-1970). Additional materials include the documents of Mary and Carrie created during their administration of the Dewey Dann Ranch (circa 1971-2010). The early documents regarding Dewey Dann might have been collected either by Mary and Carrie or accumulated by the Dann’s attorneys in their legal research utilized in Mary and Carrie Dann vs. United States. The Dann Family legal cases are all based and argued on their assertion of sovereign land and subsistence rights extended by the 1863 Ruby Valley Treaty.

Group 1 is divided into two series: Series 1: Dann Family Papers; and Series 2: Legal Cases. Series 2 is further divided into four subseries: Subseries 1: Mary Dann and Carrie Dann Trespassing Case; Subseries 2: Mary Dann and Carrie Dann Livestock Foreclosure; Subseries 3: Tim Dann Hunting and Firefighting case; and Subseries 4: Clifford Dann Assault Case. Materials are arranged by family member and chronologically.

Group 1, Series 1: Dann Family, 1926-2006 (18 folders)

Group 1, Series 1: Dann Family Papers, consists of copies of deeds for Dewey Dann’s homestead and land purchase and grazing permits. Dewey and Sophie Dann obtained a homestead patent to 160 acres and subsequently purchased a section of land from the Southern Pacific Railroad in order to begin raising livestock on the open range. In 1934, the Taylor Grazing Act was passed, which allowed the government to establish grazing allotments on U. S. public lands. Land adjacent to the Dann ranch was incorporated into a grazing allotment. Dewey Dann inquired as to whether he was required to obtain grazing permits and pay grazing fees for his livestock. Erroneously advised that he was required to pay grazing permit fees on land within Western Shoshone boundaries, Dewey obtained the grazing permits and paid the fees from 1936 until his death in 1969. Dewey was also involved in protecting his right to conduct his ranching operation. From 1952-1955 he petitioned a vested water rights issue when neighboring rancher, Dan Filippini, filed an application to the State of Nevada Engineer for permission to appropriate waters from Duff Creek, a few miles from Dewey’s ranch.

Also included in this series are Mary and Carrie’s papers and documents associated with their ranching operations. These documents include brand certificates, livestock counts, grazing permits, and general ranch management information. After the death of Dewey Dann, Mary and Carrie grazed a segment of their livestock under their father’s grazing permit but would eventually cease the permitting process. With the ongoing threat of land title extinguishment through the Indian Claims Commission and the continued threat of livestock impoundment by the Bureau of Land Management, Mary and Carrie decided to assert their sovereign land rights promised through the 1863 Ruby Valley Treaty. This act of defiance and non-compliance towards United States’ laws propelled the Western Shoshone’s long-standing grievance of land ownership and forced the United States to argue the title to Newe Sogobia (Western Shoshone lands) in a number of legal battles.

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folder
Contents
1
1
Homestead deeds, 1930-1952
1
2
Water appropriation certificates and well logs, 1957; 1986
1
3
Dewey Dann grazing and land sale documents, 1926-1946
1
4
Dewey Dann grazing permits, 1935-1942
1
5
Dewey Dann grazing permits, 1944-1970
1
6
Dewey Dann Estate (Mary Dann administratix) grazing permits, 1971-1980
1
7
Brand inspections certificates, part 1, 1976-1979
1
8
Brand inspections certificates, part 2, 1980; 1984
1
9
Mary Dann brand inspection certificates and certificate of livestock count, 1984; 1986
1
10
Correspondence, 1977; 1981-2005; undated
1
11
Impoundment and unauthorized use notices, 1992-2004
1
12
Miscellaneous materials on trespassing claim, undated
1
13
Trespass bill collection notices to Dann Family, 2004-2006
1
14
Miscellaneous materials on cattle and ranch management, undated
1
15
Lease Marshal Canyon Ranch (formerly McNardy Ranch) Austin, Nevada, 1938
1
16
Legal contracts and deeds, 2001; 2003; undated
1
17
Statement of Mary Dann in response to the January 20, 1985 decision of the U. S. Supreme Court in U. S. vs. Dann, January 1985
1
18
Fourth Judicial District of the State of Nevada, Elko County. In the Matter of the Application of Dan Filippini to the State Engineer of the State of Nevada, For Permission To Appropriate the Waters of Duff Creek (11450): Transcript of Proceedings; Judgment, Findings of Fact and Conditions of Law, Notice of Entry Judgment, and Memorandum of Entry of Judgment, 1952; 1955

Group 1, Series 2: Legal Cases

Group 1, Series 2: Legal Cases, includes information and accompanying materials regarding the two cases of Mary and Carrie Dann, two cases against Tim Dann (Mary and Carrie’s nephew), and one case against Clifford Dann (Mary and Carry’s brother). The materials are divided into four subseries reflecting the individuals with whom the cases involve.

Group 1, Series 2, Subseries 1: Mary Dann and Carrie Dann Trespassing Case No. CV-R-74-60-BRT, 1974-1991 (92 folders)

Group 1, Series 2, Subseries 1: Mary and Carrie Dann Legal Cases, contains documents regarding the first trespass case in which Mary and Carrie were involved. In 1974, the Department of Interior, BLM sued Mary and Carrie for an injunction and trespass damages for grazing their livestock on "public domain" without a permit. This case was heard in the Nevada District Court four times, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals three times and once to the Supreme Court, with the final judgment in favor of the United States. A good source for background and detailed information about Mary and Carrie Dann vs. United States, see attorney John O’Connell’s paper, Constructive Conquest in the Courts, and The Indian Wars, by Thomas Luebben and Cathy Nelson located in Group 2, Series 5. Arranged chronologically.

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folder
Contents
1
19
District Court of Nevada: Summons and Complaint, May 6, 1974
1
20
District Court of Nevada: Defendants' Answer, June 1974
1
21
District Court of Nevada: Interrogatories, June 1974
1
22
District Court of Nevada: Plaintiffs' Answer to Interrogatories, July 10, 1974
1
23
District Court of Nevada: Pretrial Orders (including Plaintiff and Defendants), circa December 1974
1
24
Appendix to Plaintiff's statement of facts which judicial notice should be taken, circa 1975
1
25
District Court of Nevada: Request for admissions and interrogatories, March 21, 1975
1
26
District Court of Nevada: Plaintiff's response to request for admissions and interrogatories, April 1975
1
27
District Court of Nevada: Motion for Extension of Time within which to file defendant's motion for summary judgment and memorandum of points and authorities in support of Thereof (FD), April 4, 1975
1
28
District Court of Nevada: Plaintiff's memorandum of points and authorities in support of a motion for summary of judgement, circa April 1975
1
29
District Court of Nevada: Motion for further extension of time within which to file defendant's motion for summary judgement and memorandum of points and authorities; Plaintiffs' motion for summary judgement, May 1975
1
30
District Court of Nevada: Defendants' Memorandum in Support of Defendants' Cross-Motion for Summary Judgment, June 4, 1975
1
31
District Court of Nevada: Plaintiff's motion for extension of time in which to respond to defendant's cross-motion for summary judgement; Plaintiff's reply to memorandum to defendants' cross motion for summary judgement; Order for summary judgement, July-August 1975
1
32
District Court of Nevada: Correspondence concerning pleadings and paperwork, 1975
1
33
District Court of Nevada: Certificate of Service; Defendant's reply to plaintiff's supplemental memo; Plaintiff's supplemental memorandum in support of its motion for summary judgement, February-March 1976
1
34
U. S. vs. Dann. Exhibits A, page 6-9 to 26-4, circa 1977
1
35
District Court of Nevada: Order, January 5, 1977
1
36
District Court of Nevada: Judgement, February 22, 1977
1
37
District Court of Nevada: Correspondence concerning pleadings and paperwork, 1977
1
38
District Court of Nevada: Motion, May 2, 1978
1
39
District Court of Nevada: Defendants' Motion to Strike Plaintiff's Motions for Partial Summary Judgment and to Reschedule Pretrial Conference; and Memorandum in Support of Defendants' Motion to Strike Plaintiff's Motions for Partial Summary Judgment and to Reschedule Pretrial Conference, December 11, 1978
1
40
District Court of Nevada: Motion for Leave to File Supplemental Memorandum, undated; Supplemental Memorandum, undated; Response to Supplemental Memorandum, September 11, 1979
1
41
District Court of Nevada: Second Supplemental Memorandum (COS); Third Supplemental Memorandum with attached letter, (FD); Judgment Granting Injunction, December 1979-April 1980
1
42
District Court of Nevada: Certificate of filed documents, April 2, 1981
1
43
District Court of Nevada: Plaintiff's First Request for Production of Documents (COS); and, Plaintiff's First Set of Interrogatories to Defendants, includes supporting documents, April 1986
1
44
District Court of Nevada: Defendants' Answers to Plaintiff's Interrogatories, July, 5 1986
box
folder
Contents
2
1
District Court of Nevada: Transcript of Proceedings, Volume 1, July 22, 1986
2
2
District Court of Nevada: Transcript of Proceedings, Volume 2, July 23, 1986
2
3
District Court of Nevada: Transcript of Proceedings, Volume 4, July 25, 1986
2
4
District Court of Nevada: Declarations, includes T. J. Cunningham, Steve Damele, Steve Sharp, Fred Vignolo, Rodney Harris, Timothy Hartzell, Henry J. Riek, Edward Spang, Russell T. Dailey, George T. High, April-May 1986
2
5
District Court of Nevada: Deposition of Mary Dann, June 25, 1986
2
6
District Court of Nevada: Deposition of Mary Dann, continued, June 26, 1986
2
7
District Court of Nevada: Deposition of Carrie Dann, June 26, 1986
2
8
District Court of Nevada: Judgment and Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law, September 17, 1986
2
9
District Court of Nevada: Litigation Budget, 1986
2
10
District Court of Nevada: Correspondence concerning pleadings and paperwork, 1986
2
11
District Court of Nevada: Deposition of Clifford Dann, including notice of deposition, May 2, 1991
2
12
District Court of Nevada: Deposition of Mary Dann, May 2-3, 1991
2
13
District Court of Nevada: Deposition of Elizabeth Dann, May 2, 1991
2
14
District Court of Nevada: Deposition of Richard Dann, May 2, 1991
2
15
District Court of Nevada: Deposition of Carrie Dann, May 3, 1991
2
16
District Court of Nevada: Deposition of Sandy Smales, May 3, 1991
2
17
District Court of Nevada: Depositions of Wallace H. Bailey, Walter Bauman, John Filippini, Walter D. Smith, and Floyd Slagowski, May-June 1991
2
18
Attorney's written notes regarding depositions, undated
2
19
District Court of Nevada: (Draft) Notice of Special Appearance at Law; Motion of Special Appearance to Intervene in case CVR-74-60-BRT on behalf of Mary Dann and Carrie Dann at law, May-June 1991
2
20
District Court of Nevada: Judgment in a civil case, CV-N-74-60-HDM, June 11, 1991
2
21
Ninth Circuit Court: Appellants' motion to advance for oral argument, November 7, 1977
2
22
Ninth Circuit Court: Order, January 5, 1977
2
23
Ninth Circuit Court: Motion to After Judgment; Plaintiff's Response, January-February 1977
2
24
Ninth Circuit Court: Appellants' motion to advance for oral argument, April 1977
2
25
Ninth Circuit Court: Brief of Appellants (Dann I), May 20, 1977
2
26
Ninth Circuit Court: Brief for the United States, July 1977
2
27
Ninth Circuit Court: Motions for extension of time, June-August 1977
2
28
Ninth Circuit Court: Reply Brief for Appellants, August 13, 1977
2
29
Ninth Circuit Court: Brief of Te-Moak Bands of Western Shoshone Indians, Amicus Curiae, circa November 11, 1977
2
30
Ninth Circuit Court: Correspondence concerning pleadings and paperwork, 1977
2
31
Ninth Circuit Court: Motion of Te-Moak Bands of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada leave to file brief Amicus Curiae, January 9, 1978
2
32
Ninth Circuit Court: Appeal from the U. S. District Court of Nevada-Opinion, March 15, 1978
2
33
Ninth Circuit Court: Motion for Permission to fill supplemental memorandum, March 17, 1978
2
34
Ninth Circuit Court: Correspondence concerning Pleadings and paperwork, 1978
2
35
Ninth Circuit Court: Motion for Remand (COS), September 29, 1980
2
36
Ninth Circuit Court: Response of the United States to Appellants' Motion to Remand, October 23, 1980
2
37
Ninth Circuit Court: Appellants' reply to the response of the United States to Appellants Motion to Remand, October 28, 1980
2
38
Ninth Circuit Court: Dann Appeal Court Rules and Schedule, 1980
2
39
Ninth Circuit Court: Correspondence concerning pleadings and paperwork, 1980
box
folder
Contents
3
1
Ninth Circuit Court: Brief of Appellants (COM), January 20, 1981
3
2
Ninth Circuit Court: Brief for the United States (Dann II) (Includes two copies, one is annotated), March 1981
3
3
Ninth Circuit Court: John O'Connell notes and oral argument (Dann), 1981
3
4
Ninth Circuit Court: Appellants' Response to Cross Appeal and Appellants' Reply Brief, May 27, 1981
3
5
Ninth Circuit Court: Correspondence concerning pleadings and paperwork, 1981
3
6
Ninth Circuit Court: Opinion, May 19, 1983
3
7
Ninth Circuit Court: Association of Counsel, May 31, 1983
3
8
Correspondence concerning pleadings and paperwork, 1983
3
9
Ninth Circuit Court: Defendants-Appellants/Cross-Appellees' Motion for Hearing on Remand, and, in the Alternative, Suggestions for Mandate to the District Court, April 10, 1985
3
10
Ninth Circuit Court: United States' Response to Defendants-Appellants/Cross-Appellees' Motion for Hearing On remand, and, in the Alternative, Suggestions for Mandate to the District Court, April 26, 1985
3
11
Ninth Circuit Court: Order (FD), June 14, 1985
3
12
Ninth Circuit Court: Brief of Appellants, Index to Excerpt of Record, circa 1985
3
13
Ninth Circuit Court: Brief of Appellants (COS), April 22, 1987
3
14
Ninth Circuit Court: Brief for the United States of America (COS), June 8, 1987
3
15
Ninth Circuit Court: Brief of the American Land Title Association as Amicus Curiae in Support of the United States of America, June 8, 1987
3
16
Ninth Circuit Court: Brief Amicus Curiae of Mountain States Legal Foundation, June 8, 1987
3
17
Ninth Circuit Court: Danns' Reply and Response Brief, July 31, 1987
3
18
Ninth Circuit Court: Reply Brief for the United States of America (COS), August 28, 1987
3
19
U. S. Supreme Court: Paperwork on Ameci Curiae, 1979-1983
3
20
U. S. Supreme Court: Application for extension, October 1983
3
21
Draft Arguments and Statements of the case of John O'Connell, circa 1984
3
22
U. S. Supreme Court: Briefs of Respondents and Petitioners, May 1984
3
23
U. S. Supreme Court: Briefs of Amicus Curiae (WSNC, ILRC), May 1974; August 1974
3
24
U. S. Supreme Court: Reply Brief for the Petitioner, May 2, 1984
3
25
U. S. Supreme Court: Motion and Brief on Behalf of Western Shoshone National Council in Opposition To Petition for a Writ of Certiorari, May 7, 1984
3
26
U. S. Supreme Court: Correspondence concerning pleadings and paperwork, 1984
3
27
U. S. Supreme Court: Opinion, February 20, 1985

Group 1, Series 2, Subseries 2: Mary Dann and Carrie Dann Livestock Foreclosure Case No. CV-C-03-936 (Linda and Vern Fields), 2002-2004 (4 folders)

Group 1, Series 2, Subseries 2: Mary Dann and Carrie Dann Livestock Foreclosure Case, contains papers and information regarding the second major lawsuit in which Mary and Carrie were involved. In January 2003, as Mary and Carrie were threatened with a Bureau of Land Management roundup, John Vernon Fields and Linda Walker Fields agreed to provide care, feeding, watering, vaccinations, twenty-four hour calving care, and all responsibilities associated with livestock care. In exchange, Mary and Carrie agreed that the Fields would receive fifty percent of the calf crop from the cattle.

box
folder
Contents
3
28
Fourth Judicial District Circuit Court of Elko County. Fields vs. Dann (CV-C-03-936): List of witnesses, Complaint, Answer and Counterclaim, Offer of Judgement, etc., 2003-2004
3
29
Linda and Vern Fields and Mary and Carrie Dann livestock issues: Correspondence, press affidavit, press release, 2002-2003
3
30
Linda and Vern Fields and Mary and Carrie Dann livestock issues: Support documents for legal case, 2002-2003
3
31
Linda and Vern Fields and Mary and Carrie Dann livestock issues: Financial information regarding legal case, 2002-2004

Group 1, Series 2, Subseries 3: Tim Dann Hunting and Firefighting Case, 1986-1996 (9 folders)

Group 1, Series 2, Subseries 3: Tim Dann Hunting and Firefighting Case, includes information and legal proceedings for two separate cases against Tim Dann, nephew of Carrie and Mary Dann.

The first case against Tim is in regards to a charge of illegal hunting. Following Shoshone subsistence practices on traditional Newe (Western Shoshone) lands, Tim Dann hunted wild game in order to feed his family and was charged with illegal possession of a mule deer. Tim appealed his case before several Nevada court levels until reaching the Nevada Supreme Court. The Supreme Court ruled against Tim. The court proceedings are arranged in chronological order by either the courts’ filing date or the certificate of service date. Additional Western Shoshone hunting controversies and lawsuits are located in Group 3, Series 16, Subseries 3; and Group 7, Series 2.

The second case represented in this subseries deals with the lawsuit State of Nevada vs. Tim Dann in regards to a firefighting dispute between the BLM and Tim Dann. In July 1995, Tim Dann was charged with a misdemeanor for interfering with BLM fire crews during a range fire near the Dann Ranch. The fire crew attempted to set a backfire to keep the main body of the fire from reaching the Dann Ranch. Tim attempted to stop them from setting the backfire due to high windy conditions near his home. He thought the fire crew was slow to respond, and began shoveling dirt onto the fire and using wet rags to extinguish the flames. Proceedings of Tim’s case traveled through the judicial branches of the Justice Court of Beowawe Township, Seventh Judicial District Court, Eureka County, Nevada and the Nevada Supreme Court, and used the legal defense that the United States courts had jurisdiction over land claimed by the Western Shoshone.

box
folder
Contents
3
32
Justice Court of Beowawe Township. State of Nevada vs. Tim Dann (321): Transcript of Proceedings; and Preliminary Examination, 31761
3
33
Seventh Judicial District Court, Eureka County. State of Nevada vs. Tim Dann (1731): Transcript of Proceedings; and Arraignment, February 20, 1987
3
34
Justice Court of Beowawe Township. State of Nevada vs. Tim Dann (506): Proceedings; and Application for Hearing of Appeal, August-October 1995
3
35
State of Nevada vs. Tim Dann: Freedom of Information Act requests and replies pertaining to firefighting case (correspondence, fire command, and policies), July-September 1995
3
36
State of Nevada vs. Tim Dann: Charges at Dann Ranch, Statement, Dispositions, Police Report, and new clippings, August-November 1995
3
37
Justice Court of Beowawe Township. State of Nevada vs. Tim Dann: Transcript of Proceedings, and Arraignment; Motion to Enforce Judgement, September 13, 1995; January 16, 1997
3
38
Seventh Judicial District, Eureka County. State of Nevada vs. Tim Dann (371): Order of Dismissal, April 5, 1996
3
39
Seventh Judicial District Court, Eureka County. Tim Dan vs. State of Nevada (3406): Motion to Dismiss Appeal; Affidavit in Support of Motion to Proceed on Appeal in Forma Pauperis, February-June 1996
3
40
Supreme Court of Nevada. State of Nevada vs. Tim Dann (29047): Correspondence from Attorney Peter D'errico; Motion to Enforce Judgement, undated; Supreme Court Order Dismissing Appeal, undated; Correspondence between Tim Dan and the Supreme Court of Nevada Deputy Clerk; Record on Appeal Original Pleadings, 1996-1997; undated

Group 1, Series 2, Subseries 4: Clifford Dann Assault Case, 1993-1996 (4 folders)

Group 1, Series 2, Subseries 4: Clifford Dann Assault Case, contains information on the assault lawsuit USA vs. Clifford Dann and Clifford Dann vs. USA. On November 19, 1992, during the BLM blockade of Mary and Carrie Dann’s livestock, their brother Clifford was injured while trying to halt the confiscation of the horses by dowsing himself with gasoline and threatening to ignite himself. Federal agents wrestled him to the ground and doused Clifford with the fire retardant.

Clifford’s lawyers argued that the United States lacked jurisdiction because the incident took place on Western Shoshone land. During his trial, Clifford refused to put up a defense, going as far as denying cross-examination by his court-appointed lawyer. Throughout the proceedings, Clifford held to his staunch beliefs that the United States Federal Courts had no jurisdiction over him, and to participate in the court system would mean accepting the United States jurisdictional claim over him. He was sentenced to nine months in prison and a $5,000 fine for assault of a federal officer. Materials are arranged chronologically by the court filing dates, or in the absence of a filing date, the certificate of service date.

box
folder
Contents
4
1
Clifford Dann vs. USA (Case No. N-92-106-HDM): Correspondence and related documents, January-April 1993
4
2
U. S. District Court of Nevada. USA vs. Clifford Dann (CR-N-92-106-HDM): Release of Abstract of Judgement, including correspondence and copy of receipt, April 29, 1996
4
3
U. S. Court of Appeal for the Ninth Circuit. USA vs. Clifford Dann (934-10363): Appellants' Excerpt of Record, undated
4
4
U. S. Supreme Court. Clifford Dann vs. USA: Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus with Certiorari in Aid to Sherriff Vincent G. Swinney and Justice Howard McKibben of the U. S. District Court of Nevada, undated

Group 2: Western Shoshone Defense Project

Group 2: Western Shoshone Defense Project, consists of materials generated, received, and collected by the organization. This group includes the documentation of the activities by the Western Shoshone Defense Project whose ultimate task centered on the Dann’s ongoing assertion of Western Shoshone sovereignty and the protection, preservation, and restoration of Newe Sogobia (Western Shoshone lands). This goal was accomplished by providing administrative services for the organization in addition to providing support services to research, document, and publicize the ongoing legal efforts to advance Western Shoshone sovereignty. It was achieved particularly through collaboration with other alliance and support networks in an attempt to resolve the trespass issues of the Dann's in a manner consistent with Western Shoshone traditional values and rights. Additionally, the Western Shoshone Defense Project provided extensive research and documentation corroborating human rights abuses that focused on mining; assault on traditional Western Shoshone cattle grazers; United States military use of air and lands; nuclear testing, storage, and transport; geothermal energy development; denied ancestral land use; attempted land extinguishment and legislative proposals which would further extinguish land rights; and discriminatory treatment of the Shoshone’s property interests and culture.

The Western Shoshone Defense Project would also establish project programs such as the Mining Awareness and Action Program to monitor and submit comments to federal oversight agents concerning the effects on cultural and environmental impacts and destruction of the land. They did research to address gold mining projects and issues surrounding that created effects in Western Shoshone territory. The Defense Project entered or assisted with lawsuits against mining companies, particularly Oro Nevada Resources and Cortez Gold Mine, with an emphasis given to water resources and environmental degradation.

Oro Nevada Resources, a Canadian mining company, conducted exploratory drilling about one mile south of the Dann Ranch, near the hot springs used by the Dann's, and that are of cultural and spiritual significance to the Western Shoshone people. The Western Shoshone National Council was the lead plaintiff in this case, which attempted to stop the mining activity. The result of this case ended in judicial misconduct. The Western Shoshone National Council did not proceed with the case, though eventually the company vacated the area.

Cortez Gold Mine is located in the Crescent Valley area near the Dann Ranch. The Western Shoshone Defense Project and Great Basin Mine Watch (a.k.a. Great Basin Resource Watch), with the legal assistance of Western Mining Action Project, pursued lawsuits seeking relief from Cortez Gold Mine’s proposed mine projects. The Dann's and the Western Shoshone Defense Project opposed these projects for several reasons including the unresolved land title issue, the massive amount of dewatering that the mine would require, and the fact that it threatens the most precious and vital resource, water. In addition to protecting the water in the Cortez Mountain range, the protection of Mt. Tenabo, a culturally significant area, was a major concern. The group sued to stop the Cortez Gold Mine projects.

In concert with identifying and protecting culturally and environmentally significant areas, another project initiated by the organization was a community mapping program to assist the Western Shoshone in their efforts to seek United States federal designations to other culturally and spiritually significant areas, specifically Rock Creek and the Tosawihi Quarries. The Western Shoshone Defense Project was an active participant in protecting both of these sites from mining and recreational degradation and destruction. Another potential use for the community mapping project other than the protection of cultural areas, was developing a strategy to furthering the claims of the human rights cases.

Group 2 is divided into the following series and subseries: Series 1: Administrative Records; Series 2: Research and Resource Materials; Series 3: Conferences, Events, Trainings, and Projects; Series 4: Grazing, Trespass, and Roundup Issues; Series 5: Land Rights, Legislation, and Distribution Issues; Series 6: Cultural Issues; Series 7: Human Rights Issues; Series 8: Public Land Issues; Series 9: Nuclear Issues; Series 10: Mining Issues, with subsequent Subseries 1: General Mining; Subseries 2: Mining Companies; 3: Cortez/Pipeline Projects; and Subseries 4: Great Basin Mine Watch; Series 11: Environmental Issues; Series 12: Water and Water Rights Issues; Series 13: Legal Issues; Series 14: Alliances, Support Groups, and Other Organizations; and Series 15: Miscellaneous. It is important to note that the materials in Group 2 is complex, multifaceted and contains parallel issues found in other Groups and Series in this collection. For a comprehensive view, it is imperative that the researcher consults other similar topical areas in this collection. Materials in Group 2 are arranged chronologically, or by subject and chronological, or unless otherwise noted.

