Overview

Title: William J. Raggio Papers
Creator(s): Raggio, William John, 1926-
Collection Number: 2013-02
Dates (inclusive): 1916-2014
Physical Extent: 32.5 cubic feet (42 boxes)
Preferred Citation: William J. Raggio Papers, 2013-02. Special Collections, University Libraries, University of Nevada, Reno.
Repository: University of Nevada, Reno. Special Collections Department
Permanent Link: http://dewey.library.unr.edu/xtf/view?docId=ead/2013-02-ead.xml

Biographical Note

William “Bill” John Raggio, Jr. was born in Reno, Nevada on October 30, 1926 to his parents William and Clara Raggio. His birth in a small maternity cottage located several blocks from the family’s residence on Vine Street came just a few hours shy of Nevada Day. Raggio was a fourth-generation Nevadan with his maternal great-grandfather Giobaptisto (Giobata) Avansino arriving in America via Genoa, Italy in the early 1860s. Not long after Giobata’s arrival in New York City, he headed west to San Francisco where he briefly worked, before crossing the Sierra Nevada Mountains in 1867 and settling in newly-formed Washoe County. His paternal grandfather, Ben Raggio, also came from Genoa, Italy and settled in Washoe County in 1881.

Raggio’s father, William, Sr., held a variety of jobs until 1932 when he began working as a private contractor for the Sunshine Laundry Company. This job allowed him to purchase a route, own a truck, manage his own business accounts, and provide a relatively comfortable life for his family, even amid the Depression. During the 1930s the Raggio family was able to purchase a new vehicle, take vacations, and young Raggio was afforded the opportunity to learn how to hunt, ski, and take lessons on several musical instruments, including the piano and trumpet. It should also be noted that while the Raggios were not overly active church members, Clara did insist that the family attend mass regularly at St. Thomas Aquinas Cathedral, the only Catholic Church in Reno at that time.

When Raggio was old enough he began attending Orvis Ring Elementary School, where he excelled, and was able to skip most of the fourth grade and move onto the fifth. At the age of twelve he joined the Boy Scouts of America, Troop 4. The Boy Scouts provided a young Raggio with strong encouragement to achieve, and instilled in him an interest in outdoor activities such as camping and hiking. Raggio would go on to become an Eagle Scout, and he remained in the organization until the troop disbanded in 1941 due to America’s entrance into World War II. After elementary school in 1939, Raggio began attending Northside Junior High School, and in 1941 he entered Reno High School.

Throughout his primary and secondary schooling Raggio maintained high marks, played sports, participated in extracurricular activities, and worked several jobs, including selling newspapers on the corner in front of the Golden Hotel. His other jobs included working in the produce section at the Washoe Market and in the stock room of J.C. Penny’s. Most of the money he earned from those jobs went toward clothing. Throughout his lifetime Raggio was noted for being an impeccable dresser. As a state senator, some of his colleagues even referred to him as the best-dressed man in the Nevada Legislature. During the summer months of high school, Raggio and his friends were employed by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). As a result they were sent to outlying areas around Reno to perform manual labor and fight forest fires.

While in high school, Reno High required all physically fit boys to enroll in the ROTC program. Raggio took ROTC courses for three years and received an officer’s commission of Second Lieutenant during his senior year. His first assignment was to conduct court-martials. Raggio later recalled that this was technically his first experience as a prosecutor. A military placement examination put Raggio in line for the Naval Officer Training Program. In January 1944, while waiting to enter the program, Raggio enrolled at the University of Nevada where he completed one semester of courses and became a member of the ATO fraternity.

Later that year, Raggio was sent to Ruston, Louisiana to begin his rigorous officer training. After completing the equivalent of three college semesters at Louisiana Tech, Raggio transferred to the University of Oklahoma in July 1945. By the time of his arrival in Norman, the war in Europe was over, but fighting in the Pacific continued. However, a month later with Japan’s unconditional surrender, the war ended. Despite the war being over, Raggio was required to complete his military obligations.

After three more semesters at the University of Oklahoma, Raggio was given the opportunity to become an officer in the Marine Corps. He accepted and was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the Marine Corps Reserve stationed at Parris Island, South Carolina. This did not last long however, due to extensive military downsizing in 1946. Raggio was given the option of discharge, which he accepted. By January 1947 he was back in Reno and enrolled at the University of Nevada again. A year later in 1948 he earned his BA and married his high school sweetheart, Dorothy “Dottie” Brigman. Not long after the wedding the couple moved to San Francisco for Raggio to attend the Hastings School of Law. After graduating from Hastings, Raggio immediately enrolled at Boalt Hall, the Law School at the University of California in Berkley to work on his master’s degree. In 1952, Raggio returned to Reno and was admitted to the Nevada State Bar.

After being admitted to the state bar, Raggio’s legal career finally began. Like most lawyers in Reno, Raggio’s career started out with taking on divorce cases. Other cases came in off the streets because Raggio’s name was well known in the Truckee Meadows, due to the family’s long presence in the area. These early cases and the guidance from other well-established lawyers in town provided Raggio with valuable experience. In August of 1952, Washoe County District Attorney Jack Streeter offered Raggio the deputy district attorney position, which he accepted after some careful consideration. Though the salary was low, Raggio was able to supplement his income by continuing to handle divorce cases on the side. He remained in the position of deputy district attorney from 1952 until 1958 when he decided to run for Washoe County District Attorney as the Republican candidate. Raggio easily defeated the Democrat opponent, Murray Dolan, and as Raggio biographer Michael Archer states, “the organization would never be the same.”

For three terms (spanning from 1958 to 1970) Raggio served as the Washoe County District Attorney. His first order of business was to restructure and modernize the operations of the DA office. Raggio showed foresight and innovation early in his career when he anticipated the impending crisis of crimes associated with drug use. Hoping to educate the community, he spent many hours addressing service clubs and other organizations on the nature of narcotics. Raggio also addressed the epidemic of juvenile delinquency early in his career. While Raggio was initially admired for being innovative, resourceful, and energetic, a series of high-profile (and sensational) cases in the late 1950s and early 1960s would propel his reputation as one of America’s toughest and most capable prosecutors into the national consciousness.

Beginning in 1959, Raggio became embroiled in a long-standing and bitter feud with the popular vice kingpin, Joe Conforte. After being arrested repeatedly for vagrancy in Washoe County, Conforte felt that Raggio was picking on him. In an audacious plot to exact revenge on Raggio, Conforte attempted to extort him by sending an underage girl to drink with him in public and possibly seduce him afterward. The sensational series of events created a scandal, which drew national attention to the feud. In the aftermath of the situation, with the help of a clandestinely recorded conversation, Conforte was sentenced to five years in prison for attempting to extort a public official. Even after his imprisonment, Conforte’s cronies coordinated a smear campaign that nearly cost Raggio reelection in 1962. Tensions between the two men continued for decades afterward, reemerging again in an important federal court case in the mid-1980s.

Raggio handled two notable high-profile cases in 1963. The first was the brutal murder of Olympic skier Sonja McCaskie, which shocked the Reno community and the nation at large. The other was the kidnapping of Frank Sinata, Jr. from Harrah’s at Lake Tahoe. These cases added to Raggio’s reputation as a well-respected and capable prosecutor. In 1964 he was honored by his peers as the Outstanding Prosecutor in the United States. He was also subsequently elected as President of the National District Attorney’s Association. Known for his courage and integrity, Raggio continued to win over the Washoe County electorate and by his third and final term he was running unopposed.

Raggio remained in his position as district attorney of Washoe County until 1970. In 1968, amid a surge of popularity, Raggio announced his candidacy for the U.S. Senate, but lost the primary election to Republican Lieutenant Governor Ed Fike. Two years later in 1970, at the insistence of former Nevada Governor Paul Laxalt and Vice President Spiro Agnew, Raggio hesitantly entered the U.S. Senate race. Although Raggio had initially intended to run for the governorship of Nevada in 1970, he was persuaded that his chances for a seat in the U.S. Senate looked more favorable. After some consideration he agreed to run, knowing that he would have to resign as district attorney to do so. Despite a vigorous campaign and support from the Nixon Administration, Raggio lost to his opponent U.S. Senator Howard Cannon (D-NV) by a 58% margin. Raggio’s popularity in Nevada was largely localized to the northern portion of the state. Following his defeat Raggio was, for the first time in his adult life, out of a job.

It did not take long however, for Raggio to be invited to become a partner in the well-established Las Vegas law firm, Wiener, Goldwater, and Galatz. Raggio accepted and moved to Las Vegas in 1971. The same year Raggio was experiencing some political fallout from comments made the previous year against the Nevada Supreme Court when he publicly criticized the court for commuting the death sentence of Sonja McCaskie’s murderer, Thomas Lee Bean. Amid a closed hearing, Raggio received an official reprimand, but that had little effect on his ability to continue practicing law. After a brief stint in Vegas, Raggio returned to Reno in order to establish his law practice. Nevada’s biennial “citizen legislature” allowed men like Raggio to build their law firms while still serving the public. As a result, in 1972 Raggio decided to run as a Republican candidate for one of the two open seats representing Washoe-Storey Senate District 1. Raggio and Cliff Young won the two state Senate seats over the other two opponents by wide margins. This victory would set the course for the rest of Bill Raggio’s political career. He remained in the Nevada State Senate until his resignation in January 2011, making him the longest-serving state senator in Nevada history. His service included 20 regular sessions and 13 special sessions.

In 1974, Raggio again considered running for the governorship of Nevada, but decided against it when Democrat Governor Mike O’Callaghan announced plans to run for reelection. Given the national disillusionment with the Republican Party in the United States during this time, Raggio was well aware of O’Callaghan’s state-wide popularity. Undeterred, Raggio chose to put in his bid to run for the office of lieutenant governor. He won the primary by a margin of 10%, but lost the election to Democrat incumbent Harry Reid. Throughout the rest of the 1970s, Raggio maintained his law practice and expanded it into new avenues that would eventually earn him a reputation as one of the country’s preeminent attorneys in gambling law. In the 1980s, Raggio also served on the defense team of Judge Harry Claiborne during his trial for tax evasion and corruption. All of these events occurred while Raggio continued to serve as a Nevada State Senator.

Among other organizations to which he belonged, the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) provided him with a great deal of far-reaching influence and prestige. Raggio was also a member of the Legislative Commission from 1973-1975 and again from 1977-1997. From 1977-1979, 1983-1986, 1991, and again until his retirement in 2011 he served as Senate Minority Floor Leader. He was Senate Majority Floor Leader from 1987-1989, and then again from 1993-2007. Throughout his Senate tenure, Raggio served on a variety of committees and their accompanying subcommittees, including those on education (Chairman), government affairs, health and human services, finance (Chairman), and legislative operations. Raggio has been specifically noted for his unwavering dedication to education, his willingness to compromise on budgetary issues in spite of party lines, and his ability to outmaneuver his political opponents. During the 2000s Raggio had several disagreements with the no-taxes wing of the Republican Party. Raggio’s approach to lawmaking has often been characterized by responsibility and pragmatism based on what seemed best for the state of Nevada.