Group 2, Series 1: Administrative Records, 1985-2011 (101 folders)

Group 2, Series 1: Administrative Records, consists of organizational information, advisory board and staff meeting minutes, monthly narrative reports, annual reports, reports, outreach and education materials, general correspondence, supporter’s correspondence, personnel files, mail logs, telephone logs, newsletters, press releases, and press packets. For financial records and employee timesheets, see Group 4, Series 2. Materials arranged chronologically.

box
folder
Contents
4
5
Organization chart, mission, goals and objectives, organization background information, and organizational logo, undated
4
6
Brochures and ephemera, circa 2003; undated
4
7
Advisory Board Meetings: Agenda and correspondence, 1997-2004
4
8
Staff agendas and meeting minutes, 1993-1996; undated
4
9
Staff agendas and meeting minutes, 1997-1998
4
10
Staff agendas and meeting minutes, 2001-2005
4
11
Strategic planning meetings and work plans, 1999-2007; undated
4
12
Staff calendars, May 2002-December 2003
4
13
Staff calendars, 2004-2005
4
14
Monthly narrative reports, 1992-1998
4
15
Monthly narrative reports, 1999-2000
4
16
Monthly narrative reports, 2001-2004
4
17
Annual report, 1999
4
18
Report: Digging Holes in the Spirit: Gold Mining and the Survival of the Western Shoshone, and related correspondence and notes, 1999
4
19
Outreach and education: Information and materials, undated
4
20
Awards to Carrie Dann, 1985-1994
4
21
Carrie and Mary Dann biographical material and passport, 1991; undated
4
22
General position statements of Carrie Dann, undated
4
23
Statements and quotes on land rights and Ruby Valley Treaty of 1863, 1990-1991; 1994
4
24
Correspondence: Intra-office, 1999-2006; 2011
4
25
Correspondence, 1992-1999
4
26
Correspondence, 2000-2002
4
27
Correspondence, 2003-2004
box
folder
Contents
5
1
Correspondence, 2005-2010; undated
5
2
Correspondence: Support letters to Senator Boxer and Senator Feinstein sponsored by Scott Meyers Lipton, Department of Sociology, San Jose State University, undated
5
3
Correspondence: Letters of support, donations, inquiries, and merchandise requests, 1987; 1992-1993
5
4
Correspondence: Letters of support, donations, inquiries, and merchandise requests, January-May 1994
5
5
Correspondence: Letters of support, donations, inquiries, and merchandise requests, May-September 1994
5
6
Correspondence: Letters of support, donations, inquiries, and merchandise requests, October-December 1994
5
7
Correspondence: Letters of support, donations, inquiries, and merchandise requests, 1995
5
8
Correspondence: Letters of support, donations, inquiries, and merchandise requests, 1996
5
9
Correspondence: Letters of support, donations, inquiries, and merchandise requests, 1997
5
10
Correspondence: Letters of support, donations, inquiries, and merchandise requests, 1998
5
11
Correspondence: Letters of support, donations, inquiries, and merchandise requests, 1998-1999
5
12
Correspondence: Letters of support, donations, inquiries, and merchandise requests, 2000-2006
5
13
Correspondence: Letters of support, donations, inquiries, and merchandise requests, 2008-2010; undated
5
14
Personnel file: Jennifer Allen, 1997-1998
5
15
Personnel file: Marianna Aue, 1997-1998
5
16
Personnel file: Larson Bill, 2005-2006
5
17
Personnel file: Heidi Blackeye, 1998
5
18
Personnel file: Ursula Chanse, 1997
5
19
Personnel file: Carrie Dann, 2005-2006
5
20
Personnel file: Helen Dave, 2003-2004
5
21
Personnel file: M. Lee Dazey, 1999; 2001; 2006
5
22
Personnel file: Julie Fishel, 2004-2007
box
folder
Contents
6
1
Personnel file: Julie Marie Fishel, 2003-2004; 2006
6
2
Personnel file: Carolyn Fuqua, 2005
6
3
Personnel file: Matthew Haun, 1997-1998
6
4
Personnel file: Bernice Lalo, 1991; 1995
6
5
Personnel file: Christopher Sewall, 1997-2005
6
6
Personnel file: Annine Marie Smith, 2004-2006
6
7
Personnel file: James Stroud, 1998
6
8
Personnel file: Stephane Trustorff-Luchini, 1992-1993
6
9
Personnel file: Lois E. Whitney, 1998; 2002
6
10
Personnel file: Employee Action Notices for Western Shoshone Defense Project employees, 2006
6
11
Personnel file: Temporary employees and interns, 2004-2007
6
12
Volunteers: Applications, correspondence, duties, terms of participation, evaluation process, and general information, 1995-1998; undated
6
13
Potential interns and Public Summer Internships Fund information, circa 2003; 2005
6
14
Miscellaneous personnel file: Nilak Buter obituary (former WSDP consultant and Indian activist) 2002; and memorial for Indigenous rights activists, Ingrid Washinawatok (written by Carrie Dann), undated
6
15
Job descriptions, announcements, and related materials, 1998; 2004; undated
6
16
Western Shoshone Defense Project, Advisory Board members, 2003; undated
6
17
Nevada Tribal Council contact lists, 2001; undated
6
18
Contracts and agreements, 1998-2007
6
19
Website information and photo gallery web page, 2002-2004
6
20
Equipment inventories, undated
6
21
Basecamp: Radio communications, legal information, scanner frequency lists, and reports, 1992; 1996; 2001; undated
6
22
Mail log, 1995
6
23
Contact and mailing list database, undated
6
24
Phone logs, part 1, 1992
6
25
Phone logs, part 2, 1992
6
26
Phone logs, part 1, 1993
6
27
Phone logs, part 2, 1993
6
28
Phone logs, part 1, 1994
6
29
Phone logs, part 2, 1994
6
30
Phone logs, part 1, 1995
6
31
Phone logs, part 2, 1995
box
folder
Contents
7
1
Phone logs, 1998
7
2
Phone logs, 1999
7
3
Phone logs, 2000
7
4
Phone logs, 2001
7
5
Phone logs, part 1, 2002
7
6
Phone logs, part 2, 2002
7
7
Phone logs, part 3, 2002
7
8
Phone logs, part 1, 2003
7
9
Phone logs, part 2, 2003
7
10
Phone logs, part 1, 2004
7
11
Phone logs, part 2, 2004
7
12
Phone logs, part 1, 2005
7
13
Phone logs, part 2, 2005
7
14
Phone logs, 2006
7
15
Phone logs, 2006-2007
7
16
Phone logs, 2007
7
17
Phone logs, 2008
7
18
Phone logs, 2009-2010
box
folder
Contents
8
1
Newsletters, 1991-1997; undated
8
2
Newsletters, 1999-2007
8
3
Graphics, artwork and logos used primarily for newsletters and related materials, 1995; undated
8
4
Press releases, action alerts, and updates, 1992-2004; undated
8
5
Press packets addressing Western Shoshone human rights issues, livestock roundups (confiscation) and Western Shoshone claims distribution, October 4, 2002
8
6
Press files addressing mining, mining regulations, Congressional actions, and wilderness protection, 1987-2003
8
7
Media list and media handbooks, undated

Group 2, Series 2: Research and Resource Materials, Bulk, 1980-2011, 1938-2011 (43 folders)

Group 2, Series 2: Research and Resource Materials, contains numerous essays, research papers, case studies, anthropological, scholarly and legal writings regarding Mary and Carrie Dann, Western Shoshone land and treaty issues, and bibliographies pertaining to the Western Shoshone. Resource materials include some Shoshone language materials, general tribal government information, American Indians laws and regulations, United States laws on property rights, cultural and historic preservation materials, Congress biographical and lobbying materials, and general information on Native and Indigenous people’s issues. A majority of the materials are arranged chronologically, with the exception of the research materials pertaining to the Dann's, Western Shoshone issues, and Great Basin Indians. These research articles are filed alphabetically by the author of the works, or when lacking an author, by title.

box
folder
Contents
8
8
Reproductions of letter from Garland Hunt, Indian Agent, Utah Territory, 1855
8
9
Research material about Mary and Carrie Dann and/or Western Shoshone issues, part 1, 1963; 1978; 1985-1986; 1990-1991
8
10
Research material about Mary and Carrie Dann and/or Western Shoshone issues, part 2, 1992-2009; undated
8
11
Draft manuscript for book Every Day is a Good Day by Wilma Mankiller features Mary and Carrie Dann's issues with land rights struggles, 2003
8
12
Research papers and case studies about Great Basin Indians, 1938; 1964; 1975; 1999
8
13
"The Western Shoshone and the U. S. Government, 1863-1950" by Omer C. Stewart, presented for Great Basin Anthropological Conference, September 14, 1974
8
14
"Indian Tribes: A Continuing Quest for Survival" A Report of the U. S. Commission on Civil Rights, June 1981
8
15
University of Utah, Anthropological Paper "Newe Natekwinappeh: Shoshone Stories and Dictionary" compiled by Wick R. Miller, 1972
8
16
Shoshone language materials, basic language lessons, 1993; undated
8
17
Inventory of audio recordings of Shoshone elders located at the University of Utah, 1965-1974
8
18
Indian land use, land claims, circa 1990; 2003-2004; undated
box
folder
Contents
9
1
Paper "Constructive Conquest in the Courts of the Conqueror: A legal history of the Western Shoshone land struggle" by John D. O'Connell, September 25, 2001
9
2
Miscellaneous information about other Indian tribes, organizations, and/or issues, 1997; 2004; undated
9
3
Activists and grassroots community organizing and leadership materials, 1993-2003
9
4
Activists, email list serve notices, and general media contacts (Mining Advocacy Network, Mineral Policy Center), 1996-2003
9
5
American Indian sovereignty and self-determination, 1987-2000; undated
9
6
Native American legal services, 1993-1994; 1998; undated
9
7
Protection of indigenous knowledge and Native cultural appropriation, 2001-2003
9
8
Bibliographies pertaining to Western Shoshone and Indigenous concerns, environmental, and public lands, 1991; undated
9
9
Holistic land management information, 1983-1986; undated
9
10
Interior Board of Land Appeals used in the Mary and Carrie Dann and/or Western Shoshone grazing and trespass issues, 1987; 1996-1997
9
11
Laws regulating American Indians and related materials, 1980; 1993-2003
9
12
Guide to using the Freedom of Information Act and the Privacy Act of 1974, 2010
9
13
Te-Moak Tribal Council meeting, 1980
9
14
Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indian of Nevada: Correspondence and related materials, 1998-2002
9
15
Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indian of Nevada: Constitution and ordinances, 1982-1987; 2002-2003
9
16
Cultural and historic preservation: General information, 1982-2000; undated
9
17
Cultural and historic preservation: Laws and regulations, 1984-2000
9
18
Elko, Battle Mountain, South Fork Band Councils, 1995-2002
9
19
Wild horse legislation, roundups, and fact sheets, 1971-2003
box
folder
Contents
10
1
Public rangelands, ranching economics, and property rights, 1985; 1999; undated
10
2
Reports and research paper listings by U. S. Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, 1990-1995
10
3
Wildland fire management information, 1991
10
4
Great Basin Heritage Area, Nevada and Utah, 2002
10
5
Magazine articles featuring Mary and Carrie Dann and/or Western Shoshone, 1993-1997
10
6
Magazine articles featuring Mary and Carrie Dann and/or Western Shoshone, 2002-2006
10
7
Appointment of William Myers III to the U. S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit Court, 2004
10
8
Sovereign Dineh Nation, 1996
10
9
General criminal laws (Nevada Revised Statutes) pertaining to water diversion, trespass, and kidnapping, circa 1991
10
10
Armed forces regulations, circa 1984
10
11
Nevada Tribal Governments: Directories and miscellaneous materials, circa 1996
10
12
Senator Reid biographical materials, 1998-2008
10
13
Internalized oppression and racism, undated
10
14
Lobbying materials, 501(c)3, circa 2002
10
15
Research providers: Correspondence, brochures, and newsletters, 1993-2004; 2011

Group 2, Series 3: Conferences, Events, Training, and Projects, 1991-2011 (40 folders)

Group 2, Series 3: Conferences, Events, Trainings, and Projects, is comprised primarily of conference materials that were hosted or attended by Carrie or Western Shoshone Defense Project employees. The Western Shoshone Defense Project accumulated many of the general conference flyers and notices because of the nature of their organization; other similar organizers of conferences and events forwarded information to them.

One of the organization’s projects was the Cultural Center Project. Based out of Elko, Nevada and spearheaded by WSDP employee Lois Whitney, the Cultural Center Project was a satellite program created to promote Western Shoshone culture primarily as a means to defend land rights. It began operations in 2002 and was opened to the public in January 2003. In addition to its primary function, it also served as an educational and community center for the teaching of Western Shoshone traditional practices, language, and community activities. Unfortunately, due to lack of funding, the project was dissolved.

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Western Shoshone Spring Gathering hosted by Western Shoshone Defense Project: Publicity flyers, correspondence, budgets, and plan proposals, 1993-2007; undated
10
17
Benefits and fundraising events: Publicity notices in support of Mary and Carrie Dann, Western Shoshone Defense Project, Western Shoshone Nation, 1993-2011; undated
10
18
Western Shoshone community meetings and events facilitated by Western Shoshone Defense Project and other support organizations: Correspondence, publicity flyers, and miscellaneous notes, 2002-2006; undated
10
19
General conferences, meetings, and events: Agendas, meeting minutes, publicity flyers, and notices, part 1, 1991-2007
10
20
General conferences, meetings, and events: Agendas, meeting minutes, publicity flyers, and notices, part 2, 2001-2008; undated
10
21
Conference panels, speaker invitations and media interviews for Carrie Dann and/or Western Shoshone Defense Project staff, 1993-1999
10
22
Conference panels, speaker invitations and media interviews for Carrie Dann and/or Western Shoshone Defense Project staff, 2000-2007; undated
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23
Conference panels and speaking tours for Carrie Dann and/or Western Shoshone Defense Project to Indigenous Environmental Network, 1997-1998
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Conference panels, speaking tours for Carrie Dann and/or Western Shoshone Defense Project to Center for Women Coalition, 1996
11
2
Conference panels, speaking tours for Carrie Dann and/or Western Shoshone Defense Project to Washington, Colorado, and Utah, 1997
11
3
Organizational Development Workshop, May-June 1997
11
4
Conference: Defining Common Ground: Building Effective Federal/Tribal Relationships, November 2000
11
5
Ruby Valley Treaty Commemorations, 2002-2003
11
6
Western Shoshone Land and People: Course syllabus for Northeastern Nevada Community College, 1995
11
7
Conference: Fire State Library, 21st Century Indian Information Center, January 2001
11
8
Nevada Indian Commission Tribal Summit, February 2002
11
9
Black Hills Sioux Nation Treaty Council: Correspondence and conference materials, 2003; 2006
11
10
Amnesty International, National Youth Summit on Indigenous Peoples' Human Rights, March 2003
11
11
Conference: Mining Impacted Native American Lands, September 2003
11
12
Training and retreats: Western Shoshone Defense Project participation, 1998; 2003
11
13
Close to Home: Human Rights and Social Justice Advocacy in the United States, Ford Foundation, June 2004
11
14
Summit of Indigenous Nations conference materials, August 2006
11
15
Women's Talking Circle and Spiritual Support materials, undated
11
16
United Nations Institute for Training and Research, Conflict and Resolution and Peace Building Capacities of Indigenous Peoples, part 1, December 2001
11
17
United Nations Institute for Training and Research, Conflict and Resolution and Peace Building Capacities of Indigenous Peoples, part 2, December 2001
11
18
Training materials for community organizing and development for Native American organizations, undated
11
19
Native Women of Hope Project: Poster series with Mary and Carrie Dann, correspondence, biographies, and promotional literature, 1996-1998
11
20
Film projects: General, 1992-2007; undated
11
21
Western Shoshone Cultural Center Project: Project background, information, reports, and correspondence, 2002-2003; undated
11
22
Western Shoshone Cultural Center Project: Building site, contractual information, and related correspondence, 2002-2003
11
23
Film projects: Cinnamon Productions/Joel Freedman Films "Broken Treaty at Battle Mountain;" "To Protect Mother Earth", 1975; 1991
11
24
Western Shoshone and indigenous community mapping projects, 1998-2001; undated
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Western Shoshone Solar Project: Resource and education material, press releases, and new article, 1998-2005; undated
12
2
Western Shoshone Solar Project: Meetings, correspondence, and conference materials, 2005
12
3
Voter Participation and Education Project: Project outline, Nevada Conservative League Education Fund, and List Enhancement Project, 2003-2006
12
4
Conference: Indigenous Mapping Network Gathering, 1999-2007
12
5
Youth and elder conferences, 2002-2004
12
6
National Environmental Justice Advisory Council, Potawatomi Indian Springs Lodge, part 1, May 13-15, 1997
12
7
National Environmental Justice Advisory Council, Potawatomi Indian Springs Lodge, part 2, May 13-15, 1997
12
8
Petitions, 2001; 2003; undated

Group 2, Series 4: Grazing, Trespass, and Roundup Issues, 1984-2008 (41 folders)

Group 2, Series 4: Grazing, Trespass and Roundup Issues, consists predominately of correspondence that pertains to the grazing and trespass issues of Mary and Carrie Dann along with the Western Shoshone cattle grazers, South Fork Livestock Association, and the Yomba Shoshone Tribe. Correspondents include cattle grazers, Bureau of Land Management, tribal governments, Western Shoshone supporters, and attorneys that discuss Shoshone land rights and resolutions to the problem of the grazing issues. Some of the correspondence includes unauthorized use notice and orders to remove notices from the Bureau of Land Management.

In the early 1970’s, Mary and Carrie Dann ceased payment of BLM grazing fees, and in 1984 and 1985, the South Fork and Yomba cattle grazers followed suit. However, Yomba eventually settled with the BLM and paid the mounting fees attributed to their prior refusal to pay. The South Fork Tribe and the Dann sisters continued to refuse to pay for the proper permits, and, consequently, Raymond Yowell and Myron Tybo from the South Fork Reservation as well as the Dann's, would have their cattle impounded in 2002. Mary and Carrie were subjected to livestock impoundments two other times, previously in 1992 and later in 2003.

As a result of the 2003 Dann horse roundup, horse rescue organizations banded together to help stop the horses from potentially being sold for slaughter. One of those rescuers was a California rancher named Slick Gardner who offered the Dann sisters a refuge for their horses on his ranch. The horses were transferred into his name and provided sanctuary. However, Mr. Gardner would be charged with animal abuse when approximately 500 horses were seized from him. For more information about associated legation, see Group 9, which includes video recordings of citizen complaints about the allegations presented before the Santa Barbara Advisory Board.

Also included in this series is a legal case involving the Dann’s neighborhood rancher, Maynard Alves, who, in 1993, sued the BLM for failure to contain Mary and Carrie Dann’s livestock on public lands on which he held grazing permits. The court ruled against Mr. Alves. Other materials include press releases and action alerts, news clips and articles. Arrangement is chronological.

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9
Dann and Western Shoshone grazing and roundup background information and chronologies, 1998; 2002; undated
12
10
Correspondence, 1991-1992
12
11
Correspondence, 1993
12
12
Correspondence, 1994-1995
12
13
Correspondence, 1996-1997
12
14
Correspondence, 1998
12
15
Correspondence, 1999
12
16
Correspondence, 2000
12
17
Correspondence, 2001
12
18
Correspondence, 2002
12
19
Correspondence, 2003
12
20
Correspondence, 2004-2008; undated
12
21
Correspondence: Horse rescue and adoptions, January-February 2003
12
22
Te-Moak Livestock Association chronology, 1984-2002
12
23
Statements of Mary and Carrie Dann to the Nevada BLM regarding livestock roundups, circa 1997
12
24
Mary and Carrie Dann/BLM meeting about unauthorized use complaint, 1997-1998
12
25
Western Shoshone leaders meeting with BLM, 1998-1999
12
26
BLM appeal: Mary and Carrie Dann vs. BLM before the Office of Hearings and Appeal, IBLA: Correspondence, proceedings, and related material, 1998-2003
12
27
Petition of Grievance with original signatures, undated
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BLM bids and contracts information for livestock roundups and associated expenses, 1991-1993
13
2
Western Shoshone Defense Project roundup plans and preparation materials, circa 1992-1993
13
3
Western Shoshone Tribes' support resolutions opposing Mary and Carrie Dann's livestock roundup, 1998
13
4
Western Shoshone horse roundup plans and programs, 2000-2003; undated
13
5
Brand inspection clearance certificates, 2002-2003
13
6
Limited Power of Attorney for Dann horses, February 2003
13
7
Slick Gardner Wild Horse Legends: Dann horse transfer controversy and correspondence, January-July 2003
13
8
Slick Gardner Wild Horse Legends: Dann horse brand inspection clearance certificates, February-March 2003
13
9
Slick Gardner Wild Horse Legends: Dann horse contracts, police report, and subpoena, February-August 2003
13
10
Slick Gardner Wild Horse Legends: Dann horse news clippings, 2003-2004
13
11
Hooved Animal Rescue and Protection Society: Harpstrings (4 issues) featuring Dann horse roundups and horse adoptions, 2002-2005
13
12
BLM information about the Mary and Carrie Dann's grazing and trespass issues, September 2002
13
13
BLM proposed grazing regulations for public lands: Correspondence, comments, and grazing permit information, 2004
13
14
Proposed Revisions to Grazing Regulations for the Public Lands, Draft Environmental Impact Statement (annotated), December 2003
13
15
Nevada state agriculture agencies livestock sales tax and impoundment information, 1999
13
16
Nevada state and federal statutes related to grazing and trespass, circa 1997
13
17
Maynard Alves file: Correspondence and legal proceedings from lawsuit against BLM failure to contain Mary and Carrie Dann's livestock trespassing, 1988-1997
13
18
Press releases and action alerts, 1993-2004
13
19
News clippings and articles, 1991-1999
13
20
News clippings and articles, 2000-2002
13
21
News clippings and articles, 2003-2004; undated
13
22
Magruder Mountain Allotment, 2006-2007

Group 2, Series 5: Land Rights, Legislation, and Distribution Issues, 1970s-2010 (87 folders)

Group 2, Series 5: Land Rights, Legislation and Distribution Issues, contains information on the various land bills, distribution claims, and other land related issues. Between 1990 and 2004, there were several efforts to legislate a distribution of the Western Shoshone judgment fund that resulted from the Indian Claims Commission Act litigation after negotiations in the 1980s to resolve the land rights issues failed. This series is comprised primarily of correspondence, tribal legislative proposals and plans, tribal resolutions in favor of or in opposition to the judgment award, various legislative bills for the Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Act, reports about the Indian Claims Commission, proposals for continued negotiations and legislative packets, and the views of the ongoing struggle between the Western Shoshones in favor of the distribution and those who want to settle for land negotiations. Also included is information pertaining to the Western Shoshone Timbisha Tribe of Death Valley, California, who was successful in negotiating land restoration, as well as news articles and press releases related to the Timbisha Tribe. Supplemental information on these issues can be found in Group 3, Series 11, 12, 13, and 14. Materials are arranged chronologically.

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Western Shoshone land rights back ground and chronologies, 1976-2004; 2007
13
24
Dann-BLM cooperative agreement and background, July 1999
13
25
Research: "Beyond Indian Law" Minnesota Law Review, 86(267), 2001
13
26
Journal articles: Natural Resources Journal "Constructive Conquest in the Courts" by John O'Connell; "The Indian Wars" by Thomas Leubben and, Fall 2002
13
27
Correspondence, 1992
13
28
Correspondence, 1993
13
29
Correspondence, 1994
13
30
Correspondence, 1995
13
31
Correspondence, 1996
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14
1
Correspondence, 1997
14
2
Correspondence, 1998
14
3
Correspondence, 1999
14
4
Correspondence, January-March 2000
14
5
Correspondence, April-June 2000
14
6
Correspondence, July-December 2000
14
7
Correspondence, 2001
14
8
Correspondence, January-May 2002
14
9
Correspondence, April 2002
14
10
Correspondence, May 2002
14
11
Correspondence, June 2002
14
12
Correspondence, July-December 2002
14
13
Correspondence, 2003
14
14
Correspondence, 2004
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15
1
Correspondence, 2005-2010; undated
15
2
Duckwater Shoshone Tribe ANA Project: Land and economic legislation reports, 1991-1993; undated
15
3
Duckwater Shoshone Indian Land Rights Act: Draft legislative proposal, September 13, 1991
15
4
Duckwater Shoshone Indian Land Rights Act: Appendices to legislative justification, October 14, 1991
15
5
Duckwater Shoshone Indian Land Rights Act: Draft legislative proposal, June 26, 1992
15
6
Duckwater Shoshone Indian Land Rights Act: Legislative justification, June 26, 1992
15
7
Duckwater Shoshone Indian Land Rights Act: Economic analysis, revised, January 24, 1994
15
8
Timbisha Shoshone Tribe land restoration information, 1994-2000
15
9
Timbisha Shoshone Tribal Homeland Report and Act, November 11, 1999; January 24, 2000
15
10
Timbisha Shoshone Tribe newsletter, Nangkawittu (3 issues), 1996-2001
15
11
Timbisha Shoshone Tribe land restoration media, 1995-2004
15
12
Wells Band Western Shoshone claims disbursement and land rights act, legislative proposal (Docket 326-K), March 6, 1992
15
13
South Fork Band of the Te-Moak Tribe: Claims plan, Docket 326-K, July 10, 1993
15
14
Elko Band: The Plan of Docket 326-K, 1993
15
15
Fallon Shoshone Claims Committee, 1997-2001
15
16
Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone: Docket 326-K and legislative packet, 1991; and Distribution Plan information, 1997-1998
15
17
Comprehensive Legislative plan of the Western Shoshone Nation, draft, June 21, 1993
15
18
Western Shoshone Nation: Legislative proposal, Docket 326-K, circa 1998-1999
15
19
Western Shoshone land rights settlement strategy: Agenda, April 24, 1999
15
20
"Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Act, Dockets 326-K, 326-A1, and 326-A3", September 1999
15
21
Western Shoshone Judgment Fund roll with attachments and resolutions, 1999
15
22
Docket 326-K: Background, May 2000
15
23
Docket 326-K: Opposition, 2002
15
24
Docket 326-K: FOIA, May-July 2002
15
25
Western Shoshone Claims Distribution, Docket 326-K, March 2005
15
26
Yomba Shoshone Tribe land restoration legislation, 1998-2002
15
27
Western Shoshone Land Rights settlement strategy agenda, April 24, 1999
15
28
Western Shoshone Claims Distribution, S.719/H.R.1506, 1999-2000
15
29
Western Shoshone land claims meetings, 1996-2002
15
30
Western Shoshone land claims meetings, 2003-2004
15
31
Resolutions of Western Shoshone tribes, 1998-1999
15
32
Statement of Carrie Dann opposing H.R.3897, April 30, 1992
15
33
Western Shoshone Judgment Fund Distribution, S.2795, June 27, 2000
15
34
Proposal for hearings before the U. S. Commission on Civil Rights regarding the discrimination, lack of equal protection, and negative effects of the Indian Claims Commission, November 28, 2000
15
35
Proposal to address Western Shoshone land and resource issues, November 27, 2000; June 11, 2001
15
36
"Statement of Mary and Carrie Dann and the Dann Band of Western Shoshone Indians Opposition to the Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Act", circa May 2000
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1
Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Act S.958/H.R.2851: General information, 2001-May 2002
16
2
Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Act S.958/H.R.2851: General information, June-September 2002
16
3
Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Act S.958/H.R.2851: General information, October-December 2002; undated
16
4
Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Act S.958/H.R.2851: Support letters, 2002
16
5
Western Shoshone referendum vote for S.958, April-June 2002
16
6
Mary and Carrie Dann's opposition statement to S. 958, Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Act, July 30, 2002
16
7
Western Shoshone Claims Distribution bill S. 958, Raymond Yowell's oppositional statement and Elwood Mose, Te-Moak chairman's opposition comments, 2001-2002
16
8
Western Shoshone Claims Steering Committee: Correspondence, Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Act information packet and proposed bills, 1997-2005
16
9
Transcription of videocassette: Te-Moak claims meetings, Elko, Nevada (note: for video see: 2013-10/9/1/81), May 4, 2002
16
10
H.R.884: "Summary Analysis of the June 2002 Straw Poll", 2002
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11
Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Act, S.618/H.R.884: Drafts and reports, 2003-2004
16
12
S.618/H.R.884: Dissenting views, 2003-2004
16
13
S.618/H.R.884: Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Bill, Raymond Yowell"s testimony and opposition statement, April-June 2003
16
14
H.R.884: Testimony of Elwood Mose, chairman, Te-Moak tribe of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada, in opposition to H.R.884, June 13, 2003
16
15
H.R.884: Western Shoshone Claims Distribution bill amendments, September 24, 2003
16
16
Western Shoshone Judgement Fund Distribution: Preparation of Enrollment Rolls of Indians for Bureau of Indian Affairs, 2004
16
17
Western Shoshone land claim meetings, 2004-2007
16
18
Report: "Failure of the U. S. Claims Commission to File a Report with Congress in the Western Shoshone Case (Docket 326-K), Pursuant to Sections 21 and 22 (a) of the Indian Claims Commission Act" by Steven Newcomb, Indigenous Law Institute, January 2003
16
19
Memo from Jason Schumann: Response to Steven Newcomb's report "Failure of the U. S. Claims Commission to File a Report with Congress in the Western Shoshone Case (Docket 326-K), Pursuant to Sections 21 and 22 (a) of the Indian Claims Commission Act", March 25, 2003
16
20
Indian Claims Commission Docket 326-A (etc.): Bill drafts, 1998-2000
16
21
Elko Indian Colony land withdrawal application, March 2000
16
22
Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone land negotiation and legislative land packets proposal, 2004-2005
16
23
Resolutions of Western Shoshone tribes, 2002-2004
16
24
Western Shoshone Defense Project press releases, 1999-2003
16
25
Distribution and land claims issues articles and news clippings, 1970s-1980s
16
26
Distribution and land claims issues articles and news clippings, 1990s
16
27
Distribution and land claims issues articles and news clippings, 2000-2001
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17
1
Distribution and land claims issues articles and news clippings, 2002
17
2
Distribution and land claims issues articles and news clippings, 2003-2005
17
3
Distribution and land claims issues articles and news clippings, 2008-2010; undated

Group 2, Series 6: Cultural Issues, 1985-2011 (48 folders)

Group 2, Series 6: Cultural Issues, contains information regarding the protection and preservation of Western Shoshone cultural sites, which was significant to the Western Shoshone Defense Project’s mission. It was just as important to assist with the Western Shoshone communities’ capacity to improve their participation with land management decisions concerning environmental regulations and cultural site preservation as they needed to respond to mining operations and other public land projects proposed by the Bureau of Land Management.

The materials in this series consist of correspondence (including comments made by Western Shoshone Defense Project and Western Shoshone tribes and organizations protesting projects, and the notices from the Bureau of Land Management or other federal agencies of any proposed projects), ethnographic studies, cultural resource inventories and guidelines, archaeology reports, Native American appropriation, cultural resources programmatic agreements and mining projects, communication and power line projects that would involve archaeological sites.

Of noted interest are documents concerning the cultural sites Rock Creek (Ba-tza-gohm-ba), which is located approximately 40 miles northwest of Battle Mountain, Nevada. Western Shoshone individuals, governments, and organizations fought and defeated the creation of a recreational reservoir that would have submerge the sacred site. Researchers should consult Group 3, Series 9 for supplemental information. Arranged chronologically.

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4
General correspondence and notices related to archeological sites and excavation projects, 1996-2010
17
5
Correspondence: Rock Creek (Ba-tza-gohm-ba), 1985-2003; undated
17
6
Rock Creek (Ba-tza-gohm-ba): Meetings, notes, and agendas; Transcript of Corbin Harney; Bernice Lalo's statement, 1989; 1995; 2000; undated
17
7
Tribal Resolutions, Rock Creek and Tosawihi Quarry, 1995; 1999; 2001
17
8
Rock Creek (Ba-tza-gohm-ba): Proposal for recreation project, Draft EIS, review, survey of freshwater mollusks, final report, notices, and permits, 1987-1995; undated
17
9
Rock Creek (Ba-tza-gohm-ba): Rock Creek Dam Project, Draft Cumulative Impact for analysis of dewatering project for Betze Project, Record of Decision, and Archaeological Investigations, 1993-2003; undated
17
10
Rock Creek (Ba-tza-gohm-ba): Petition with original signatures, for and against, undated
17
11
Rock Creek (Ba-tza-gohm-ba): Committee and contact list, March 1996; undated
17
12
Rock Creek (Ba-tza-gohm-ba): Bureau of Land Management's acquisition plans for private land near Rock Creek, 2008-2009
17
13
Rock Creek (Ba-tza-gohm-ba): Event flyers, press releases, action alerts, and news clippings, 1994-2002
17
14
Tosawihi Quarry: Research paper "The Tosawihi Quarry: World Heritage site and Western Shoshone Monument" by Richard D. Clemmer, 1990
17
15
Tosawihi Quarry: Correspondence, 1988-1999
17
16
Tosawihi Quarry: Correspondence, 2000-2010; undated
17
17
Tosawihi Quarry: Archaeological district map (photocopy), undated
17
18
Background ethnographic study of the Tosawihi People, Mule Canyon Project area, September 1992
17
19
Echo Bay McCoy/Cove Mine: Cultural lands impact, 1994-1997; undated
17
20
Sierra Pacific Power Falcon to Gonder Power Line Project: Correspondence, 1993; 1999-2001
17
21
Sierra Pacific Power Falcon to Gonder Power Line Project: Archaeological site information, undated
17
22
Sierra Pacific Power Falcon to Gonder Power Line Project: Ethnographic, 2000-2001
17
23
Sierra Pacific Power Falcon to Gonder Power Line Project: News clippings, 1999-2000
17
24
Barbara Ridley duso (stone pestle) incident at Mt. Tenabo area, April-May 2009
17
25
Shoshone Mike Massacre Site: Mines and mining projects, correspondence, and Carrie Dann's position statement on cultural resource and petitions to preserve site, 1995-1996
17
26
Harrison Pass Road Project: Native American studies site visit, BLM and Echo Bay Mine agreement regarding violation of the Archeological Resources Protection Act, 1997
17
27
Ruby Valley Pipeline Project and Roberts Creek Ranch: Correspondence pertaining to burial remains and artifacts, 2009-2010
17
28
Trenton Canyon Mining Project: Correspondence, reports and plans pertaining to burial sites and markers, cultural properties, and contact summaries, 1996-1998
17
29
Cultural Resource Inventory in Eureka and Lander Counties, Nevada, prepared for Cortez Gold Mines, September 11, 1991
17
30
Cultural Resource Inventory general guidelines, 2011
17
31
Ethnographic Report for North Shore Ecosystems Nevada area, February 1996
17
32
Western Shoshone Historic Preservation Society: FOIA requested material, correspondence regarding fences, wild horses, grazing allotments, water rights, archaeological sites, organizational information, and joint projects, 1993-1995
17
33
South Fork Shelter, Humboldt River, Western Shoshone winter campsite, 1998-1999; undated
17
34
Report: "Archaeology and the Western Shoshone", 2009
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18
1
Native American cultural and spiritual appropriation, 1991; 1995; 2001
18
2
Great Basin National Park NAGPRA Inventory, 1995
18
3
List of archaeological reports in Elko County, 1997
18
4
Cultural resources programmatic agreement and information sharing, 1999-2000
18
5
Federal Indian Policies: Executive orders and related materials pertaining to cultural preservation, cultural property, and research paper "NAGPRA: Pitting Science Against the Indian?" by Julie Ann Fishel, 1992-2001; undated
18
6
Inter-tribal Council of Nevada: General cultural site information, 2000
18
7
Traditional cultural property eligibility statements, 2000
18
8
Cortez Gold Mines Programmatic Agreement and Class II Sample Survey, 1991-1992
18
9
Cortez/Pipeline: Western Shoshone Historic Preservation Society Environmental Assessment, 1994
18
10
Cortez/Pipeline: Programmatic Agreement between BLM, Nevada Historical Society, and Cortez regarding the treatment of historic properties, 1997
18
11
Cortez/Pipeline (Mt. Tenabo): Correspondence and comments regarding ethnographic study by Mary Rusco, June-August 2000
18
12
Cortez/Pipeline: Ethnographic Study to Assist BLM in Evaluation of Cultural Properties in the Mt. Tenabo area, November 13, 2000
18
13
Cortez Joint Venture Horse Canyon/Cortez Unified Exploration Project, Addendum to Ethnographic Report, August 2001
18
14
Cortez/Pipeline: Ethnographic study for the Cortez Gold Pediment Project, January 2004
18
15
Mt. Tenabo Cultural Site: General correspondence and information, 1997-2008
18
16
Battle Mountain Gold Company: Ethnography study for Phoenix Project Environmental Impact Statement, 1997-1999
18
17
Mt. Hope Ethnographic Assessment field tour (includes CD of photos), May 23-24, 2007

Group 2, Series 7: Human Rights Issues, 1992-2010 (18 folders)

Group 2, Series 7: Human Rights Issues, consists of correspondence, background information about human rights violation of the Western Shoshone, case studies, reports, declarations on Indigenous human rights, minutes from the United States tribal government consultation, press releases, and news clips and articles. Arranged chronologically.

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18
Correspondence, 1997-1999
18
19
Correspondence, 2000
18
20
Correspondence, 2001
18
21
Correspondence, 2002-2003
18
22
Correspondence, 2004-2005
18
23
Correspondence, 2006-2009
18
24
Western Shoshone Human Rights violations, background information, undated
18
25
Western Shoshone delegation events and agendas, 2000; 2004
18
26
Papers and case studies on Western Shoshone, Mary and Carrie Dann, 1992-2007
18
27
Report: "A Revolution of the Mind: Finding Human Rights in the U. S.", September 2002
18
28
Report: "Stakeholder Submission on United States Obligations to Respect, Protect and Remedy Human Rights in the Context of Business Activities", April 19, 2010
18
29
Declarations: Human Rights Democracy and Indigenous Advocacy, July 2004
18
30
Declarations: Continental Summit of Indigenous Peoples and Organizations Mar del Plata, October 30-November 4, 2005
18
31
Talking papers on Indigenous human rights by the First Peoples Human Rights Coalition, circa January 2005
18
32
Minutes of the U. S./Tribal Government Consultation held in Albuquerque, New Mexico, July 22-23, 2003
18
33
Geneva Summer Program on Indigenous Peoples in the International Legal System, 1993; 1996
18
34
Press releases, 1999
18
35
News clippings and news stories, 1999-2006

Group 2, Series 8: Public Land and Military Land/Air Use Issues, 1985-2010 (41 folders)

Group 2, Series 8: Public Land and Military Land/Air Use Issues, consist of various public land projects initiated by the Bureau of Land Management with which the Western Shoshone Defense Project was concerned. Information includes public land sales, communication sites projects, wild horse gathers, BLM and Western Shoshone meetings, the federal consultation policy of the South Fork Band, public land legislation, fire management plans, correspondence (including comments made by Western Shoshone tribes and Western Shoshone Defense Project), oil and gas lease projects and notices, military land and air use, MX missile information, news clips and articles. Supplemental information can be found in Group 3, Series 6; and Group 8. Arranged chronologically.

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1
Public Lands: Correspondence pertaining to public land sales, plans, and general projects, 1995-2010
19
2
Public Lands: Te-Moak Tribal resolution opposing public land sales to mining operations, May 20, 2004
19
3
Public Lands: News clippings about federal public land sales, 1996-2005; undated
19
4
Public Lands: Central Nevada Communications Site, 1994-1998
19
5
Public Lands: BLM/Nevada Bell Crescent Valley Fiber Optic Cable Installation, 2001
19
6
Public Lands: Bald Mountain Tracking Instrumentation Substation (TIS), 1997
19
7
Public Lands: Other communication site projects correspondence, 2000-2007
19
8
Public Lands: Tonkin Springs Exploration Project, October 2000
19
9
Public Lands: Wild horse gathers notices, 2010
19
10
Public Lands: Cactus Springs, proposed gravel pit, 1997-1998
19
11
Public Lands: Western Shoshone Inter-Tribal/Inter-Agency Roundtable Listening Conferences, 1999-2000
19
12
Public Lands: Western Shoshone Tribes and BLM monthly meetings, 1998-2000
19
13
Public Lands: Western Shoshone Tribes and BLM monthly meetings, 2001
19
14
Public Lands: Western Shoshone Tribes and BLM monthly meetings, 2002-2004
19
15
Public Lands: South Buckhorn Working Group meeting information and Western Shoshone Defense Project comment, January 2004
19
16
Public Lands: Federal public lands legislation and related materials, 1999-2004
19
17
Public Lands: South Fork Band federal consultation policy, 1999
19
18
Fire Management: Correspondence, 1997-2005; 2011
19
19
Fire Management: Plan for Ely District, 2000-2001
19
20
Fire Management: Wildfire management and controlled burns, circa 2002
19
21
Fire Management: Battle Mountain and Eureka Complex fires, 1999
19
22
Fire Management: Cottonwood Basin/Allotment, 2007
19
23
Fire Management: Reseeding and brush fires, 1995; 1999-2001
19
24
Project and Planning Schedule/EA: Seven Mile Hazardous Fuels Reduction Project, 2003-2005
19
25
Oil and gas lease issues: Correspondence, 2006-2007
19
26
Sale of land parcels and drillings, 2010-2011
19
27
Electronic Warefare and TIS, 1995-1998
19
28
Military: U. S. Navy's appeal to central Nevada communication site plans, U. S. Air Force bombing range, and correspondence, 1995-1998
19
29
Military: Supersonic Operations Areas and protest on bombing range, 1985
19
30
Military: Fallon Naval Air Station bombing range and training issues, appeals, correspondence, briefing paper, newsletters, and news clippings, 1994-2000; undated
19
31
Military: Nellis Air Force Base and Range correspondence, land withdrawal, action alerts, news clippings, and articles, 1995-1998
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20
1
Military: Nellis Air Force Base Range Renewal Management Strategies, 1997-1998
20
2
Military: Owyhee Bombing Range general information and articles, 1998
20
3
Military: Comments on Enhanced Training in Idaho, DEIS (Owyhee Bombing Range) and miscellaneous notes, September 1997
20
4
Military: Defense Expansion Over site Network (DEON) lawsuit information, 1997-1998
20
5
Military: Southwest Defense Alliance, 1997-1998
20
6
Military Land/Air: Report, "DOD Management Issues Related to Chaff", September 1998
20
7
Military Air Use: Military air use expansions general information, 1986; 1995-1997; undated
20
8
Military Air Use: HAARP Project information, 1995; undated
20
9
Military Air Use: Article, "The MX Missile and Western Shoshone Land Claims" by Elmer Rusco, circa 1980
20
10
News clippings and articles on military land/air use, 1981-2010

Group 2, Series 9: Nuclear Issues, 1993-2009 (9 folders)

Group 2, Series 9: Nuclear issues, contains information and materials on the Nevada Test Site and Yucca Mountain, two highly controversial facilities located within Western Shoshone territory. Of particular interest is correspondence regarding the Divine Strake, a major test of a 700-ton bomb that was to take place on the Nevada Test Site. The environmental impact of this test would be detrimental to all living in the area as well as to the Western Shoshone ancestral lands. In June 2007, a protest was organized by the WSDP and various indigenous, environmental justice, and peace disarmament organizations outside of the NTS. The project was eventually cancelled.

Additionally, this series includes a research paper that examines nuclear colonialism and the exclusion of Native Americans through rhetorical strategies, as well as press releases, action alerts, and news articles. For supplemental information about nuclear issues, consult Group 2, Series 9; Group 3, Series 7; and Group 6. Arranged chronologically.

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20
11
Correspondence, 1993-2009
20
12
Western Shoshone Government response to nuclear waste repository within Western Shoshone territory and briefing paper, April 1997
20
13
Nuclear research and programs pertains to Yucca Mountain and Nevada Test Site, 1997; undated
20
14
Bechtel Corporation: Correspondence and statement regarding Nevada Test Site and Yucca Mountain contracts written by Chief Raymond Yowell, May 30, 2003
20
15
Bechtel Corporation company information and media coverage, 2002-2003
20
16
Opposition letters to Nevada Test Site's bomb test, Divine Strake, 2006-2007
20
17
Research: "The Rhetoric of Nuclear Colonialism: Rhetorical Exclusion of American Indian Arguments in the Yucca Mountain Nuclear Waste Siting Decision" Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies 6(1), 2009
20
18
Press releases and action alerts, 2002-2003
20
19
Articles and news clippings, 1994; 2000-2004

Group 2, Series 10: Mining Issues

Group 2, Series 10: Mining Issues, contains information and materials gathered by the WSDP about mining. Mining has a long and controversial history in the state of Nevada. In central and northeastern Nevada, there are over 26 metal mines, many of which lie at the heart of Western Shoshone territory. Nevada produces approximately 79% of all gold in the United States; a majority of that is produced using environmentally impactful production techniques including open-pit mining and cyanide heap leaching. The WSDP have worked tirelessly to preserve cultural sites and protect their ancestral lands and resources, especially water, from the harmful impacts of mining. This series documents that effort.

Group 2, Series 10 is divided into four subseries: Subseries 1: General Mining; Subseries 2: Mining Companies; Subseries 3: Cortez/Pipeline Projects; and Subseries 4: Great Basin Mine Watch.

Group 2, Series 10, Subseries 1: General Mining, 1984-2010 (105 folders)

Group 2, Series 10, Subseries 1: General Mining, contains general information on mining on Western Shoshone land as well as international indigenous mining impacts. Included in this series is information about: abandoned mines; allotments; BLM fact sheets; Surface Mining Regulations 3809; cyanide/heap leach; environmental information; general mining correspondence; hardrock mining legislation; research materials; mine safety; Mineral Policy Center publications; mining claims information; Mining Law Reform; Nevada Mining Industry and Nevada Mining Association information; reclamation; water and dewatering; pollution and hazardous waste; Project Underground; Western Mining Action Network; mining conferences; and mining articles. Arranged by topic.

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20
20
Abandoned mines: General information, 1994-1996
20
21
Allotment: General information, 1996-2000; undated
20
22
BLM Fact sheets, 1993-1997; undated
20
23
BLM Regulation 3809/3600: Information and correspondence, 1995-2001
20
24
BLM Regulation 3809: Articles, 1997-2001
20
25
BLM Regulation 3809: Congressional hearing, part 1, 1997
20
26
BLM Regulation 3809: Congressional hearing, part 2, 1997
20
27
Cyanide: Papers and publications, 1998-2008
20
28
Cyanide: News articles, 1993-2010
20
29
Cyanide: "Toxicological Profile for Cyanide," U. S. Department of Health and Human Services (Chapters 1-5), July 2006
20
30
Cyanide: "Toxicological Profile for Cyanide" (Chapter 6-Glossary and Appendix), July 2006
20
31
Environmental: General information, 1995-1997
20
32
Western Shoshone mining information: Meetings, agendas, publicity flyers, and notices, 1999; 2004-2005
20
33
J. Steven Giles Assistant Secretary of Interior: Calendar of meetings discussing American Indian mining issues and meetings about Carrie and Mary Dann; Newmont and Placer Dome Mining Corporation; and news clippings on Griles investigation, 2001-2004
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21
1
General mining information, 1993-2010
21
2
General mining correspondence, 1995-2010
21
3
Gold: General information, 1985-2001
21
4
Hardrock mining: General information, 1997-2000; undated
21
5
S.796: Hardrock Mining and Reclamation Act, 2009
21
6
Report: "Hardrock Reclamation Bonding Practices in the Western U. S.", February 2000
21
7
Hazardous waste: General information, 1984-2000; undated
21
8
International mining: Research and general information, 2002
21
9
International Mining Journal (2 issues), 1994
21
10
Mining companies: Diagrams and maps, 1996; undated
21
11
Mercury: General information, 2000-2007
21
12
Mine safety: General information, 1994-1996
21
13
Mineral Policy Center: Clementine (11 issues), 1990-1997/98
21
14
Mineral Policy Center: Publications, 1998-2000
21
15
Mining Claims: General information, 1994-2001; undated
21
16
Mining Minerals and Sustainable Development Project, 2001
21
17
Mining operations and closure regulations, 1994-1996
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22
1
Mine contamination: General information, 1989-1995
22
2
Mining Law Reform: Articles, 1995-1997
22
3
Mining Law Reform: General, 1997-2000
22
4
Mining Law Reform: Mining Law of 1872, 1993-1994; 2003; undated
22
5
The Nevada Mineral Industry: Publications, 1979-1997
22
6
Nevada Mining Industry: General information, 1996-1998
22
7
Nevada Mining Association, 1995-2000
22
8
H.R.2869: Northern Nevada Economic Development or Land Consolidation Act, 2003
22
9
Oil and natural gas: General information, 1996-2006
22
10
Reclamation: General information, 1993-1999; undated
22
11
Reclamation Permits, various companies, 2003-2005
22
12
Water: Carlin Trend groundwater, circa 2000
22
13
Water: Dewatering, 2000; undated
22
14
Water: General information, 1996-2005
22
15
Water: Humboldt River Basin, 1994-1999; undated
22
16
Water: Pollution Control Permits, various companies, 2003-2009
22
17
Water: Public Education for Water Quality Project publications, 1996
22
18
Water: Report on Water Quality at Inactive and Abandoned Mines in Nevada, December 1995
22
19
Water Resources Development Act, 1999
22
20
Wildlife: General information, 1997-2000
22
21
Article: "EPA Region 9 Mining Strategy, Draft", June 8, 1999
22
22
Article: "Mining in Nevada: Digging a Hole for the Future of the Western Shoshone Nation?" by Christopher Sewall, undated
22
23
Article: "Up Against a Golden Wall: the Mining Industry and the Past, Present, and Future of Western Shoshone Sovereignty" by Christopher Sewall, undated
22
24
Article: "Local Dirt, Global Dreams; Mining Investment and Land Use Change in Arizona," by Gavin Bridge, Local Environment, 2003
22
25
Booklet: "Indians, genes and genetics: What Indians should know about the new biotechnology" by Debra Harry and Frank C. Dukepoo, 1998
22
26
Nevada State Engineer's Office publications, 1995
22
27
Nevada. Division of Water Resources publications, 1996
22
28
Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology publications, 1993-1994; undated
22
29
Nevada Division of Minerals publications, 2001
22
30
Booklet: "Mine monitoring manual: A resource for community members," by Sue Moodie, Project Underground and Yukon Conservation Society, June 2001
22
31
Native American Mining Issues: Alaska, 1997-1998
22
32
Native American Mining Issues: Colorado, 1998; undated
22
33
Native American Mining Issues: Montana, 1993-1998; 2005
22
34
Native American Mining Issues: New Mexico, 1995-1999
22
35
Native American Mining Issues: South Dakota, 2004
22
36
Native American Mining Issues: Washington, 1994-2000
22
37
Native American Mining Issues: Wisconsin, 1993-2001
22
38
Indigenous Peoples Mining Issues: Canada, 1997-200l; undated
22
39
Indigenous Peoples Mining Issues: Africa, 1993
22
40
Indigenous Peoples Mining Issues: Australia, 1993-1996
22
41
Indigenous Peoples Mining Issues: South America, 1993-2005
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23
1
Indigenous Peoples Mining Issues: General information, 1997; undated
23
2
Indigenous Peoples Mining Issues: Conference "Mining and Indigenous Peoples" London, May 6-16, 1996
23
3
Indigenous Peoples Mining Issues: Indigenous Mining Campaign Project, 2003
23
4
Indigenous Peoples Mining Issues: Resource/Extractive Companies and Indigenous Peoples Engagement Recipe for Dialogue Project Guidebook, March 2003
23
5
Project Underground: General information, correspondence, and reports, 1996-2000
23
6
Project Underground: "The Peoples' Gold Summit" San Juan Ridge, California, workshop and correspondence, June 2-8, 1999
23
7
Project Underground: Proceedings from the Peoples" Gold Summit, June 2-9, 1999
23
8
Western Mining Action Network/Western Mining Activist Network: General information, 1995-2003
23
9
Western Mining Activist Network: Conferences, 1997; 1999; 2001
23
10
Conference: "Indigenous and Mining, Minerals and Sustainable Development," International Institute for Environment and Development Perth, Australia, April 2002
23
11
Conference: "Southwest Citizen Mining Activist Conference," Mineral Policy Center National Wildlife Federal, Western Mining Activist Network, Durango, Colorado, May 29-31, 1998
23
12
Conference: "North America Indigenous Peoples Mining Summit," Western Mining Action Network and Indigenous Environmental Network, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, July 27-30, 2005
23
13
Conference: "Empowering Natural Communities: Tools for Dialogue with Mining Companies," Elko, Nevada, February 3-4, 2005
23
14
Conference: "Natives Impacted by Mining Conference", 2001-2003
23
15
Conference: "Mining Reform Leadership Conference," Mineral Policy Center, Salt Lake City, April 23, 1995
23
16
Conference: "Building a Global Mining Campaign," Warrenton, Virginia, September 15-19, 2001
23
17
Conference: "North American Indigenous Peoples Mining Summit," Indigenous Environmental Network, Anchorage, Alaska, August 15-18, 2007
23
18
Conference: "Hardrock Mining Reform Conference and Training," Western Organization of Resource Councils, Billings, Montana, October 10-12, 1997
23
19
Conference: Indigenous Environmental Network, Protecting Mother Earth, Fort Bellknap, Montana, August 4-7, 1997
23
20
Conference: "More Precious than Gold: Endangered Species Discussion Paper on Mining and the Environment, workshop draft, May 1997
23
21
Conference: Miscellaneous information, 1996-2002
23
22
Workshop: "Closure, Remediation, and Management of Precious Metals Heap Leach Facilities," abstracts, January 14, 1999
23
23
Workshop: BLM-Nevada Statewide Minerals Workshop, Reno, Nevada, January 17-20, 1995
23
24
Mining articles, 1994
23
25
Mining articles, 1995
23
26
Mining articles, 1996
23
27
Mining articles, 1997
23
28
Mining articles, 1998
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24
1
Mining articles, 1999
24
2
Mining articles, 2000
24
3
Mining articles, 2001
24
4
Mining articles, 2002-2006
24
5
Mining articles, undated

Group 2, Series 10, Subseries 2: Mining Companies, 1987-2010 (123 folders)

Group 2, Series 10, Subseries 2: Mining Companies, contains general information about mining companies that have operations in Nevada. Much of the information relates to mining company profiles and public relations literature, profits and stockholder information, and correspondence with companies. The larger and more notable mines, particularly those operating on Western Shoshone territory such as Newmont, Placer Dome (Cortez Gold Mines), and Oro Nevada Mining Company, are well documented by the information collected by the Western Shoshone Defense Project. Information directly relating to the Cortez and Pipeline Projects is located in Group 2, Series 10, Subseries 3. Other mining company information in this series include Round Mountain Gold, Santa Fe Pacific Gold and Western Mining Corporation, in which annual reports and stockholder meetings, news articles and meetings with Western Shoshones were collected.

Of particular interest in this series is the materials related to the Oro Nevada Mining Company, which conducted exploration drilling near the Dann Ranch from 1996-1998. On March 20, 1997, the Western Shoshone filed a complaint in federal district court against the United States, various officials of the Department of the Interior, the BLM, and Oro Nevada Resources, Inc. The complaint alleged a number of different invasions of Western Shoshone territorial integrity, and asked for injunctive and declaratory relief as well as monetary damages. The basis of the complaint is the Treaty of Ruby Valley of 1863. This legal case can be also found in Group 3, Series 16, Subseries 1. Also included with the Oro Nevada material is a petition campaign created by Italian citizens in support of the Dann's and the Western Shoshone to thwart Oro Nevada Mining from its plans to mine in the area.

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6
Alta Gold Company: General information, 1994-2000
24
7
Anglogold: General information, 1999-2001
24
8
Atlas Gold Mining Inc.: General information, 1990-1997
24
9
Battle Mountain Gold Company: Environmental record, 1992
24
10
Battle Mountain Gold Company: General information, 1993-1999
24
11
Battle Mountain Gold Company: Annual Report, 1996
24
12
Battle Mountain Gold Company: Crown Jewel Mine, 1997
24
13
Battle Mountain Gold Company: Fortitude Reona Operations, 1996
24
14
Battle Mountain Gold Company: Phoenix Project correspondence, 1999-2004
24
15
Battle Mountain Gold Company: Phoenix Project general information, 2003-2004; undated
24
16
Barrick: Mine tours, 1992
24
17
Barrick: Correspondence, 1995-2010
24
18
Barrick: Articles and news clippings, 1996-2010
24
19
Barrick: General information, 2005-2009; undated
24
20
Barrick: Responsibility Report, 2007
24
21
Barrick: Bullfrog Mine, 1990; 1998
24
22
BHP: Copper Robinson Operations, 1996; 2009
24
23
Bill Taylor: Danielle Garnet Trenching Project, Hampton Creek, 1994-2009
24
24
Bill Taylor: Danielle Garnet Trenching Project, environmental analysis correspondence, 1994-1996
24
25
Bill Taylor: Danielle Garnet Trenching Project Environmental Assessment, April 1996
24
26
Canyon Resources Corporation: Briggs Project, 1997-1999
24
27
Carico Lake Mining Co.: Carico Lake Turquoise Mine, 2004-2005
24
28
Coral Gold Corporation: Annual report, 2003
24
29
Dee Gold Mining Co.: Dee Arturo Expansion Project, circa 2009-2010
24
30
Echo Bay Minerals Co.: Correspondence, 1994-1997
24
31
Echo Bay Minerals Co.: McCoy Cove Mine general information, 1990-1997
24
32
FMC Paradise Peak Corp.: General information, 1993
24
33
Franco Nevada Mining Corporation: General information, 1994-1996
24
34
Frontier Gold: Eminent domain issue, 2010
24
35
Glamis Gold Ltd, Glamis Imperial Corp.: Glamis Imperial Gold Mine, 1998-2003
24
36
Glamis Gold Ltd, Glamis Imperial Corp.: Marigold Mining Company Expansion Project, 1998-2002
24
37
Gold Capital Corp. Inc.: Tonkin Springs Mine, 1995
24
38
Golden Sunlight Mine: Clippings, 1994
24
39
Happy Tracks Mining Co.: Gold Creek South Exploration, 2000
24
40
Hecla Ventures Corporation: Hollister Development Block Project, 2003
24
41
Homestake Mining Company: Environmental Health and Safety Report, 1994
24
42
Homestake Mining Company: Newspaper clippings and articles, 1995-2001
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25
1
Homestake Mining Company: Ruby Hill Mine Project, Native American Consultation, 1995-1996
25
2
Homestake Mining Company: Ruby Hill Mine Project, 1995-1997
25
3
Homestake Mining Company: Ruby Hill Project newsletter Hallmark, 1996-1997
25
4
Homestake Mining Company: Ruby Hill Land Sale, EIS, April 2003
25
5
Homestake Mining Company: Correspondence, 1996-2004
25
6
Independence Mining Co. Inc.: General information, 1991-1995
25
7
Independence Mining Co. Inc.: Big Springs Project, 1990-1998
25
8
Independence Mining Co. Inc.: Dash Mining Project, 1996
25
9
Independence Mining Co. Inc.: Jerritt Canyon Project, 1991-1996; 2000
25
10
Inland Resources Inc.: Toiyabe Mine, 1995-1996
25
11
Ivanhoe Gold Company: Ivanhoe Mine Expansion, undated
25
12
John J. Gardiner and Associates, LLC, 2000; 2004
25
13
Kinross-Goldbanks Mining Co.: Goldbanks Mining Project, 1996-1997
25
14
Klonder Mines Ltd.: Fire Creek Exploration Project, 2005
25
15
Magma Nevada Mining Co.: Robinson Mining Project, 1991-1994
25
16
Nevada Drilling Fluids, Inc.: Slaven Canyon Barite Mining Project, 2002
25
17
Nevada Rae Gold: Black Rock Canyon Gold Mine and Mill, 2004-2005
25
18
Newmont SOAPA Draft EIS and Barrick Betze Project, 1994-2002
25
19
Newmont: Annual Reports, 1993-1999
25
20
Newmont: Annual Reports, 2000-2003
25
21
Newmont: Stockholder information and annual meeting notices, 2000-2005
25
22
Newmont: Correspondence, general, 1997-2005; undated
25
23
Newmont: General information, 2004-2010
25
24
Newmont: News clippings and articles, 1994-1999
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26
1
Newmont: News clippings and articles, 2000-2004; undated
26
2
Newmont: Summary of Newmont Mining Corps Exploration Program for gold in Nevada Presentation to Te-Moak Tribe, January 10 2006
26
3
Newmont: Carlin Trend, 1991
26
4
Newmont: Emigrant Project, circa 2002
26
5
Newmont: Gold Quarry Mine, 1990; 2003
26
6
Newmont: Leeville Project, 2002-2003
26
7
Newmont: Mill 5/6 Gold Quarry James Creek Project, 2002-2003
26
8
Newmont: Midas Joint Venture, 2002
26
9
Newmont: Phoenix Mine, 2010
26
10
Newmont: Trenton Canyon Mine Project, 1996-2006
26
11
Oro Nevada Resources Mining Company: Company information, 1987-1997
26
12
Oro Nevada Mining Co.: Company and stock information, 1996
26
13
Oro Nevada Mining Co.: Shareholder information of Christopher Sewell, 1996-1998
26
14
Oro Nevada Mining Co.: Correspondence on company, 1996-1998
26
15
Oro Nevada Mining Co.: Drilling on Western Shoshone lands, 1996-1998
26
16
Oro Nevada Mining Co.: Proposed Land Exchange, Dean Ranch, 1996-1998
26
17
Oro Nevada Mining Co.: Notice of Intent to drill in Crescent Valley, 1997
26
18
Oro Nevada Mining Co. Chronology on Oro Nevada in Crescent Valley; file on Oro, protests, etc., 1997
26
19
Oro Nevada Mining Co.: Drilling activities, compliance reports, reclamation information, 1997
26
20
Oro Nevada Mining Co.: Italian protest petitions on Crescent Valley drilling, part 1, 1997
26
21
Oro Nevada Mining Co.: Italian protest petitions, part 2, 1997
26
22
Oro Nevada Mining Co.: Italian protest petitions, part 3, 1997
26
23
Oro Nevada Mining Co.: Italian protest petitions, part 4, 1997
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27
1
Oro Nevada Mining Co.: Drilling project on Dean Ranch, Hand Me Down Creek Project, 1997-1998
27
2
Oro Nevada Mining Co.: Letters of supports, 1996-1998
27
3
Oro Nevada Mining Co.: Western Shoshone Defense Project Action Alerts, press releases on drilling; Carrie Dann's statement, 1996-1997
27
4
Oro Nevada Mining Co.: News clippings, 1996-1998
27
5
Pathfinder Exploration Corporation: Buck Project, 1995
27
6
Pegasus Gold: Zortman Landusky Mine/Ft. Belknap Reservation, 1993-1999
27
7
Pegasus Gold: Florida Canyon, 1992-1999
27
8
Placer Dome Operations: Musselwhite Agreement, 1992; 2001; undated
27
9
Placer Dome Operations: Annual Reports, 1992; 1998-2000
27
10
Placer Dome Operations: Annual meetings and reports, 1993-2005
27
11
Placer Dome Operations: Publications, 1994; 1996; undated
27
12
Placer Dome Operations: Correspondence, general, 1994-2006
27
13
Placer Dome Operations: News clippings and articles, 1995-2005
27
14
Placer Dome Operations: Employee newsletter Newsbreak (4 issues), 1996
27
15
Placer Dome Operations: General information, 1997-2003
27
16
Placer Dome Operations: Mining Report Card, July 1999
27
17
Placer Dome Operations: Agendas, meetings, and workshops, 1999-2005
27
18
Placer Dome Operations: Bald Mountain Mine, 1997-2009
27
19
Placer Dome Operations: Getchell Mine purchase clippings, 1997-2001
27
20
Placer Dome Operations: Hilltop Project, 1996
27
21
Placer Dome Operations: Toiyabe Exploration Project, 1997
27
22
Rio Tinto Mine: Mountain City, Nevada, general information, 1997-1998; undated
27
23
Rodeo Creek Gold, Inc.: Hollister Underground Mine Project, 2010
27
24
Round Mountain Gold Corporation: Smoky Valley Common Operation, 1997; 2001
27
25
Round Mountain Gold Corporation: Round Mountain Expansion Project, June 2010
27
26
Round Mountain Gold Corporation: Manhattan Mine, 2002
27
27
Royal Gold, Inc.: News releases, 1995-2000
27
28
Royal Gold, Inc.: News clippings and articles, 1995-1999; undated
27
29
Royal Gold, Inc.: Annual reports and stockholders meetings, 1995-1999
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28
1
Royal Gold, Inc.: Security and Exchange Commission quarterly reports, 1996-2000
28
2
Santa Fe Pacific Gold Corporation: Newspaper clippings and articles, 1995-1997
28
3
Santa Fe Pacific Gold Corporation: Mule Canyon Mine general information and correspondence, 1991-1997
28
4
Santa Fe Pacific Gold Corporation/Newmont: Lone Tree Mine, 1996-2009
28
5
Santa Fe Pacific Gold Corporation: Twin Creeks Gold Mine, 1996-1997
28
6
Trident Gold Co., LLC: Cherry Spring Canyon Project, 2003
28
7
Western Mining Corp.: Company information, 1994-1996
28
8
Western Mining Corp.: Association with Western Mining Corp. Royal Gold, Inc. western goldfields and hog ranch mine, 1986-1988
28
9
Western Mining Corp.: News articles, 1996
28
10
Western Mining Corp.: Meeting with Shoshones, Reno, Nevada, September 5, 1996
28
11
White Knight Gold, Inc.: Patty Exploration Project, 2000

Group 2, Series 10, Subseries 3: Cortez Mine/Pipeline Projects, 1993-2010 (117 folders)

The Cortez Gold Mine is located near Crescent Valley, Nevada, between the Shoshone and Cortez Mountains. Placer Dome sold its mine to Barrick Gold Mine in 2006. Because the Pipeline and other mining projects of Cortez Gold Mine would harm the environment and the water in the area, the Western Shoshone Defense Project, as part of its mission to protect Western Shoshone lands, would monitor, make comments and appeal these projects. The Western Shoshone Defense Project and the Great Basin Mine Watch with Western Mining Action Project as legal counsel eventually entered into litigation.