For most of his senatorial career Raggio was widely considered to be the unequaled master of the legislative process. He acted as an advisor to governors and actively sought to protect Northern Nevada’s interests against the growing power and influence of Las Vegas. In addition to numerous honors and awards over the years, The Ralston Report named Raggio the most effective state legislator several times over.

Personal changes came Raggio’s way during the late 1990s and early 2000s. Dottie Raggio passed away in 1998 after battling lung cancer for more than four years. In 2003, Raggio married family friend Dale K. Checket in Reno. The two had first met 36 years earlier when she came to Reno and Raggio represented her in a court proceeding. In 2010 Republican voters nominated conservative Republican Sharron Angle for the U.S. Senate. At this juncture, Raggio saw it necessary to cross party lines and instead endorsed incumbent U.S. Senator Harry Reid (D-NV). He argued that the Democratic Senate Majority Leader would better represent the state than Angle could. Following this decision, state Senate Republicans ousted Raggio from his position as their minority leader. This was a bold decision that many Nevadans, both Republicans and Democrats, applauded. Dogged by health problems and bothered by the decision of his colleagues to oust him, Senator Raggio resigned his seat shortly before the session started in January 2011. The following year, in February 2012, while vacationing with his wife, Dale, in Australia, Raggio fell ill. He died shortly afterward of respiratory illness in a hospital in Sydney. Raggio had remained active and outspoken in Nevada politics until the end, and his legacy lives on through his name and likeness throughout Northern Nevada.

Further information on William J. Raggio can be found in Michael Archer’s book entitled: A Man of His Word: The Life & Times of Nevada’s Senator William J. Raggio (Ashland, Or.: Hellgate Press, 2011).

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Scope and Content

The William J. Raggio Papers are contained in approximately 32.5 cubic feet and cover roughly the years 1916-2014. The collection consists of correspondence, legal documents, news clips, scrapbooks, photo albums, and photographs, the latter two which have been separated and placed in the Special Collections Photo Archive as collection UNRS-P2014-14.

Much of the material and information contained in this collection is derived from Raggio’s career as the Washoe County District Attorney, his law practice, and publicity gained from his tenure as public official in Northern Nevada. These papers do offer insight into Raggio’s life and career, including his bouts of national notoriety following high-profile court cases, particularly his investigation of notorious vice kingpin Joe Conforte.

Raggio was Nevada’s longest serving state senator, his career spanned from 1973 to 2011. In that time Raggio participated in 20 regular sessions and 19 special sessions, beginning with the 57th Nevada Legislature Session and ending right before the 76th Session began. Due to a flood in his home's basement where his political materials were being stored, his papers contain very little about his career in the state Senate aside from some photographs, newsletters, magazine articles, and newspaper clippings.

The Raggio Papers are divided into three groups: Group 1) Legal Cases; Group 2) Senate Career; and Group 3) Personal and Biographical. The bulk of Group 2 consists of newspaper clippings, and much of Group 3 is made up of scrapbooks and materials that were intended to be placed in scrapbooks, campaign materials, and other materials that pertain to Raggio’s personal life and family including records that date to his childhood. This group also includes awards and events programs honoring Raggio.

Group 1: Legal Cases, consists of materials accumulated by Bill Raggio during his three terms as the Washoe County District Attorney and his law practice, which he was able to maintain throughout his political career. These materials date from 1948 to 2006.These files correspond with several high-profile legal court cases that Raggio was involved in as either a defense lawyer or prosecutor. Group 1 is divided into four individual series, with each being dedicated to a specific legal case. These series include: Series 1) Joe Conforte Extortion and Vagrancy Cases; Series 2) Judge Harry Claiborne Corruption Case; Series 3) Sonja McCaskie Murder Case; and Series 4) Other Cases and DA Materials, which consists mostly of newspaper clippings.

Group 2: Senate Career, does not include any individual series. This group is comprised mostly of newspaper clippings, some newsletters, and a few magazine articles that discuss Raggio’s actions in the Nevada Senate. Other notable materials in this group include documents from the Nevada Legislature’s hearing on Senate Joint Resolution no. 2, which dealt with the appointment rather than election of judges. These materials date from 1972 to 2012 and have been arranged chronologically.

Group 3: Personal and Biographical, includes a variety of materials which have been divided into six series. These series include: Series 1) Scrapbooks; Series 2) Photographs and Photo Albums; Series 3) Campaigns; Series 4) Speeches; Series 5) Awards and Certificates; and Series 6) Miscellaneous. The materials in this group date from 1916 to 2014 and end with correspondence regarding Raggio’s retirement from the Nevada State Senate in January 2011, including an article in the University of Nevada, Reno’s Silver and Blue publication highlighting Raggio’s long career.

Restrictions

Collection is open for research. Materials must be used on-site; advance notice suggested. Access to parts of this collection may be restricted under provisions of state or federal law.

Separated Materials

Photographs and photo albums have been removed from the collection and placed in the Special Collections Photo Archive, collection number UNRS-P2014-14.

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Arrangement

Group 1: Legal Cases

  • Series 1 Joe Conforte Extortion and Vagrancy Cases
  • Series 2 Judge Harry Caliborne Corruption Case
  • Series 3 Sonja McCaskie Murder Case
  • Series 4 Other Cases and District Attorney Materials

Group 3: Personal and Biographical

  • Series 1 Scrapbooks
  • Series 2 Photos and Photo Albums
  • Series 3 Campaigns
  • Series 4 Speeches
  • Series 5 Awards and Certificates
  • Series 6 Miscellaneous

Group 2: Senate Career

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Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the online catalog of the University Libraries, University of Nevada, Reno. Researchers wishing to find related materials are encouraged to use the following index terms:

Organizations:

People:

Subjects:

Geographic Locations:



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Administrative Information

Collection processed by Edan Strekal and Garrett Sanford, May 2015. Finding aid prepared by Edan Strekal and Garrett Sanford, May 2015. This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on April 19, 2018.

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Detailed Description of the Records

Group 1: Legal Cases, 1948-2006 8.5 cubic feet

Group 1: Legal Cases, consists of materials accumulated by Bill Raggio during his lengthy legal career as a lawyer, assistant district attorney (1952-1958), and finally as the Washoe County District Attorney (1958-1970). While it was Raggio’s job as district attorney to prosecute crimes committed in Washoe County, he also maintained his own personal law practice throughout his careers as a public official and state senator. The earlier legal cases, dating to the 1950s and 1960s, that appear in this group reflect Raggio’s work in the Washoe County District Attorney’s Office. This includes the legal cases against Joe Conforte, the 1963 murder of former British Olympic skier, Sonja McCaskie, by Thomas Lee Bean. Other notorious Reno murder cases are cataloged in Group 1, Series 4: Other Cases and DA Materials. News clips covering many of these cases can also be found in Group 3, Series 1: Scrapbooks. The 1984 federal court case against Judge Harry Claiborne occurred while Raggio was serving as a Nevada State Senator, but because the Nevada Legislature only meets every other year, Raggio was able to act as one of Claiborne’s defense lawyers during the trial. The materials and information in this group represent Raggio’s career as a prosecutor and lawyer in a variety of different legal settings.

Group 1 is divided into four individual series: 1) Joe Conforte Extortion and Vagrancy Cases; 2) Judge Harry Claiborne Corruption Case; 3) Sonja McCaskie Murder Case; and 4) Other Cases and Materials. Series 4 includes mostly news clips regarding other cases that Raggio was involved with, and appearances he made while serving as the Washoe County District Attorney. As a public official he often attended events and spoke regularly in front of local clubs and organizations on issues of crime and crime prevention. Some of these speeches are typed on 3x7 index cards and are located in Group 3, Series 4: Speeches. Raggio, as well as his wife and kids, appeared regularly in the Reno newspapers for a variety of reasons. Many of these news clips are located in Group 3, Series 1: Scrapbooks, or in Group 3, Series 6: Miscellaneous.

Group 1, Series 1: Joe Conforte Extortion and Vagrancy Cases, 1948-1976 2.0 cubic feet

Group 1, Series 1: Joe Conforte Extortion and Vagrancy Cases includes information and materials on the notorious former Nevada brothel owner, Joe Conforte. The files in this series have been arranged chronologically according to month and year. Any materials in this series that predate 1959 were likely used by the district attorney’s office as background information for later criminal cases. The files consist of news clips, police reports, arrest records, correspondence, notes, photographs, and transcripts, which were used as testimony during the hearings. It should also be noted that the news clips dating from the 1970s placed at the end of this series do not necessarily pertain to the earlier cases against Conforte, as Raggio’s interest in Conforte’s activities continued for decades after the events of the early 1960s.

While Raggio is undoubtedly known for his lengthy tenure in the Nevada State Senate and his steadfast commitment to education in the state, he might be best remembered for his well-publicized rivalry with vice kingpin Joe Conforte. The rivalry resulted in the court-ordered razing of Conforte’s Triangle Ranch brothel in late March 1960, and his eventual conviction for extortion of a public official in 1961. Tensions between the two men began just months after Raggio took office in late 1958. Frustrated by the way Conforte ingratiated himself with law enforcement personnel and other Reno city officials, Raggio warned him to stay out of Washoe County under threat of arrest for vagrancy, as defined by Nevada legal statutes at the time. Unfazed by Raggio’s stern warning, Conforte brazenly continued travelling into Reno for purposes of business and leisure. As a result, Raggio had him arrested for vagrancy on several separate occasions. In one instance, Conforte was arrested twice in the same day: once in the morning, and once in the evening when Raggio spotted him on the sidewalk outside the Riverside Hotel.

Conforte always contended that he was an honest businessman who engaged in a legal enterprise. Therefore he felt that he was being singled out and bullied by the district attorney. Feeling embittered and degraded, Conforte began devising plans for retribution. According to Conforte, “What came to my mind was to do it his way. Embarrass him and hurt him back his own way.” In an audacious plot to exact revenge, Conforte attempted to extort Raggio by sending the seventeen-year-old sister of one his prostitutes to indulge in drink with him in a public setting and then possibly seduce him. Conforte was certain that Raggio’s reputation would be tarnished and his credibility lost when it was discovered that he openly contributed to the delinquency of a minor. In his autobiography, Conforte claims that the only thing he really wanted out of the whole situation was a public apology from Raggio. He never did receive one.

The sensational series of events that followed created a scandal and drew national attention to the two men. In the aftermath of the situation, with the help of a clandestinely recorded conversation from Conforte’s lawyer’s office, Conforte was sentenced to five years in prison for attempting to extort a public official. Even after his imprisonment, Conforte’s cronies coordinated a smear campaign that nearly cost Raggio reelection in 1962. Tensions between the two men never settled, and their rivalry would reemerge several decades later when the trial of United States District Judge Harry Claiborne began in the mid-1980s.