Group 2, Series 10, Subseries 3: Cortez Mine/Pipeline Project, consists of correspondence, environmental standard reports, water-monitoring reports, water analysis reports, mine plan of operations, Freedom of Information requests regarding various mining projects, Pipeline appeal information, mine scoping meetings, legal hearings before the Interior Board of Land Appeals (IBLA), petitions against the Pipeline Project from international supporters as well as support petitions against mining and news clips and articles. In addition to the Pipeline Project, other Cortez expansion mine projects include South Pipeline, Horse Canyon, and Pediment Mine. The Pediment Mine and the Cortez Hills Mine Expansion project are located at the flank of Mount Tenabo. The Western Shoshones would attempt to halt the expansion because it would cause irreversible damage and prevent the use of the lands for spiritual and religious purposes. For information about the legal cases see Group 2, Series 10, Subseries 4; and Group 2, Series 13. Arranged chronologically.

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12
Correspondence, 1993-1995
28
13
Correspondence, 1996
28
14
Correspondence, 1997
28
15
Correspondence, 1998
28
16
Correspondence, 1999
28
17
Correspondence, 2000-2002
28
18
Correspondence, 2003-2006
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29
1
Plan of Operations, October 1992
29
2
Goldmine Expansion Project, Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS), December 1992
29
3
Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS), August 1993
29
4
Seep and Spring Report, September 13, 1993
29
5
Seep and Spring Report: Maps, 1993
29
6
Well and Well Spring, 1993
29
7
Summary of Groundwater Conditions, December 1993
29
8
Gold Deposit FEIS Issues, 1993-1996
29
9
Cortez Plan of Operations, 1994
29
10
Environmental Assessment, March 1994
29
11
Gold Deposit Environmental Impact Statement, July 1994
29
12
Environmental Impact Statement meeting, September 1994
29
13
Decision of Record and Finding Cortez Goldmine's Crescent Pit notices of proposed action against Cortez, 1994; undated
29
14
Cortez Well Leakage, 1994-1997; undated
29
15
Pit Backfilling Alternatives Engineering and Cost Analysis, May 1995
29
16
Water Pollution Control Quarterly Report, 4th Quarter, 1995
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30
1
Pipeline Gold Project Summary of Baseline Chemistry Data and Assessment of the Hydrochemistry of the Final Open Pit, Volume 1, October 1995
30
2
Pipeline Gold Project Summary of Baseline Chemistry Data and Assessment of the Hydrochemistry of the Final Open Pit, Volume 2, Appendices, 1995
30
3
Pipeline Gold Project Summary of Baseline Chemistry Data and Assessment of the Hydrochemistry of the Final Open Pit, Volume 3, Appendices, part 1, 1995
30
4
Pipeline Gold Project Summary of Baseline Chemistry Data and Assessment of the Hydrochemistry of the Final Open Pit, Volume 3, Appendices, part 2, 1995
30
5
Pipeline Gold Project Help Model to Predict Seepage from Heap Leach/Tailing Storage Facility, October 1995
30
6
Pipeline Gold Project Help Model to Predict Seepage from the Reclaimed Waste Rock Dump, October 1995
30
7
Pipeline Gold Project Integrated Monitoring Plan, October 1995
30
8
Pipeline Gold Project Screening-Level Ecological Risk Assessment for Pit Lake, November 1995
30
9
Long Term Financial Plan, 1995; 1996
30
10
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Requests, 1995-1996
30
11
FOIA requests made by Western Shoshone Defense Project regarding documents related to mining projects: Santa Fe Pacific Gold Mule Canyon, Cortez Pipeline Project, Willows Creek, Buckhorn Mine, 1995-1996; 2001
30
12
Legal Issues of Appeal of the Pipeline Project FEIS, 1996
30
13
Gold Deposit Final EIS, Volume 1, January 1996
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31
1
Gold Deposit Final EIS, Volume 2, January 1996
31
2
Record of Decision and Plan of Operations Approval Cortez Pipeline Gold Deposit, March 4, 1996
31
3
1996 Amendment to the Pipeline Plan of Operations for the South Pipeline Project Prepared for Cortez Gold Mines, September 17, 1996
31
4
Transcript of South Pipeline Scoping meeting, December 11, 1996
31
5
Reclamation permits, 1996-1997
31
6
Plan Amendment: Road Relocation Request, March 4, 1997
31
7
Geotechnical Investigation for Pipeline Gold Project, April 1997
31
8
Proposal for Additional Infiltration Ponds, June 1997
31
9
Seep and Spring Report, June 1997
31
10
Plan Amendment: Notice of Appeal; Approval Decision, June-July 1997
31
11
South Pipeline Ecological Risk Assessment for Pit Lake, September 1997
31
12
Plan Amendment: BLM Request for Additional Infiltration Ponds Decision, October 17, 1997
31
13
Evaluation of Infiltration Facility Capacities and Dewatering Operating Plan, October 22, 1997
31
14
Cortez Gold Mines' Answer to Statement of Reasons, 1997
31
15
Burrowing Owl survey, 1997
31
16
Administrative Determination Review: Pipeline Exploration Project Area Expansion, 1997
31
17
Letters of Violations, 1997
31
18
Toxic Spills Report and Water Contamination, 1997
31
19
Pipeline Spills, January 10, 1998
31
20
Transmittal of Groundwater Flow Modeling Report, June 4, 1998
31
21
Amended Plan of Operations to Include the Pipeline Infiltration Project, September 8, 1998
31
22
Minor Modification No. 8 Permit Application, September 14, 1998
31
23
Pipeline Infiltration Project Environmental Assessment, October 1998
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32
1
Motions for Consolidation and Expedited Reviews, March-November 1998
32
2
Hydrogeochemical Evaluation of Proposed Infiltration Sites, 1998
32
3
Water issues and water rights database, 1998; 1999
32
4
Water Pollution Control Permit, Pipeline Infiltration 4th Quarter Report, January 25, 1999
32
5
1999 Analysis of water level declines at the Cortez Pit Lake, Cortez Mine Site, Lander County, Nevada, July 2, 1999
32
6
Affidavit of Jim Collord, July 9, 1999
32
7
IBLA No.99-301: Cortez Gold Mines' Answer to Statement of Reasons and Request for Hearing Filed by Western Shoshone Defense Project, July 13, 1999
32
8
South Pipeline Project, Draft Environmental Impact Statement, BLM, August 1999
32
9
Environmental Assessment Horse Canyon Exploration Project, October 1999
32
10
IBLA No. 99-301: Consolidated Response to the BLM's Motion to Dismiss and Answer and Cortez Gold Mines' Answer, circa November 1999
32
11
IBLA No. 99-301: Cortez Gold Mines' Reply to Consolidated Response Filed by Western Shoshone Defense Project, December 16, 1999
32
12
Transmittal of Addendum to Groundwater Flow Modeling Report, December 22, 1999
32
13
Permits: Air and water for pipeline project, 1999
32
14
South Pipeline Project Final EIS, February 2000
32
15
Comments on Final EIS, South Pipeline Project, March 30, 2000
32
16
Amendment to the Pipeline Plan of Operations for the South Pipeline Project Prepared for Cortez Gold Mines, June 6, 2000
32
17
Record of Decision and Plan Operations Approval, June 2000
32
18
IBLA 2000-326: Appeal Record of Decision and Mining Plan of Operations Approval, June 2000
32
19
Horse Canyon Unified Exploration, 2000
32
20
Horse Canyon Exploration Project: Plan of Operations, 2000
32
21
Cortez Joint Venture Pipeline Project, Water Pollution Control Permit, NEV95111, Annual Report, 2000
32
22
Updated Data and Analysis of Groundwater Behavior, 2000
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33
1
Modification to the Pipeline Plan of Operations Pipeline Pit Expansion, part 1, January 16, 2001
33
2
Modification to the Pipeline Plan of Operations Pipeline Pit Expansion Appendix 6-9, part 2, 2001
33
3
Pipeline Infiltration Water Pollution Control Permit 1st Quarter Report, 2001
33
4
Toiyabe Mine, Heap Leach Closure Infiltration System, Environmental Assessment, June 2000
33
5
Information Provided in Support of the Renewal of Water Pollution Control Permit, part 1, July 25, 2001
33
6
Renewal of Water Pollution Control Permits, Exhibit 2, part 2, 2001
33
7
Decision and Finding of No Significant Impact, Horse Canyon/Cortez, August 2001
33
8
Toiyabe Mine, Heap Leach Closure Infiltration System, Environmental Assessment, August 2001
33
9
South Pipeline Project litigation correspondence, 2001
33
10
Horse Canyon/Cortez Unified Exploration Project Pediment Mine Report, 2001
33
11
Pediment Project Plan of Operations, 2001
33
12
Pipeline Project Seep and Spring Monitoring Fall Quarter, 2003
33
13
Pipeline Rapid Infiltration Basins Technical Memorandum, May 14, 2004
33
14
Business for Social Responsibility, Elko, Nevada, October 5-6, 2004
33
15
Pipeline Project Seep and Spring Monitoring Spring Quarter, 2004
33
16
Te-moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians, Nevada Contract for Mining Project, 2004; undated
33
17
Decision Record Finding of no Significant Impact, Horse Canyon/Cortez, October 2004
33
18
Horse Canyon/Cortez Exploration Project and correspondence, 2004
33
19
Record of Decision and Modification to the Plan of Operations Approval, August 2001; October 2004; July 14, 2005
33
20
Horse Canyon/Cortez, 2005
33
21
Pipeline Infiltration Project Investigation Report, 2005
33
22
Approval of Cortez Gold Mines' Amendment to Horse Canyon/Cortez Unified Exploration Project Great Basin Mine Watch, Western Shoshone Defense Project, and Te-Moak Tribe Petitioners and BLM Respondents, 2005
33
23
Cortez: Overview of the Project, circa 2005; undated
33
24
Cortez Pediment Mine and Cortez Mine Underground Exploration Project: Correspondence and map, 2006; 2010; undated
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34
1
Draft EIS, December 2007
34
2
Mine maps, 1995-2000; undated
34
3
Mine maps, 2001
34
4
Pipeline Infiltration Project Environmental Assessment, undated
34
5
Letters from People against Cortez, undated
34
6
Position papers. Tech Memo Pipeline Infiltration Project by Tom Myers; Key Findings from Interviews with Western Shoshone Groups, 2003-2005
34
7
Notes and comments regarding Cortez DEIS and other Cortez issues, 1992-1998; undated
34
8
Petitions against the Pipeline Project from Germany and Italy, 1994-1996
34
9
Labor Unions at Cortez Correspondence by John Williams, 1993-1996
34
10
Support petitions against mining, part 1, undated
34
11
Support petitions against mining, part 2, undated
34
12
News clippings and articles, 1994-2009

Group 2, Series 10, Subseries 4: Great Basin Mine Watch, 1992-2010 (27 folders)

Great Basin Mine Watch, currently known as Great Basin Resource Watch, was founded in 1995 as a coalition of Native Americans, ranchers, independent prospectors, and environmentalists to resist the Cortez Joint Venture that operates two open pit gold mines in Crescent Valley: the Cortez Mine and the Pipeline/South Pipeline Mine. The primary purpose is to force the mining industry to protect water and tribal resources. Staff prepared comment letters and filed appeals at local, state, and federal levels, with the intent that federal agencies complete their mandate when mining projects threaten land and resources. The Pipeline Project came under attack due to massive dewatering in the valley, and severely polluted groundwater beneath the site. In addition to this threat would be the Pediment Project, a Cortez Hills Expansion Project and an open pit mine, which would be located on the flanks of Mount Tenabo, cultural and spiritual location of great significance to the Western Shoshone.

Group 2, Series 10, Subseries 4 contains general information and lawsuits filed by the Great Basin Mine Watch in response to the Cortez projects. Arranged by project type.

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34
13
Administrative records: By-laws, mission statement, and organization logo, 1994-1995
34
14
Meeting agendas and minutes, 1994; 2003-2004; undated
34
15
Correspondence, 1998-2010
34
16
Strategic Plan, 2001-2006
34
17
Campaign plans and Action Alerts, circa 2003-2005
34
18
Draft work plan, 2005
34
19
Brochures, undated
34
20
Financial records, 2002-2003
34
21
Grant Proposals, circa 2001-2003
34
22
Great Basin Mine Watch, et.al. vs. U. S. Bureau of Land Management. Petition for Review to the State Director and Request for Stay of Record Decision and Approval of Plan of Operations, March 19, 2004
34
23
Great Basin Mine Watch and Western Shoshone Defense Project vs. U. S. Bureau of Land Management, et.al. Reply to Battle Mountain Gold/Newmont's Response to Petition for State Director Review of Decision and Plan of Operations Approval for the Phoenix Project, July 15, 2004
34
24
Great Basin Mine Watch, Western Shoshone Defense Project, and Te-Moak vs. U. S. Bureau of Land Management. Petition for Review and Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relieve, November 24, 2004
34
25
Great Basin Mine Watch, Western Shoshone Defense Project, and Mineral Policy Center vs. BLM, et.al. Notice of Appeal for South Pipeline Project, July 27, 2000
34
26
United States Department of the Interior Office of Hearings and Appeals Interior Board of Land Appeals. Great Basin Mine Watch, Western Shoshone Defense Project, and Mineral Policy Center vs. BLM, et.al. IBLA No. 2000-236, Appellants' Opposition to BLM's Motion, May 18, 2001
34
27
Draft Cumulative Impact Analysis of Dewatering Operation for Betze Project, Southern Operations Area Project Amendment and Leeville Project, August 1999
34
28
Buckhorn Mine Inspection reports, 1992-1994
34
29
Draft Native American Issues and Recommendations Battle Mountain Gold Phoenix Project 1999 Revised Plan of Operations, September 1999
34
30
Draft Native American Issues and Recommendations Battle Mountain Gold Phoenix Project 1999 Revised Plan of Operations, February 2000
34
31
Gold Quarry: Comments on expansion draft environmental impact statement, October 30, 2000
34
32
Leeville Project: Email correspondence regarding record of decision, September 25, 2002
34
33
Pipeline Mine Project: Comments from Great Basin Mine Watch and Western Shoshone Defense Project Pipeline Infiltration Project, 1998; 2000
34
34
Pipeline Project: Complaint and request for investigation, Pipeline Infiltration Project, December 21, 2004
34
35
Pipeline Project: Testimonies and water pollution control permit, August 2001
34
36
South Pipeline Project: comments, reclamation plan, July 3, 2000
34
37
Wastewater and open pit mine dewatering papers, 1996; 1999; undated
34
38
Bristlecone, 2000-2007
34
39
Press releases, news clippings, and magazine articles, 1994-2003

Group 2, Series 11: Environmental Issues, 1984-2010 (25 folders)

Group 2, Series 11, Environmental Issues, contains materials that pertain to the protection and conservation of the environment. Included is information and regulations on the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), federal and state Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and other environmental legislative acts. Additional materials include information regarding permaculture, environmental justice, public land newsletters, general correspondence, reports, and Native and non-Native environmental organization information. Arranged chronologically.

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35
1
Solid Waste Disposal Act, 1984
35
2
Land Tenure Project, 1985-1987
35
3
Clean Air Act and Information, 1995
35
4
Land Use Development Reports for oil and gas, 2004
35
5
Land Use Planning Policies: Reports, 1994-1996; 2001
35
6
Permaculture, ecosystem management, sustainable development and biodiversity, 1985-1995
35
7
WSDP Environmental/Perma Culture restoration plans, undated
35
8
Native economic growth and development, 1994-1996
35
9
WSDP and University Program Collaboration on Project on Environmental Justice and Advocacy and Service Organizations: Correspondence, 1995-1996
35
10
Greenpeace USA: Correspondence and related materials, 1997-1999
35
11
General environmental correspondence, 2003
35
12
Environmental organizations and general information, circa 1994-1996
35
13
Miscellaneous environmental information, 1999-2002
35
14
Nevada Indian Environmental Coalition, Washington Office of Environmental Justice: Correspondence, reports, brochures, and newsletters, 1994-2000
35
15
Wildlife conservation and forest road management general information, 1999-2000; 2009-2010
35
16
National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and U. S. Forest Service Resource material regarding applicable laws, regulation, directives and related materials, 1992-2000; undated
35
17
U. S. Department of Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): Report, "Guide on Consultation and Collaboration with Indian Tribal Governments and the Public Participation of Indigenous Groups and Tribal Members in Environmental Decision Making", November 2000
35
18
U. S. EPA: Environmental Justice Program, July 28, 1997
35
19
U. S. EPA: Correspondence, handbook guide for Indian nations, 1994-1995; 2001
35
20
Indian Fish and Wildlife Policy, Department of the Interior, 1994
35
21
Nevada Division of Environmental Protection: Business organizational chart, notices for mining reclamation projects and water pollution control permits for mining and other projects, 1998-2009; undated
35
22
Public lands and land exchanges, 1998-2000
35
23
Public Lands Monitor Newsletter of the Public Lands Foundation, 2001-2003
35
24
Battle Mountain Band position paper on environmental issues, 1993
35
25
Toxic Substances Control Act, 1976

Group 2, Series 12: Water and Water Rights Issues, 1982-2011 (32 folders)

Group 2, Series 12: Water and Water Rights Issues, consists mainly of legislative acts and federal and state regulations that pertain to water quality and safety. There is also information about the Southern Nevada Water Authority, a controversial issue that if approved, would result in piping water from central and eastern Nevada to southern Nevada. Also included is the water rights settlement for the Shoshone Paiute Tribes of Duck Valley Reservation.

A portion of this series is dedicated to issues surrounding geothermal development, which is a major concern for Native Americans as it could diminish the traditional medicinal use of hot springs. Information on geothermal issues includes research materials, environmental assessments, legislative acts, and geothermal leasing and sales. Arranged topically.

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35
26
Water samples and testing: Correspondence, reports, notes, and news clippings, 1993-1997
35
27
Federal Water Regulations: Water Quality Act; Clean Water Act, 1987-1988
35
28
Safe Drinking Water Act, 1986-1989
35
29
Report: EPA Claims to Meet Drinking Water Goals, March 5, 2004
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36
1
Report on the Great Basin Regional Aquifer-System Analysis, 1991
36
2
State of Nevada water regulations, 1989-1999
36
3
Groundwater Development Project, 2010-2011
36
4
Ground Water Development Project/Southern Nevada Water Authority (SNWA): Correspondence, programmatic agreement, and public scoping information with maps, 2006; 2011
36
5
Southern Nevada Water Authority Groundwater Use for 2015: Background information packet, circa 2008
36
6
Department of Interior BLM State of Nevada: Report, "Clark, Lincoln, and White Pine Counties Groundwater Development Project", February 2007
36
7
Shoshone Paiute Wildhorse Reservoir Bill, 1982
36
8
Shoshone Paiute Tribes of Duck Valley Reservation: Water rights settlement, 2009
36
9
Humboldt River Water Authority: Meeting agendas and report, 1996-2000
36
10
Big Spring Ranch: Comment on Johnson Spring water resource, 2010
36
11
News clippings and news stories pertaining to water issues, 1998; 2002-2004
36
12
Geothermal leasing and operation rules, 1998
36
13
Geothermal press releases and updates, 2001-2003
36
14
Programmatic Environmental Assessment Geothermal Leasing and Exploration, 2002
36
15
Meeting: Geothermal Opportunities in Nevada, January 11, 2002
36
16
Geothermal Steam Act and briefing sheet, 2003
36
17
Geothermal resources in Nevada: State publications, 1990; 2000
36
18
Geothermal reports and research materials, 2000-2004; undated
36
19
Geothermal leasing in Crescent Valley, 2001-2002; undated
36
20
Dann Hot Springs and geothermal development correspondence, 2001-2010
36
21
Notices for Geothermal lease, sales, and development on public lands, 2002-2003; 2007
36
22
Geothermal lease Cortez/Katz, 2004
36
23
Geothermal Exploration Project, Grass Valley, Lander County, Nevada, September 2006
36
24
Beowawe Geysers: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1998
36
25
Oil and Gas and Geothermal Programmatic Environmental Assessment, Draft, undated
36
26
Four Hill Geothermal Project, Siskiyou and Modoc Counties, California, 2000
36
27
Geothermal Exploration Project, Buffalo Valley, Lander County, Nevada, September 2006
36
28
Geothermal fact sheet and news clippings, 1998; 2003

Group 2, Series 13: Legal Issues, 1995-2009 (7 folders)

Group 2, Series 13: Legal Issues, encompasses the legal cases filed by the Western Shoshone. Of particular interest are the Ruby Valley Treaty lawsuit and Yucca Mountain Railroad and Royalty lawsuit (also known as quiet title claims). These legal cases were filed in 2003 before the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. The Western Shoshone Defense Project provided litigation and grassroots organizing support to Herman and Mermelstein law firm and Hagar and Hearne law firm. These files consist of correspondence, summaries, proceedings and press releases made by Julie Fishel of the Western Shoshone Defense Project. For the legal cases, refer to Group 3, Series 16, Subseries 2.

The legal case involving the South Fork Band Council pertains to Cortez Gold Mine’s Cortez Hills Expansion. In it, the Western Shoshone attempted to stop the mining project in order to stop damage and degradation of the land. They also were attempting to prevent the use of the lands for anything but religious purposes. For supplemental information on appeals regarding this and other Cortez Mine projects, consult Group 2, Series 10, Subseries 3 and 4.

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36
29
Lawsuits involving Western Shoshone land jurisdiction and resource cases, 1995; 1999; 2009
36
30
Ruby Valley Treat lawsuit: U. S. District Court. Western Shoshone National Council, et.al. vs. USA, Case No. 03-CV-2009, correspondence, summaries, and press release, 2003-2005
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37
1
Ruby Valley Treaty lawsuit, Attorney Jeff Herman file: U. S. District Court. Western Shoshone National Council, et.al. vs. USA, case No. 03-CV-2009, correspondence, summaries, and press release, 2003-2005
37
2
Yucca Mountain, Railroad and Royalty lawsuit, Attorney Robert Hager file: Western Shoshone National Council vs. USA, case No. CV-05-0290-PMP-LRL, correspondence and proceedings, July 8, 2005
37
3
Western Shoshone Defense Project Subpoena in Civil Case, South Fork Band Council of Western Shoshone, Nevada vs. US DOI et.al. and Barrick Cortez, Inc., case No. CV-00616-LRH-RAM, January 6, 2009
37
4
Winnemucca Indian Colony Council lawsuit pertaining to murder of tribal chairman, Glenn Wasson, and misappropriation of tribal funds: Correspondence and memoranda with legal proceedings and news clippings, 2000-2004
37
5
Freedom of Religion case, U. S. District Court, 2009

Group 2, Series 14: Alliances, Support Groups, and Other Organizations, 1990-2007 (33 folders)

Group 2, Series 14: Alliances, Support Groups, and Other Organizations, contains information and materials about the various Native and non-Native organizations and support groups with which the WSDP worked. Over the years, many of these alliances were created as a way to build a stronger and more unified front to advance Western Shoshone sovereignty. The allies represented in this series were the primary allies of the WSDP. Arranged chronologically.

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37
6
Ruby Valley Treaty Coalition, 2003
37
7
United Western Shoshone Alliance: Draft by-laws, organization logo, agendas, and minutes, 2004-2005
37
8
WesternShoshone.com, 2003-2004
37
9
Indigenous Environmental Network (IEN): Organization information, correspondence, fossil fuels informational sheet, miscellaneous conference material, newspapers, and press release, 1997-2005
37
10
Honor the Earth: Organization brochure and report, 2004; 2006-2007
37
11
Oxfam America: Correspondence, report Dirty Metals: Mining, Communities and the Environment, and organization brochures, 2005
37
12
Amnesty International: Correspondence, draft for Western Shoshone case, Dann and Western Shoshone case report, appeal petition in Western Shoshone case, brochure, conference material, newsletter, and news clippings, 2002-2004
37
13
Mineral Policy Center: Reports and newsletter, 1996-2001
37
14
Nevada Committee for Full Statehood: Newsletter and news clippings, 2001-2003
37
15
Nevada Live Stock Association: Correspondence, legislative bill S.76, and related materials, 2001; 2003
37
16
Nevada Land Resource Co., 2000-2002; undated
37
17
Newe, Sogobi, Eagle, Buffalo Corp., 2005
37
18
Nanish Shontie (to ask the creator for a blessing) Camp and Healing Center, Oregon, undated
37
19
Poo-Na-Ba (Doctor Water), Tecopah, California, 2006
37
20
Rolling Thunder and Thunder People Productions: Correspondence and organizational information, 1994-1995
37
21
International Indian Treaty Council: Organization information and environmental report concerning pesticides, 2003; undated
37
22
Indigenous Nations Fed Charter Association: Information and summary, undated
37
23
Indigenous Peoples Law and Policy Program, James E. Rogers College of Law, University of Arizona: Information brochures, 2005
37
24
International Supporters: Correspondence and clippings, 1990-1998; 2003
37
25
International Supporters: European Parliament and World Council of Churches correspondence, meeting minutes, resolutions, and related materials, 1996-1997; 2003
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38
1
Brochures from organizations, centers, and services, 1990s
38
2
Nevada Test Site and Nuclear Information, including Ward Valley, 1992-2001
38
3
Newsletter: American Native Press, American Native Press Archives, 1996-2000
38
4
Newsletter: Naval Air Station Fallon Environmental Newsletter, 1999-2001
38
5
Newsletter: Resist Newsletter from RESIST, Inc., 2000-2003
38
6
Newsletters: Native American Network, 2000/2001, 2010; American Indian Defense News, 1994-1996; and Confederate and Paiute Tribes Newsletter, 1992
38
7
Newsletters from Native American organizations, 1995-1997
38
8
Magazines: Red Earth, 2000-2001; Redwire Magazine, 2002
38
9
Newsletter: On Indian Land: Newsletter of Support for Native Sovereignty, 1992-1995
38
10
Newsletter: On Indian Land, 1996-1997
38
11
Newsletter: On Indian Land, 1998-2000
38
12
Newsletter: Native Self-Sufficiency, 1982-1984
38
13
Newsletter: Red Stick Press, 1994-1995

Group 2, Series 15: Miscellaneous, 1980s-2003 (8 folders)

Group 2, Series 15: Miscellaneous, consists of materials that were either collected or created by the Western Shoshone Defense Project, and did not fit easily into any of the series established for Group 2.

Some of the more relevant and interesting material of the Western Shoshone Defense Project, are the buttons made by the organization for merchandise sales or collecting purposes. Most of the buttons are designed by Western Shoshone artist and advisory board member Jack Malotte. The “Western Shoshone Security Force” arm band was created and used by the volunteers protecting the interests of the Dann family during the 1992 BLM livestock roundup of the Dann cattle. The calendars in which Mary and Carrie Dann are featured are products of supporting organizations and used to show campaign work. The miscellaneous maps are mostly comprised of BLM or other federal agency that have either been separated from the publication or simply becoming loose from its main original content.

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38
14
Posters, 1995-1996; undated
38
15
Buttons: Western Shoshone Defense Project (5 items), undated
38
16
Western Shoshone Security Force Arm Bands (2 items), undated
38
17
Calendar: "Human Rights in the USA" Carrie and Mary Dann featured in October), 2002
38
18
Calendar: "Mothers Acting Up" (Carrie and Mary Dann featured on August 31-September 6 page), 2009
38
19
Maps, miscellaneous, 1980s-1990s; undated
38
20
Congressional lobbying: News stories on lobbying efforts, profiles, and public financial disclosures, 2001-2003
38
21
Poems and essays unrelated to Western Shoshone issues, undated

Group 3: Western Shoshone National Council

The Western Shoshone National Council (WSNC) was established in January 1984 as the traditional government of the Western Shoshone Nation “for the purpose of uniting all Western Shoshone interests into one entity” and to resolve the long-standing land claims of their ancestral lands bound by the Ruby Valley Treaty. The intent of the WSNC was to negotiate with the United States in order to come to a legislative agreement confirming their ownership of the lands within Western Shoshone country and exercise full sovereign power of those lands. Originally, the National Council included 18 Shoshone tribal groups to represent the reservations in Nevada and California, but that number would eventually decrease, due to a number of failed attempts at land talks with the federal government. This failure was attributed to the lack of cohesion and unification by the tribes and representatives.

The Western Shoshone National Council established policies and regulations governing their territorial land based largely on traditional use and cultural practices. Some of the areas of concern for the Western Shoshone Nation were the validation of the Treaty of Ruby Valley and that it is in full force and effect, management and control of the resources, the protection and control of religious and sacred areas, and the promotion of cultural traditions. Environmental issues included halting the high-level nuclear waste dump and transportation routes, nuclear testing, and contamination of water and air, military air space and over flights, and communication transmission lines.

The Western Shoshone National Council would enter into lawsuits on the premise of forcing the United States to address land ownership, but the courts would rule against them. In the 1990’s, a movement to enact legislation to distribute the Indian Claims Commission judgment award was gaining support among the Shoshones and Nevada Congressional representatives. However, the Shoshones were divided as to whether they should seek a compromise involving land negotiations or simply be compensated for their lands.

Group 3, Series 1: Administrative Records, 1974-2008 (52 folders)

Group 3, Series 1: Administrative Records, consists of incorporation papers, meeting minutes, correspondence, codes and regulations, permits, reports, outreach and educational materials, newsletters, press releases, news articles and other media related materials. The correspondence files consist of the two chiefs that led the National Council, Chief Jerry Millett (1984-August 1987) and Chief Raymond Yowell (September 1987-2006) and the attorneys representing the Western Shoshone National Council, Thomas Luebben and John O’Connell. The correspondence discussion predominately relates to land negotiations and the legal cases that would impede the distribution of the Indian Claims Commission Act with the intent to gain some, if not all of the ancestral lands. Arranged chronologically.

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39
1
By-laws, charter, incorporation papers, and related documents, 1983; 1995; undated
39
2
Agendas and meeting minutes, March-December 1984
39
3
Agendas and meeting minutes, January-June 1985
39
4
Agendas and meeting minutes, July-December 1985
39
5
Agendas and meeting minutes, February-April 1986
39
6
Agendas and meeting minutes, June-December 1986
39
7
Agendas and meeting minutes, January-June 1987
39
8
Agendas and meeting minutes, July-December 1987
39
9
Agendas and meeting minutes, 1988-1989
39
10
Agendas and meeting minutes, 1990-1991
39
11
Agendas and meeting minutes, 1993-1999
39
12
Agendas and meeting minutes, 2001; 2003; 2007-2008
39
13
Miscellaneous meeting minutes, undated
39
14
Resolutions, 1984-1987
39
15
Correspondence: Chief Jerry Millett's term, May 1983-December 1985
39
16
Correspondence: Chief Jerry Millett's term, January-June 1986
39
17
Correspondence: Chief Jerry Millett's term, July-December 1986
39
18
Correspondence: Chief Jerry Millett's term, August 1987
39
19
Correspondence: Chief Raymond Yowell's term, September 1987-1989
39
20
Correspondence: Chief Raymond Yowell's term, 1990
39
21
Correspondence: Chief Raymond Yowell's term, January-May 1991
39
22
Correspondence: Chief Raymond Yowell's term, September-October 1991
39
23
Correspondence: Chief Raymond Yowell's term, 1992
39
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Correspondence: Chief Raymond Yowell's term, 1993-1996
39
25
Correspondence: Chief Raymond Yowell's term, 1997-2001
39
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Correspondence: Chief Raymond Yowell's term, 2002-2005; 2007-2008
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Correspondence: Attorney Thomas Luebben, 1974-1979
39
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Correspondence: Thomas Luebben, 1980-1982
39
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Correspondence: Thomas Luebben, 1983
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Correspondence: Thomas Luebben, 1984
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Correspondence: Thomas Luebben, 1985
40
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Correspondence: Thomas Luebben, January-June 1986
40
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Correspondence: Thomas Luebben, July-December 1986
40
5
Correspondence: Thomas Luebben, January-February 1987
40
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Correspondence: Thomas Luebben, March-November 1987
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Correspondence: Thomas Luebben, 1988-2003
40
8
Correspondence: Attorney John O'Connell, 1979-1985; 1989
40
9
Correspondence: European Support Groups, 1984-1987
40
10
Personnel, 1990; 1991
40
11
Policies and procedures manual and editorial policy, 1990; undated
40
12
Codes and regulations: Wildlife and Plant Resource Code and Wildlife and Plant Resource Conservation Code, hunting and fishing regulations with hunting and fishing boundaries map, 1984; 1987
40
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Permits: Gathering permit, security zone permit, and fire permit issued by Western Shoshone National Council, 1987; 1997-1998
40
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Permits: Gathering permit, security zone permit, and fire permit issued by Western Shoshone National Council, 1995
40
15
Wild Horse and Burro Management Plan, 1999
40
16
Summaries, reports, and chronologies of the Western Shoshone land rights and claims, 1985-1986; undated
40
17
Statements, testimonies, and declarations made by Western Shoshone National Council: Wilderness designations, indigenous human rights, mineral exploration and development, Western Shoshone sovereignty declaration, Western Shoshone detainment in Germany, human rights, and nuclear testing, 1985-1993; undated
40
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Outreach, educational information, and chronologies, 1997-2002; undated
40
19
Western Shoshone National Council newsletters, 1986-1998
40
20
Press releases, 1983-2002; undated
40
21
News clippings, 1984-1995; undated
40
22
Press lists, undated
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23
Transcript: "On Indian Time" and interview with Chief Jerry Millett, June 1985

Group 3, Series 2: Financial Records, 1985-1998 (3 folders)

Group 3, Series 2: Financial Records, consists of financial reports and fundraising circulars. The Administration for Native Americans was a grant administered by the Duckwater Shoshone Tribe and used for expenses incurred for land research and negotiations. For supplemental information about this grant, consult Group 3, Series 5. Arranged chronologically.

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Financial records, 1985-1998
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Administration for Native Americans: Grant, financial statement, and reports, 1986-1988
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Fundraising and circular donation, 1992

Group 3, Series 3: Research and Resource Materials, 1936-2003 (13 folders)

Group 3, Series 3: Research and Resource Materials, is comprised of research papers primarily written by Western Shoshone historian, Steven Crum. It also includes research on various issues, though mostly on land claims, various Shoshone tribes’ general information, and attorney precedents. Arranged alphabetically and chronologically.

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Research papers about the Western Shoshone by Steven J. Crum: The Ruby Valley Indian Reservation of Northeastern Nevada: Six Miles Square, and The Western Shoshone People and their Attachment to the Land: A Twentieth Century Perspective, 1986; undated
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Research papers on Western Shoshone land claims, 1985-2003
40
29
Duckwater Shoshone Tribe: Constitution and bylaws, 1936; 1940
40
30
Elko Indian Colony: Ten year goals, September 1964
40
31
Ely Shoshone Tribe: Constitution and bylaws, 1990
40
32
Timbisha Shoshone: Constitution, 1986
40
33
Yomba Shoshone Tribe: Constitution and bylaws, 1939
40
34
Resource material: Duckwater Shoshone Tribe, Shoshone Bannock Tribe and Washoe Tribe hunting and fishing codes and regulations, 1978; 1992-1995
40
35
Resource material: Indigenous rights, circa 1990-1991
40
36
Resource material: Lobbying and tax exempt status, 1980-1989; undated
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Attorney John O'Connell: Law cases/legal precedents, 1851-1913; 1940-1948; 1966-1967
41
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Attorney John O'Connell: Law cases/legal precedents, 1973-1987
41
3
Attorney John O'Connell: Law cases/legal precedents for Seminole Indian and Claims Case, 1976-1979

Group 3, Series 4: Conferences, Meetings, and Events, 1982-2008 (3 folders)

Group 3, Series 4: Conferences, Meetings and Events is comprised of conference materials attended or hosted by Western Shoshone National Council. The file on the Great Basin Indian Spiritual Conference documents the successful revival of the Sundance, a ceremonial practice of Native tribes of the Great Basin, after a long absence. Arranged chronologically.

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Great Basin Indian Spiritual Conference materials, 1982-1989; undated
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5
Western Shoshone cultural gatherings, 1991-2004
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Miscellaneous conference materials and notes, 1986-2008

Group 3, Series 5: Projects and Issues, 1984-1997 (8 folders)

Group 3, Series 5: Projects and Issues, includes materials from the Administration for Native Americans (ANA) land research project. This grant, used to address governance, economic, and social development, was used in preparation for land negotiations with the government and consisted of three phases: 1) to obtain legal description for the original Western Shoshone territory according to the boundaries described in the treaty and the areas that the Western Shoshone communities identified as “fall back areas”; 2) identify Western Shoshone communities’ negotiating plans; and 3) draft negotiation positions. The Duckwater Shoshone Tribe administered the ANA grant and the research consultant was Charles Bleskin. For supplement information on the ANA grant, consult Group 3, Series 2.

Other projects represented in this series are the Pinyon Education Project, directed towards the youth to assist them in learning about the significance of the pinyon or pine nut tree in relation to practicing traditional food gathering and ceremony; and the Elders Project, which was used as a mechanism to unify the people, through the wisdom and experience of the elders, as practiced and transferred throughout the generations. Arranged chronologically.

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Administration for Native American (ANA) Land Research Project: Reports and related correspondence, 1986-1991
41
8
ANA Land Research Project: Western Shoshone territory listing, 1996-1997
41
9
ANA Land Research Project: The Dann Band Shoshone community report, part 1, 1988
41
10
ANA Land Research Project: The Dann Band Shoshone community report, part 2, 1988
41
11
ANA Land Research Project: The Dann Band Shoshone community report, part 3, 1988
41
12
ANA Land Research Project: The Dann Band Shoshone community report, part 4, 1988
41
13
Pinyon Education Project, 1996
41
14
Tribal Sovereignty Program: Western Shoshone Elders Project, 1984

Group 3, Series 6: Public Land Issues, 1984-2005 (8 folders)

Group 3, Series 6: Public Land Issues, consists of the issues dealing mainly with the BLM land use plans and projects. There is comment correspondence by the Western Shoshone Nation and notice correspondence by the BLM in the areas of land sales and leases, Nevada public land legislation, fire management, geothermal, oil and gas leasing, military, and mining. Arranged topically.

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Sales, leases, and withdrawals correspondence, 1986-1987
41
16
Western Shoshone National Council's opposition to Nevada Public Land Management Act, 1999
41
17
Fire management: Western Shoshone National Council's comments on construction and operation of fire experiment facility, June 1999
41
18
Power plants and oil and gas lease correspondence, 1984; 1987; 1990
41
19
Geothermal leasing: Spenser Hot Springs, Department of the Interior, Office of Hearing and Appeals; Western Watersheds Project, Yomba Tribe of Western Shoshone and Timbisha Tribe of Western Shoshone, 2004-2005
41
20
Military: Correspondence and comments from Western Shoshone National Council regarding F-22 Force Development Evaluation and Weapons School at Nellis Air Force Base, 1985; 1999
41
21
Mining projects and proposals: Round Mountain Gold; FMC Gold Company; Big Dune; Ruby Mountain District, and statement of Western Shoshone National Council regarding Cortez Gold Mines before the U. S. Department of Interior, Office of Hearing and Appeals, 1987; 1991; undated
41
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Statement of Elwood Mose on the Sarbridge Road, November 13, 1999

Group 3, Series 7: Nuclear Issues, 1979-2005 (14 folders)

Group 3, Series 7: Nuclear Issues, contains materials on nuclear waste, nuclear weapons, and nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site and Yucca Mountain, both of which are located on Western Shoshone lands. For this reason, the Western Shoshone National Council made this issue a priority. They formed alliances with anti-nuclear activists to protest this continued form of human health and land abuses.

Also of interest in this series is the proposed, and eventually cancelled, MX Missile Plan (1979-1981). The Western Shoshone National Council, with the help of supporters, actively protested against the nuclear weapons testing and the proposed MX missile, an inter-continental ballistic system set to be situated on Western Shoshone land. Arranged chronologically.

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Western Shoshone Nuclear Waste Project, 1985-1987
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Nuclear waste and nuclear testing correspondence, 1985-1998; undated
41
25
Nevada Test Site and Yucca Mountain: Information, hearing notices, tribal resolutions opposing nuclear waste, press releases, and related materials, 1985-2005; undated
41
26
World Court Project: Nuclear weapons information, correspondence, and news clippings, 1994-1995
41
27
Statement against proposed MX missile deployment by Herbert Scoville, and Declaration of Western Shoshone Sacred Land Association, 1979
41
28
Resolutions of the Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada, November 1979
41
29
MX Missile correspondence, 1979-1980
41
30
Statements before the House Interior Subcommittee on Public Lands Regarding the Proposed MX Missile System; Statement to the U. S. Air Force on Environmental Impact Analysis, February 1980
41
31
MX Deployment Area EIS comments, May 1980
41
32
Native American Concerns in the Nevada/Utah Sitting Region, Preliminary Draft, Prepared for the U. S. Air Force Ballistic Missile Office, Norton Air Force Base, California, by HDR Sciences, Santa Barbara, California correspondence, circa 1980
41
33
MX Missile: General information, 1979-1980
41
34
MX Missile: Organizations against the MX Plan newsletters, flyers, and brochures, 1979-1981
41
35
Press releases, 1979-1980
41
36
News media coverage on MX Missile Plan, 1979

Group 3, Series 8: Grazing and Trespass Issues, 1980-2003 (8 folders)

Group 3, Series 8: Grazing and Trespass Issues, is comprised of correspondence, tribal resolutions, information on livestock nationalization under the Western Shoshone Nation, Mary and Carrie trespass and grazing issues, brand certificates, South Fork and Yomba Tribes grazing agreements, action alerts, and tribal resolutions supporting Shoshone cattle grazers.

The Western Shoshone, in exerting their sovereign right to land use, refused to secure the proper grazing permits required by the BLM. Aside from the Dann sisters, Duckwater Shoshone Tribe, Yomba Shoshone Tribe, and the South Fork Livestock Association also participated in this practice. With continued threats of livestock confiscation and mounting fines for non-compliance, Duckwater and Yomba Tribes would eventually yield to the BLM’s demand for grazing permit compliance. In 2002, Chief Raymond Yowell and Myron Tybo of South Fork would endure cattle impoundments of their own for non-compliance with Bureau of Land Management’s grazing permitting process. Because some of the material in this series overlaps with Mary and Carrie Dann’s grazing and trespass issue, the researcher should also refer to Group 2, Series 4. For legal proceedings of Raymond Yowell and Myron Tybo, refer to Group 3, Series 16, Subseries 3. Arranged chronologically.

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Grazing agreements with Western Shoshone National Council; Yomba Shoshone Tribe, South Fork Band, and related correspondence, 1985-1986; undated
41
38
Grazing: External sovereignty and nationalization of Western Shoshone livestock, correspondence, Bureau of Land Management notices and orders regarding 1992 Dann livestock roundup, Western Shoshone National Council Nevada brand certificates, 1992-1994; 2007
41
39
Grazing correspondence, 1980-1991
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Grazing correspondence, 2001-2003
42
2
Dann livestock roundup and grazing correspondence, 1991-1992; 2001
42
3
Dann action alert and support notices for 1992 roundup, circa 1992
42
4
Western Shoshone Tribes' support resolutions for Western Shoshone cattlemen/women against grazing and trespass issues, 1987; 1998
42
5
Non-Western Shoshone grazing issues: Affidavit of Raymond Yowell regarding Ben Colvin grazing, circa November 2003

Group 3, Series 9: Cultural Issues, 1989-2001 (6 folders)

Group 3, Series 9: Cultural Issues, consists of correspondence notices from the BLM about archaeological information in relation to land use projects planned by the federal agency. Additional material relates to traditional cultural property information and consultation disclaimer of the Battle Mountain Band. For supplemental information relating to culture issues, the research should consult Group 2, Series 6. Arranged chronologically.

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Cultural resource: Pitt Boulder at Boulder Creek, Sierra Pacific Power Company Project, February 1989
42
7
Cultural sites: Rock Creek, Tosawihi (White Knife) Quarry and Mt. Hamilton rock shelter, correspondence and notices from Bureau of Land Management and Richard O. Clemmer, Anthropologist, 1991
42
8
Pinyon pines and pine nut harvest, 1993-1995; undated
42
9
Battle Mountain Indian Colony traditional cultural property, 1993; 2001
42
10
Western Shoshone and Bureau of Land Management meetings related to grazing and cultural issues, 1999
42
11
Western Shoshone burials: Correspondence and cultural consultation disclaimer, 2000-2001

Group 3, Series 10: Human Rights and Indigenous Human Rights Issues, 1985-2001 (3 folders)

Group 3, Series 10: Human Rights and Indigenous Human Rights Issues, focuses on human rights as it pertains to the Western Shoshone. Included is correspondence, reports, and general information. Participants representing the Western Shoshone Nation during the 1980’s were instrumental in advancing the work of indigenous human rights through working groups and forums, which eventually would lead to the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. The Western Shoshone National Council also joined with other Shoshones to petition the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. Researchers should also consult Group 2, Series 7 for more information. Arranged chronologically.

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Western Shoshone Human rights issues: Correspondence and participation application relating to Indigenous peoples and rights, United Nations Organization of American States, Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, 1985-2001; undated
42
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Booklet: Universal Declaration of Human Rights, National Center for Human Rights Education, undated
42
14
Report and analysis of the study of the Problem of Discrimination against Indigenous Populations by Roger Jones, April 1985

Group 3, Series 11: Indian Claims Commission, Bulk, 1931-1998, 1845-1998 (30 folders)

Group 3, Series 11: Indian Claims Commission, is comprised of the early material that pertains to the Indian Claims Commission Act in relation to the claim submitted by the Western Shoshone. Included in this series is a photocopy of the 1863 Ruby Valley Treaty and Frank Temoke’s telling of the history of the treaty. Early archival material used for research in establishing the basis for the claim or attorney research used to refute the claim on behalf of the traditionalist is included. Some of these documents (all copies) are reports made by John C. Fremont’s expedition to the Rocky Mountains (1841), correspondence to Bureau of Indian Affairs (1861-1869), and reports to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs (1914-1920). Also included are testimonies of Western Shoshones before the Subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs (1931-1933), tribal council meeting minutes, reports, correspondence among attorneys involved in the case, court documents, Docket 326 petition, background documents and summaries of actions (1852-1903), and legislative acts. For the proceedings of the Indian Claims Commission, researchers should refer to Group 3, Series 16, Subseries 1 and 2. Arranged chronologically.

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1863 Treaty of Ruby Valley (photocopy) and Chief Frank Temoke's history about the treaty, 1863, 1965
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Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains by John C. Fremont, 1845
42
17
Nevada Land Acts: Territory Act and Public Domain, 1861; 1932
42
18
Bureau of Indian Affairs correspondence (copies), 1861-1869
42
19
Correspondence with Utah Bureau of Indian Affairs Superintendent to James W. Nye (copies), 1859-1862
42
20
Letter of the Secretary of the Interior to Commission of Indian Affairs concerning Shoshone Bannocks, 1871
42
21
Indian Land Cessions in the United States in Bureau of American Ethnology, 18th Annual Report (various pages), 1896/1897
42
22
Report of the Commissioners of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior (photocopies), 1914-1920; 1934
42
23
Western Shoshone testimony before the Subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs, circa 1931-1933
42
24
Correspondence concerning Western Shoshone rights and contemporary issue on Native Americans, 1908; 1931-1935
42
25
Meeting minutes from council meetings, Corbin Harvey in attendance, 1948-1949
42
26
Report of the Attorney General, Nevada hunting and fishing regulations, May 1915
42
27
Executive orders for establishment of Battle Mountain and Winnemucca Indian Colonies, 1918
42
28
Agricultural Reports and statistical/census reports (photocopies), circa 1928-1932
42
29
Indian Claims Commission (ICC) legislation statues, final report, ICC attorney contract information and related materials, 1937; 1945-1946; 1973; 1980
42
30
DOI/Office of the Solicitor. Statutory Compilation of the Indian Law Survey: A Compendium of Federal Law and Treaties relating to Indians, circa 1940
42
31
North West Bands of Shoshone and ICC materials, 1944
42
32
Bo-ho-we'ah Band of Shoshone and removal of Boise Valley Region Indians, 1947; undated
42
33
Indian Heirship Land Survey, memo of the Chairman of the Subcommittee in Indian Affairs, 1961
42
34
Minutes of the general and special meetings of the Te-Moak Western Shoshone Council, 1947; 1949
42
35
ICC: Petition, Docket 326, 1951
42
36
ICC: Amended Petition of Western Shoshone, 1951
42
37
ICC: Court documents, 1976-1977
42
38
Relationship of the Taylor Grazing Act to the extinguishment of Indian Title, January 1978
42
39
ICC: Correspondence and related materials, 1991-1993
42
10
Western Shoshone Nation legislative proposal for Docket 326-K: Settlement, distribution, and use of the Western Shoshone Claims Act, 1998
42
41
ICC: Correspondence and related materials, 1972-1977; 1980-1986
42
42
Public Law: 93-134, 93rd Congress, S.1016, October 19, 1973
42
43
Correspondence with attorneys John O'Connell, Robert Barker, and Gerald Kinghorn, 1974
42
44
ICC: Background documents and summaries of actions, including Treaty with Eastern Shoshone, 1852-1902

Group 3, Series 12: Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Legislation Issues, 1951-1998 (9 folders)

Group 3, Series 12: Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Legislation Issues, consists of the materials that pertain to legislation for the Western Shoshone Claims Distribution as a result of the Indian Claims Commission Act. From 1989-2003, seven bills were introduced into Congress specifically dealing with land distribution. Barbara Vucanovich, a member of the U. S. House of Representatives from Nevada, introduced two of them, H.R.3384 and H.R.3897. Controversy arose when Vucanovich did not contact or consult any of the Western Shoshone tribes with the introduction of H.R.3384. At the same time, John Paul Kennedy, an attorney from Salt Lake City, recruited approximately 1,400 Western Shoshone who were frustrated and discouraged by the fact that the Indian Claims Commission judgment award had never been paid out, to pursue the award.

Additional material includes correspondence, testimonies from those opposing or in favor of the distribution legislation, attorney background research and legal documents materials. For supplemental information, researchers should consult Group 3, Series 13 and Series16, Subseries 2; Group 2, Series 5. Arranged chronologically.

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Attorney Thomas Luebben: Background research and legal documents, circa 1951-1979
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2
Research and Resource publications: "At the Whim of the Sovereign: Aboriginal Title Reconsidered" by Nell Newton, Hastings Law Journal, 31(6); and "Traditional Western Shoshone and the Law" by Elmer Rusco, Paper for the Western Social Science Association, 1980
43
3
Newspaper clippings on claims distribution and Western Shoshone issues, 1979-1984
43
4
H.R.3731, Bill to Amend the October 19, 1973 Act Regarding Use or Distribution of Judgment Funds by Indian Claims Commission or Court of Claims: Bill and correspondence, 1981-1982
43
5
Attorney John Paul Kennedy controversy: Correspondence, 1988-1991; 1998
43
6
Attorney John Paul Kennedy controversy: Bureau of Indian Affairs documents, contract, Western Shoshone Distribution/Association, and draft congressional bill, 1988-1989
43
7
Western Shoshone Claims Distribution legislation correspondence, 1979; 1987-1992
43
8
H.R.3384, Relating to the Establishment of a Western Shoshone Judgment Roll and Providing for the Apportionment and Distribution of the ICC award (redline copy): Hearing before the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, U. S. House of Representatives and statements by Virginia Antunovich, Helen Eben, Carrie Dann, Felix Ike, Walter R. Mills, John Paul Kennedy, Ben Reilley, et al., March-June 1990
43
9
H.R.3897, Hearing before the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives, and statements by Carrie Dann, Jerry Millett, Duckwater Shoshone Tribe, and Glenn Wasson, Western Band of the Shoshone Nation, November 22, 1991; April 30, 1992

Group 3, Series 13: Legislation Plans, Proposals, and Negotiation Strategies, 1980-1996 (8 folders)

Group 3, Series 13: Legislation Plans, Proposals, and Negotiation Strategies, is comprised of claims distribution proposals and land claim negotiation strategies in addition to claims meeting. For more information on this subject, consult Group 2, Series 5. Arranged chronologically.

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Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) and Western Shoshone Proposed Plan of Distribution: Transcript of proceedings before the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Elko, Nevada, July 26, 1980
43
11
Shoshone Land Claims meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, May 11, 1982
43
12
Western Shoshone negotiations and strategy workshops relating to land claims, 1983-1985
43
13
Duck Valley (Owyhee) Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Proposal, undated
43
14
Western Shoshone Tribes' and Nevada State Multiple Use Advisory Committee resolutions related to land claims, proposals, and claims distribution bills, 1983-1990
43
15
U. S. Department of Interior and Western Shoshone Nation negotiating proposal for data gathering, goals and objectives, list of demands, internal negotiating rules, oversight hearings draft structure, attendee register, written notes, 1985-1986
43
16
Western Shoshone tribal governments' representatives for settlement of land claim negotiations, correspondence, March 12, 1993
43
17
Options for use of Judgement Funds, July 3, 1996

Group 3, Series 14: Additional Western Shoshone Tribes, Committees and Organizations involved with the ICC Claims and Distribution, 1964-1997 (15 folders)

Group 3, Series 14: Additional Western Shoshone Tribes, Committees and Organizations involved with the ICC Claims and Distribution, is comprised of the European Parliament Envoy and an international tribunal proposal. The Western Shoshone National Council sought to gain international support in order to advance their land claim struggle with the intent to inform and educate others outside of the United States. The Western Shoshone Nation’s struggle would be raised several times in meetings between United States Parliamentarians and Members of the European Parliament. In 1993, a member of the Parliament, Dr. Dieter Rogalla, visited the Western Shoshone to learn more about the situation regarding human rights issues and published his findings in a report. Arranged chronologically.

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18
Western Shoshone Claims Committee: Reports, minutes, and correspondence, 1964; 1975-1979
43
19
Western Shoshone Claims Committee: Transcript of meeting with attorneys from Wilkinson, Cragun and Barker, June 16, 1974
43
20
Western Shoshone Claims Committee: Correspondence, 1976
43
21
Western Shoshone Claims Committee: Correspondence, 1977
43
22
Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Fund, Inc.: Articles of Incorporation and correspondence with IRS, 1974-1977
43
23
Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc.: Financial information, 1974-1976
43
24
Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association (formerly United Western Shoshone Sacred Lands Association, and Western Shoshone Sacred Lands Association): Correspondence and grant materials, 1975-1983
43
25
Western Shoshone Sacred Lands Association, 1979-1981
43
26
Western Shoshone Sacred Land Fund, Inc.: Articles of Incorporation and bylaws, 1980
43
27
Western Shoshone Sacred Lands Association: Newsletters, 1980-1981
43
28
Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association: Brief draft to Secretary of Interior from attorney Reid Chambers to attorney John O'Connell, April 19, 1978
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Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association: The Western Shoshone of Nevada and the Indian Claims Commission: A Study of What Went Wrong, undated
44
2
Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association: Newe Sogobia: The Western Shoshone People and Lands newsletters, 1980-1981
44
3
Western Shoshone National Council: Western Shoshone tribes and tribal leaders claims meeting minutes, 1983-1984; 1991; 1997
44
4
Western Shoshone of Duck Valley: Correspondence, meeting minutes, and related documents pertaining to the establishment of Duck Valley Indian Reservation, 1986-1987

Group 3, Series 15: Alliances, Partnerships and Supporting Organizations, 1992-1997 (2 folders)

Group 3, Series 15: Alliances, Partnerships and Supporting Organizations, is comprised of the European Parliament Envoy and an international tribunal proposal. The Western Shoshone National Council sought to gain international support in order to advance their land claim struggle with the intent to inform and educate others outside of the United States. The Western Shoshone Nation’s struggle would be raised several times in meetings between United States Parliamentarians and Members of the European Parliament. In 1993, a member of the Parliament, Dr. Dieter Rogalla, visited the Western Shoshone to learn more about the situation regarding human rights issues and published his findings in a report. The materials in this series are filed in chronological order.

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European Parliament Envoy: Correspondences and reports, 1992-1994
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International tribunal proposal, circa April 1997

Group 3, Series 16: Legal Cases

Group 3, Series 16: Legal Cases, consists of materials collected by Carrie Dann during her time serving as the representative of the Dann Band on the Western Shoshone National Council. The cases in this series reflect lawsuits in which the Western Shoshone National Council entered into on the premise of declaring sovereignty guaranteed by 1863 Ruby Valley Treaty. The earlier cases, dating to the 1980’s, pertain to a Western Shoshone tribal member and Western Shoshone National Council claim regarding aboriginal hunting and fishing rights secured through the treaty.