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Contents
1/G1/S1
1
Conforte background information, 1948-1960
1/G1/S1
2
Police reports regarding cases of prostitution, 1952-1959
1/G1/S1
3
Conforte investigation, 1955-1965
1/G1/S1
4
Conforte investigation, 1956-1960
1/G1/S1
5
Betty Faye and Janet Linn, 1957-1958
1/G1/S1
6
Storey County vs. Conforte, 1957-1961
1/G1/S1
7
Conforte financial affairs, 1958-1959
1/G1/S1
8
Conforte investigation, 1958-1960
1/G1/S1
9
Conforte associates, 1958-1962
1/G1/S1
10
Conforte law, 1959
1/G1/S1
11
Robert Galli (Sparks Chief of Police) investigation, April-December 1959
1/G1/S1
12
Recordings conversation between District Attorney William Raggio and Joe Conforte, November 18 1959
1/G1/S1
13
Transcript of conversation between District Attorney William Raggio and Joe Conforte on November 18 1959, December 1959
1/G1/S1
14
Investigation expenses, 1959-1960
1/G1/S1
15
Conforte vagrancy case, 1959-1960
1/G1/S1
16
Evidence regarding character of Jackie Hitson, 1959-1960
1/G1/S1
17
Photocopies of pictures used as evidence (mug shots and other), 1959-1960
1/G1/S1
18
Jacqueline Hitson out of state witness file, 1959-1961
1/G1/S1
19
Corforte extortion by threat case, 1959-1962
1/G1/S1
20
Conforte record of arrest (includes extortion and drug offenses), 1959-1962
1/G1/S1
21
News clips on extortion scandal, 1959-1963
1/G1/S1
22
Jackie Hitson witness examination and cross examination, 1960
1/G1/S1
23
Lyon County action against Conforte, January-February 1960
1/G1/S1
24
Conforte jury instructions, February 1960
1/G1/S1
25
Statement of Frank Cimpritz, March 1960
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26
Statements given by Donald Miller aka McCoun regarding Conforte, April-March 1960
1/G1/S1
27
Jackie Hitson statement to Lipset, June 1960
1/G1/S1
28
The State of Nevada vs. Joe Conforte Transcript of Testimony Volume 1, June 1960
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29
The State of Nevada vs. Joe Conforte Bill of Exceptions and Record of Appeal Volume 1, July 1960
2/G1/S1
30
The State of Nevada vs. Joe Conforte Bill of Exceptions and Record of Appeal Volume 2, July 1960
2/G1/S1
31
Conforte report regarding Carl Pihlgren, November 1960
2/G1/S1
32
“Don’t Bait a Trap for a D.A.,” in Inside Detective, November 1960
2/G1/S1
33
Jackie Hitson statements, 1960-1961
2/G1/S1
34
Conforte evidence, 1960-1961
2/G1/S1
35
Reports of Investigation, 1960-1961
2/G1/S1
36
Audrey Senter file (mother of Jackie Hitson), 1960-1961
2/G1/S1
37
The State of Nevada vs. Joe Conforte appeal, 1960-1962
2/G1/S1
38
General correspondence regarding the Conforte case, 1960-1963
2/G1/S1
39
Contents of Conforte’s safe, 1960-1963
2/G1/S1
40
Conforte investigator reports, 1960-1965
2/G1/S1
41
Conforte vs. Brodhead et al complaint filed by Joe Conforte, 1960-1966
2/G1/S1
42
Jury instructions, 1961
2/G1/S1
43
Grand Jury testimony of Jackie Lea Hitson, May 1961
2/G1/S1
44
Jacqueline Pearson aka Jacqueline Hitson perjury case, May-November 1961
2/G1/S1
45
Grand Jury testimony documents regarding State of Nevada v. Jackie Lee Hitson Pearson, July 1961
2/G1/S1
46
The State of Nevada vs. Joe Conforte U.S. Supreme Court proceedings, October-November 1961
2/G1/S1
47
Joe Conforte vs. Chronicle Publishing Company deposition, March 1965
2/G1/S1
48
Prostitution file, February 1971
2/G1/S1
49
Conforte news clips part 1, March 1976
2/G1/S1
50
Conforte news clips (full newspapers) part 2, March 1976
2/G1/S1
51
Correspondence regarding prostitution in Nevada, March 1976
2/G1/S1
52
Las Vegas Life article on Joe Conforte, June 2003
2/G1/S1
53
Letter presuming Raggio’s paternity of a child (possible a result of Conforte scandal), October 2005

Group 1, Series 2: Judge Harry Claiborne Corruption Case, 1980-2006 6.0 cubic feet

Group 1, Series 2: Judge Harry Claiborne Corruption Case, deals with the trial and later impeachment of United States District Judge Harry E. Claiborne. It includes all legal files and news materials related to the events leading up to and including the tax evasion conviction and subsequent impeachment ruling. Materials have been arranged chronologically according to month and year. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) began scrutinizing Claiborne as early as 1980, with subpoenas issued and depositions occurring throughout 1982 and 1983. The formal trial did not begin until 1984. Files in this series include a variety of news clips spanning more than six years, as well as court documents, deposition requests, jury instructions, witness testimony transcripts, trial transcripts, and other legal documents.

Harry Claiborne was nominated to a seat in the United States District Court for the District of Nevada by President Jimmy Carter in 1978. By 1980, as part of a larger operation to ensnare public officials for corruption, the FBI formed a task force to begin investigating allegations of Claiborne participating in illegal wiretapping, accepting bribes (including an allegation of accepting bribes from Joe Conforte), tax evasion, and falsely reporting income earnings. Prior to his judgeship, Claiborne had been Raggio’s courtroom adversary and friend. In 1983 while the federal grand jury was still considering charges against Claiborne, Raggio received a call from Claiborne requesting his representation. Raggio agreed because he believed that Claiborne was being unfairly targeted by the FBI task force for ruling against their cases on many occasions. In December 1983, the federal grand jury announced their indictment charging Claiborne with seven counts of criminal activity, including accepting bribes, obstructing justice, and filing false income tax returns. The government also moved to have the trial venue moved from Las Vegas to Reno due to Claiborne’s popularity in the southern part of the state.

Following a 1980 conviction for federal income tax evasion, Joe Conforte fled the United States for Brazil. Prior to his appointment to the bench, Claiborne had been a prominent trial lawyer who had represented Conforte on several occasions. Conforte contended that in 1978 and 1979, following Claiborne’s appointment to the federal bench, Claiborne accepted two separate bribes from Conforte to the sum of more than $80,000. The first was to have two subpoenas against the Mustang Ranch dismissed, and the other was to overturn his tax evasion conviction. In exchange for his testimony, the FBI and Department of Justice agreed to ease the way for Conforte to return to the United States. As a result, the bulk of the federal prosecution’s case against Claiborne relied on the testimony of Raggio’s old adversary and convicted felon Joe Conforte. Naturally, local news outlets pounced on the opportunity to report on the developing story.

Raggio cross-examined Conforte, looking for any possible discrepancies in his testimony. One such inconsistency came in the form of Conforte’s passport. The date it was issued in New York City matched the date that the alleged bribery took place. Conforte admitted he had personally picked up the passport on its issuance date thus challenging the creditably of his testimony. In the end, all charges aside from two cases of tax evasion were dropped, but Claiborne’s conviction on these counts made him the first federal judge ever convicted of crimes while serving on the bench.

Claiborne was sentenced to two years in prison, during which time he was impeached by the U.S. House of Representatives, convicted by the Senate, and removed from his office in October 1986. Claiborne continued to practice law after his release, but, while suffering from Alzheimer’s and cancer, committed suicide in 2004. Following the trial, Joe Conforte had again fled to Brazil to avoid prison time on subsequent tax evasion charges. He remained bitter about the ongoing feud with Raggio. Bill Raggio was praised by many for his meticulous and thorough defense throughout the trial. He never received any money for his work on the case, leaving his peers to speculate that he did it purely out of admiration for his friend, the judge.