One case represented here is of Saggie Williams, a Battle Mountain tribal member, and the Western Shoshone National Council on behalf of Western Shoshone Tribal Governments, Roland Brady, Ian Zabarte, Glenn Holley and Felix Ike. The next case from 1987 was one in which the Western Shoshone National Council intervened in the Sierra Pacific Resources’ plan to form a corporation to build power plants on Western Shoshone lands. The legal cases in this series dated from 1991 and involves Mary and Carrie Dann, Sandy Smales and the Western Shoshone National Council. In 1992, the Western Shoshone, would enter into its court, an injunction and declaration of original territory jurisdiction to the states, Nevada, Idaho and California. The case involving the Western Shoshone National Council wild horse roundup involves the roundup of wild horses near the Duckwater Indian Reservation. Tribal cattlemen complained that BLM was not managing the wild horses near the reservation, therefore in order to provide grazing for their cattle, the Shoshones captured the horses themselves.

Group 3, Series 16 is divided into the following subseries: Subseries 1: Western Shoshone National Council Legal Cases; Subseries 2: Western Shoshone Claims Legal Cases before the Indian Claims Commission, United States Court of Claims, United States District Court, District of Columbia and the United States Supreme Court; and Subseries 3: Other Western Shoshone Legal Cases, Western Shoshone Individuals and/or Tribes.

Group 3, Series 16, Subseries 1: Western Shoshone National Council Legal Cases, 1980-2006 (18 folders)

The Western Shoshone National Council co-litigated on cases that would provide opportunity in the courts to argue land title, especially those with the claim of Western Shoshone aboriginal hunting and fishing rights. In claiming aboriginal treaty rights, the opposition in most cases would rule that Western Shoshone land title has been extinguished through the Indian Claims Commission Act.

Group 3, Series 16, Subseries 1: Western Shoshone National Council Legal Cases, includes lawsuits involving the Western Shoshone National Council and Western Shoshone tribal members in pursuit of asserting sovereign rights claimed under the treaty. Files include legal proceedings, correspondence, subpoena, tribal resolutions, and news clip. Arranged chronologically according to court file date. If no file date is evident, it is then filed by the certificate of service date.

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Aboriginal hunting and fishing rights case: State of Nevada vs. Saggie Williams, Argenta Township Justice, Case Number 80-1852, legal proceedings and correspondence, 1980-1986
44
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Aboriginal hunting and fishing rights case: U. S. District Court, District of Nevada. WSNC vs. William Molini, Director of the Nevada Department of Wildlife, CV-N-86-587-BRT, legal proceedings, December 1986-May 1987
44
9
Aboriginal hunting and fishing rights case: U.S. District Court, District of Nevada. WSNC vs. William Molini, Director of the Nevada Department of Wildlife, CV-N-86-587-BRT, legal proceedings, correspondence, and news clippings, July 1987-May 1988; July 1990
44
10
Thousand Springs power plant case: United States of America before the Securities and Exchange Commission, Sierra Pacific Resources, Western Shoshone National Council and Citizen Alert's as interveners, response to environmental action and related correspondence, August-October 1987
44
11
Trespass and livestock impoundment case: U. S. District Court, District of Nevada. Danns and WSNC vs. U.S. Department of Interior/Bureau of Land Management, CV-N-91-325-HDM, legal proceedings, July-September 1991
44
12
Western Shoshone original territory jurisdiction case: Western Shoshone Court. Western Shoshone vs. USA, Nevada, Idaho, California and Utah, legal proceedings and correspondence, December 19, 1992; January-February 1993
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13
Western Shoshone National Council wild horse roundup near Duckwater, Nevada case: U. S. District Court, District of Nevada. USA v. Raymond D. Yowell, et al., CR-S-92-64-LDG-(LRL), legal proceedings and correspondence, 1990; March 1992-January 1993
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Western Shoshone National Council's motion to intervene in a public lands vs. state land case: U. S. District Court, District of Nevada. USA vs. Nye County Nevada, CV-S-95-00232-LDG (RJJ), legal proceedings, correspondence, press releases, and position papers on federal land ownership, March-November 1995
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Mining exploration case: U. S. District Court, District of Nevada. WSNC vs. United States of America; Department of Interior; Bureau of Land Management and Oro Nevada Resources, Inc., CV-S-97-327-HDM (RLH), legal proceedings, correspondence, Western Shoshone tribes support resolutions, and press releases, March 1997-February 1999
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Quiet title claim, Western Shoshone fee title land and accounting claims originating from ICC case: U. S. District Court for the District of Columbia. WSNC, South Fork Band, Winnemucca Indian Colony and Dann Band vs. USA, 03-CV-2009 (RCL), legal proceedings, September-December 2003
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Quiet title claims, Western Shoshone fee title land and accounting claims originating from ICC case: U. S. District Court for the District of Columbia. WSNC, South Fork Band, Winnemucca Indian Colony and Dann Band vs. USA, 03-CV-2009 (RCL), legal proceedings, March-July 2004; undated
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Transfer of quiet title claims from Columbia District Court to the Nevada District Court case: U. S. District Court, District of Nevada. WSNC, Raymond Yowell, Allen Moss, Joe Kennedy, John Wells, Carrie Dann, Johnny Bobb, Ben Riley and the Timbisha Shoshone Tribe, et al. vs. USA, CV-N-04-0702-LRH-VPC, legal proceedings, January-May 2005
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Transfer of quiet title claims from Columbia District Court to the Nevada District Court case: U. S. District Court, District of Nevada. WSNC, Raymond Yowell, Allen Moss, Joe Kennedy, John Wells, Carrie Dann, Johnny Bobb, Ben Riley and the Timbisha Shoshone Tribe, et al. vs. USA, CV-N-04-0702-LRH-VPC, legal proceedings, June-August 2005
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Transfer of quiet title claims from Columbia District Court to the Nevada District Court case, Yucca Mountain transport and storage opposition, restriction of land use on aboriginal treaty lands and violation of the Treaty of Ruby Valley: U. S. District Court, District of Nevada. WSNC, Joe Kennedy, John Wells, Pauline Esteves and Kevin Gillette vs. USA, Department of Energy and Department of the Interior, CV-S-05-0290-PMP-LRL, legal proceedings, March-May 2005
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Transfer of quiet title claims from Columbia District Court to the Nevada District Court case, Yucca Mountain transport and storage opposition, restriction of land use on aboriginal treaty lands and violation of the Treaty of Ruby Valley: U. S. District Court, District of Nevada. WSNC, Joe Kennedy, John Wells, Pauline Esteves and Kevin Gillette vs. USA, Department of Energy and Department of the Interior, CV-S-05-0290-PMP-LRL, legal proceedings, July 2005
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Transfer of accounting claims from District Court of Columbia to Federal Court of Claims case: U. S. Court of Federal Claims. WSNC, et al. vs. USA, 05-558L, legal proceedings, September 2006
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Attorney's file: Correspondence, contracts, newsletters, briefing sheets, meeting agendas relating to the cases originating in the U. S. District Court, District of Columbia, and the U. S. Court of Federal Claims, 2003-2006
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Legal land descriptions of Cactus Springs, Nevada, 2002

Group 3, Series 16, Subseries 2: Western Shoshone Claims Legal Cases before the Indian Claims Commission, United States Court of Claims, United States District Court, District of Columbia, and the United States Supreme Court, 1951-1985 (27 folders)

In 1946 the Indian Claims Commission (ICC) was established by Congress to hear and resolve claims arising from the United States infringement on Native lands. The purpose of the ICC was interpreted differently by the federal government and the Western Shoshone Nation, with the court’s interpretation as a means of compensation for lands taken, rather than damages to the land, as Western Shoshone interpreted it. Attorneys representing claimants were awarded ten percent of monetary settlements, which caused attorneys to seek a monetary award rather than return of lands.

At this time, the Bureau of Indian Affairs approved a claims contract between the law firm of Ernest Wilkinson, whose firm helped to create the ICC legislative act, and the Temoak Band of Western Shoshone Indians. This governing body created under the Indian Reorganization Act would become the sole representative recognized as the “Western Shoshone Identifiable Group” despite the fact that they represented only a small portion of the Western Shoshone Nation. The case continued through the ICC system for decades.

In 1962, the ICC concluded that it was unable to determine a date of taking of Western Shoshone land. However, the ICC ruled that the date of taking occurred in 1872, an arbitrary date that would extinguish over 22 million acres of Western Shoshone land. This date would help determine the amount owed and in 1972, which then was determined to be approximately $26 million. The Western Shoshones recognized that the ICC attorneys did not represent their desire to keep the title to their land as guaranteed by the 1863 Ruby Valley Treaty. Ultimately, even the Temoak Band attempted to fire Wilkinson but was prevented in doing so by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

In 1974, the Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association (formerly Sacred Lands Association) through their attorney, John O’Connell, would file a petition to stop the proceedings of the ICC and withdraw the so-called “public domain” and “national forest” sections of the lands for which the Western Shoshone would be compensated. The petition charged that the United States and the claims lawyers were acting in collusion by claiming the United States had taken land that still belonged to the Western Shoshone. Around the same time as the establishment Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association, Mary Dann and Carrie Dann were entering the U.S. judicial system on the charge of trespass and unauthorized grazing on public land. Just as litigation for the Dann's began, the ICC held oral argument on the Association petition, but would not allow the Western Shoshone the opportunity to raise the question of title to the land. This action attributed to an unfavorable ruling against the Dann’s claim that the Western Shoshone held title to the land.

Group 3, Series 16, Subseries 2 contains information and legal proceedings relating the ICC legal cases brought by the Western Shoshone Nation against the ICC ruling. Arranged chronologically.

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Indian Claims Commission (ICC) Docket No. 326. Shoshone Tribe of Indians of the Wind River Reservation, et al. vs. USA. Includes Western Bands of the Shoshone Nations of Indians as represented by the Te-Moak Bands of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada, Petition, August 10, 1951
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ICC. Docket No. 326 and Docket No. 367. Shoshone Tribe of Indians of the Wind River Reservation, etc., et al.: Petitioners' Proposed Findings of Fact and Brief, Volume 1 and 2, February 16, 1961
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ICC. Western Shoshone Identifiable Group vs. USA, Docket No. 326-K: Opinion of the Commission, October 11, 1972
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ICC. Western Shoshone Identifiable Group vs. USA, Docket No. 326-K: Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association's petition for stay and leave to present amended claim: legal proceedings, April 1974
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3
ICC. Western Shoshone Identifiable Group vs. USA, Docket No. 326-K: Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association's petition for stay and leave to present amended claim: legal proceedings, May 1974
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4
ICC. Western Shoshone Identifiable Group vs. USA, Docket No. 326-K: Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association's petition for stay and leave to present amended claim: legal proceedings, July-August 1974
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5
ICC. Western Shoshone Identifiable Group vs. Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association vs. USA, Docket No. 326-K: Petitioner's alleged claim of collusion, November 1974
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ICC. Western Shoshone Identifiable Group vs. Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association vs. USA, Docket No. 326-K: Appeal of collusion and amended claims, legal proceedings, February 1975-December 1976
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ICC. Western Shoshone Identifiable Group vs. USA, Docket No. 326-K: Stay proceedings and additional findings of fact, January-August 1977
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U. S. Court of Claims. Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association, and Frank Temoke vs. Western Shoshone Identifiable Group and USA, Appeal No. 3-75: Appeal from the ICC Docket No. 326-KL, legal proceedings, February-June 1975
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U. S. Court of Claims. Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association, and Frank Temoke vs. Western Shoshone Identifiable Group and USA, Appeal No. 3-75: Appeal from the ICC Docket No. 326-K, legal proceedings, July 1974
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U. S. Court of Claims. Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association, and Frank Temoke vs. Western Shoshone Identifiable Group and USA, Appeal No. 3-75: Appeal from the Indian Claims Commission Docket No. 326-K, November 1975; undated
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U. S. Court of Claims. Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association, and Frank Temoke vs. Western Shoshone Identifiable Group and USA, Appeal No. 3-75: Appeal from the Indian Claims Commission Docket No. 326-K, legal proceedings, March 1974
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U. S. Court of Claims. Western Shoshone Identifiable Group vs. USA, Appeal No. 1-78: Appeal from the Indian Claims Commission Docket No. 326-K, legal proceedings, circa November 1977; July 1978
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U. S. Court of Claims. Western Shoshone Identifiable Group vs. USA, Appeal No. 1-78: Proceedings pertaining to appeal from the Indian Claims Commission Docket No. 326-K, September 1978
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U. S. Court of Claims. Western Shoshone Identifiable Group vs. USA, Docket 326-K: Affidavit of Raymond Yowell and Corbin Harney, motions, orders, and memorandums, April-July 1980
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U. S. Court of Claims. Western Shoshone Identifiable Group vs. USA, Docket 326-K: Motions, orders, response to Duckwater Shoshone Tribe, Battle Mountain Indian Community, and Western Shoshone Sacred Lands Association regarding attorneys' fee, August-October 1980
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U. S. Court of Claims. Western Shoshone Identifiable Group vs. USA, Docket 326-K: Motions, orders, and responses to Duckwater Shoshone Tribe, Battle Mountain Indian Community, and Western Shoshone Sacred Lands Association regarding attorneys' fee, request briefs, and answering briefs, December 1980-January 1981; undated
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U. S. Court of Claims. Western Shoshone Identifiable Group vs. USA, Docket 326-K: Exhibits of Western Shoshone Sacred Lands Association, Volume 3, 27-58, undated
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U. S. Court of Claims. Western Shoshone Identifiable Group vs. USA, Docket 326-K: Exhibits of Western Shoshone Sacred Lands Association, Volume 4, 59-83, undated
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U. S. Court of Claims. Te-Moak Bands of Western Shoshone Indians, Nevada, as a representative of the Western Shoshone Identifiable Group vs. USA, Docket No. 326-A: Proceedings pertaining to lawsuit by the unified Western Shoshone as interveners of the Indian Claims Commission judgment, March-May 1988; undated
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U. S. District Court, District of Columbia. Te-Moak Bands of Western Shoshone Indians, Nevada vs. Cecil D. Andrus, Secretary of Interior, Bob Bergland, Secretary of Agriculture and USA: Quiet title complaint and injunctive relief, legal proceedings, and correspondence, June-August 1979
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U. S. District Court, District of Columbia. Guy Osceoloa vs. Jerome K. Kuykendall, et al., Civil No. 76-0492. Includes information pertaining to the Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association intervention and the Dann vs. USA case, September 1976
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U. S. District Court, District of Columbia. M. Dann; C. Dann, Harold Owyhee, Chief Frank Temoke and the Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association vs. Jerome K. Kuykendall, et al., constituting the ICC: Injunctive relief complaint and temporary restraining order, undated
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U. S. Supreme Court. Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association, et al. vs. USA, No. 76-90: Petition for a writ of certiorari to the U. S. Court of Claims and Petitioners' reply to brief, September 1976; undated
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U. S. Supreme Court. Western Shoshone Identifiable Group, Represented by the Te-Moak Bands of Western Shoshone Indians, Nevada vs. USA, No. 79-340: Motion for leave to file amicus curiae brief of Western Shoshone Legal Defense and Education Association et. al., and brief for the U. S. in opposition, October-November 1979
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U. S. Supreme Court. United States v. Dann et al., No. 83-1476: Decision, February 20, 1985; and press release, February 26, 1985

Group 3, Series 16, Subseries 3: Other Western Shoshone Legal Cases, Western Shoshone Individuals and/or Tribes, 1976-2002 (10 folders)

Group 3, Series 16, Subseries 3: Other Western Shoshone Legal Cases, Western Shoshone Individuals and/or Tribes, includes legal proceedings and correspondence involving individuals or tribes in their legal cases. Legal proceedings range from aboriginal hunting and fishing claims to Chief Raymond Yowell and Myron Tybo’s grazing and livestock seizure case. A case of Della Peterson, Timbisha Shoshone of California, land sale is also included. Arranged by legal case.

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Harold Owyhee hunting case: Justice Court of Humboldt County. State of Nevada vs. Harold Owyhee, 1976
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Saggie Williams trapping case: Justice Court of Argenta Township, Lander County. The State of Nevada vs. Saggie Williams, 1980-1986
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Stanford Knight hunting case: Sixth Judicial District Court of the State of Nevada, Humboldt County. The State of Nevada vs. Stanford Knight, 2001
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Raymond Yowell and Myron Tybo grazing and livestock seizure case: U.S. District Court, District of Nevada. Raymond Yowell and Myron Tybo vs. USA, Case No. CV-N-02-0306-DWH (VPC), and U. S. Department of Interior, Office of Hearing and Appeals; Raymond Yowell vs. Bureau of Land Management, 2002-2003
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South Fork Band of the Te-Moak Tribe Humboldt River water rights case: Supreme Court of the State of Nevada, South Fork Band of the Te-Moak Tribe of the Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada and Marvin McDade vs. State Water Engineer of the State of Nevada, et al., Case No. 37094, October 25, 2001
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South Fork Band of the Te-Moak Tribe Humboldt River water rights case: Supreme Court of the State of Nevada. South Fork Band of the Te-Moak Tribe of the Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada and Marvin McDade vs. State Water Engineer of the State of Nevada, et al., Case No. 37094, January-December 2002
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Te-Moak Livestock Association et al. livestock grazing issues: U. S. Department of Interior. Office of Hearings and Appeals. Te-Moak Livestock Association and et al. vs. Bureau of Land Management, NV-010-99-03-NV-010-99-07, 2002-2003
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Della Patterson land sale case: Supreme Court of the State of Nevada. Hank Patterson and Mrs. Hank Patterson vs. Four Rent, Inc., proceedings and correspondence, 1985; 1997; 2001-2005
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Della Patterson land sale case: Timbisha Tribe, Bureau of Land Management land sale correspondence and related material, 2002; 2005; undated
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Nevada Test Site case: Justice Court Beatty Township. Nevada v. Suzanne M. Snyder, No. 02-02120, Defendant's motion to dismiss based on lack of jurisdiction, demand for Jury Trial, November 27, 2002; State's opposition to Defendant's Motion to Dismiss, December 3, 2002

Group 3, Series 17: Miscellaneous Files Related to Western Shoshone Land Claims, Grazing, Livestock Roundups, and U. S. Laws, 1985-1994 (3 folders)

Group 3, Series 17: Miscellaneous Files Related to Western Shoshone Land Claims, Grazing, Livestock Roundups, and U. S. Laws, is comprised of materials that did not fit into any of the series above. Included is information on livestock, legal definitions, and miscellaneous newsletters.

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Livestock information pertaining to horse meat consumption, sales, and cattle market, August 1994; undated
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U. S. codes, legal definitions, and rules of law pertaining to land and property, undated
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Miscellaneous newsletters, 1985-1988; 1991

Group 4: Seventh Generation Fund

The Western Shoshone Defense Project (WSDP) was an affiliate project participant of the Indigenous peoples’ non-profit organization, the Seventh Generation Fund (SGF), from 1990-2011. In addition to providing intermediate grant making, training, technical assistance and community based political and social movement advocacy to the WSDP, the SGF was also the financial manager for the organization and maintained complete oversight for all financial matters, including grant monies and donations received by the WSDP.

Materials in Group 4 are divided into three series: Series 1: Seventh Generation Fund Administrative Records; Series 2: Western Shoshone Defense Project Financial Records; and Series 3: Western Shoshone Defense Project Grants and Funding Records.

Group 4, Series 1: Administrative Records, 1990-2010 (19 folders)

Group 4, Series 1: Seventh Generation Fund Administrative Records, consist of an organization chart; staff directory; correspondence; annual reports; affiliate policy and procedure handbooks; memorandum of understanding between SGF and WSDP; contractual information pertaining to and on behalf of the WSDP cultural center establishment; non-profit status information; and state labor regulations. There is one SGF produced newsletter and other Native focused newspapers in which former SGF staff members, Dagmar Thorpe and Joe Sanchez, contributed articles to regarding the Dann's and Western Shoshone land and treaty issues, providing an historical perspective of the Western Shoshone cultural and legal claim issues.

The SGF’s correspondence files cover administrative topics relative to the matters pertaining to staff and board of director’s business conduct, personnel, and financials. Additional correspondence concerns program affiliate reports and notices, conferences, gatherings, and action alert announcements. Letters of thanks to granters and donors on behalf of the WSDP are included as well. Business correspondence between SGF and WSDP concern policy and procedures actions and affiliate renewal notices and status.

All correspondence relating to the fiscal management and financial records for WSDP can be found in Group 4, Series 2: Western Shoshone Defense Project Financial Records. In addition to the memorandum of understanding (MOU) between the two organizations are non-profit 501(c)3 status documents which ostensibly were attachments to the MOU’s or perhaps just kept on file. These documents, along with Nevada state business license information is filed following the MOUs. The materials in this series are arranged chronologically and notably, duplicated material on file may occur in instances where annotations and/or poor condition of the main document is evident.

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Organization chart with Board of Directors and staff directory, circa 1990
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Staff meeting notes, July-August 1990
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Correspondence, 1985-1994
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Correspondence, 1996-2009
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Affiliate Handbook, Policies and Procedures, circa 1982-1985
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Affiliate Handbook, Policies and Procedures, 1995; 1998
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Affiliate Handbook, Policies and Procedures, 2001-2002; undated
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Affiliate Handbook, Policies and Procedures, 2004
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Affiliate Handbook, Policies and Procedures, 2005
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Affiliate Handbook, Policies and Procedures, 2009
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Affiliate training materials, 1995-2009
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Miscellaneous training materials, 1983; 1987; undated
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Annual Reports, fiscal years, 1986/1987-1998/1999
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Management Audit Report, findings and recommendations, 1987
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Fundraising Summary Report, fiscal year, 1990-1991
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1
WSDP Memorandum of Understanding, non-profit 501(c)3 and Nevada state business license and tax documents, 1997-2010
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WSDP Cultural Center contract for commercial property lease, 2003
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Blue Mountain Group Project (the files of Joe Sanchez, Jr.): Correspondence, proposals, and conference materials, 1990-1991
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Newspapers and newsletters, 1982; 2000; undated

Group 4, Series 2: Western Shoshone Defense Project Financial Records, 1991-2011 (53 folders)

Group 4, Series 2: Western Shoshone Defense Project Financial Records, contains the financial reports and correspondence of the WSDP and SGF. It’s important to note that the supporting financial documents consisting of bills, receipts, invoices, travel expenses and cancelled checks have been removed from the financial records since the various ledgers and other financial reports contain these types of expenses.

As a project affiliate, SGF had monthly reporting requirements for reimbursement of funds made to WSDP. However, the monthly narrative reports provide the descriptive work tasks done by the WSDP, and it was determined during the organization that the files were better served in Group 2, Series 1: Administrative Records. Financial correspondence consists of cover letters, known as project expense form requests, and project expense forms without a cover letter. During the processing of the financial records, the cover letters and/or project expense forms were inadvertently separated from the financial reports and due to processing time limits, they are filed as financial correspondence. Additional general correspondence relating to general financial matters such as inquiries concerning bills, checks, receipts, account status, etc. is included here.

The Seventh Generation Fund produced monthly ledgers and bank reconciliation reports for the Western Shoshone Defense Project and forwarded the reports to the WSDP office for their files. The Western Shoshone Defense Project also produced bookkeeping records. Some of these financial reports may include: expense forms, transaction reports, register reports, and check reports and some miscellaneous reports produced on an irregular basis. A note of interest is during the early years of the WSDP, the financial records are recognized as being the Dann Defense account.

Donation and deposit records consist of monetary donations given by individuals interested in supporting the issues of the WSDP along with records of merchandise sold by WSDP as fund raising ventures. Employees of the WSDP were either contract employees, hourly employees, or both. Timekeeping records of employment provide a glimpse of tasks done during that pay period.

The reports are filed chronologically and there is no distinction among the Dann Defense, SGF or WSDP generated financial reports. Employee contracts and timesheets are organized by the employee’s last name and then chronologically according to pay period.

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Financial Correspondence, WSDP, 1992-2002; undated
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Financial Correspondence, WSDP, 2003-2007; undated
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Monthly Project expenses, 1994-2003
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Monthly Project expenses, 2003-2007; undated
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General budgets, 1992-1997
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General budgets, 1998-2008; undated
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General ledger, 1991-1999
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General ledger, July 2000-June 2001
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General Ledger, January-November 2001
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General Ledger, January 2002-June 2003
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General Ledger, January 2003-June 2004
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General Ledger, July-December 2005
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General Ledger, July 2008-August 2009; April-July 2011
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Various financial records, 1992-1993
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Check Register, circa 2000-2009
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Income expense reports, 1991-2008; undated
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Petty Cash Reports, 1992-1994; 1998
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Receipt Ledgers, 1992-1993
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Reconciliation Reports, 1992-1993
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Reconcile cash account reports, 2000-2005
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Register reports, 1993-2005
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Statement of revenues and expenditures reports, July-June 2004; July 2006-August 2009
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Summary reports, 1993-2002
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Transaction reports, 1991-1994
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Transaction reports, 1998-2002
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Miscellaneous financial reports, 1992-2008; undated
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Miscellaneous, accounts code lists, undated
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Donations and deposits, 1992-2005
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Jennifer Allen, 1998
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Bob Antone, 1998
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Marianna Aue, 1998
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Larson Bill, 2005-2007
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Heidi Blackeye, 1998
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Ursula Chanse, 1997
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Carrie Dann, 1997-1998; 2005-2008; undated
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Helen Dave, 2003-2004
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: M. Lee Dazey, 1999-2002; 2004; 2006
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Andrea Doney, 2006
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Julie Ann Fishel, 2002-2007; undated
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Julie Marie Fishel, 2004; 2006; 2010; undated
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Matthew Fry, 1997
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Debra Harry, 1998
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Matthew Haun, 1997
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Bernice Lalo, 1996
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Rip Lonewolf, 1993
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Patricia (Desha) Paul, 2002-2003
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Christopher Sewall, 1997-1998; 2000-2005; undated
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Dallas Smales, 2006
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Annine Smith, 2004-2006; undated
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: James Stroud, 1998-1999; 2001-2002
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Stephane Trustoff-Luchini, 1992-1993
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: Lois Whitney, 1998; 2001-2004
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Time sheets and independent contractor forms: WSDP other and/or Temporary employees, undated

Group 4, Series 3: Western Shoshone Defense Projects Grants Records, 1999-2010 (30 folders)

Group 4, Series 3: Western Shoshone Defense Projects Grants Records, include grant and fund raising materials. The Western Shoshone Defense Project was successful in acquiring numerous grants. Carrie Dann was adamant about non-acceptance of any type of federal grants. Her staff was relegated to fund raise through charities and foundations. The staff was successful in their fund raising efforts and received some prestigious awards from the foundations and charities. Grants are arranged in alphabetical order and within each folder, arranged chronologically.

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Ben and Jerry Foundation, 2001-2007
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Common Counsel/Abelard Foundation, 2002-2009
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Common Counsel/Acorn Foundation, 2001; 2007-2009
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The Community Foundation, May 4, 2007
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The David Samuel Orr Fund for the Earth, 2008-2009
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Environmental Support Center (ESC), 1998-2006
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First Nation Development Institution, 2007-2009
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The Ford Foundation, June 4, 2004
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Funding Exchange, 2000-2006
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Fund for the Four Directions, 2000-2002
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Donations: IGT computers and printer donation, December 9, 2005
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Indian Land Tenure Foundation/Public Law Foundation, 2002-2004
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Jessie Smith Noyes Foundation, 1996; 1999-2004
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Lannan Foundation, 2000-2010
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Oxfam America, Indigenous Environmental Network and Western Mining Action Network, 2003-2009
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Patagonia, 2000-2008
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Peace Development Fund, 2002-2003
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Petra Foundation, 2003
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The Philanthropic Collaborative, January 22, 2003
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Public Welfare Foundation, 2000-2006
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Seva Foundation, 2003-2004; 2007
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Solidago Foundation, January 2003; undated
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Threshold Foundation, 2002
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TIDES Foundation/ Honor the Earth, 2004-2008
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True North Foundation, February 1, 2008
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Unitarian Universalist Funding Program, 2000-2002
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Vanguard Public Foundation, April 2001-2004
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Winky Foundation, 2004; 2008-2009
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General grant proposal and information, undated
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Rejection letters from grants and foundations and Rex Foundation print-out, 2002-2009

Group 5: Indian Law Resource Center

The Indian Law Resource Center (ILRC), a non-profit law and advocacy organization established and directed by American Indians, provided legal assistance to Mary and Carrie Dann to resolve the grazing and trespass claims by the Bureau of Land Management as well as assisting with the Western Shoshone Distribution Claims Act legislation. In addition to representing the Dann's, the Indian Law Resource Center represented the Western Shoshone Nation at the international level. Wielding the use of plenary power over all Indian affairs, the United States legal system ruled against the Danns’ claim to their ancestral lands. Exhausting all the domestic legal mechanisms available, the Dann's felt they were denied justice. Deprived of their livelihood and given immense monetary fines for grazing their livestock on their own aboriginal land, the Dann's resorted to the international forums of the Organization of American States/Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (OAS/IACHR) and the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (UN/CERD).

In 1993, on behalf of Mary and Carrie Dann, the Indian Law Resource Center filed a petition with the Organization of American States/Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. The Danns’ claimed they were denied the right to property, the right to a fair trial and the right to equality. The petition would challenge the United States to respond. In 1999, the Organization of American States/Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (OAS/IACHR) ruled that the Danns’ case was admissible and there was evidence of human rights violations by the United States. In 2000, the Commission requested the United States to halt further action pending its investigation of the Danns’ claims. Despite an executive order to respect and implement its obligations under international human rights treaties, the United States ignored the Commission’s request. That is until 2002 when the United States responded to the complaints. The United States denied any human rights violation and reported it was an “attempt by two individual Indians to reopen the question of collective Western Shoshone tribal property rights to land – a question that has been litigated to finality in the U.S. courts” (Report No. 53/02).

On August 23, 1999, the Yomba Shoshone Tribe submitted a Request for Urgent Action to the Committee for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, a United Nations treaty to which the United States is a party. The Duckwater and Ely Shoshone Tribes subsequently joined in this request. The request asserted that the Western Shoshone are being violated by the United States in a discriminatory fashion on the basis of their status as indigenous peoples. The Request asked that CERD direct the United States to halt actions threatening irreparable harm to the Western Shoshones and enter negotiations with the Westerns Shoshone leaders to resolve Western Shoshone land rights issues.