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Contents
3/G1/S2
1
News clips regarding Harry Claiborne, 1980
3/G1/S2
2
Harry Claiborne wiretapping investigation (including small audio tape), March-September 1980
3/G1/S2
3
Judicial ethics materials regarding activity of United States District Judge Harry Claiborne, 1981-1983
3/G1/S2
4
Motions regarding Conforte sentencing, April 1981
3/G1/S2
5
Raggio subpoena for testimony in Claiborne case, 1982-1983
3/G1/S2
6
News clips from miscellaneous sources regarding Claiborne probe and trial, 1982-1983
3/G1/S2
7
News clips from miscellaneous sources regarding Claiborne probe and trial, 1982-1984
3/G1/S2
8
Las Vegas Sun news clips regarding Claiborne case, 1982-1984
3/G1/S2
9
Las Vegas Review Journal news clips regarding the Claiborne case, 1982-1984
3/G1/S2
10
Law regarding “agents” of grand jury, September 1982
3/G1/S2
11
Nevada Appeal news clips regarding Claiborne case, 1983-1984
3/G1/S2
12
Reno Gazette Journal news clips regarding Claiborne case, 1983-1984
3/G1/S2
13
Valley Times (North Las Vegas) news clips regarding Claiborne case, 1983-1984
3/G1/S2
14
Taxpayer return order regarding disclosure, March 1983
3/G1/S2
15
Rick Cornell correspondence, June-December 1983
3/G1/S2
16
Motion to dismiss for grand jury abuse, November-December 1983
3/G1/S2
17
Claiborne indictment grand jury charges, December 1983
3/G1/S2
18
Claiborne indictment correspondence, December 1983
3/G1/S2
19
Claiborne indictment arraignment, December 1983
3/G1/S2
20
Claiborne indictment motion for bill of particulars (tax counts), December 1983
3/G1/S2
21
Motions regarding electronic surveillance, December 1983
3/G1/S2
22
Motions regarding witnesses’ expectations or benefits, December 1983
3/G1/S2
23
Claiborne indictment motion to conduct individual examination of jury venire, December 1983
3/G1/S2
24
U.S. vs. Claiborne motion to extend time, December 1983
3/G1/S2
25
Claiborne indictment motion to change trial site, December 1983
3/G1/S2
26
Claiborne indictment compendium of news articles supporting defense motions, December 1983
3/G1/S2
27
Motion to dismiss election prosecution and government misconduct, December 1983
3/G1/S2
28
Court orders, December 1983
3/G1/S2
29
Conforte indictment tax fraud, December 1983
3/G1/S2
30
Alexander Lemberes perjury and obstruction of justice, December 1983
3/G1/S2
31
Government response to pre-trial motions, January 1984
3/G1/S2
32
Motion regarding grand jury, January 1984
3/G1/S2
33
Motion to disqualify special prosecutor, January 1984
3/G1/S2
34
Procedural motions regarding complex cased/closed hearing, January 1984
3/G1/S2
35
Motions regarding proceedings and evidence, January 1984
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Contents
4/G1/S2
36
Conforte testimony and transcripts, January 1984
4/G1/S2
37
Conforte grand jury report—1976, January 1984
4/G1/S2
38
Gerald Swanson testimony information, January 1984
4/G1/S2
39
Government motion regarding defense team lawyer John Drendel, January-February 1984
4/G1/S2
40
Notice of appeal, January-February 1984
4/G1/S2
41
Appeal instructions from court, January-February 1984
4/G1/S2
42
Government motion regarding alibi defense, January-February 1984
4/G1/S2
43
Government motion subpoena duces tecum, January-February 1984
4/G1/S2
44
Motions regarding jury selection, January-February 1984
4/G1/S2
45
Subpoenas and affidavits for Claiborne defense attorneys, January-June 1984
4/G1/S2
46
Order granting defendant to file response, February 1984
4/G1/S2
47
Order regarding count II whereabouts of defendant in Southern California, February 1984
4/G1/S2
48
Motions regarding plea bargain and immunity, February 1984
4/G1/S2
49
Motions regarding Jencks Act material, February 1984
4/G1/S2
50
Conforte bankruptcy court, February 1984
4/G1/S2
51
Motion in limine regarding Conforte testimony, February 1984
4/G1/S2
52
Motions regarding discovery and disclosure, February 1984
4/G1/S2
53
Motion to dismiss leaks to the media regarding the defendant, February 1984
4/G1/S2
54
Evidence reports of investigation, February 1984
4/G1/S2
55
Motion to dismiss regarding Judicial Ethics Committee, February-March 1984
4/G1/S2
56
Motions for dismissal quash indictment, February-March 1984
4/G1/S2
57
Clainborne indictment correspondence, February-April 1984
4/G1/S2
58
Court orders, February-April 1984
4/G1/S2
59
Petition for Mandamus, March 1984
4/G1/S2
60
Discovery provided from the government, March 1984
4/G1/S2
61
Government exhibit list for U.S. vs. Harry Claiborne, March 1984
4/G1/S2
62
Conforte passport, March 1984
4/G1/S2
63
Lowe-Karaway docket sheets etcetera, March 1984
4/G1/S2
64
Stanley Brown partial testimony and memoranda, March 1984
4/G1/S2
65
Stanley Brown telephone records from November 1979 to December 1982, March 1984
4/G1/S2
66
Juror questionnaire, March 1984
4/G1/S2
67
Jury, March 1984
4/G1/S2
68
Notes from opening statement, March 1984
4/G1/S2
69
U.S. vs. Claiborne chronology
4/G1/S2
70
Richard Johnston legal fees, March-April 1984
4/G1/S2
71
Witness testimony A-F (removed from binder) part 1, March-April 1984
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Contents
5/G1/S2
72
Witness testimony A-F (removed from a binder) part 2, March-April 1984
5/G1/S2
73
Witness testimony G-N (removed from binder) part 1, March-April 1984
5/G1/S2
74
Witness testimony G-N (removed from binder) part 2, March-April 1984
5/G1/S2
75
Witness testimony P-T (removed from binder) part 1, March-April 1984
5/G1/S2
76
Witness testimony P-T (removed from binder) part 2, March-April 1984
5/G1/S2
77
Witness testimony W (removed from binder) part 1, March-April 1984
5/G1/S2
78
Witness testimony W (removed from binder) part 2, march-April 1984
5/G1/S2
79
Witness testimony W (removed from binder) part 3, March-April 1984
5/G1/S2
80
Closing arguments from attorneys (removed from binder) part 1, March-April
5/G1/S2
81
Closing arguments from attorneys (removed from binder) part 2, March-April 1984
5/G1/S2
82
Claiborne direct colloquy (removed from binder) part 1, March-April 1984
5/G1/S2
83
Claiborne direct colloquy (removed from binder) part 2, March-April 1984
5/G1/S2
84
Orders, stipulation, and charge to jury, March-April 1984
5/G1/S2
85
Tax exhibits, March-April 1984
5/G1/S2
86
Raggio trial notes part 1, March-April 1984
5/G1/S2
87
Raggio trial notes part 2
5/G1/S2
88
Minutes of court, March-April 1984
5/G1/S2
89
Transcript of Trial Volume 1, March 15 1984
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Contents
6/G1/S2
90
Transcript of Trial Volume 2, March 16 1984
6/G1/S2
91
Transcript of Trial Volume 3, March 19 1984
6/G1/S2
92
Transcript of Trial Volume 4, March 20 1984
6/G1/S2
93
Transcript of Trial Volume 5, March 21 1984
6/G1/S2
94
Transcript of Trial Volume 6, March 22 1984
6/G1/S2
95
Transcript of Trial Volume 7, March 23 1984
6/G1/S2
96
Transcript of Trial Volume 8, March 26 1984
6/G1/S2
97
Transcript of Trial Volume 9, March 27 1984
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7/G1/S2
98
Transcript of Trial Volume 10, March 28 1984
7/G1/S2
99
Transcript of Trial Volume 11, March 29 1984
7/G1/S2
100
Transcript of Trial Volume 12, March 30 1984
7/G1/S2
101
Transcript of Trial Volume 13, April 2 1984
7/G1/S2
102
Transcript of Trial Volume 14, April 3 1984
7/G1/S2
103
Transcript of Trial Volume 15, April 4-5 1984
7/G1/S2
104
Transcript of Trial Volume 16, April 6-13 1984
7/G1/S2
105
Order for re-trial, April 13 1984
7/G1/S2
106
Motion for judicial recusal retrial of U.S. vs. Claiborne, April-May 1984
7/G1/S2
107
Orders to summonsed jurors for retrial, May 1984
7/G1/S2
108
Order and affidavit in support of motion for continuance, May 1984
7/G1/S2
109
Impeachment of Frederic Gologrosky testimony, May 1984
7/G1/S2
110
Las Vegas Review Journal news clips regarding Claiborne appeal and retrial, May-June 1984
7/G1/S2
111
The Valley Times news clips regarding Claiborne appeal and retrial, May-June 1984
7/G1/S2
112
Las Vegas Sun news clips regarding Claiborne appeal and retrial, May-August 1984
7/G1/S2
113
Nevada Appeal news clips regarding Claiborne appeal and retrial, May-October 1984
7/G1/S2
114
Correspondence regarding the Claiborne re-trial, May-December 1984
7/G1/S2
115
Order denying motion for continuance of retrial, June 1984
7/G1/S2
116
Subpoena duces tecum for Nevada Bell, June 1984
7/G1/S2
117
Motion for order that jurors will not be sequestered, June 1984
7/G1/S2
118
Government motion to dismiss counts, June-July 1984
7/G1/S2
119
Second supplement to motion for judicial recusal, June-July 1984
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Contents
8/G1/S2
120
Government motion to test exhibit 47, June-July 1984
8/G1/S2
121
Memorandum denying recusal motion, July 1984
8/G1/S2
122
Motion for dismissal of all counts et al, July 1984
8/G1/S2
123
Jury questionnaire regarding second trial, July 1984
8/G1/S2
124
Government motion for release of exhibits, July 1984
8/G1/S2
125
Notices of hearsay declarant of decedent, July 1984
8/G1/S2
126
Motion for discovery of documents—unauthorized disclosure, July 1984
8/G1/S2
127
Notice regarding rules of criminal proceeding, July 1984
8/G1/S2
128
Department of Justice (DOJ) set of requested stipulations, July 1984
8/G1/S2
129
Subpoenas issued, July 1984
8/G1/S2
130
Charge to jury, August 1984
8/G1/S2
131
Gerald Swanson concerns second trial, August 1984
8/G1/S2
132
Transcript regarding Gordon sentencing order, August 1984
8/G1/S2
133
Trial notes re-trial, August 1984
8/G1/S2
134
Exhibits second trial, August 1984
8/G1/S2
135
Minutes of re-trial, August 1984
8/G1/S2
136
Re-trial verdict, August 1984
8/G1/S2
137
Motions for judgment of acquittal or new trial, August 1984
8/G1/S2
138
Miscellaneous news clips regarding Claiborne appeal and retrial, August-October 1984
8/G1/S2
139
Reno Gazette Journal news clips regarding Claiborne appeal, August-November 1984
8/G1/S2
140
Government orders and motions regarding prosecution cost and possible re-trial, September 1984
8/G1/S2
141
Sentencing, October 1984
8/G1/S2
142
Minutes of court, October 1984
8/G1/S2
143
Order for time schedule regarding appeal, October 1984
8/G1/S2
144
Appeal instructions from clerk, December 1984
8/G1/S2
145
Order regarding assessment of costs and prosecution, December 1984
8/G1/S2
146
Appellant’s Opening Brief Ninth Circuit, January 1985
8/G1/S2
147
Appellant’s Reply Brief, February 1985
8/G1/S2
148
Ninth Circuit order regarding appeal date of 3/26/85, March 1985
8/G1/S2
149
Ninth Circuit Court opinion rendered by circuit judges, July 1985
8/G1/S2
150
Claiborne trial news clips, February-March 1986
8/G1/S2
151
Claiborne trial news clips, April 1986
8/G1/S2
152
Claiborne trial news clips, May 1986
8/G1/S2
153
Claiborne trial news clips, June-July 1986
8/G1/S2
154
Claiborne trial news clips, August 1986
8/G1/S2
155
Claiborne trial news clips, September 1986
8/G1/S2
156
Claiborne trial news clips, October 1986
8/G1/S2
157
Memorandum relating to Claiborne appeal and sentencing, January 1988
8/G1/S2
158
State Bar of Nevada vs. Claiborne Original Proceedings relating to Attorney Discipline, May 1988
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26/G1/S2
159
Oral history transcript of the Honorable Harry Claiborne, November 2006

Group 1, Series 3: Sonja McCaskie Murder Case, 1963-1970 0.25 cubic feet

Group 1, Series 3: Sonja McCaskie Murder Case, includes news clips, sensationalized crime magazine articles, and correspondence regarding the gruesome murder of former British Olympic skier Sonja McCaskie. The materials have been arranged in chronological order according to month and year. Additional magazine articles, photographs, and news clips can be found in the Group 3, Series 1: Scrapbooks.

In 1960, Scotland native Sonja McCaskie was attending school at Sierra College in Auburn, California, when she was selected to represent Great Britain in the nearby Squaw Valley Winter Olympics. By 1963, McCaskie was residing in Reno with her one-year-old son in a duplex in a working-class neighborhood on Yori Avenue and working part-time during the winter as a ski instructor at the Reno ski bowl on Slide Mountain.

In the early morning hours of April 5, 1963, McCaskie was brutally strangled, raped, decapitated, and mutilated in her home. Her body was found later that morning when the sitter caring for her young son called the police and asked them to do a check after she failed to retrieve her child. The horrific scene that greeted the officers when they entered the apartment shocked them. Police Chief Elmer Briscoe described it as the most brutal murder he had ever investigated. Four days after the murder District Attorney Raggio updated the press on the specifics of the case. The details of the murder rocked the local community and created an air of fear. The sheer savagery of the crime made it Reno’s most infamous and gruesome murder, which drew national attention to the investigation and subsequent trial.

For more than a week police had very few leads in the case, and they interviewed more than forty people including McCaskie’s ex-husband and all 40 of the employees at Blue Ribbon Meat Company in Sparks, where McCaskie worked as a receptionist. The big break came when detectives discovered an empty camera box in a closet in McCaskie’s apartment. The box contained the purchase receipt with the camera’s serial number. Following this discovery, the police canvassed every pawnshop in town until they found the matching camera, which had been sold to a shop for $10 just one day after the murder. The signed name on the sales receipt was Thomas Lee Bean. Police quickly tracked down the eighteen-year-old Wooster High School student and arrested him. He immediately confessed to the murder and even agreed to lead Raggio on a tour of the crime scene at the Yori Avenue apartment. Raggio described Bean’s demeanor as “methodical and remorseless.” Raggio took the precaution of having the reenactment not only tape recorded, but photographed too.

The trial began in July 1963 with Raggio acting as the prosecutor. He presented his case to the jury noting that Bean was fully aware of right and wrong and understood the nature of his crime. Bean’s sixty-six page admission of guilt was also brought into play during the trial. It took the jury just 70 minutes to deliberate before finding Bean guilty of first-degree murder. For his crime he was sentenced death by the gas chamber. While awaiting his sentence, Bean’s case would go through a long series of appeals and federal writs. Raggio remained vigilant over the next eight years personally handling most of the legal work, but as historian Richard Davies once remarked, the case “would dog his career for several more years.”

In 1970, the Nevada Supreme Court reversed Bean’s death sentence citing the 1968 case Witherspoon vs. Illinois, which retroactively applied reform to death sentence convictions. Raggio lashed out publicly against the court claiming “[this is] judicial legislation at its very worst. This is the most shocking and outrageous decision in the history of the supreme court of this state.” The 1970 correspondence that appears in this series came in support of Raggio’s comments. Many of the letters applaud the merits of Raggio’s case against Bean and criticize the decision of the court. In the end Raggio was officially reprimanded by the court for his remarks claiming that such comments might erode public confidence in the justice system.

Thomas Lee Bean remained in prison in Carson City, and the murder of Sonja McCaskie continues to be regarded as one of the worst in Reno’s history. This case again brought national attention to Reno and its young and dynamic district attorney, Bill Raggio.

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26/G1/S3
1
News clips regarding the 1963 Sonja McCaskie murder, April-July 1963
26/G1/S3
2
“Butchery of the Girl Ski Champ,” in True Detective, July 1963
26/G1/S3
3
Bean case correspondence part 1, February 1970
26/G1/S3
4
Bean case correspondence part 2, February 1970
26/G1/S3
5
Bean case correspondence part 3, February 1970
26/G1/S3
6
Bean case correspondence part 4, February 1970
26/G1/S3
7
Bean case correspondence, March 1970
26/G1/S3
8
The Nevada Supreme Court’s reprimand of Raggio for comments made regarding the Bean case decision, July 1971
26/G1/S3
9
Who Butchered the Reno Beauty?” by H.A. Harrington, in Official Detective Stories volume 42 number 6, June 1973

Group 1, Series 4: Other Cases and DA Materials, 1948-1970 0.25 cubic feet

Group 1, Series 4: Other Cases and DA Materials, includes information and materials relating to other legal cases and activities undertaken by Raggio while working as a prosecutor in the Washoe County District Attorney’s office. This includes his time as an assistant district attorney and as the Washoe County District Attorney. The files have been arranged chronologically according to month and year. The materials consist of news clips, correspondence, and some items relating to Raggio’s award for being named Outstanding Prosecutor in the United States in 1964. Supplemental information on many of these events and cases can also be found with Group 3, Series 1: Scrapbooks.

Some of the other more notable cases prosecuted by Raggio included the Robert Franklin Fox, Thayne Archibald, Lester Morford, and Serena Burchardt murder cases throughout the 1950s and 1960s. Raggio was also involved in efforts to retrieve Frank Sinatra, Jr. after his kidnapping from Harrah’s Lake Tahoe in 1963. Raggio and Frank Sinatra, Sr. were already acquainted by the time of the kidnapping, but Raggio’s quick efforts to aid in the search helped to solidify their friendship, which would last until Sinatra’s death in 1998.

Another notable portion of this series includes letters sent out by Raggio offering honorary district attorney status to many famous or otherwise locally notable people. This seems to have been a gesture of friendship on Raggio’s part. In addition to highlighting some of the other cases handled by Raggio during his time in the district attorney’s office, this series illuminates some of the other duties and activities that came with being a public official.

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26/G1/S4
1
News clips about Raggio (includes clip and news release about intention to run for District Attorney), 1948-1959
26/G1/S4
2
News clips regarding Raggio’s career as District Attorney, 1960-1965
26/G1/S4
3
“Case of the Hocked Clues,” in Inside Detective, March 1961
26/G1/S4
4
“They’ll Never Find that Woman Guilty,” in Official Detective Stories, October 1961
26/G1/S4
5
Morford murder trial news clips, July 1963
26/G1/S4
6
Honorary District Attorneys of Washoe County, 1963-1969
26/G1/S4
7
News clips regarding Sinatra kidnapping, 1963-1964
26/G1/S4
8
News clips regarding the early parole bill of 1965, March-May 1965
26/G1/S4
9
Testimonial dinner honoring Raggio as Outstanding Prosecutor news clips and correspondence, July 1965
26/G1/S4
10
News clips regarding Raggio’s career as Washoe County District Attorney, 1966-1968
26/G1/S4
11
News clips regarding Raggio’s career as Washoe County District Attorney, February-June 1970

Group 2: Senate Career, 1971-2012 1.25 cubic feet

Group 2: Senate Career, contains materials that pertain to Raggio’s career as a Nevada State Senator (1972-2011). Due to Raggio’s long career in the Nevada Senate the materials and information in this group span nearly forty years. Unlike the other groups in this collection, this one does not contain any individual series. The files have been arranged chronologically according to month and year beginning with the earliest dated materials first. The final folder of this group, Folder 42, contains two VHS tapes, which highlight some of Raggio’s accomplishments in the Nevada Senate. In the first, Raggio and state Representative Dina Titus discuss the 1999 legislative session, and the second is a tribute to Raggio in creating the Washoe County Airport Authority in 1975.

The majority of the materials in this group consist of newspaper clippings, but there are some newsletters and other articles scattered throughout. Near the end of this series are some materials regarding hearings on the Senate Joint Resolution no. 2, which sought to revamp judge selection in Nevada. These are some of the few legislative process documents present in this collections. Some of the files are arranged by years only while others are arranged by subject and years. Although the first folder in this group doesn’t necessarily pertain to Raggio’s career in the Nevada State Senate, it does contain news clips, which speculated on what Raggio’s political move would be following his failed U.S. Senate campaign in 1970. Other materials relating to specific legislative sessions can also be found in Group 3, Series 1: Scrapbooks. In 1970 when Raggio decided to run for a seat in the U.S. Senate, he was forced to give up his position as the Washoe County District Attorney. When he was defeated by the incumbent, Howard Cannon, he was, for the first time in his adult life, out of a job. In the aftermath Raggio decided it best to begin practicing law full-time.

Undeterred by his defeat, Raggio still held on to his political aspirations. Nevada’s biennial “citizen legislature” allowed men like Raggio to build their law firms while still serving the public. As a result, in 1972 Raggio decided to run as a Republican candidate for one of the two open seats representing Washoe-Storey Senate District 1. Raggio and Cliff Young won the two state Senate seats over the other two opponents by wide margins. This victory would set the course for the rest of Bill Raggio’s political career. He remained in the Nevada State Senate until his resignation in January 2011, making him the longest-serving state senator in Nevada history. His service included 20 regular sessions and 13 special sessions. For most of his senatorial career Raggio was widely considered the unequaled master of the legislative process. He acted as an advisor to governors and actively sought to protect Northern Nevada interests against the growing power and influence of Las Vegas.

Among other organizations to which he belonged, the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) provided him with a great deal of far-reaching influence and prestige. Raggio was also a member of the Legislative Commission from 1973-1975 and again from 1977-1997. From 1977-1979, 1983-1986, 1991, and again until his retirement in 2011 he served as Senate Minority Floor Leader. He was Senate Majority Floor Leader from 1987-1989, and then again from 1993-2007. During the 2000s Raggio had disagreements with the no-taxes wing of the Republican Party. Throughout his state Senate tenure Raggio served on a variety of committees and their accompanying subcommittees, including those on education (Chairman), government affairs, health and human services, finance (Chairman), and legislative operations. Raggio has been specifically noted for his unwavering dedication to education, his willingness to compromise on budgetary issues in spite of party lines, and his ability to outmaneuver his political opponents.

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26/G2
1
News clips regarding Raggio’s post-District Attorney career, 1971-1972
26/G2
2
News clips regarding Raggio’s career as a Nevada State Senator, 1972-1979
26/G2
3
News clips regarding Raggio’s career as a Nevada State Senator, 1980-1987
26/G2
4
The Nevada State Legislature 1987-88 booklet, 1987-1988
26/G2
5
Raggio response to Governor Bryan’s state of the state message, January 1987
26/G2
6
News clips regarding Raggio’s career as a Nevada State Senator, 1988-1989
26/G2
7
News clips “M”: regarding Medicare and mining tax, 1989
26/G2
8
News clips “M”: miscellaneous subjects, 1989
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28/G2
9
News clips “N-P”: nuclear dumping, prison building, and prison sentencing, 1989
28/G2
10
News clips “P-T”: punitive damages, reapportionment, regulatory planning commission, special education, state pay raises, and tax raises, 1989
28/G2
11
News clips “U-W”: University of Nevada system, water meters, and winter Olympic tax, 1989
28/G2
12
News clips regarding Raggio’s career as a Nevada State Senator, 1990-1994
28/G2
13
Raggio community questionnaire, 1992
28/G2
14
American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) 20th Anniversary Annual Meeting program, August 1992-1993, August 1992-1993
28/G2
15
Guide to the Nevada State Legislature, 1993-1994
28/G2
16
Capitol Insider newsletter, January-June 1993
28/G2
17
“Raggio Reinvented” by Dennis Myers, 1995
28/G2
18
Friends of the College of Education newsletters, 1995-1996
28/G2
19
Friends of Accessible Space newsletters, 1995-1997
28/G2
20
News clips regarding Raggio’s career as a Nevada State Senator, 1995-1997
28/G2
21
Comstock’s the Business of Northern Nevada issue with Raggio and Joe Dini on the cover, Spring 1997
28/G2
22
News clips regarding Raggio’s career as a Nevada State Senator, 1998
28/G2
23
“Stars of the Nevada Bar,” in the Nevada Business Journal, October 1998
28/G2
24
News clips regarding Raggio’s career as a Nevada State Senator, 1999
28/G2
25
Controversy over naming High Tech Center in Las Vegas, January 1999
28/G2
26
News clips regarding Raggio’s career as a Nevada State Senator, 2000
28/G2
27
News clips regarding Raggio’s career as a Nevada State Senator, 2001-2003
28/G2
28
Senator Raggio press release, May 2001
28/G2
29
Nevada Business Journal issue with Raggio on the cover, July 2001
28/G2
30
Las Vegas Life power list featuring Raggio volume 6 number 1, October 2002
28/G2
31
History of Senate Joint Resolution number 2 regarding open judicial races, 2004-2009
28/G2
32
Justice at Stake Campaign and judicial selection based on state, 2005-2007
28/G2
33
News clips and correspondence regarding Raggio’s career as a Nevada State Senator, 2005-2010
28/G2
34
Senate Presidents’ Forum newsletter volume 13 number 2, 2006
28/G2
35
Senate Joint Resolution number 2 hearing materials, news clips, and correspondence part 1, 2006-2009
28/G2
36
Senate Joint Resolution number 2 hearing materials, news clips, and correspondence part 2, 2006-2009
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29/G2
37
Raggio political contributions, April-November 2007
29/G2
38
In Business Las Vegas Q and A with Senator Raggio, June 2008
29/G2
39
Recall Raggio movement, 2009-2010
29/G2
40
Raggio’s resignation from the Nevada Senate, January 2011
29/G2
41
Letter from Raggio to University of Nevada, Las Vegas Chancellor regarding education initiatives in Nevada, February 2012
29/G2
42
VHS tapes regarding some of Raggio’s Nevada Senate initiatives, 1999-2002

Group 3: Personal and Biographical, 1916-2015 22.75 cubic feet

Group 3: Personal and Biographical, consists of materials accumulated by Bill Raggio throughout his lifetime. The information and materials in this group are not just limited to Raggio’s career, they also reflect his personal life including relationships with his family, friends, and even celebrities. Raggio himself was a bit of a local celebrity in and around Northern Nevada. As such, he and his family appeared frequently in the newspapers and were regular guests at many prominent events and functions in the area. As a popular public official, Raggio was often asked to speak to local clubs and organizations on issues of crime and crime prevention. While Raggio retained many newspaper clippings and other memorabilia about himself and his activities, so too did others. Friends and family members also collected these types of materials and later sent them to Raggio. As a result many duplicates were discarded while processing this group.