An Early Warning and Urgent Action Procedure were brought forth at the 2006 United Nations Convention. The Committee for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination’s (CERD) findings concluded that past and present actions by the United States against the Western Shoshone were discriminatory and recommended that the United States take immediate action to initiate dialogue with the representatives of the Western Shoshone in order to resolve the issues acceptable to them and complies with their rights under Convention articles. Additional recommendations include: curtail any plan to privatize Western Shoshone ancestral lands to multinational extractive industries and energy developers; desist from all activities planned or conducted on Western Shoshone ancestral lands; stop imposing grazing fees, trespass and collection notices, horse and livestock impoundments; and restrict ancestral land use for the purpose of hunting, fishing and gathering.

Group 5 consists of two series: Series 1: Indian Law Resource Center; and Series 2: International Legal Cases. Series 1 consists of annual reports, meeting materials, ILRC conference sponsored materials, and other indigenous related project and program information, indigenous human rights publications written by Indian Law Resource Center staff, along with press releases and news clippings. There is correspondence with attorney Julie Fishel and her colleagues concerning the international cases; correspondence with Committee for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights representatives; correspondence with Nevada Bureau of Land Management representatives; third party correspondence pertaining to the Western Shoshone Distribution Act legislation; and intra-office memorandum strategy discussions pertaining to all the issues mentioned above. The materials are arranged in chronological order by date.

Group 5, Series 1: Indian Law Resource Center, 1984-2006 (12 folders)

Group 5, Series 1: Indian Law Resource Center, contains materials produced by the Center as well as correspondence with attorney Julie Fischel and others about the upcoming cases going forward to the United Nations. Materials are arranged by subject and by date.

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Annual reports, 1984; 1996-1998
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Board of Directors meeting materials, November 4-5, 2000
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19
Correspondence and memorandums, 1985; 1993-1999
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Correspondence and memorandums, 2000
49
21
Correspondence and memorandums, 2001
49
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Correspondence and memorandums, 2002
49
23
Correspondence and memorandums, 2003-2006
49
24
ILRC publications regarding human rights, 1984; 1994; 2001
49
25
Conference: Wingspread Conference, May 1987
49
26
Conference: Summit of Indigenous Nations, Mato Paha: Bear Butte, August 3, 2006
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27
Indian Law Resource Center newsletters, Summer 1997; Winter 1999
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Press release and miscellaneous news articles, 1999-2003

Group 5, Series 2: International Human Rights Cases, 1985-2010 (71 folders)

Group 5, Series 2: International Human Rights Cases, contains the international cases before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) and the Committee for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD), part of the United Nations. The materials in this series are filed chronologically as each of the petitions and actions occurred. The correspondence regarding the international cases are filed in the correspondence file found in Group 5, Series 1.

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Research for response to U. S. observations, part 1: Federal codes, undated
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Research for response to U. S. observations, part 2: United Nations Guide on Indigenous Peoples, undated
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2
Research for response to U. S. observations, part 3: United Nations publications on human rights, undated
50
3
Research for "Comments Regarding U. S. Observations," Julie Fishel files, 2002
50
4
Miscellaneous materials and working files of Julie Fishel pertaining to international cases, undated
50
5
Inter-American Human Rights System information, undated
50
6
Initial Report of the United States of America to the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, September 2000
50
7
Seminar materials for "Indigenous Peoples in the International Legal System," Professor James Anaya, University of Iowa College of Law, Fall 1997
50
8
Publications on human rights for Indigenous Peoples (non-ILRC), undated
50
9
Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR): Inter-American Democratic Charter, September 11, 2001
50
10
IACHR: Handbook, undated
50
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IACHR: Rules of Procedure of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, 1996
50
12
IACHR: Petition of Mary Dann and Carrie Dann, April 1, 1993
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IACHR: United States response to Dann petition on admissibility, March 21, 1997
50
14
IACHR: Observations of the Petitioners with respect to the Reply of the United States of America, April 23, 1997
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IACHR: United States' Submission with Respect to Observations of Petitioners regarding United States' Summary of Argument; Report on case, July 1999
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IACHR: Observations of the Petitioners regarding the United States' submission of July 24, 1997, September 11, 1997
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IACHR: Draft Request for Provisional Measures, circa January 1998
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IACHR: Case Summaries of Proceedings, 1998-2002
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IACHR: Request for Precautionary Measures and Request for Hearing, July 16, 1998
50
20
IACHR: Admissibility of Case No. 11.140, Mary and Carrie Dann vs. United States, October 9, 1998
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IACHR: Brief of the Intervenor, Yomba Shoshone Tribe, September 1999
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IACHR: Case No. 11.140, Report, September 27, 1999
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IACHR: Admissibility Report No. 99/99, October 12, 1999
50
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IACHR: Petitioners' Supplemental Submission, Brief on Merits, March 2000
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25
IACHR: Intervention and Appearance of the Western Shoshone National Council (WSNC) as Amicus in Support of Petitioners, May 22, 2000
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26
IACHR: Request for Additional Precautionary Measures in Case 11.140, August 9, 2000
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IACHR: Response of the Government of the United States to October 19, 2000; Request from Commission, December 11, 2000
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28
IACHR: Observations of the Petitioners with Respect to the Response of the Government of the United States to the Petitioners' Request for Additional Precautionary Measures, January 10, 2001
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29
IACHR: Report on Preliminary Merits, Case No. 11.140; Observations Report, October 2001
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30
IACHR: Comments regarding the U. S. Observations, Report No. 113/01, Case No. 12.053, May 23, 2002
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IACHR: Commission Preliminary Merits Report No. 113/01 approved by the Commission on October 15, 2001, July 26, 2002
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32
IACHR: Response of the Government of the United States to October 10, 2002 Report No. 53/02 Case No. 11.140 (Mary and Carrie Dann), November 27, 2002
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IACHR: Final Report Summary, Case No. 1.140, Report No. 75/02, December 27, 2002
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34
IACHR: Petitioner's Compliance Report (Attachment A) and Impoundment of Livestock, Trespassing, Grazing Fees and Penalties (Attachment B), January 22, 2004
50
35
IACHR: Petitioners' Supplemental Report on Non-Compliance of the United States with the Recommendations of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR ) in Mary and Carrie Dann (Western Shoshone) vs. United States (Report No. 75/02; Case No. 11.140), December 15, 2004
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IACHR: Permanent Council of the Organization of American States Special Session, Oral Intervention by Carrie Dann, February 24, 2003
50
37
IACHR: Working Group to the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples proposal, draft, and position papers, 2003
50
38
IACHR: Press release and newspaper articles, 1997-1999; 2003
50
39
IACHR: KNPR interview with Dann sisters and BLM, April 11, 2003
50
40
IACH:, Brochure and miscellaneous information, undated
50
41
United States Commission on Civil Rights (CERD): Preliminary Proposal for Hearings before the United States Commission on Civil Rights Regarding the Discrimination, Lack of Equal Protection, and Negative Effects of the Indian Claims Commission, November 28, 2000
50
42
CERD: Statement to United Nations Concerning U. S. Violation of Western Shoshone, April 1998, and proposed decision regarding Western Shoshone, undated
50
43
CERD: Request for Urgent Action to Committee for Elimination of Racism, on Behalf of the Yomba Shoshone Tribe of the Western Shoshone People, September-October 1999
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44
CERD: Amended Request for Urgent Action under Early Warning Procedures, Yomba Shoshone Tribe, and Ely Shoshone Tribe, part 1, July 5, 2000
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CERD: Amended Request for Urgent Action under Early Warning Procedures, Yomba Shoshone Tribe, and Ely Shoshone Tribe, part 2, July 5, 2000
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CERD: Amended Request for Urgent Action under Early Warning Procedures, Yomba Shoshone Tribe, and Ely Shoshone Tribe, part 3, July 5, 2000
51
3
CERD: Western Shoshone Delegation UN/CERD, Report Summary, August 17, 2000
51
4
CERD: Western Shoshone Delegation to UN/CERD, materials for visit, July 2001
51
5
CERD: Western Shoshone Delegation to UN/CERD, Report Summary, September 10, 2001
51
6
CERD: Western Shoshone Delegation to UN/CERD, 2004
51
7
CERD: Member background information and CERD Handbook, July 2005
51
8
CERD: Request for Early Warning Measures and Urgent Procedures by Western Shoshone National Council, July 25-29, 2005
51
9
CERD: Western Shoshone Delegation to UN/CERD, Materials Packet, 67th Session, August 2-19, 2005
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10
CERD: Western Shoshone Delegation to UN/CERD, Indian Law Resource Center participants list, itinerary and travel guide, 67th Session, August 2-19, 2005
51
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CERD: Western Shoshone Delegation to UN/CERD, Western Shoshone testimonies, comments, and reports regarding spiritual and cultural practices and UN/CERD reports, 68th Session, February-March 2006
51
12
CERD: Update to Request for Urgent Action under Early Warning Procedures submitted by Western Shoshone National Council, Timbisha Shoshone Tribe, the Yomba Shoshone Tribe, the Winnemucca Indian Colony, February 23, 2006
51
13
CERD: Petition signatures for Western Shoshone Early Warning/Urgent Action Request, 2006
51
14
CERD: Petition signatures for Western Shoshone Early Warning/Urgent Action Request (original email petition signatures w/Oxfam American), part 1, March 1, 2006
51
15
CERD: Petition signatures for Western Shoshone Early Warning/Urgent Action Request (original email petition signatures w/Oxfam American), part 2, March 1, 2006
51
16
CERD: Early Warning and Urgent Action Procedure Decision 1(68) in relation to the USA, submitted by the Western Shoshone National Council and the Winnemucca Indian Colony, July 9, 2009
51
17
CERD: Western Shoshone statements, reports, briefing sheets to CERD, undated
51
18
United Nations Conventions, General Assembly, 13th and 53rd Sessions, resolutions adopted, 1999; 2010
51
19
United Nations Conventions: Economic and Social Council, Commission on Human Rights, 38th, 52nd, 56th, 59th and 61st Sessions, 1985-2005
51
20
United Nations Conventions, CERD: 55th Session, Summary Record of the 1353rd Meeting, Australia, August, 23, 1999
51
21
United Nations Conventions: Periodic Report of the United States of America to CERD Concerning the International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination, April 2007
51
22
Human Rights working groups and forums on Indigenous Peoples human rights: Correspondence, reports, updates, studies, comments and recommendations, 1985-1997; undated
51
23
Human Rights working groups and forums on Indigenous Peoples' rights, reports, studies, comments and recommendations, 2001-2007
51
24
Human rights publications: Human Rights Briefs, 10(2) featuring Dann vs. USA and fact sheets, 2000-2004
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Press releases, 1998-2010
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News clippings, 1997-2006

Group 6: Nevada Test Site and Yucca Mountain

For over a decade, the Western Shoshone Defense Project (WSDP) was involved with the anti-nuclear demonstrations held at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The WSDP also assisted with the efforts to curtail the plan for a nuclear waste storage repository at Yucca Mountain, located adjacent to the NTS. Established in the early 1950’s as the primary U. S. testing ground for nuclear devises, the NTS is located about 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. The NTS is also situated on Newe Sogobia (Western Shoshone territory), as embodied by the 1863 Treaty of Ruby Valley.

Concerned with the devastating effects of nuclear energy and the health and welfare of Newe Sogobia, other indigenous local, national, and global communities, as well as the WSDP, stood in solidarity with the Western Shoshone Nation and anti-nuclear organizations to protect Newe Sogobia. Protesting the nuclear weapons programs provided a mechanism for the Western Shoshone Nation to proclaim and exercise all the rights of territorial sovereignty, including the right to protect and preserve the Newe’s (Western Shoshone’s) world view in relation to the land, which is a holistic perspective of interconnectedness, interdependence, respect and reciprocity toward all the elements of the world, animate and inanimate. This perception is especially significant when considering Yucca Mountain as a nuclear waste repository. According to elder and spiritual leader Corbin Harney (now deceased), due to its caliche composition, Yucca Mountain is more like a moving hill than a mountain. It is a huge snake winding its way north, always moving and will continue to move.

The materials are divided into four series: Series 1: Federal and State Agency Records; Series 2: Anti-nuclear Perspectives and Organizations; Series 3: Subject and Miscellaneous Files; and Series 4: Publications, News Clippings, News Stories and Other Media Information.

Group 6, Series 1: Federal and State Agency Records

The Western Shoshone Defense Project (WSDP) also served as the center for information regarding the nuclear industry. Staff collected information from the anti-nuclear organizations as well as information produced by federal, state and regional agencies and administrations.

Group 6, Series 1, Subseries 1: Federal Agencies, 1996-2006 (5 folders)

Group 6, Series 1, Subseries 1: Federal Agencies, contains a limited amount of materials from both the U. S. Department of Energy and the U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. This material contains some correspondence and media materials as well the 1998 American Indian Policy.

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3
U. S. Department of Energy: Correspondence, 2001-2004; undated
52
4
U. S. Department of Energy: American Indian Policy, September 17, 1998
52
5
U. S. Department of Energy: NTS News and Views, Special Edition; DOE News, 1991-1993
52
6
U. S. Department of Energy: Press release announcing the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership, February 6, 2006
52
7
U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission: brochures, fact sheets, information packets, and publications, 1996-2000; undated

Group 6, Series 1, Subseries 2: Nevada Agencies, Administrations, and Related Organizations, 1995-2005 (15 folders)

Group 6, Series 1, Subseries 2: Nevada Agencies, Administrations and Related Organizations, covers materials from the nuclear offices located at the State of Nevada level and work concerning Yucca Mountain as a proposed national nuclear waste holding area. Of interest are the Community Advisory Board for Nevada Test Site Programs meetings from 1997-2001.

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U. S. Department of Energy Nevada Operations Office: Organization chart, correspondence, information calendar of events and meetings, press releases, and newsletter EM Update, 1997-1998; 2000
52
9
U. S. Department of Energy Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management: Information packets Yucca Mountain Project and Why are Scientists Studying Yucca Mountain?, June 1992; undated
52
10
U. S. Department of Energy Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management: Executive Summary Yucca Mountain Science and Engineering Report, May 2001
52
11
U. S. Department of Energy Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management: Supplement to Draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), May 2001
52
12
U. S. Department of Energy Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management: Yucca Mountain Project Update meeting, Crescent Valley, Nevada, July 8, 2003
52
13
U. S. Bureau of Land Management, Ely District Office: Yucca Mountain Rail Project BLM Update, prepared by Mike Dwyer, April 15, 2005
52
14
State of Nevada, Office of the Governors: Correspondence and Yucca Mountain information, 1995; 2000-2001
52
15
State of Nevada, Agency for Nuclear Projects, Nuclear Waste Project Office: Correspondence, statements, and reports, 1995-1996
52
16
Community Advisory Board (CAB) for Nevada Test Site Programs: Meeting minutes, 1997
52
17
CAB for Nevada Test Site Programs: Meeting minutes, 1998
52
18
CAB for Nevada Test Site Programs: Meeting minutes, 1999
52
19
CAB for Nevada Test Site Programs: Meeting minutes, 2000
52
20
CAB for Nevada Test Site Programs: Meeting minutes, 2001
52
21
Eureka County Board of Commissioners: Reports on nuclear transportation, 1993; 2000-2001
52
22
Eureka County Yucca Mountain Information Office: Press release, newsletters, and rail route information, 1993-2003; undated

Group 6, Series 2: Anti-Nuclear Organizations and Perspectives

The WSDP as well as the Western Shoshone National Council were affiliated with numerous anti-nuclear organizations. Notably, activists from the American Peace Test were recruited to assist with the initial organization of the WSDP in the defense and protection of the Dann family from the Bureau of Land Management’s imminent threats of livestock impoundment for trespass and grazing infractions. In addition to the relationship with American Peace Test, the WSDP maintained working relationships with native and non-native anti-nuclear organizations. Some of these organizations include Citizen Alert and its two subsidiary organizations: Citizen Alert Native American Program, and Nuclear Risk Management for Native Communities Project; Shundahai Network; Healing Global Wounds; Skull Valley/Goshute organization; Ohngo Guadedah Devia; and Nevada Desert Experience.

Group 6, Series 2 is divided into three subseries: Subseries 1: Shoshone and Paiute Anti-Nuclear Organizations and Perspectives; Subseries 2: Other Indigenous Anti-Nuclear Perspectives and Organizations; and Subseries 3: Non-Indigenous Anti-Nuclear Perspectives and Organizations. The contents of each subseries are indicated by its title. Arrangements are by subjects and date order.

Group 6, Series 2, Subseries 1: Shoshone and Paiute Anti-Nuclear Organizations and Perspectives, 1977-2003 (15 folders)

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Western Shoshone and Nevada Test Site correspondence, 1996-1997; 2003
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Western Shoshone tribes and other tribal nations' resolution for a nuclear free zone, 1993-1995; 1998
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25
Western Shoshone and international anti-nuclear support groups' correspondence, reports, news clippings, pamphlets, and related material, 1987; 1995-1999; 2002
52
26
Cultural heritage legislation compliance meetings, 1993-1994
52
27
Citizen Alert Native American Program (CANAP): Meetings minutes, report, funding proposal, and general information, 1990-1991
52
28
CANAP: Correspondence, 1977; 1988-1991; 1999; undated
52
29
CANAP: General information and resource materials, 1989; 1990; 1996-1998
52
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Nuclear Risk Management for Native Communities Project (NRMNC/CANAP): General information, 1996-1998
52
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NRMNC/CANAP: Newsletters and journal articles, 1997-1998; 2000
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News clippings on Shoshone and other Native tribes on nuclear issues, 1992-1998
53
2
Moapa Band of Paiutes, Department of Environmental Protection, Draft Preparedness for High Level Nuclear Waste, 2002; undated
53
3
Shundahai Network: Correspondence, talking points, fact sheets, newsletters, and news clippings, 1996-2006; undated
53
4
Skull Valley/Goshutes (Ohngo Gaudadeh Devia Awareness) anti-nuclear test site information, 1980-2002
53
5
Native American Action Council: General information, February 2006
53
6
Journal and magazine articles pertaining to Western Shoshone and other indigenous native tribes on nuclear waste issues, 1993-2003; undated

Group 6, Series 2, Subseries 2: Other Indigenous Anti-nuclear Perspectives and Organizations, 1992-2004 (6 folders)

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Mescalero Apache Tribe nuclear storage proposal information, 1992; 1995-1996
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Ward Valley (Colorado River Tribes) proposed nuclear dump information, 1995; 1998-1999
53
9
Kwanitewk Native Resource Network: Comments to DOE Draft Waste Management Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), February 26, 1996
53
10
National Congress of American Indian: Nuclear Waste Program, information sheets, 1992-2000
53
11
American Indian and Indigenous anti-nuclear Conferences and informational materials, 1991-2004
53
12
News clippings and miscellaneous papers pertaining to other American Indian Tribes, nuclear waste issues, and Indian Policy Revision, 1992-1999; undated

Group 6, Series 2, Subseries 3: Non-Indigenous Anti-Nuclear Perspectives and Organizations, 1983-2006 (19 folders)

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Citizen Alert: Public testimonies and comments against nuke waste, and A layman terms for talking about Nevada Test site groundwater contamination, 2003
53
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Citizen Alert: Resource material for Environmental Justice, 1995
53
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Citizen Alert: Mock nuclear waste cask tour information, 1996
53
16
Citizen Alert: Resource material, 1998; undated
53
17
Citizen Alert: Newsletters, newspaper articles, and press release, 1996-2003
53
18
American Peace Test/America Tests Peace, 1987-1993; undated
53
19
Greenpeace Report: The Toxic Threat to Indian Lands and event announcements, 1997; undated
53
20
Healing Global Wounds (HGW): NTS gathering and conferences, organizational materials, 1992; 1995-1997; undated
53
21
HGW: Minutes, financial statements, and correspondence, 1996-1999
53
22
HGW: Newsletters, nuclear waste information, and brochures, 1995; 1997-1999; undated
53
23
Nevada Desert Experience: Correspondence, press release, and newsletters, 1991; 1998-2001
53
24
The Study Committee: Organizational information and newsletter Nevada Monitor, 1994-1998
53
25
Nuclear Information and Resource Service (NIRS): Correspondence, Action Alerts, fact sheets, brochures, and petition against nuclear waste, 1996-2010; undated
53
26
NIRS: Newsletter Nuclear Monitor, 2001-2006
53
27
Nuclear Free Zone Resolutions for Sparks and Reno, 1996-1997
53
28
Citizens for Alternative to Radioactive Dumping: Organizational materials, 1992; 1996-1998
53
29
Safe Energy Communication Council: Organizational materials, 1996
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Institute for Energy and Environmental Research: Organizational materials and publications, 1999
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2
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry: Organizational materials, undated

Group 6, Series 3: Subject and Miscellaneous Files, 1983-2005 (11 folders)

Group 6, Series 3: Subject and Miscellaneous Files, covers additional subjects and materials concerning various general nuclear and nuclear waste issues, the Nevada test site, and information concerning Yucca Mountain not necessarily issued by government sources.

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S.104 Amendment to the Nuclear Waste Policy Act, 1982
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4
Radiation health hazards and radiation dose chart; "Radiation Workers Justice Act", 1998; undated
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5
Information papers on radiation and radioactivity, undated
54
6
Transportation of nuclear waste, maps of nuclear test sites and routes used to transport nuclear materials, and maps of Nevada and the United States, undated
54
7
Research papers, reports, and essays regarding nuclear issues, 1991-2002
54
8
Environmental impact statement for proposed Repository at Yucca Mountain, 1995-1997
54
9
Fact sheets and information about Nevada Test Site, Yucca Mountain, and nuclear waste, undated
54
10
Yucca Mountain earthquake information, 1997; undated
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11
Hydrogen and nuclear energy information, undated
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12
Radiation Exposure Compensation Program, circa 2005
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Area 51: General information, 1992

Group 6, Series 4: Publications, Articles, and Media, 1964-2003 (10 folders)

Group 6, Series 4: Publications, Articles, and Media, includes information that was gathered from a variety of news sources, newspapers, and miscellaneous organization’s newsletters.

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Newsletters: Nevada Nuclear Waste News produced by Nevada Agency for Nuclear Projects, 1992-1997; Nevada Monitor produced by The Study Committee, 1995-1998
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News clippings and articles, 1964; 1986-1995
53
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News clippings and articles, 1996-1999
53
17
News clippings and articles, 2000-2003; undated
53
18
Miscellaneous newsletters: Wise; Monkey Business; Ground Work; Women's Nuclear Test Ban Network, 1988-2003
53
19
Newsletter: Groom Lake Desert Rat, 1994-1995
53
20
Internet new articles regarding nuclear issues, 1995-2003
53
21
Articles on nuclear issues and events, 1988; 1992; 1996-1997
53
22
Video Documentary Projects: "What is Aramar," 1993; "Alternative to Madness"; "Bound by the Wind", 1999; undated
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News clippings, 1995-1999

Group 7: League of North American Indians and Western Shoshone and Affiliated Tribes

Group 7: League of North American Indians and Western Shoshone and Affiliated Tribes, reflects Carrie Dann’s early involvement as a young Indian activist advocating for the protection of Western Shoshone land and treaty rights. Carrie served as the secretary for the Western Shoshone “traditional” tribal council, which embodied those who maintained and adhered to their traditional Western Shoshone religion, culture, and leadership, as opposed to the Indian Reorganization Act (IRA) tribal councils. The traditional council was led by Western Shoshone chief Frank Temoke, descendant of a principal signer of the Ruby Valley Treaty, and his appointed chairman John ‘Rolling Thunder’ Pope. Pope, a controversial figure who claimed Cherokee ancestry, was married to a Western Shoshone woman and lived in Carlin, Nevada. Pope also served as the vice president of the League of North American Indians, a pan-Indian organization tasked with protecting the Indian land base and to unite and empower sovereign Native people politically and economically.

The amalgamation of the traditional council with the League of North American Indians occurred during the era of the 1940s through the 1960s when the U.S. government followed a policy of “termination” for the aboriginal people. In an attempt to assimilate Indian people into mainstream society, a sequence of laws was enacted or proposed to end the U.S. government’s recognition of tribal sovereignty and to eliminate its responsibility of trusteeship over Indian reservations, as well as to implement state law applicability to Indian people. In essence, the laws were expected to create taxpaying citizens, subject to state and federal taxes as well as laws, from which Indian people had been previously exempt.

This group consists of records of the League of North American Indians (LONAI), branch organizations, and the Western Shoshone and Affiliated Tribes. The records in this group are divided into two series: Series 1: League of North American Indians; and Series 2: Western Shoshone and Affiliated Tribes. Series 1 contain the administrative records that pertain to the national organization. Series 2 contains the records of the Western Shoshone and Affiliated Tribes/Western Shoshone traditional council

The records hold significant relevancy to the Dann vs. U.S. and other Western Shoshone land claim cases as that case served as the foundation to the Western Shoshone’s claim to their land as recognized by the 1863 Ruby Valley Treaty. Also evident from the records in this series is the persistent continuum of resistance demonstrated by the traditional Western Shoshone in the claim for Newe Sogobia and life ways.

Group 7, Series 1: League of North American Indians, 1951-1982 (14 folders)

Group 7, Series 1: League of North American Indians, (LONAI) contains material generated by LONAI, collected by its vice president, John Pope, and entrusted to its secretary, Carrie Dann. The documents pertain to issues of land and treaty rights, financial matters, conferences, litigation, and United States Indian policy legislation. Materials span the years 1951-1982 and are arranged by subjects, with minutes, correspondence, reports and conferences arranged chronologically.

In addition to meeting minutes, annual reports and newsletters, these files contain reports produced by other branch member organizations, Bureau of Indian Affairs, and Congressional representatives. There are numerous reports that pertain to the Omnibus Bill (Termination Bill) in addition to a report on the Tuscarora Tribe’s legal case with the New York State Power Authority. Also included are files pertaining to various conferences and related materials.

Of interest is the League’s sponsored convention held in conjunction with the Western Shoshone fandango in Battle Mountain, Nevada in 1960. The conference, California-Nevada Regional Conference, held at the University of Nevada in 1961, was the prelude to the American Indian Chicago Conference, in which the Omnibus Bill was discussed. Supporting documents such as the minutes, agendas, news clippings are included in conference files.

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Minutes, annual report, and organization newsletter, 1951; 1959; undated
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Correspondence, 1955; 1960-1961; 1967; undated
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Report: Indian Defense League of America reports on Supreme Court trial, Tuscarora Indian Nation vs. New York State Power Authority, December 7, 1959
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Report: Indian Defense League of America report on American Indian Chicago Conference, June 13-20, 1961
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Report: Tuscarora General Council report on "Termination Bill" (Omnibus Bill), August 11, 1967
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Report: Commissioner of Bureau of Indian Affairs, Omnibus Bill, March 12, 1967
54
30
Report: The Traditional Indian Land and Life Committee study and interpretation of S.1816, Omnibus Bill, June 1967
54
31
Report: United States Senate Report of Proceedings regarding S.1816, July 11, 1967
54
32
Report: House or Representatives, Hearings before the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs Subcommittee on Indian Affairs, H.R.10560, July 13, 1967
54
33
H.R.3731, Amendment to the Judgment Funds Distribution Act, July 21, 1982
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1
Conference: League of North American Indians Convention, Battle Mountain, Nevada, August 25-28, 1960
55
2
Conference: California-Nevada Regional Conference, April 13-14, 1961
55
3
Conference: American Indian Chicago Conference, June 13-20, 1961
55
4
Conference: Native American Treaties and Rights Conference, April 12-14, 1978

Group 7, Series 2: Western Shoshone and Affiliated Tribes, 1950-1977 (26 folders)

Group 7, Series 2: Western Shoshone and Affiliated Tribes, contains materials produced by and pertaining to the Western Shoshone traditional tribal council. Supplemental to the minutes and related documents are correspondence, petitions, copies of treaties made with the Western, Eastern, and Shoshone Bannock tribes along with files pertaining to the Nevada tribal issues.

Topical issues include Indian income taxes, the Ruby Valley Indian Reservation, inadequate police protection, Fort McDermitt Paiute Shoshone tribal members’ court cases involving illegal hunting, Indian land sales, grazing, and military draft evasion. There is also a file on the “True Utes” and mixed-blood Utes controversy, material on Nevada legislation pertaining to hunting and fishing, as well as public land withdrawal for the Battle Mountain Indian Colony cemetery. News clippings concerning these issues are also included.

The correspondence for John Pope and Chief Temoke is arranged chronologically with other materials grouped by subject.

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Minutes, resolutions, and related materials, 1957-1967
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6
Correspondence, 1950
55
7
Correspondence, 1956
55
8
Correspondence, 1957
55
9
Correspondence, 1958
55
10
Correspondence, 1959
55
11
Correspondence, 1960; 1964
55
12
Correspondence, 1967-1968
55
13
Shoshone Treaties (copies): Ruby Valley Treaty of Peace and Friendship; Fort Bridger Treaty, Eastern Shoshone and Bannock Tribe, 1863
55
14
Contract (copies) with land claims attorneys Milton Badt and Ernest Wilkerson regarding land claims, 1946-1948
55
15
Petitions of the Western Shoshone opposing Indian land sales, Indian Claims Commission, Termination policy and general living conditions, March 1, 1959; undated
55
16
Western Shoshone trust land income tax issue, 1958-1960
55
17
Ruby Valley Indian Reservation, six mile square, 1958
55
18
Inadequate police protection issues, 1959; undated
55
19
Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes land rights, grazing issues, and related materials, 1960-1961
55
20
Indian custom marriage issues, 1961
55
21
Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes hunting cases, 1964-1965
55
22
Richard Williams protest against the U. S. military draft, 1967
55
23
General hunting and fishing issues, 1950; 1960-1965
55
24
Fort Duchesne Utes mixed-blood and full-blood controversy, 1959-1960
55
25
Public land withdrawal legislation, S.1701 for Battle Mountain Indian Colony cemetery, 1967
55
26
Miscellaneous documents regarding Nevada Indian tribes, 1965-1971
55
27
Federal Indian policy materials related to health and education, 1955-1957; undated
55
28
News clippings, 1958-1969; undated
55
29
Miscellaneous newsletters, 1951; 1964-1967
55
30
Miscellaneous materials about early Indian activist and related activities, 1956-1977; undated

Group 8: Bureau of Land Management

Group 8: Bureau of Land Management, (BLM) consists of materials accumulated by the Western Shoshone Defense Project (WSDP) in the interest of staying informed about the public land projects occurring on Newe Sogobia (Western Shoshone lands) and beyond. The organization was on a mailing list to receive many of the publications and alerts produced by the BLM. Materials in this group are general in nature, with information meant for consumption by the general public about the management of public lands.