Group 3 is divided into six individual series: 1) Scrapbooks; 2) Photos and Photo Albums; 3) Campaigns; 4) Speeches; 5) Awards and Certificates; and 6) Miscellaneous. This group offers insights into the personal and professional life of Bill Raggio by providing materials and information from both portions of his life. It is a mixture of news clips, memorabilia, correspondence, speeches, and campaign materials.

Group 3, Series 1: Scrapbooks, 1940-2015 17.25 cubic feet

Group 3, Series 1: Scrapbooks, begins with a listing and brief description of each scrapbook. There are approximately 25 scrapbooks, arranged chronologically on the list, which vary in size and content and cover more than 70 years. It should be noted that Box 36 contains two scrapbooks, and Boxes 33 and 34 are part of one large scrapbook. The contents of these scrapbooks include materials from Raggio’s personal and professional life and include a plethora of different types of items and memorabilia. Each scrapbook has been provided with a brief description of its contents with some of the more important or interesting aspects noted.

When possible loose items from scrapbooks were placed in folders and kept together in their respective boxes with the corresponding scrapbooks. In other cases, loose items were foldered, relocated, and placed in a record carton. These are arranged chronologically and located in Box 29 at the end of the series. All loose photographs were separated and placed in the Special Collections Photo Archive as collection number UNRS-P2014-14. Photos that remain in the scrapbooks were given numbers and descriptions in the photo collection but kept in their original locations.

box
Volume
Contents
35/G3/S1
1
Scrapbook 1 cover labeled as “Trials and Tribulations.” This scrapbook contains the earliest materials of any of the other scrapbook dating from 1940-1961. The earliest item is a letter from Raggio’s scoutmaster from 1940. There are also admission letters from Hastings College from 1948, and some letters regarding the State Bar examination for Nevada in 1951. Some of Raggio’s college transcripts are also present. The majority of the materials are news clips regarding crimes in Washoe County handled by the district attorney’s office. Most of the crimes consisted of murders including the Fox murder case in 1954, the Burchardt murder in 1956, and the Cavanaugh murder-suicide case of 1958. This scrapbook covers Raggio’s career as an assistant district attorney. There are approximately 80 pages of content in this scrapbook, and the box also includes a folder with materials removed from the scrapbook., 1940-1961
box
Volume
Contents
14/G3/S1
2
Scrapbook 2 cover labeled as “District Attorney Washoe County.” It covers the years 1948-1965 and is comprised primarily of news clips. Several letters and photographs are included as well. There are materials relating to crimes in Reno including the Sonja McCaskie murder, the Archibald and Morford murder cases, the Conforte extortion case, and the razing of the Triangle Ranch brothel. As the title suggests, the materials found within this scrapbook cover much of Raggio’s early career as the Washoe County District Attorney. There are approximately 122 pages of content. Materials that were removed or fell out of the scrapbook have been placed in a folder that is currently located in Box 29., 1948-1965
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Item
Contents
12/G3/S1
3
Scrapbook 3 was created by Mrs. Clara Raggio. This scrapbook covers the years 1948-1967. Much of the first half includes news clips regarding Mrs. Raggio and friends and/or relatives of hers. This includes wedding, birth, and death announcements, and articles on the American Legion Auxiliary. Beginning midway through many of the news clips begin to focus on Bill Raggio and his career as Washoe County District attorney. The bulk of the material in this scrapbook is comprised of news clips, but there are a few photos and cards scattered throughout too. There are approximately 114 pages of content. Box includes folder with materials that were removed from the scrapbook., 1948-1967
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36/G3/S1
4
Scrapbook 4 title page labeled as “Miscellaneous Memorabilia.” Covers the years 1948-1981 and includes a variety of different materials. There are some early photographs of Dorothy Raggio and quite a few of Bill Raggio with other prosecutors as well as celebrities. A series of photos with Raggio, Gregory Peck, Kurt Douglas, and Frank Sinatra appears in this scrapbook. Significant items have been flagged. There are also some good photos of the 1970 Republican Headquarters in Elko. Other materials include cards, quite a few certificates, invitations, some 1970 campaign news clips, and event programs. There are approximately 57 pages of content. Box includes a folder with materials removed from the scrapbook., 1948-1981
36/G3/S1
5
Scrapbook 5 title page labeled as “Memorabilia from the years 1981, 1982, and 1983.” Contains a variety of materials dating from those years including thank you letters from various members of Congress, playbills from shows and events, invitations, cards, some correspondence from China, some news clips, and photographs of family and friends. Some of the news clips reference the return of Joe Conforte in the Harry Claiborne case. There are approximately 37 pages of content. Box contains a folder with materials removed from the scrapbooks., 1981-1983
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37/G3/S1
6
Scrapbook 6 does not have title page but begins with greetings from the Raggio family that were run in the newspaper. The materials in this scrapbook cover the years 1951-1973. There are photographs of Raggio’s last day in the Washoe County District Attorney’s office, some letters regarding Raggio’s 1970 campaign for the U.S. Senate, certificates, Raggio’s license to practice law, and letters from the State Bar of Nevada. There are also news clips regarding Raggio’s reprimand from the Nevada Supreme Court, some congratulatory notes on winning a seat in the Nevada Senate, letters from school children, and cards. There are approximately 170 pages of content. Box contains a folder with materials removed from the scrapbook., 1951-1973
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17/G3/S1
7
Scrapbook 7 covers the years 1952-1967 with most of the material dating to 1965. This scrapbook contains a fair amount of news clips, cards from family members, some invitations, press releases, newsletters, programs, and crime magazine articles on Reno. There are materials regarding the Conforte extortion case, the Sinatra kidnapping, and the McCaskie murder. There are also some news clip and congratulatory letters on Raggio’s “outstanding prosecutor” award, and the early parole bill. There are approximately 117 pages with content. Materials that were removed were placed in a folder that is located in Box 29., 1952-1967
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16/G3/S1
8
Scrapbook 8 covers years 1965-1968. Materials include some photographs, news clips, political cartoons, crime magazine articles, a substantial amount of programs to various events and conferences, cards, and invitations to events. There are also thank you letters and congratulatory notes, which even includes a letter from Playboy mentioning the attendance of Bill Raggio to one of their parties. Some of the subjects covered in the news clips include narcotics-related crime and a losing national “war on crime.” There are approximately 119 pages of content. Materials that were removed or fell out have been placed in a folder that is currently located in Box 29., 1965-1968
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18/G3/S1
9
Scrapbook 9 covers the years 1966-1968. Materials within the scrapbook include photographs, some news clips, certificates, cards, invitations, and some letters and memos. This scrapbook focuses heavily on 1968 Raggio’s U.S. Senate Republican primary campaign. There are also some photos of Raggio’s induction as president of the National District Attorney Association in 1967. There are approximately 121 pages of content. Box contains a folder with materials removed from the scrapbook., 1966-1968
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19/G3/S1
10
Scrapbook 10 covers the years 1966-2006 despite being labeled contrary on the front. Materials include news clips, press releases, newsletters, sample ballots for local Senate race, Northside Junior High reunion materials, congratulatory letters, thank you notes, cards, certificates from Senators Reid and Ensign, and photographs. There are quite a lot of materials regarding the 1974 race for lt. governor. Some of the other notable news clips include the naming of “Raggio Parkway,” and naming the Raggio building on the University of Nevada, Reno campus. There are approximately 99 pages of content., 1966-2006
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13/G3/S1
11
Scrapbook 11 covers the years 1968-1971 and consists almost exclusively of news clips. There is a fair amount of material about Raggio’s oldest daughter, Leslie and her various childhood activities. A lot of the other material covers Raggio’s 1968 Republican Primary campaign and the 1970 U.S. Senate race. Aside from a few news clips on his family, the majority of this scrapbook centers on Raggio’s political aspirations in the late 1960s and early 1970s. This scrapbook consists of approximately 142 pages of content., 1968-1971
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22/G3/S1
12
Scrapbook 12 covers the years 1972-2002. Materials include invitations, holiday and birthday cards, photos of Nevada legislators, news clips, photos including one of Desmond Tutu and Raggio, certificates, obituary notices, newsletters, some materials from 1974 lt. governor campaign, and magazine articles. In 2001, Raggio turned 75 years old so there are quite a few birthday cards from friends and family. A lot of the material in this scrapbook dates to 2001. There are approximately 81 pages of content., 1972-2002
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38/G3/S1
13
Scrapbook 13 does not have a title page, but begins with a historiography certificate from 1973. This scrapbook covers the years the 1973-1975 and contains certificates, letters, a sizeable number of holiday cards, reunion programs, invitations (including the opening of Harrah’s Tahoe hotel), thank you letters, news clips, and some photos relating to Raggio’s run for lt. governor in 1974. There are approximately 101 pages of content. Box contains a folder with materials removed from the scrapbook., 1973-1975
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39/G3/S1
14
Scrapbook 14 title page labeled as “Memorabilia from the year of 1976.” Materials in this scrapbook consist of postcards, news clips, letters, some brochures and programs from a trip to Europe, birthday cards, newsletters, and photographs. There are also materials regarding America’s bicentennial celebration, and the celebration events that were taking place in Nevada. 1976 was a re-election year too, so there are ads from Raggio’s 1976 Nevada Senate campaign in this scrapbook as well. There are approximately 38 pages of content. Box contains a folder with materials removed from the scrapbook., 1976
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40/G3/S1
15
Scrapbook 15 title page labeled as “Memorabilia from the year 1977.” This scrapbook consists mostly of news clips. There seems to be quite a bit of attention focused on Nevada legislative issues including an alcoholism bill. There are also quite a few news clips regarding Paul Lowden’s purchase of the Hacienda Casino in Las Vegas. Some of the other materials that are not news clips include thank you letters and invitations from various organizations. There is also a wedding announcement for Raggio’s oldest daughter, Leslie. Near the end there are some photographs of Raggio and local characters including John Cassinari and Paul Lowden. There are approximately 51 pages of content. Box contains a folder with materials removed from the scrapbook., 1977
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41/G3/S1
16
Scrapbook 16 title page labeled as “Memorabilia from the years 1978, 1979, and 1980.” This scrapbook doesn’t contain a lot of political-related materials, it is primarily related to Raggio’s personal life. There are a lot of souvenir brochures, postcards, and programs from vacations including trips to China and Europe. There are also playbills mainly from casino shows, ticket stubs, certificates, invites, thank you letters, cards, and a few photographs. There are approximately 55 pages of content., 1978-1980
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15/G3/S1
17
Scrapbook 17 covers the years 1978-1997 with the majority of the material from 1997. The contents of this scrapbook deal mostly with the 1997 Session of the Nevada Legislature, and nearly all the material is comprised of news clips. There are a few cards and several photographs, but it is mostly news clips from Nevada news sources. There are approximately 128 pages of content. All pages have been photocopied and placed in a folder located in Box 29., 1978-1997
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32/G3/S1
18
Scrapbook 18 title page labeled as “Memorabilia from the years 1984 and 1985.” This scrapbook contains letters, photographs, news clips, invitations, thank you letters from members of the Nevada Legislature and U.S. Senate, Christmas cards, and obituary notices. There are some re-election materials as well, including campaign ads. Another area of interest is the invitations for the “Roast of Raggio.” There are approximately 30 pages of content., 1984-4985
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20/G3/S1
19
Scrapbook 19 covers the years 1984-1989 and begins with a lawyers for Reagan-Bush flyer. The materials include many cards from holidays and birthdays, there are also invitations, some news clips, newsletters, letters to and from China in 1985, photographs, including some from the 1987 Nevada Legislature. There are also quite a few thank you notes and congratulatory letters. There are approximately 75 pages of content. Box contains a folder with materials removed from the scrapbook., 1984-1989
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21/G3/S1
20
Scrapbook 20 covers the years 1990-1997. Begins with cards, thank you notes, and obituary notices. There are some legislative reports and letters regarding legislative activity. Also included are invitations, photographs, including one of George H. Bush and Raggio, programs and other materials from the American Legislative Exchange Council Banquet in DC, photos of a trip to South Africa, newsletters, and news clips on the 1997 flood. There are approximately 68 pages of content. Box contains a folder with materials removed from the scrapbook., 1990-1997
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42/G3/S1
21
Scrapbook 21 cover labeled as “Trials and Tribulations, Book II.” This scrapbook is the second part of two books. It covers the years 1991-1999 and consists of greeting cards, news clips, certificates, and letters. The scrapbook originally contained several loose photographs, which have been removed and placed in Box 29. The scrapbook comprises a total of 37 pages., 1991-1999
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23/G3/S1
22
Scrapbook 22 covers the years 1998-1999. Some of the most noteworthy materials in this scrapbook relate to the death of Dorothy Raggio in 1998. There are news clips and a eulogy written by Rollan Melton. Other materials include various news clips, programs, invitation, thank you notes, photos of a Nevada delegation to Singapore, and quite a few holiday and birthday cards from friends and family. There are approximately 48 pages of content. Box contains a folder with materials removed from the scrapbook., 1998-1999
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24/G3/S1
23
Scrapbook 23 covers the years 2004-2009. Begins with news clips regarding the 2007 Nevada Legislature session. Other materials include Governor Gibbon’s state of the state address, photographs of Raggio and other political figures including Jim Gibbons and Kenny Guinn. There are also some hand-drawn political cartoons depicting Raggio, campaign flyers, programs from the KNPB tribute to Raggio, thank you notes, congratulatory letters, and a photograph of George W. Bush and Raggio. There are approximately 109 pages of content. Box includes a folder with materials removed from the scrapbook., 2004-2009
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33/G3/S1
24
Extra-large Scrapbook 24 is divided into two parts. This is Part 1 of 2. Both parts together cover the years 2002-2015. Part one covers the years 2002-2004 and consists of letters, photographs, greeting cards, certificates, and news clips. Part one comprises pages 1-126, 2002-2015
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34/G3/S1
24
Extra-large Scrapbook 24 is divided into two parts. This is Part 2 of 2. Both parts together cover the years 2002-2015. Part one covers the years 2002-2004 and consists of letters, photographs, greeting cards, certificates, and news clips. Part one comprises pages 1-126, 2002-2015
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25/G3/S1
25
Scrapbook 25 covers the years 2005-2010. Begins with a photograph of Raggio and Joe Theismann and invitations and programs from the 55th Presidential Inaugural event in January 2005. Other materials in this scrapbook include thank you notes, photographs, invitations, news clips, certificates, obituary notices, holiday and birthday cards, and speeches. There are photos of the Nevada’s Senate committees and Cristina Ponce-Enrile with Raggio and Kenny Guinn. There are approximately 76 pages of content. Box includes a folder with materials removed from the scrapbook., 2005-2010
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folder
Contents
29/G3/S1
26
Materials removed from Scrapbook 2 (Box 14), 1958-1963
29/G3/S1
27
Materials removed from Scrapbook 7 (Box 17), 1960-1967
29/G3/S1
28
Materials removed from Scrapbook 8 (Box 16), 1967
29/G3/S1
29
Materials removed from Scrapbook 11 (Box 13), 1968-1971
29/G3/S1
30
Materials removed from Scrapbook 17 (Box 15), 1978-1997
29/G3/S1
31
Supplemental scrapbook materials, 1986-1991
29/G3/S1
32
Supplemental scrapbook materials, 2000
29/G3/S1
33
Supplemental scrapbook materials, 2005
29/G3/S1
34
Supplemental scrapbook materials, 2006

Group 3, Series 2: Photos and Photo Albums (UNRS-P2014-14), 1940-2009

Group 3, Series 2: Photographs and Photo Albums, includes all the photographs and photo albums removed from the manuscript collection. All photographs were separated and placed in the Special Collections Photo Archive collection no. UNRS-P2014-14. This includes loose -photographs, photographs removed from scrapbooks, and all photo albums. Photographs not removed from scrapbooks were given corresponding photo numbers within the scrapbook and the page number is noted. These photographs and photo albums capture the life and career of Raggio, his family, and his associates. There are photographs of Raggio on vacation in a variety of locales including South Africa, China, Europe, and Singapore. There are many photos of Raggio speaking to the Nevada Legislature, accepting awards, and attending social events. This collection also includes photographs of Raggio’s wife, children, mother and father, as well as other legislators and celebrities. Also included are 13 photo albums of varying sizes, which contain photos from the 70th, 73rd, 74th, and 75th Nevada legislative sessions. These include images of lawmakers, their staffs, and local personality appearances, and special events associated with the sessions.

Group 3, Series 3: Campaigns, 1962-1984 2.0 cubic feet

Group 3, Series 3: Campaigns, includes information and materials on Raggio’s various campaigns efforts beginning with reelection campaigns for the Washoe County District Attorney office and ending with one of Raggio’s many Nevada Senate reelection campaigns. The files in this series have been arranged chronologically according to month and year. Materials in this series include campaign advertisements and ephemera, correspondence, campaign-specific speeches and speech research materials, newsletters, sample ballots, press releases, and news clips.

The highlight of this series is the materials from Raggio’s 1970 U.S. Senate campaign. These materials include research for speeches on a variety of local and national issues, background materials on Raggio’s opponent, Democrat incumbent Howard Cannon, correspondence from supporters (including original signatures from Richard Nixon), invitations and scheduling, and press releases. Despite running a tough campaign, and supported by the Nixon Administration, Raggio was still defeated by Cannon by a 58% margin. These materials reflect the efforts put forth by Raggio and his supporters in running a highly competitive campaign.

In addition to the 1970 campaign, this series also includes news clips and ads from Raggio’s earlier campaigns for Washoe County District Attorney, including the 1962 campaign, which he nearly lost due to a smear campaign orchestrated by Joe Conforte’s associates. There are also news clips from the 1968 Nevada Republican Primary campaign, campaign ads from Raggio’s 1974 run for lieutenant governor, and some ads from Raggio’s 1984 campaign for the Nevada Senate. Duplicates of much of this material and supplemental information on these materials are located in Group 3, Series 1: Scrapbooks. During his career as a state senator, Raggio ran for reelection a total of nine times. News clips regarding those campaigns are intermingled with other news clips located in Group 2: Senate Career.

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folder
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29/G3/S3
1
Re-Elect District Attorney William J. Raggio sign, 1962
29/G3/S3
2
News clips on Raggio’s 1962 and 1966 campaigns for Washoe County District Attorney, 1962-1966
29/G3/S3
3
Campaign ads by Raggio and opponents for DA race of 1962, March-October 1962
29/G3/S3
4
News clips on Raggio’s 1968 Republican Primary campaign, April-September 1968
29/G3/S3
5
Political news clips, 1969
29/G3/S3
6
Various newsletters of interest, 1969-1970
29/G3/S3
7
Miscellaneous 1970 Senate campaign materials (includes Raggio business card and campaign button), 1969-1970
29/G3/S3
8
Information and speech materials on employment and labor, 1969-1970, 1969-1970
29/G3/S3
9
Correspondence regarding Raggio Senate campaign, September-December 1969
29/G3/S3
10
Medicare-hospital health speech materials, 1970
29/G3/S3
11
Senator Howard Cannon “This is Nevada” campaign booklet, 1970
29/G3/S3
12
Raggio campaign song by Norman Kave, 1970
29/G3/S3
13
Campaign slogan ideas, 1970
29/G3/S3
14
Raggio campaign payroll expenses and political staff, 1970
29/G3/S3
15
Nevada state government projects, 1970
29/G3/S3
16
Republican Party platform, 1970
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9/G3/S3
17
Committee of One Million (against the admission of communist China to U.N.), 1970
9/G3/S3
18
Las Vegas and Reno-Sparks street maps, 1970
9/G3/S3
19
Correspondence regarding Raggio Senate campaign, January-April 1970
9/G3/S3
20
Economy stats and projections, January-May 1970
9/G3/S3
21
Nevada state college system paper, March-April 1970
9/G3/S3
22
Campaign media, March-May 1970
9/G3/S3
23
Surveys, April 1970
9/G3/S3
24
General speech material, April-June 1970
9/G3/S3
25
Anti-ballistic missiles (ABM) information and talking points, April-June 1970
9/G3/S3
26
Information, notes, and speech materials on campus unrest, April-July 1970
9/G3/S3
27
Information on coup and U.S. aid in Greece, April-July 1970
9/G3/S3
28
Summary of corporate gaming in Nevada, May 1970
9/G3/S3
29
Correspondence regarding Raggio Senate campaign, May 1970
9/G3/S3
30
Norton Simon for U.S. Senate information packet, May 1970
9/G3/S3
31
Invitations and scheduling, May-June 1970
9/G3/S3
32
Campaign editorials, May-June 1970
9/G3/S3
33
Welfare reform information and speech materials, May-July 1970
9/G3/S3
34
Correspondence about Raggio campaign, May-October 1970
9/G3/S3
35
Nixon newsletters, May-November 1970
9/G3/S3
36
Correspondence regarding Raggio Senate campaign, June 1970
9/G3/S3
37
Vietnam speech materials and campaign issues, June 1970
9/G3/S3
38
Political involvement of ethnic groups, June 1970
9/G3/S3
39
Nevada county issues, June-July 1970
9/G3/S3
40
Raggio campaign publicity and press releases, June-August 1970
9/G3/S3
41
Memoranda regarding meetings, June-August 1970
9/G3/S3
42
News clips from Las Vegas papers regarding Senate race, June-August 1970
9/G3/S3
43
Correspondence regarding Raggio Senate campaign, July 1970
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10/G3/S3
44
Correspondence regarding July 12th meeting at the Governor’s Mansion, July 1970
10/G3/S3
45
Invitations and scheduling, July-October 1970
10/G3/S3
46
News clips on Raggio’s 1970 U.S. Senate campaign, July-November 1970
10/G3/S3
47
Education talking points, August 1970
10/G3/S3
48
Sample ballots, August 1970
10/G3/S3
49
Raggio campaign speeches and addresses, August-September 1970
10/G3/S3
50
Correspondence regarding Raggio Senate campaign, August-September 1970
10/G3/S3
51
Foreign affairs address, September 1970
10/G3/S3
52
General speech-making materials for Raggio, September 1970
10/G3/S3
53
Record votes for 92nd Congress 2nd Session, September 1970
10/G3/S3
54
A Salute to William Raggio Reception invitation (put on by VP Spiro Agnew), September 1970
10/G3/S3
55
Raggio campaign publicity and press releases, September-October 1970
10/G3/S3
56
Fact sheets and White House press releases on various issues, September-October 1970
10/G3/S3
57
Retired military officer information and speech, September-October 1970
10/G3/S3
58
Correspondence to Raggio from Richard Nixon (and some other prominent people, with original signatures), September-October 1970
10/G3/S3
59
Agriculture and Farm Bill information, October 1970
10/G3/S3
60
Correspondence regarding Raggio Senate campaign, October 1970
10/G3/S3
61
Correspondence from the Republican National Committee, October 1970
10/G3/S3
62
1970 U. S. Senate race news clips, October-November 1970
10/G3/S3
63
Correspondence regarding Raggio Senate campaign, November 1970
10/G3/S3
64
Raggio campaign brochure for lt. governor, 1974
10/G3/S3
65
News clips on Raggio’s 1974 campaign for lieutenant governor, August-November 1974
10/G3/S3
66
Raggio Senate Campaign newspaper ads, 1984
10/G3/S3
67
Correspondence regarding 1970 campaign fact check, February 2009