Group 8 is divided into six series: Series 1: Correspondence; Series 2: BLM Advisory Boards and Related Public Land Use Committees; Series 3: BLM Publications, Manuals, and Reports; Series 4: General Animal, Livestock, and Grazing Issues; Series 5: Fire Management; and Series 6: Geothermal.

Paramount to the Western Shoshone Defense Project’s technical support was the ability and knowledge to counter the proposed public land projects and to advance the concerns and issues related to Western Shoshone land claims, as well as cultural resources that would be affected by the projects. The correspondence, comments, and protests pursued by Western Shoshone Defense Project and the interested tribes and individuals are located in Group 2, Series 4, and 6-12, which provides the Native perspective of the controversial public land projects on disputed lands claimed by the Western Shoshone. Group 3, Series 6-9 also contains similar information and should be consulted.

Group 8, Series 1: Correspondence, 1997-2010 (2 folders)

Group 8, Series 1: Correspondence, includes information bulletins and public notices informing the public about proposed public land projects, public comment periods and general information about the management of public lands. The material is arranged in chronological order.

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Correspondence, 1997-2010
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32
Correspondence: Controlled burns, 1997

Group 8, Series 2: BLM Advisory Boards and Related Public Land Use Committees, 1992-2004 (5 folders)

Group 8, Series 2: BLM Advisory Boards and Related Public Land Use Committees, includes information and materials from oversight organizations and panels that provided advice and recommendations to the BLM on resources and public land management issues in Nevada. The materials in this series are arranged chronologically.

Of interest in this series is the information about the South Buckhorn Working Group. This group was formed to discuss the concerns that impacted grazing range conditions and restorations issues of that area, the same allotment used by Carrie and Mary to graze their livestock. The Dann sisters’ response to the accusation of over-grazed land was that it could have happened on any allotment in Nevada’s arid state with similar conditions, due to the patterns of climate and weather conditions. They claimed that the alleged damage to the range was nothing in comparison to the environmental damage caused by mining and other extraction industries who had marred the earth with pits dug miles deep and wide and toxic chemicals used in the processing ore, all contributing to poor air and water quality.

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33
South Buckhorn working group meeting minutes, 2003-2004
55
34
Nevada Legislature's Committee on Public Lands: Meeting minutes, March 9, 1992
55
35
BLM Resource Advisory Councils and Public Land Use Advisory Committee, 1999; 2004
55
36
Minutes of Senate Committee on Commerce and Labor and Lander County Board of Commissioners regular session, February-August 2002
55
37
Northeastern Nevada Stewardship Group, July-August 2001

Group 8, Series 3: BLM Publications, Manuals, and Reports, 1971-2010 (21 folders)

Group 8, Series 3: BLM Publications, Manuals, and Reports, is comprised of the regulations that apply to the BLM managed lands and its operations, environmental assessments of public land projects, position papers and news articles. Additional publications are located in Group 2, Series 4, and 6-12. If WSDP submitted comments and protests, the publication was kept with the materials. Researchers should consult both areas.

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38
BLM Regulations, Disposition Occupancy and Use: Desert Lands Entries, 1971
55
39
BLM Regulations and Handbook, 1997
55
40
BLM Land Exchange Guidelines, 1998
55
41
BLM Directory, 2004
55
42
BLM Manual. Native American Consultation and Unauthorized Grazing Use, 1984-2004
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56
1
Newsletters, fact sheets, public land statistics, pamphlets, and brochures, 1994-2003; undated
56
2
Statistics and general information, circa 1999
56
3
Press releases, 1985-2002
56
4
BLM internal issues and news articles, 1997-1999
56
5
Argenta Marsh news articles, 1995; 1997-1999
56
6
Mining operations and exploration project regulations, 1993; undated
56
7
Proposed Resource Management Plan and Final Environmental Impact Statement, Elko Resource Area, 1986
56
8
Planting plan, 1992
56
9
Environmental Assessment: Central Nevada Communication Sites Proposed Plan Amendment, 1996; 1998
56
10
Environmental Assessment: Emigrant Springs Exploration Plan of Operations, December 1, 1994
56
11
Environmental Assessment: Integrated Wildlife Damage Management Program, 1994-1998
56
12
Environmental Assessment: Designation of Nine Research Natural Areas, Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest, March 1998
56
13
Pinyon Juniper Papers, undated
56
14
Position paper: Federal Ownership and Management of the Public Lands in Nevada by Ken Stowers, 1994
56
15
Evaluation of the Appraisal Organization of the Department of Interior/BLM, 2002
56
16
Projects and Planning Schedule, Battle Mountain district, 2010

Group 8, Series 4: General Animal, Livestock, and Grazing Issues, 1992-2006 (13 folders)

Group 8, Series 4: General Animal, Livestock, and Grazing Issues, is comprised of general information related primarily to livestock grazing and wild horse issues and regulations on public lands. The materials in this series does not pertain directly to Carrie, Mary or the Western Shoshone cattlemen’s grazing issues. The Western Shoshone perspective on these issues can be found in several groups: Group 1, Series 1 and 2; Group 2, Series 4; and Group 3, Series 8.

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17
BLM appeals and grazing administration records, circa 2001
56
18
Nevada Grazing Statistics Report and Economic Analysis for Federal Lands in Nevada, March 26, 2001
56
19
General grazing news articles, 1997-1999
56
20
General grazing news articles, 1999-2002; undated
56
21
General BLM cattle round-ups and confiscation, 1993; 2002; 2005
56
22
General livestock and cattle confiscation articles, 2001
56
23
General BLM. Miscellaneous articles, 1993-2006; undated
56
24
Petition of the State Board of Agriculture for Judicial Confirmation, Case No. CV03-06171, December 2003
56
25
Grazing and wild horse allotments maps, undated
56
26
BLM Wild Horse Projects, 1993; 1997; undated
56
27
General BLM Wild horse round-ups, vaccinations, and projects, 1992; 1997-1999
56
28
Sage grouse news articles, 1998-2001
56
29
Cash Cows reports, circa 2004

Group 8, Series 5: Fire Management, 2001-2006 (7 folders)

Group 8, Series 5: Fire Management, consists of the BLM’s proposed plans and environmental reports associated with the implementation of fuel reduction to ensure the safety from range wildfires. For more information about fire management related to Western Shoshone areas of concern, consult Group 1, Series 2; Group 2, Series 8; and Group 3, Series 6.

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Proposed Resource Management Plan Amendment for Fire Management/Environmental Assessment with FONSI, Shoshone-Eureka Planning Area, August 2001
56
31
FONSI/EA: Wildland Urban Fire Interface/Fire Defense Systems, Austin and Kingston, Nevada, August 6, 2003
56
32
FONSI/EA: Wildland Urban Fire Interface/ Fire Defense Systems, Eureka and Diamond Valley, Nevada, August 8, 2003
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1
Environmental Assessment (EA): Wildland Urban Interface (WUI)/Fire Defense System for Manhattan, Nevada, November 2003
57
2
FONSI/EA: Wildland Urban Fire Interface/Fire Defense Systems, Crescent Valley, Nevada, 2003-2004
57
3
Environmental Assessment: Wildland Urban Interface (WUI)/Fire Defense System for Yomba, Nevada, April 2005
57
4
Proposed Fish Creek Hazardous Fuels Reduction project, Buffalo Valley Allotment, September 20, 2006

Group 8, Series 6: Geothermal, 1993-2003 (5 folders)

Group 8, Series 6: Geothermal, contains information about the Bureau of Land Management’s plans to develop geothermal power on federal lands as a means to reduce the dependency on foreign energy. For more information on the Western Shoshone perspectives on the development of geothermal energy, see Group 2, Series 8, and Group 3, Series 6.

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5
Programmatic Environmental Assessment on Geothermal Leasing, Shoshone-Eureka Planning Area, July 11, 2002
57
6
Programmatic Environmental Assessment on Geothermal Leasing, Shoshone-Eureka Planning Area, September 10, 2002
57
7
Geothermal article, April 15, 2003
57
8
Geothermal Leasing, 2003-2005
57
9
General Geothermal Research/Resource material: Hawaii, California, and government position articles, 1993-2003

Group 9: Audio and Visual Materials

The Western Shoshone Nation, the Western Shoshone Defense Project (WSDP), and volunteers were intensely involved with educating the public, nationally and internationally, about the concerns and issues of the Shoshone Nation. As a means for educational outreach, WSDP associates self-produced numerous video documentaries that focused on the historical and contemporary land claim and treaty issues, participatory meetings with federal agents and organizations as well as conferences and cultural gatherings. They also collected video and audio recordings of similar foci surrounding the concerns and issues pursued by the Western Shoshone.

There have been nationally acclaimed documentaries made about the Western Shoshone and the Dann sisters. In 1974, film maker Joel Freedman released the film, “Broken Treaty at Battle Mountain,” followed by “To Protect Mother Earth: Broken Treaty II.” In 2008, George and Beth Gage released their documentary “American Outrage.” All three documentaries are integral to the message sent about the challenge of the Dann sisters and the Western Shoshone Nation in their testament to Indian sovereignty and self-determination. Documentaries from other filmmakers and the international supporters have been made as well.

The audio and video collection is divided into two series, Series 1: Videos, and Series 2: Audio. Formats in the video collection are predominately VHS but there are few micro-cassette tapes and DVDs. The formats for the audio collection include audio cassettes and micro-cassettes.

Group 9, Series 1: Video, Bulk, 1992-2008, 1974-2008 (95 items)

The video collection in Group 9, Series 1, is retained in the numerical order in which it was received. The collection was organized in chronological order without regard to subject matter or date of production. Titles were transferred from labels found on the items. From a WSDP log of the collection, descriptive and summary content has been added and running times, if available. Omissions in the video numbering are due to either duplicate materials that were discarded or never received. It is important to know that the WSDP, in their effort to provide education and outreach, may have recorded multiple programs onto the same VHS tape for the sole purpose of information sharing. Therefore, there may be some duplication with some of the recordings.

Videos are described as being "locally produced," which designates a WSDP made film, "locally reproduced," which designates copies of recordings made by WSDP, and "commercially produced," which designates films that are publicly distributed for the masses.

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VHS: Shoshone NTSC/DCPP reportage. Spiegel TV, Hamburg-St. Pauli, Germany (in German). Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Footage of various Western Shoshone issues: Clifford Dann's arrest, nuclear protests, Nevada Test Site, Carrie Dann at protest, 1993
58
2
VHS: Gardner ranch investigation. Santa Barbara County Board of Supervisors. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Investigation of Slick Gardner of Santa Barbara, California accused of animal abuse stemming from Mary and Carrie Dann's transfer of horses from BLM impoundment, July or September 2003
58
3
VHS (2 recordings): 1) Western Shoshone Carrie Dann protesting in front of Oro Nevada Mining Company, South McCarran Blvd., Reno, Nevada; 2) Fallon Shoshone Claims Committee "On the Proposal." Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, March 22, 1997; April 30, 1997
58
4
VHS: Dan Daggett, Holistic Range Management, Elko, Nevada. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: A recording of workshop or presentation given by Dan Daggett on holistic resource management methods, February 1995
58
5
VHS: "Sacred Domain: Tribal Perspectives in Land Management." Run time: 15 minutes. Locally reproduced. Summary: Southwest and northwest tribal and environmental issues; a recording of conference attended by Western Shoshone Defense Project staff, November 26, 1997
58
6
VHS: Minewatch (master copy). Written by Christopher Sewall and Jim Wrecks; produced by Activist Front Productions. Locally produced. Summary: footage of topics regarding Western Shoshone Defense Project and Basecamp history, Dann cattle impoundment with footage of Clifford Dann's arrest and Carrie Dann resisting BLM officials, November 1992, Echo Bay Mine and history of Cortez Mine, Corbin Harney speaking, undated
58
7
VHS: Pan of Dann cows; Words from Lois Whitney in the kitchen; Words from Raymond Yowell with Jonathon Hurd. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: BLM roundup of Mary and Carrie Dann's cattle, circa September 23, 2002
58
8
VHS (3 recordings): 1) Red Thunder; 2) Mining the Land of Cain: The Innu vs. Inco; Choropampa: The Price of Gold; One Water, One Air, One Earth, undated. Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable, undated
58
9
VHS (2 recordings): 1) Resistance! Rights! Restoration; 2) Western Shoshone Minewatch, part 1: Pipeline Project. Locally produced. Note on label: New VHS Master, mining update-Pipeline shots. Run time: unavailable, undated
58
10
VHS: Gold Explorer Standoff. Western Shoshone Defense Project footage. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Mary, Carrie, Raymond Yowell with miner over survey near; Encounter area set-up at Dann ranch entrance with the sheriff, March 16, 1996
58
11
VHS: An Evening with the Western Shoshone Elders. Filmed by Bobby Eisenberg, Roger Lewis and Western Shoshone Defense Project. Locally produced. Run time: 1:54:12. Summary: Speakers Christopher Sewall, Corbin Harney and Carrie Dann talk about the BLM roundups, Western Shoshone land and treaty rights and Carrie being raised with traditional teachings, October 10, 2003
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VHS: We the People: Shoshone Protection of Mother Earth, part 1. Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable, January 2000
59
2
VHS: We the People: Shoshone Protection of Mother Earth, part 2. Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable, January 2000
59
3
VHS (2 recordings): 1) Bound by the Wind; 2) Shutting Down Nuclear Test Sites; Reclaim the Test Site. Locally reproduced. Run time: 40 minutes. Summary: Corbin Harney protesting in Kazakhstan, footage of nuclear explosion and NHMM Washington D. C., American Defense Monitor, Shutting down Nuclear Test Site, March 11, 1987; undated
59
4
VHS (2 recordings): 1) Western Shoshone National Council Update Report, Fallon, Nevada at Rev. Hooper's Hall; 2) Western Shoshone National Council Fall Gathering, Stoneburger Creek. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, January 19, 1996; September 23-24, 1995
59
5
VHS: Choropampa: The Price of Gold. A Guarango Film and Video Production sponsored by Oxfam America, undated. Locally produced by Oxfam. Run time: 30 minutes. Summary: Examines Central American mining problems, undated
59
6
VHS: Nanainmi Waki Uulktt. Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Northwest Native American issues panel discussions, January 27, 1994
59
7
VHS: Unedited BLM Raid Tape. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Footage of BLM roundup of Dann cattle in September 2002, 2002
59
8
VHS: Kanaka Maoli Tribunal, Testimony South Point Hawaii, Public Lands-Private Profits. Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable, August 1993
59
9
VHS: Focus on Nevada: Nuclear Nevada. Locally reproduced. Run time: 28:56, undated
59
10
VHS (2 recordings): 1) Where the Wind Blows; 2) Two Directions. Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Pacific Northwest with great salmon and dam footage, undated
59
11
VHS: Mining is Unsustainable, 1997 Indigenous Environmental Network (IEN) Conference, Fort Belknap. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Footage of IEN conference featuring Shoshone speakers and Chris, 1997
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VHS: Protest at Oro Nevada Offices; Speaking Event, University of Nevada, Reno Campus. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Footage of Carrie with protest sign and being interviewed by TV camera person and Chris and Carrie participating in speaking presentation at University of Nevada, Reno, April 30, 1997
60
2
VHS: Radiation Control Board Meeting (Master), Salt Lake City. Includes footage of Margene Bullcreek, et.al. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, May 9, 1997
60
3
VHS: John Trudell: Descendants and Ancestors, Redwood Summer. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, undated
60
4
VHS: Born in Fire, Warner Creek, Cove Mallard. Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Ruination of our forests, fire ecology, Oregon, undated
60
5
VHS: Defenders of Gustafson Lake. Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Native American land rights issue, Canada, undated
60
6
VHS: Earth First, IWW, Luddites (Master). Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Film about logging issues, undated
60
7
VHS (2 recordings): 1) Tim's Court, Crescent Valley, Dann fire; 2) Cottonwood Reclamation. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, September 13, 1995; December 4, 1994
60
8
VHS: Newe Sogobia Is Not for Sale, undated. Produced by Mission Creek Video. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Archival photos of Shoshone, Raymond's voice and O.C., Mary on camera "Paiute Story" 1992 Federal agents on horseback (cattle round-up), Carrie being manhandled by Marshalls, working ranch, Cliff burning, circa 1992
60
9
VHS: Food Not Bombs, press video. Locally produced by Food Not Bombs. Run time unavailable. Summary: Footage of activist being arrested, undated
60
10
VHS: Western Shoshone National Council Gathering, 13th Annual, Stoneburger Creek. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Raymond and Chris speaking, 1999
60
11
VHS: Don Moon, Western Shoshone National Council meeting, part 3, Terry Janis. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Terry Janis, Don Moon meeting, part 3, one camera angle, Raymond other Shoshone possibly in meeting with lawyer regarding strategy for upcoming meeting. For part 2, see 2013-10/9/1/56, July 17, 1993
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VHS: Meeting with Western Mining Corporation (Master). Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, September 6, 1996
61
2
VHS: International Day of Action for Mt. Graham. Eco Productions, Tucson, Arizona. Locally produced by Friends of Mt. Graham. Run time: 28 minutes. Summary: Friends of Mount Graham. Human rights issues, sacred sites, Arizona, Pearl Jam concert in sympathy, April 5, 1994
61
3
VHS: Alternative Nobel Prize, Sweden. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Raymond and Carrie at awards ceremony to accept Carrie's Right Livelihood award, post award coverage where Carrie speaks about gold and Columbus, and a good description of struggle and Cliff's story, 1993
61
4
VHS (3 recordings): 1) Healing Global Wounds; 2) November 1992: The BLM Invades; 3) Western Shoshone Land is Not for Sale, produced and directed by Jim Wrecks and Jesse Drew. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, November 1992; undated
61
5
VHS: DEIS Pipeline, Reno and Elko. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Western Shoshone Defense Project footage of meeting for Draft Environmental Impact Statement for Cortez Mine Pipeline project, undated
61
6
VHS: Western Shoshone Claims General Meeting, Fallon, Nevada, Tribal Gym. Locally produced. Run time: 2 hours, September 12, 1999
61
7
VHS: Footage of Russell Dann Secret Claims Meeting, Elko, Nevada. Locally produced. Run time: 30 minutes. Summary: Demonstration outside of Bureau of Indian Affairs office while meeting conducted inside, May 22, 1997
61
8
VHS: Pathfinder. Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Foreign language feature, undated
61
9
VHS: Chicago 1968, Counter Media, DNC. Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable, 1996
61
10
VHS (2 recordings): 1) The Apache Resistance; 2) Geronimo and The Spirit of Crazy Horse. Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable, undated
61
11
VHS: Nader-LaDuke. Locally reproduced by Green Party. Run time unavailable. Summary: Ralph Nader and Winona LaDuke presidential campaign promotional clips, 2000
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VHS: Our Common Ground: Miners, Indians, and Ranchers Concerned for the Water. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Crescent Valley Ranch House community meeting on Pipeline's ground water impact, undated
62
2
VHS: Undercurrents. Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: London protests against big corporation interests, undated
62
3
VHS: Western Shoshone Senate Hearing. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Copy of recording on Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Act, Senator Reid wants to distribute ICC judgment award and discussion about the Treaty of Ruby Valley, August 2002
62
4
VHS: Echo Bay: Borealis Spring. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, undated
62
5
VHS: Meeting: Natural Resources, produced by the Legislative Counsel Bureau Media Services. Run time: 1:47:39, March 3, 2003
62
6
VHS (2 recordings): 1) Cultures in Collision, parts 1 and 2; 2) One Water, One Air, One Earth and Wasteland: The Nuclear Free Indian Lands Project. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Shoshone history, Shoshone archival, Raymond Yowell talks about Treaty of 1863 and Mary and Carrie's story, undated
62
7
VHS: The Elem Civil War: A Cry for Help Inside the Fence. Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Violent confrontations at Elem Reservation, undated
62
8
VHS: Protecting the Underground. Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Mining in the Philippines, undated
62
9
VHS: Santa Barbara County Board of Supervisors. Locally produced by Santa Barbara County. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Slick Gardner animal abuse accusations discussed at the meeting, mistreatment of Dann horses from 2003 roundup, July 2003
62
10
VHS: Black Mesa Testimonials: Four Corners National Sacrifice Area. Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Health, hazards, and grievances due to mining activity in the area, undated
62
11
VHS (3 recordings): 1) Mule Canyon Public Meeting; 2) Battle Mountain BLM offer; 3) Great Basin Mine Watch press conference. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Carrie and Corbin attend meeting, June 5, 1996; April 14, 1996; undated
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VHS: Don Moon, Western Shoshone National Council, part 2. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Western Shoshone National Council strategy meeting. See also 2013-10/9/1/33, July 17, 1993
63
2
VHS: Reno Public Scoping Meeting for Phoenix Project, Battle Mountain Gold. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, February 28, 1995
63
3
VHS: Santa Barbara Board of Supervisors Public comments. Locally produced by Santa Barbara County. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Public comments regarding Slick Gardner animal abuse controversy. See also 2013-10/9/1/53, July 15, 2003
63
4
VHS: Sacred Fire on the Columbia River. Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable, undated
63
5
VHS: Evening presentation, Nilak Butler, Concluding Planning Discussion. Locally produced. Run time: Approximately 3 hours. Summary: Planning discussion with lawyers from Las Vegas, June 17-18, no year
63
6
VHS: We the People. Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Interview of Christopher Sewall of Western Shoshone Defense Project, Western Shoshones, Helen Dave and Larson Bill. Note: This video is labeled American Peace Test Empowerment Video but the content is the segment of We the People hosted by Shayne Del Cohen, undated
63
7
VHS: Phosphate Lease Area, South Buckhorn allotment tour. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Helen Hankins discussing BLM's position on grazing where mining is allowed, etc., 2003
63
8
VHS: We the People, Shoshone Land Rights with Raymond Yowell. Locally reproduced. Run time: unavailable, undated
63
9
VHS: Resistance! Rights! Restoration!, produced and directed by Jim Wrecks, distributed by Activist Front. Locally produced. Run time: 25 minutes, undated
63
10
VHS: Western Shoshone Defense Project, NDEP statements. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, August 9, 2001
63
11
VHS: One Water, One Air, One Earth, Boise, Idaho: Idaho Public Television. Commercially produced. Run time: unavailable, 1992
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VHS: Te-Moak Election Dispute. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, 2000
64
2
VHS: Fallon Meeting, Shoshone-Paiute representatives. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, September 12, 1999
64
3
VHS (2 recordings): 1) Shoshone Rally, Albuquerque Rally; 2) Techqua Ikachi-Hopi film. Locally produced and reproduced. Run time: 2 hours. Summary: In Shoshone Rally footage, Tim Dann talking about nuclear testing, Clifford Dann's arrest on the day of his sentencing, May 17, 1995; undated
64
4
VHS: Black Hills Sioux Nation Treaty Conference Summit, tape 1. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Western Shoshone delegation travels to South Dakota for Summit and asks for their support to fights Western Shoshone Distribution Bill and support land talks, circa 2003
64
5
VHS: Black Hills Sioux Nation Treaty Conference Summit, tape 2. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, circa 2003
64
6
VHS: Black Hills Sioux Nation Treaty Conference Summit, tape 3. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, circa 2003
64
7
VHS: Black Hills Sioux Nation Treaty Conference Summit, tape 4. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, circa 2003
64
8
VHS: Black Hills Sioux Nation Treaty Conference Summit, tape 5. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, circa 2003
64
9
VHS: Black Hills Sioux Nation Treaty Conference Summit, tape 6. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, circa 2003
64
10
VHS: Black Hills Sioux Nation Treaty Conference Summit, tape 7. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, circa 2003
64
11
VHS: Black Hills Sioux Nation Treaty Conference Summit, tape 8. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, circa 2003
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Mini-DV Tape: Raymond Yowell interviewed by Wolfgang. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, July 2, 2002
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2
Mini-DV Tape: Carrie Dann talking to Native American Calling, tape 1. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, December 9, 2002
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Mini-DV Tape: Carrie Dann talking to Native American Calling, tape 2. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable, December 9, 2002
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VHS: Te-Moak Distribution Meeting, Elko, Nevada. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Note: For transcript see 2013-10/2/5/67, May 4, 2002
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VHS: Tim Dann hearing. Locally produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Footage from evening before prep and before trail and after, October 11, 1995
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VHS: Broken Treaty at Battle Mountain, narrated by Robert Redford, a film by Joel L. Freedman. Westport, Connecticut: Cinnamon Productions. Commercially produced. Run Time: 59:00, 1974
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VHS (2 recordings): 1) To Protect Mother Earth (Broken Treaty II) 2) Broken Treaty at Battle Mountain (Broken Treaty I). Locally reproduced. Run time: 2 hours, undated
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VHS: Alternative to Madness, Chrysalis Visions Media. Commercially produced. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Area activists spread an anti-nuclear message, footage includes scenes from the Spring Gathering at Nevada Test Site, led by Corbin Harney of Shundahai Network, undated
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VHS: Bound by the Wind, produced and directed by David L. Brown. Commercially produced. Run time: 43 minutes, undated
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VHS: Troubled Waters: The Dilemma of Dams, produced and directed by Beth and George Gage. San Francisco, California: The Video Project. Commercially produced. Run time: 53 minutes. Summary: Discusses environmental, cultural, economic, and spiritual arguments for and against decommissioning dams, 2003
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VHS: Local Heroes, a film by Beth and George Gage. Commercially produced. No other information available, undated
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VHS: Water: A Clear Solution, a film by Beth and George Gage. Commercially produced. Run time: 28:39, January 9, 2005
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VHS: Mining Seven Up Pete, videography by Drury Carr. Missoula, Montana: Ecology Center Productions. Commercially produced. Run time: 32 minutes, 1996
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DVD: Long Struggle, directed by Ashkan Soltini. Commercially produced. Run time: 18 minutes. Summary: a look at land struggles between Mary and Carrie Dann and the federal government, 2005
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DVD: Earth in Transition: Traditional Ecological Knowledge Addresses Global Climate Change, Tucson, Arizona: Society for Ecological Restoration International. Commercially produced. Run time: 115 minutes. Summary: Listen to what indigenous people have to say about the impact of global climate change, 2005
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DVD: Conviction, by Brenda Truelson Fox. Boulder, Colorado: Zero to Sixty Productions. Commercially produced. Run time: Approximately 43 minutes. Summary: Three Dominican sisters bring the attention to the atrocities of nuclear weapons by breaking into a missile silo in Colorado, 2006
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DVD: Amoxtli San Ce Tojuan: We Are One-Nosotros Somos Uno, Roberto Rodriquez and Patrisia Gonzales. San Fernando, California: Xicano Records and Film. Commercially produced. Run time: unavailable, 2005
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DVD: American Outrage, produced and directed by George and Beth Gage. Oley, Pennsylvania: Bullfrog Films. Commercially produced. Run time: 56 minute version and 33 minute version. Summary: Sisters and ranchers, Carrie and Mary Dann have fought the U. S. government for land rights and human rights, while the Bureau of Land Management confiscates their livestock, 2008

Group 9, Series 2: Audio, 1965-1991 (9 items)

Group 9, Series 2 is comprised of audio recordings by attorney John O’Connell, who served as lead attorney for Carrie and Mary Dann in the trespass case, and co-attorney for the Western Shoshone National Council in their pursuit to refute the Indian Claims Commission (ICC) judgment in the case of the Western Shoshone land claims. The audio recordings come in two formats, audiocassettes and micro-cassettes. The subject matter relates to ICC meetings, Western Shoshone distribution meetings concerning discussions on distributing the monies from the ICC case, recordings from the Dann’s and Western Shoshone media coverage, and Mr. O’Connell’s communications with a colleague.

Audio cassettes are arranged in chronological order, followed by the self-contained micro-cassettes. Please note that the second audio cassette (2013-10/9/2/2) is inoperable, but has been retained, prospectively for future attention and repair. Additionally, the micro-cassette of John O’Connell and Joe Membrino, May 16, 1979 (2013-10/9/2/8), has a telephone transcription found in 2013-10/3/1/37.

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Cassette: Meeting with Indian Claims Commission attorney, Mr. Barker, Ely, Nevada. Run time: unavailable, October 30, 1965
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Cassette: Elko-Temoke meeting with Indian Claims Commission attorney, Mr. Barker. Run time: unavailable. Note: Audio cassette inoperable, January 21, 1977
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Cassette: Western Shoshone claims meeting, Elko, Nevada, Volume 1. Run time: unavailable, June 23, 1979
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Cassette: Western Shoshone claims meeting, Elko, Nevada, Volume 2. Run time: unavailable, June 23, 1979
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Cassette: Source Report NBC Radio, produced by Dan Blackburn. Run time: unavailable. Summary: Raymond Yowell interviewed about the Western Shoshone land issues, April 19858
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Cassette: Attorney John Kennedy meeting with Western Shoshone, Fallon Nevada. Run time: unavailable, May 22, 1988
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Cassette: Carrie on Native American News, NPR. Run time: unavailable, February 16, 1991
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Micro Cassettes (3): John O'Connell and Joe Membrino; Membrino-Chambers; Ely, P. Taylor. Run time: unavailable, May 16, 1978; May 1980; July 10, 1982
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Micro Cassette: NPR Broadcast, MX-Dann. Run time: unavailable, undated