Group 3, Series 4: Speeches, 1958-2011 0.5 cubic feet

Group 3, Series 4: Speeches, includes speeches and addresses given by Raggio at a variety of different venues. These speeches appear on their original 3x7 inch cards, the later ones appear on standard sized printer paper. Most have the date, subject, and occasion listed on them, but a few do not. Many of the later speeches, from 1997 on, include multiple drafts, complete with annotations. Those without have been placed in the folder labeled “undated.” These speeches have been arranged chronologically. As district attorney, Raggio often gave speeches in front of local clubs and organizations. The topics of his speeches usually centered on crime and the nature of criminal activity. Raggio spoke at other functions too including funerals, graduations, and conferences. The materials in this series reflect Raggio’s aptitude for public speaking.

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10/G3/S4
1
Speeches and background materials, undated
10/G3/S4
2
Speeches, 1958-1962
10/G3/S4
3
Speeches, 1964
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Contents
11/G3/S4
4
Speeches part 1, 1966
11/G3/S4
5
Speeches part 2, 1966
11/G3/S4
6
Speeches, 1967-1968
11/G3/S4
7
Speeches, 1970
11/G3/S4
8
Speeches, 1974-1983
11/G3/S4
9
Speeches, 1997-1998
11/G3/S4
10
Speeches, 1999
11/G3/S4
11
Speeches, 2000-2001
11/G3/S4
12
Speeches, 2002-2004
11/G3/S4
13
Eulogy delivered by Senator Bill Raggio in memory of Governor Kenny Guinn, and Dr. Milton Glick, 2010-2011

Group 3, Series 5: Awards and certificates, 1952-2013 1.0 cubic feet

Group 3, Series 5: Awards and Certificates, includes a variety of paper certificates and plaques presented to Raggio throughout the course of his careers as a public official and state senator. The paper certificates have been put into folders and placed in the same box with the actual plaques and awards. Raggio was recognized, congratulated, and honored many times during his lifetime and these materials are a representation of that. Other certificates and honors that do not appear within this series are located in the scrapbooks in Group 3, Series 1: Scrapbooks.

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27/G3/S5
1
Certificates recognizing Raggio (includes two attorney certifications), 1949-1967
27/G3/S5
2
Certificates of recognition and congratulation, 1972-2013
27/G3/S5
3
Speech given about Raggio when accepting the American Judicature Society’s Herbert Harley Award, October 2010
27/G3/S5
4
Citation awarded to William J. Raggio by the National District Attorneys Association in recognition of leadership and distinguished service as President-Elect from 1966-67. Plaque 13’’ x 10.5’’., 1966-1967
27/G3/S5
5
Citation given to Raggio recognizing him as the Senate Minority Leader for the Sixty-Sixth Session of the Nevada Legislator, plaque in the shape of Nevada, 7" x 10.5", 1991
27/G3/S5
6
Award to Senator William J. Raggio for service to Nye County. Plaque in the shape of Nevada, 15’’ x 10’’., 1994
27/G3/S5
7
President’s Award recognizing Senator Bill Raggio for outstanding dedication and leadership with the deaf community. Plaque in the shape of Nevada, 10’’ x 7’’., 1995
27/G3/S5
8
Award to Senator Bill Raggio granting honorary membership in the Nevada Society of Respiratory Care. Plaque in the shape of Nevada, 14.5’’ x 10’’., 1995
27/G3/S5
9
A wooden desk sign with "Senator William Raggio" inscribed on the front, 5.5" x 14.5", no date
27/G3/S5
10
A lacquered piece of wood with a picture behind the lacquer of Raggio in a tuxedo and two other men at a podium, 10.5" x 12.5", no date
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21/G3/S5
11
A plaque from the 1996 Republican National Convention in San Diego, California of the Nevada Legislature members, 10.5" x 15.5", 1996

Group 3, Series 6: Miscellaneous, 1916-2014 2.0 cubic feet

Group 3, Series 6: Miscellaneous, begins with Raggio’s notes and test materials from Hastings Law School in San Francisco. The texts and notes are arranged chronologically and cover the years 1947-1950. Following Raggio’s law school materials are the rest of the files for this series. These have also been arranged chronologically according to month and year beginning with the earliest dated materials first. The materials and information present in this series were placed here because they did not necessarily go with any of the other series. Much of the material are personal items from Raggio’s early life and biographical pieces from newspapers and magazines that summarize his long career as a public figure and politician.

This series includes miscellaneous items such as a 1922 Dayton High School year book, papers from Raggio’s days as a Boy Scout, an annotated 1962 World Series program, and Raggio’s 1960 Squaw Valley Olympics international press club credentials. There are also invitations, newsletters and magazines, and correspondence regarding Raggio’s 2011 retirement from the Nevada States Senate. Following Raggio’s announcement that he planned to retire just shy of the start of the 76th Session of the Nevada Legislature, he began receiving cards and letters from constituents and colleagues. Many of the cards thank Raggio for a lifetime of service, generosity, and friendship. Through this correspondence, the positive impact of Raggio’s lifelong career in service to the people of Washoe County and Nevada is evident.

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Contents
11/G3/S6
1
Summary of Evidence text (with annotations), 1947
11/G3/S6
2
Law school texts regarding contracts, 1947
11/G3/S6
3
Torts course materials and class notes, 1948
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Contents
30/G3/S6
4
Common Law pleading cases on civil procedure course materials and class notes, 1948
30/G3/S6
5
Criminal Law course materials and class notes, 1948
30/G3/S6
6
Other law school texts, 1948-1949
30/G3/S6
7
Property II cases on titles and rights of land course materials and class notes, 1949
30/G3/S6
8
Agency course materials and class notes, 1949
30/G3/S6
9
Personal Property course materials and class notes, 1949
30/G3/S6
10
Constitutional Law course materials and class notes, 1949
30/G3/S6
11
Equity course materials and class notes, 1949
30/G3/S6
12
Raggio legal bibliography with notes, 1950
30/G3/S6
13
Titles course materials and class notes, 1950
30/G3/S6
14
Federal taxation background materials and notes, 1950
30/G3/S6
15
Evidence course materials and class notes, 1951
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31/G3/S6
16
Abstract of Title to Lot 8 in Block 3 Lake Addition, compiled by Washoe County Title Guaranty Company, 1916
31/G3/S6
17
The Desert Canary—Dayton High School year book, 1922
31/G3/S6
18
Raggio’s Boy Scouts merit badges and certificates, 1939-1941
31/G3/S6
19
Raggio’s junior high and high school report cards, 1941-1943
31/G3/S6
20
Paperwork from some of Raggio’s early jobs, the navy, and the University of Nevada, 1943-1944
31/G3/S6
21
News clips and other miscellaneous materials regarding the Raggio family (mother, wife, and kids), 1948-1988
31/G3/S6
22
Sands Times: News from “A Place in the Sun”, Fall 1958
31/G3/S6
23
Raggio’s Squaw Valley Winter Olympics international press club credentials. Includes a small plastic sleeve with papers and tickets inside, February 1960
31/G3/S6
24
Raggio’s Official 1962 World Series Program—the San Francisco Giants vs. the New York Yankees, 1962
31/G3/S6
25
Event invitations recognizing Raggio, 1986-2014
31/G3/S6
26
Various newsletters that mention Raggio, 1993-1999
31/G3/S6
27
Sierra Health Services, Inc. 2002 Annual Report, 2002
31/G3/S6
28
Raggio interview with the Reno Gazette Journal, July-August 2004
31/G3/S6
29
Raggio oral history project undertaken by Harry Spencer, April 2006
31/G3/S6
30
Nevada Women magazine with signed cover from Lorraine Hunt, June 2006
31/G3/S6
31
Senior Spectrum magazine salute to Bill Raggio, August 2006
31/G3/S6
32
Raggio’s membership with the State Bar of Nevada, 2007-2011
31/G3/S6
33
Historic document regarding Washoe County land purchase by Ben Raggio, May 2007
31/G3/S6
34
Raggio Raiders Reunion booklet, June 2008
31/G3/S6
35
Raggio profile in the Pack Edge volume 11 number 11, July 2008
31/G3/S6
36
Correspondence and draft materials from Michael Archer’s biography of Raggio, 2009-2010
31/G3/S6
37
News clips regarding Raggio’s retirement, 2010-2011
31/G3/S6
38
Correspondence regarding retirement part 1, January 2011
31/G3/S6
39
Correspondence regarding retirement part 2, January 2011
31/G3/S6
40
Correspondence regarding retirement, February 2011
31/G3/S6
41
“What I’ve Learned with William Raggio,” in Nevada Silver & Blue, Spring 2011